I Ketut Sudibia
Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana

Published : 22 Documents
Articles

Found 22 Documents
Search

UPAYA PEMECAHAN KETIMPANGAN PERSEBARAN PENDUDUK DALAM RANGKA MEMPERCEPAT PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH Sudibia, I Ketut
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 1 April 2005
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Imbalance of population distribution in Indonesia, especially between Java and outside Java actually has been emerged since Dutch Colonization. At that period Dutch Colonizer has tried to overcome the problem through Colonization program, and after the independent period this program was continued by the so called Transmigration program. However, it seems that this program was not so successfully implemented. It was reflected by development of population distribution between Java and outside Java was not greatly changing for four decades. Based on 1961 Population Cencus result, Java with 6,9 percent of the widht of Indonesian archipelago recided by 65,0 percent of Indonesian population. Additionally, 2000 Population Cencus result shows that it change slightly become 60,1 percent. The low achievement of transmigration program in that period, based on the analysis of several experts, is caused by some following restrictions, 1) centris demography orientation, 2) lack of integration, 3) unclear measuring rod, 4) lack of coordinaion among related transmigration institutions, and 5) the lack of cultural approach. At the regional autonomy era, the approach of development planning arrangement is bottom-upvoriented, which is sign regional freedom for setting its own development in accordance with the needs and condition of each region. It is just the same as population mobility program, which previously is being oriented toward supply side, in the regional autonomy era is more to be oriented toward demand side of receiver. Through this needs approach, the place of receiver has to be able to identify qualification, composition, and amount of labor force needed. The need of labor force related to regional development of destination place can be done by following steps, 1) collaboration in research related to potencial of place of destination, 2) establishment of public utilities and infrastructures at the place of destination, 3) dissemination of project establishment at the place of destination to migrant candidate at the place of origin, 4) collaboration in migrant selection process, 5) collaboration in education and training for migrant candidate, 6) collaboration in departure cost and cost of living in the certain period, 7) collaboration related to skill needed for development in the palce of destination, 8) market availability, and 9) availability of safety guarrantee at the palce of destination. With this kind of mobility system, it can both overcome imbalance of population distribution and accelerate regional development.
PENGENDALIAN MOBILITAS PENDUDUK YANG BERWAWASAN KEBIJAKAN KEPENDUDUKAN NASIONAL DAN TIDAK MELANGGAR HAK ASASI MANUSIA Sudibia, I Ketut
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 2 Desember 2005
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

For approximately last two decades, on one hand, the number of transmigrates originally from Bali was decline sharply., i.e. from 56.351 persons in the period of 1979-1983 to 17.298 persons in the period of 1994/95-1997/98. On the other hand, in the relatively same period, the number net migration was increase sharply, from (-) 3,1 thousand persons in the period of 1980-1985 to (+) 87,2 thousand persons in the period of 1995-2000. The rapid flow of immigrants to Bali has caused some problems, though it is admitted that their arrival is also give a positive affect, both for the place of origin and the place of destination. Besides emerged from inter provincial migration, problem caused by inter regency migration seems to be critical and have to be overcame soon in the regional autonomy era. The strategy carried out has to be based on national demography policy, especially in relation with Undang-Undang No. 10, 1992 about ?Population Growth and Development of Wealthy Family?, and Undang-Undang No. 39, 1999 about ?Human Right?. Based on those regulations, it is stated that government not able to prohibit resident to do both inter provincial and inter regency mobility, because every resident have right to chose their residence and job according to their wish. Population mobility is a natural life phenomenon and inevitable due to rapid improvement of communication technology. Every region has to recognize supporting and capacity powers of their regional environment. Particularly to the place of destination, it is important to know about the amount and qualification migrant labor need. Through this kind of mobility, presence of migrant in the place of destination will complimentary to social and economic life of the place of origin. Such a condition, not only be able to prevent conflict between migrants and local resident, but also smoothing national integration process. Besides rights for doing mobility, one thing has to be remembered by all resident (including migrant), is obligation to obey and follow population regulation, both at the place of destination and the place of origin.
KONDISI SOSIAL EKONOMI PETANI DI PROVINSI BALI SEBUAH ANALISIS DATA SEKUNDER BERDASARKAN HASIL SENSUS PERTANIAN 2003 Sudibia, I Ketut
PIRAMIDA Vol. 2, No. 1 Juli 2006
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this study is to analyze social and economic condition of the farmers in Province of Bali. The main data is obtained from The Agricultural Census 2003, specifically ?The Survey of Farmers? Income 2004?. Data is analyzed using techniques of descriptive, qualitative, and comparative. Some findings of this study are (1) the shifting of young generation orientation from agricultural sector to non-agricultural sector in Denpasar city, Badung and Gianyar regencies; (2) the level of education of farmers are relatively low, even in several regencies like Buleleng, Bangli, Klungkung, and Karangasem there are over than 80 percent of them are low educated (primary school and under); (3) the average cultivated non-rice field is 0.3987 hectares with composition of 61.1 percent of farmers cultivating less than 0.50 hectares, on the other side, the average cultivated rice field is 0.1534 hectares with composition of 76,1 percent of farmers cultivating less than 0.50 hectares; (4) the contribution of non-agricultural sector to the household income of farmers tends to be high for farmers that cultivate land less than 0.50 hectares; and (5) the income levels of farmers in Province of Bali are relatively low, compared to the minimum standard of living or per capita income of Bali population in the same period. Furthermore, some suggestions emerge from this study are needs of (1) enhancement of farmers education through farmers training; (2) protection to the farmers in terms of production input and strategic commodities in order to decrease the impressions that agricultural sector is less protected; and (3) creation of balanced development between agricultural and non-agricultural sectors, so that both sectors are developed.
MOBILITAS PENDUDUK NONPERMANEN DAN KONTRIBUSI REMITAN TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN EKONOMI DAN SOSIAL RUMAH TANGGA DI DAERAH ASAL Sudibia, I Ketut
PIRAMIDA Vol 3, No.1 Juli 2007
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

