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Perubahan iklim dan pengaruhnya terhadap peningkatan gangguan kesehatan Sudarso, Sudarso
Damianus Journal of Medicine Vol 9, No 1 (2010): Damianus Journal of Medicine
Publisher : Damianus Journal of Medicine

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Abstract

Global warming has become a hot issue in 21st century. This potentially destroyer of the earth has caused not only certain “natural” phenomenon like floods, erosion, dryness, increasing temperature of earth, but also climate change; and most specially decreasing the health quality of human being. Climate change is expected to have considerable impacts on human health; and the most important diseases are included vector-, water- and food-borne, and injuries. World Health Organization (WHO) has predicted that global warming and climate change will kill the average of 150.000 within 5 million cases.
THE EFFECT OF CLIMATE ON DEVELOPMENT VARIABILTAS Water-borne diseases Sudarso, Sudarso
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma 2009: edisi khusus Desember 2009
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

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Abstract

Global warming issue in 21 century this become especial issue. The effect of global warming besides at another phenomenon, like floods, erosion, dryness, increasing temperature of earth, climate change and also its influence to human being, especially for health. Climate change is expected to have considerablke impact on health, and one of the most important is waterborne diseases. Weather influences the transport and dissemination of the microbial agents via rainfall and runoff and survival and/or growth such factors as temperature. Knowledge about transport processes and fate of microbial pollutants associated with rainfall and snowmelt is key to predicting risk from change in weather variability. Water-borne diseases can be infected by many routes of exposure, as well as individual or population susceptibility, to waterborne pathogens, with water quality, avaibility, sanitation, and hygiene all playing a role.More than 100 types of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and prozoa can be found in contaminated water.
THE INFLUENCE RISK FACTORS OF STROKE ON DIABETES MELLITUS IN DR H. MOH ANWAR SUMENEP HOSPITAL Sudarso, Sudarso; Wahyudi, Andre Setya
WIRARAJA MEDIKA Vol 4 No 1 (2014): Wiraraja Medika - Jurnal Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases characterized with hiperglikemia happens because aberration secretion insulin, insulin work or both. Diabetes mellitus often caused many complications, one of which was stroke. With the cases number of diabetes, to be sure the number of stroke events will also be increased. Installation in the In a patient disease in dr H. Moh Anwar Sumenep Hospital. Diabetes mellitus was a disease with the highest visits increasing from year to year. Knowledge about the stroke incidence risk factors in people with diabetes mellitus is very important as a precaution against the occurrence stroke incident in people with diabetes mellitus. The objective of this research was to study the influence risk factors of stroke on diabetes mellitus. The research used method with a case control comparison of 1:1. Number of cases as many as 40 people (people with diabetes mellitus with stroke complications) and control as many as 40 people (people with diabetes mellitus without stroke complications). Data collected with the medical record and the laboratory examination results. Variables examined included age, sex, total cholesterol level, HDL level, LDL level, Trigliserida level, and hypertension history. Data analyzed using logistic regression test to see which factors affect the stroke incidence in people with diabetes mellitus. The result obtained that there were not influence of gender, HDL and LDL level and hypertension history to stroke occurrence in people with diabetes mellitus. The significant influence variables obtained age, total cholesterol level and Trigliserida level. the model if regression is = 1,103 - 0,564 (age) + 0,490 (total cholesterol level) + 0,258 (Trigliserida level). Based on the results of this study, patients needed counseling on diabetes mellitus on the efforts of the diabetes mellitus management that do not cause complications, one of which was stroke complication.  Key words : diabetes mellitus, stroke, risk factors, dr. H Moh Anwar Sumenep Hospital
Pengembangan Sistem Filsafat Pancasila Sudarso, Sudarso
Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 16, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jf.23215

Abstract

Pancasila is a system of philosophy, the relation of eachprinciple is hierarchy-pyramidal. Logical consequence of Pancasilaas a philosophical system, therefore, is give basis for the implementation inIndonesian government practice—economic, culture, law, defend, socialethic, technology, and education system. Pancasila ought to give meaningnot only as “The five principles of ethic”, but naturally, Pancasila is “Thefive principles of Indonesian Nationality”. It is very important tonote that in the nation-state life, Pancasila as national identity mustbe developed in order to make Indonesian people standing parallelwith other peoples in welfare and justice condition. The differenceinterpretation of Pancasila does not make it poor but instead ofmake it powerful as a system of philosophy.  
Persepsi Guru Pamong Terhadap Kualitas Mahasiswa Calon Guru PJOK Saat Melaksanakan Program Pengelolaan Pembelajaran di Sekolah Mitra Khory, Fifukha Dwi; Hartoto, Setiyo; Sudarso, Sudarso; Prakoso, Bayu Budi
Jurnal SPORTIF : Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal SPORTIF : Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS NUSANTARA PGRI KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29407/js_unpgri.v4i1.12092