The main objective of this study are to know the remittance contribution from nonpermanent migrants to the economic and social life of their household in the place of origin. It is related to the very important characteristic of nonpermanent migrants, that they still have family such as children, wife, parent, and others in the place of origin who depend on them. On the other hand, the nonpermanent migrants have moral obligation to support the economic and social life of their families. The nonpermanent migrants want to maintain the closely kinship ties between them and their families in home village. Some important findings of this study are: Firstly, the remittance contribution from nonpermanent migrants can increase the household income in the place of origin, and its has improved the household income distribution in the same village. Secondly, the remittance contribution from nonpermanent migrants to the place of origin is not only to fulfill the economic needs but also to support the social needs. Their household in the village origin use remittance for the expenditure of social needs such as ceremonial cost of adat and religion ritual.
PERSEPSI PETUGAS LAPANGAN KELUARGA BERENCANA, PROVIDER, DAN PASANGAN USIA SUBUR TERHADAP EKSISTENSI PROGRAM KELUARGA BERENCANA PADA ERA DESENTRALISASI DI KABUPATEN KARANGASEM Sudibia, I Ketut; Marhaeni, A.A.I. N
PIRAMIDA Vol 3, No.2 Desember 2007
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

The change of government from “The New Order” to “The Reformation Order” has also been followed by the change of administration system from centralization to decentralization system. Along with that change, the authority and institution of family planning program have also been transferred to the regency or city government. These changes have risen various perceptions in term of the institutional, roles, and functions of that institute. Other important changes include that (1) the family planning coordination board organization on regency level did not change but the echelon was decreased; or (2) the family planning coordination board organization on regency level was merged to other institution; or (3) the family planning coordination board activity on regency level is only a little part of the other instance. All of those changes have caused some problems of coordination from family planning coordination board on province level to regency level, and it has given a negative impact to the family planning program achievement.The objectives of this study are to investigate (1) the perception of the family program field worker to the existence of family planning program in the decentralization era; (2) the perception of the family planning fieldworkers to the realization of duties in the decentralization era; (3) the perception of the provider to the existence of family planning program in the decentralization era; (4) the perception of the eligible couple to the existence of family planning program in the decentralization era; and (5) the perception of the interrelated decision makers to the existence of family planning program in the decentralization era.This study was carried out in the Regency of Karangasem with total respondent of 153 persons, that consist of 46 fieldworkers; 89 eligible couples, 12 providers, and 6 interrelated decision makers. Some sampling techniques used in this study are; simple random sampling for family planning fieldworker, stratified random sampling for eligible couple, and purposive sampling for the provider and the interrelated decision maker. Data are collected using the structured interview, in-depth interview, and observation method. Then data are analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.The conclusion of this study are (1) the family planning field workers who have duty in front line felt the decrease of funding support and the intention of regency government; (2) the number of family planning fieldworkers in decentralization era have been decreased, because part of them have been transferred to the other institution; (3) the providers also felt that the funding support and the intention of government decreased in decentralization era; (4) the eligible couples felt that activities related to increasing family income have also decreased such as business partnership, capital aid, and productive economic creation; and (5) the perception of the interrelated decision makers also show that the funding support and the intention of regency government has been decreased.Based on those conclusions, some suggestions are proposed, such as (1) to maintain the sustainability of the family planning program in the decentralization era, high commitment from the government, especially the regency government are needed; (2) the regency government should provide a routinely budget for maintaining the sustainability of the family planning program; (3) the family planning fieldworkers as front liner are suggested not to be transferred to other departments (4) the service centers need to be encouraged to increase communication, information, and education of the eligible couple, and other activities; and (5) the regencygovernment need to provide capital aid, business partnership, and productive economic creation for the poor households.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG MENGHAMBAT AKSESIBILITAS MASYARAKAT MENGIKUTI PENDIDIKAN DI UNIVERSITAS UDAYANA Sudibia, I Ketut; Windia, I Wayan; Bendesa, I Komang Gde; Tisnawati, Ni Made
PIRAMIDA Vol. 5, No.2 Desember 2009
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