Abstract

This study aims to determine the quality of prospective PE teachers (PPET) in implementing learning management program (LMP) in a partner school of Universitas Negeri Surabaya. Descriptive qualitative approach wa applied. The research subjects were ten PPET who conducted LMP. There were three criteria that would be assessed by the supervising teacher: (1) students’ feasibility to become a PE teachers; (2) need of teacher competence; and (3) competence in student teaching. Research findings showed that the average of students’ feasibility score as student teachers 80.5 (very feasible). Based on the supervising teacher’s perception, the school needs quality teachers who have good academic skills, master the latest curriculum and teaching materials, have good classroom management skills and problem solving, and are creative and inovative. The quality of PPET was sufficient because they were able to manage the class, develop a lesson plan based on the 2013 curriculum, master teaching techniques, know the latest information of the 2013 curriculum, have high self-development ability, dedication, and discipline. In conclusion, the results of this study were able to describe the quality of PPET in conducting LMP, but this study only had few subjects, the findings might not be able to generalize the whole population.
SWAMEDIKASI PADA MAHASISWA KESEHATAN DAN NON KESEHATAN Handayani, Devi Tri; Sudarso, Sudarso; Kusuma, Anjar Mahardian
JURNAL MANAJEMEN DAN PELAYANAN FARMASI (Journal of Management and Pharmacy Practice) Vol 3, No 3
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jmpf.193

Abstract

Swamedikasi yang tidak sesuai aturan akan menyebabkan efek yang serius seperti timbulnya reaksi efek samping obat danresistensi antibiotik. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis perbedaan pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku mahasiswa kesehatandan non kesehatan dalam melakukan swamedikasi, dan untuk menganalisis hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap terhadap perilakuswamedikasi.Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analisis menggunakan rancangan penelitian cross sectional. Jumlah responden sebanyak 400 dipilih secara accidental samplingyang terdiri dari 200 responden jurusan kesehatan dan 200 responden jurusan non kesehatan di Perguruan Tinggi Purwokerto. Data diperoleh  melalui lembar kuesioner yang berisi masing-masing 10 pertanyaan mengenai pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku. Perbedaan pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku dianalisis menggunakan uji chi square. Kemudian pengaruh pengetahuan dan sikap terhadap perilaku dianalisis menggunakan ujikorelasi spearman dengan α = 0,05.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku antara mahasiswa kesehatan dan non kesehatan terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan dengan nilai p-value sebesar 0,000 dimana pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku mahasiswa kesehatan lebih baik dibandingkan dengan mahasiswa non kesehatan.  Pengetahuan dan sikap berpengaruh terhadap perilaku mahasiswa dalam melakukan swamedikasi. Hubungan antara pengetahuan terhadap perilaku adalah signifikan namun sangat lemah (R=0,195), dan hubungan antara sikap terhadap perilaku adalah lemah (R=0,236).Kata kunci: swamedikasi, mahasiswa, pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku
DAYA REPELAN DAN UJI IRITASI FORMULA LOTION EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN SIRIH (Piper betle Linn) DENGAN VARIASI BASIS LANOLIN TERHADAP NYAMUK Aedes aegypti Fitriana, Apri Yudis; Wahyuningrum, Retno; Sudarso, Sudarso
PHARMACY: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia (Pharmaceutical Journal of Indonesia) Jurnal Pharmacy, Vol. 09 No. 02 Agustus 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/pji.v9i2.699

Abstract

ABSTRAK Demam berdarah dengue (DBD) yang ditularkan melalui gigitan nyamuk Aedes aegypti dan Aedes albopictus betina masih menjadi masalah kesehatan khususnya di Indonesia. Sediaan repelan biasa digunakan untuk menghindari gangguan atau gigitan nyamuk Aedes aegypti. Namun sediaan repelan mengandung Diethyl toluamide (DEET) yang dalam penggunaannya dapat menyebabkan eritema (kemerahan pada kulit) dan iritasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan aktivitas daya repelan lotion ekstrak daun sirih dengan variasi lanolin sebagai basis terhadap nyamuk Aedes aegypti, selain itu untuk menentukan apakah lotion ekstrak etanol daun sirih dengan variasi lanolin sebagai basis ini mengiritasi hewan uji atau tidak, dan untuk membandingkan pengaruh konsentrasi lanolin terhadap sifat fisik lotion ekstrak etanol daun sirih. Daun sirih diekstraksi dengan etanol 96%, dengan menggunakan metode refluks. Ekstrak etanol daun sirih yang digunakan dalam formula lotion adalah 5%. Lotion ekstrak etanol daun sirih yang dibuat pada penelitian ini sebanyak 3 formula dengan perbedaan konsentrasi lanolin, yaitu 3%, 4% dan 5%. Lotion ekstrak etanol daun sirih yang telah dibuat kemudian dievaluasi secara fisik, diuji daya repelan dan uji iritas. Perbedaan konsentrasi lanolin pada tiap formula lotion, sangat mempengaruhi viskositas, daya sebar, daya lekat dan daya repelan masing-masing formula. Daya repelan lotion ekstrak etanol daun sirih sebesar 88% selama 11 menit. Indeks iritasi primer lotion ekstrak etanol daun sirih sebesar 0,3. Konsentrasi lanolin berbanding lurus dengan daya repelan lotion ekstrak etanol daun sirih. Lotion ekstrak etanol daun sirih memiliki indeks iritasi primer sebesar 0,33, dimana nilai tersebut < 2 maka golongan senyawa yang diuji termasuk hanya sedikit merangsang. Konsentrasi lanolin berbanding terbalik dengan nilai daya sebar, tetapi berbanding lurus dengan nilai daya lekat dan viskositas lotion ekstrak etanol daun sirih. Kata kunci : daya repelan, uji iritasi, lotion, ekstrak etanol daun sirih (Piper betle Linn). ABSTRACT Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) which is transmitted through the bite of mosquito Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus females still becomes a health problem, especially in Indonesia. Repellant is used to avoid interference or bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The purposes of this research are to determine the repellency of the ethanolic extract of betel leaf lotion with lanolin variation as a basis toward Aedes aegypti, to determine whether the ethanolic extract of piper betel leaves lotion with lanolin variation as a basis irritate the test animals or not, and to compare the influence of lanolin concentration toward physical characteristic of lotion. Piper betel leaves extracted with 96% ethanol, using reflux. The ethanolic extract of piper betel leaves used in the formula lotion is 5%. This lotion was made into 3 formula with lanolin concentration difference 3%, 4% and 5%. Lotion ethanolic extract of piper betel leaves had been made then evaluated physically, repellency and irritation. Dispersive and viscosity of the lotion will determine the convenience of the use by human. Differences of lanolin concentration in each formula lotion, greatly affect the viscosity, dispersive, adhesion and repellency each formula. Repellency lotion ethanolic extract of piper betel leaves is 88% in 11 minutes. The primary irritation index lotion ethanolic extract of piper betel leaves is 0,33. Concentration of lanolin is proportional to the lotion repellant the ethanolic extract of piper betel leaves. The primary irritation index lotion ethanolic extract of piper betel leaves is 0,33 or few stimulating. Concentration of lanolin inversely to the value of dispersive, but it is directly proportional to the value of adhesion and viscosity lotion. Keywords : repellency, irritation, lotion, ethanolic extract of piper betel leaves (Piper betle Linn)
KEADAAN LINGKUNGAN FISIK RUMAH PENDERITA TUBERKULOSIS PARU DI KECAMATAN TANGGULANGIN KABUPATEN SIDOARJO Sudarso, Sudarso
Purifikasi Vol 11 No 2 (2010): Jurnal Purifikasi
Publisher : Department of Environmental Engineering-Faculty of Civil, Environmental and Geo Engineering. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12962/j25983806.v11.i2.195

Abstract

Most of infectious diseases are influenced by physical, biological, chemical, economical, and cultural environmental factors. One of&nbsp; infectious diseases in Indonesia, which has not been able to be eliminated, is tuberculosis. The incidence rate of tuberculosis in Indonesia is 583.000 cases/year. This disease can kill 140.000 patients nationally per year, and&nbsp; has become the second death cause after heart disease. The sanitation condition of&nbsp; lung tuberculosis patient houses was improper, particularly the humidity, air temperature, ventilation, and dweller density. The number of tuberculocis cases in Tanggulangin District was 50, the highest when compared to those of other Districts. This situation revealed that the sanitation condition of the tuberculosis patient houses in this District did not meet&nbsp; the health criteria. Therefore, this research was focused on the influence of physical condition of houses to lung tuberculosis incidence in Tanggulangin District, Sidoarjo. This research was designed it use observational case-control approach. Data analysis was done using Chi-square, Two-sample, and Mann Whitney Tests. The Ratio Odds values concluded that the dweller density, natural lighting condition, ventilation, and humidity influenced the&nbsp; tuberculosis incidence in the study area. Temperature theoretically influenced the pathogen’s growth. However, this research showed that temperature did not give effect on tuberculocis incidence in the study area.
TINGKAT KEPUASAN PASIEN HIPERTENSI ( LANSIA) TERHADAP PELAYANAN INFORMASI OBAT DI POSYANDU LANSIA DI WILAYAH CILACAP SELATAN Alam, Havivah Nur; Sudarso, Sudarso; Hapsari, Indri
PHARMACY: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia (Pharmaceutical Journal of Indonesia) Jurnal Pharmacy, Vol. 07 No. 01 April 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/pji.v7i1.551