One of the most important factors to improve the population quality is education.Udayana University is one of the oldest higher educations in Bali. The students are notonly coming from Bali, nor outside of Bali but also from overseas. The total of activestudents attending the education in Udayana University is 17.461. The recent data, fromthe last three years showed that there has been a quality improvement in terms ofeducation. This is proved by the tendency of improving Achievement Index Cumulative(IPK) for regular S1 as 3.05 in 2005, became 3.06 in 2006 and 3,14 in 2007.Apart from the success being mentioned above, Udayana University is still facingimportant problem related to the opportunity which is not taken by the student candidatesIt can be recorded that such opportunity (empty chair) in Unud is still very high (41%)although there was a declining number comparing to the last year data. Considering thefact that the number of SMU (high school) graduates tended to be high, it is importantto conduct research in order to find out the various factors slowing down the societyaccessibility to attend education in Udayana UniversityThe aims of this research are to find out the factors slowing down of the societyaccessibility to attend education in Udayana University. This research was conducted inthree outside cities of Bali, namely: Malang, Surabaya and Yogyakarta. These three citieswere chosen due to be that they have been known as the centers of education cities. Byconducting research outside of Bali, it is expected to find out that there are realisticreasons why they did not choose Udayana University as the place to continue theireducation. The respondents from each city are (1) 80 persons in Yogyakarta; (2) 70persons in Surabaya and (3) 70 persons in MalangThe influencing factors are viewed from the culture system study, among others :mind-set system, social and artifact aspects. The respondents generally stated the basicconsiderations why they did not choose Unud are (i) education quality (41.4%); (ii)education cost (9.1%); (iii) supporting facilities (10.9%); (iv) working prospects (24.5%)and (v) academic atmosphere (14.1%)In relation to such finding, the main suggestions to be implemented that Unudshould soon improve the education quality. The main key to improve the education isto qualify the teaching staff. The teaching-learning process done by all of UdayanaUniversity teaching staff must be thoroughly controlled, based upon the providedstandard operational procedure
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI BESARNYA PENGIRIMAN REMITAN KE DAERAH ASAL STUDI KASUS TENAGA KERJA MAGANG ASAL KABUPATEN JEMBRANA DI JEPANG Ardana, I Ketut; Sudibia, I Ketut; Wirathi, I Gusti Ayu Putu
PIRAMIDA Vol. 7, No.1 Juli 2011
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Labor mobility for some people is one of the strategies of ruralhouseholds to improve economic conditions by improving their incomes. Thereason why the mobility Cenderungnya headed overseas, partly because of theeconomic conditions of the region of origin can not meet the needs of life insociety. Instead the country of destination is more promising in terms ofincreased revenue. Even with the income he earned at the destination, they areable to deliver remittances to the households left behind in the area of origin.This study aims to determine how the influence of income, consumptionexpenditure, number of family members in the area of origin, and thesimultaneous presence of parents or partially to the delivery of remittances tothe region of origin and to examine the use of sending remittances to theirhometown. The data used are primary data in a sample of 122 out of 177members of the population. Sampling was done by proportional stratifiedrandom sampling. Analysis technique used is multiple linear regression with theF test and t test.Results showed that, simultaneously income, consumption expenditure,number of family members in the area of origin and the presence of parentssignificantly influence the delivery of remittances to Fcount (64.957) > Ftable of(2.68). Partially, the income has positive and significant impact on delivery ofremittances to the region of origin. Consumption expenditure and a significantnegative effect on the delivery of remittances to the region of origin. Thenumber of family members and significant positive effect on the delivery ofremittances to the region of origin, while the presence of parents does notsignificantly influence the delivery of remittances to the region of origin.Sending remittances to family utilization in areas used for debt repayment,investment and home construction as well as in savings.
KECENDERUNGAN POLA DAN DAMPAK MIGRASI PENDUDUK DI PROVINSI BALI PERIODE 1980-2005* Sudibia, I Ketut
PIRAMIDA Vol. 7, No. 2 Desember 2011