Abstract

ABSTRAK Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang Tingkat Kepuasan Pasien Hipertensi (Lansia) Terhadap Pelayanan Informasi Obat di Posyandu Lansia di Wilayah Cilacap Selatan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran pelayanan pengobatan dan informasi obat kepada pasien hipertensi lansia yang berada di Posyandu Wredha Kusuma 1-10 di wilayah Cilacap Selatan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan observasi dan pengumpulan data menggunakan kuisioner kepada pasien hipertensi lansia di Posyandu Wredha Kusuma. Data yang diberikan kemudian dianalisis secara statistik untuk mendapatkan nilai persentase kepuasan pasien serta dianalisis secara deskriptif untuk mengetahui gambaran pelayanan pengobatan dan informasi obat. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa tingkat kepuasan asien hipertensi lansia yang mendapatkan pengobatan dan informasi obat senilai 75,96 % yang menunjukan bahwa pasien hipertensi lansia puas dengan pelayanan pengobatan dan informasi obat di Posyandu Wredha Kusuma di wilayah Cilacap Selatan Kata kunci: Hipertensi, lansia, Posyandu, pelayanan informasi obat. ABSTRACT A research on level of satisfaction of hypertension patient (geriatric) towards the service from medicine information in community public health in south Cilacap territory,has been carried out. The aim of this research was to obtaine the image of the medical treatment service and medicine information to the geriatric hypertension patient in “posyandu werdha kusuma 1-10 ” in south Cilacap , this research was by observation and data collection using quisioner to geriatric hypertension patient in “ posyandu wredha kusuma”, the results data afterwards was analyzed in a statistic manner to get the value presentase the patient s satisfaction and descriptively were analyzed to know the image of the medical treatment service and medicine information.Results of the research is value of level satisfaction geriatric hypertension patient which get medical treatment and medicine information is 75.96 % that produce of geriatric hypertension patient is satisfy enough with the medical treatment service and medicine information in In posyandu Werdha Kusuma – south Cilacap. Key word: hypertension, geriatric posyandu, the service of medicine information.
AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI GEL EKSTRAK LENGKUAS (Alpinia galanga) TERHADAP Pseudomonas aeruginosa DAN Bacillus subtilis. Amelia, Renny; Sudarso, Sudarso; Hartanti, Dwi
PHARMACY: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia (Pharmaceutical Journal of Indonesia) Jurnal Pharmacy, Vol. 07 No. 03 Desember 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/pji.v7i3.579

Abstract

ABSTRAK Penelitian tentang aktivitas antibakteri gel ekstrak lengkuas terhadap Pseudomonas aeruginosa dan Bacillus subtilis dilakukan untuk mengetahui aktivitas antibakteri gel ekstrak lengkuas terhadap P. aeruginosa dan B. subtilis. Dalam penelitian ini ekstraksi dilakukan dengan metode maserasi dengan pelarut etanol 70%. Uji aktivitas antibakteri menggunakan metode difusi. Sifat fisik yang diuji adalah organoleptis, pH, dan viskositas. Senyawa minyak atsiri eugenol dan flavonoid diidentifikasi menggunakan KLT. Data viskositas dianalisis dengan uji anava dua arah dengan taraf kepercayaan 95% dan dilanjutkan uji BNT. Diameter zona hambat antibakteri dianalisis dengan uji anava satu arah dengan taraf kepercayaan 95% dan dilanjutkan uji BNT. Gel ekstrak lengkuas mempunyai sifat organoleptis dan pH yang stabil selama 28 hari, tapi viskositas gel menurun seiring bertambahnya hari. Gel ekstrak lengkuas memiliki aktivitas antibakteri terhadap P. aeruginosa, tapi tidak memiliki aktivitas antibakteri terhadap B. subtilis. Kata kunci: ekstrak lengkuas, aktivitas antibakteri, minyak atsiri eugenol dan flavonoid. ABSTRACT A research on antibacterial activity of ginger extract gel was done to know antibacterial activity of gel of ginger extract against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis. In this research extraction was done by maseration method with 70% ethanol as solvent. Antibacterial activity test used diffusion method. Gel was tested pHysical properties for organoleptic, pH, and viscosity. Volatile oil and flavonoid compound were identified by TLC method. The viscosity data was analyzed by two way anava test with 95% significance level continued by LSD. The diameter of clear zone was analyzed by one anava with 95% significance level continued by LSD. Ginger extract is stable organolepticcally and pH for 28 days storage, but viscosity of gels decreases by time. The result showes that ginger extract gel has antibacterial activity against P. aeruginosa, but does not have antibacterial activity against B. subtilis. Key words: ginger extract (Alpinia galanga), antibacterial activity, volatile oil eugenol and flavonoid.