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this study are to know (1) the population migration pattern in theProvince of Bali during the period 1980 to 2005; (2) the main stream of the populationmigration in the Province of Bali during the period 1980 to 1990; and (3) the impact ofpopulation migration on the economic and social life in the Province of Bali. The resultof this study will be expected not only for academic but also for practice purposes.All of data that were used for this study was obtained from the Central Board ofStatistic of the Province of Bali, the Development Planning Board of the Province ofBali, and other publications related to this study. The most important data that wereanalyzed for this study was migration data, especially lifetime migration and recentmigration. Then, the technique of analysis that were used for this study was descriptivelyby using cross tabulation.Some findings from this study are as follows: (1) The lifetime in-migrationpatterns before and after Reformation Era are still relatively the same, and dominantlydetermined by the in-migrants from East Java. But, on the other hand the lifetime outmigrationpatterns from Bali are dominantly determined by the out-migrants to someplaces of destination of transmigration program. (2) The recent in-migration pattern fromone to another periods are almost the same, a big partly of them come from East Java. Onthe contrary, the recent out-migration pattern are not having the same pattern from one toanother period. With the exception of 1980, the recent out-migration patterns from Baliare not dominantly determined by the transmigration program, but a big partly of themalso go to East Java. (3) The main stream of lifetime migration until the year 2000 is stilldescribed by the transmigration program. (4) Since the year 1990, the main stream ofrecent migration has shown a positive sign, and then its become higher until the year2005. (5) The impact of the increasing of in-migration to Bali are increasing (a) theavailable of the migrant workers with the cheaper wage; (b) the population density; (c)the informal sector; (d) the unemployment (e) slum area and environment degradation;and (f) some cases of criminality.
MANAGEMENT OF EMPOWERMENT OF SIDEWALK TRADERS IN WEST DENPASAR SUB DISTRICT DENPASAR CITY: IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF CULTURAL STUDIES Wana Pariartha, I Wayan; Suastika, I Made; Mariyah, Emiliana; Sudibia, I Ketut
E-Journal Of Cultural Studies Vol. 5, No. 1 Januari 2011
Publisher : E-Journal Of Cultural Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Sidewalk traders, as informal economic sector, have been in existence in almost allthe cities in Indonesia. As an impact of migration of people, they have been recognized as astructural phenomenon which will always exist. They will always exist in Denpasar City. InWest Denpasar Sub District, as part of Denpasar City, their existence has been assumed notonly to cause the city to look disorganized but it has also been assumed to create discomfortand to disturb public order. However, as Indonesian citizens, they have the right to haveoccupation and live properly as stated in Article 27 of the 1945 Constitution. Theempowerment management of the sidewalk traders in West Denpasar Sub District refers tothe Local Rules and Regulations (Perda) of number 3 of Year 2000. However, the fact inthe field shows that what has been expected has not been properly coming true yet.Based on this fact, a research was conducted with the problems formulated asfollows: 1) how the government managed the empowerment of the sidewalk traders; 2)what responses were given by the community to the model of such a management ofempowerment; 3) and what were its effects and meanings. As a consequence, this researchaims at 1) identifying the management of empowerment of the sidewalk traders; 2)identifying the responses given by the community to the model of such a management ofempowerment; 3) identifying its effects and meanings. From the aspect of methodology,this research is classified as a qualitative one. The theory of deconstruction, the theory ofhegemony, the theory of response, the theory of motivation and achievement wereemployed for exploring the problems formulated above. The techniques employed forcollecting the data needed were the technique of observation, the technique of interview,the technique of observation and focus discussion group.The findings show that the Local Rules and Regulations (Perda) of Number 3 of2000, which is derived from the Local Rules and Regulations (Perda) of Number 15 ofYear 1993, which is used as the reference of how such a management of empowerment isconducted, does not accommodate the problems related to the sidewalk traders. In fact, ithas been implemented by the government in the following three ways; (1) through the subdistrict governmental agencies; (2) through direct supervision of the municipal, sub district,administrative village and neighborhood governmental agencies; (3) through traditionalvillages (desa pekraman/adat).The responses given by the community varied. The responses given by thecommunity of consumers were negative resulting from lack of socialization. The responsesgiven by the sidewalk traders were negative as well. However, socially, economically and
Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Wanita Sebagai Pengepul Squin Secara Putting Out Maja, Onesimus Yulianus; Sudibia, I Ketut
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol. 1, No. 1, November 2012 (pp. 1-60)
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effect of independent variables ie, work experience, education level, age, and number of household dependents to the dependent variable, labor productivity of women as collectors squin in Dalung village and to determine which variable is the most dominant influence on the dependent variable. Number of samples is 84 people. Once the data is collected and the analyzed using multiple linear regression analys is with F test and t test at significance level of 5 percent. The test results showed the independent variables significantly influence either simultaneously orpartially. To determine which variables are the most dominant influence on the dependent variable used Standardized Coefficient Beta test. As a result, education level variables that have the most dominant effect on labor productivity of women.