Etih Sudarnika
Department of Animal Infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health, Bogor Agricultural University

Published : 19 Documents
Articles

Found 19 Documents
Search

Tingkat Insidensi Malaria di Wilayah Pemanasan Kelambu Berinsektisida Tahan Lama dan Wilayah Kontrol (MALARIA INCIDENCE RATE OF HEAT ASSISTED REGENERATION LONG LASTING INSECTICIDAL NETS AREA AND CONTROL)

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Long lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) is one effective way to prevent malaria. Permethrin treatedLLIN is one type of LLIN which is recommended by WHO. Several studies have shown that these types ofLLIN requiring heat assisted regeneration after washing to enhance the biological activity of insecticidethat contained in the LLIN fibers. This study aimed to compare the incidence rates of malaria in childrenunder five years old who live in the intervention area (where the heat assisted regeneration on LLIN afterwashing was applied) and control area (where the heat assisted regeneration on LLIN after washing wasnot applied). Data of malaria cases was collected from laboratory log book at all health centers in BangkaDistrict, in the period of June June 2007 until July 2008. Data were analyzed with Poisson regressionmodels. The results showed that the incidence rate of malaria in children under five years old was notsignificantly different between the treatment and control areas.

Population Fluctuation of Parasitoid Spalangia endius (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) of Filth Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) at Poultry Farms in Bogor

Media Veteriner Vol 7, No 1 (2000): Media Veteriner
Publisher : Media Veteriner

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (608.973 KB)

Abstract

The research was conducted for 12 months at three different locations of poultry farm at Kemang of Parung sub district, Bogor. The sites are about 10 km away from Bogor, surrounded by orchards or other trees and far enough of human dwelling. The influence of ambient temperature, humidity, monthly rainfall and number of rainy days were observed against the population of filth flies Musca domestica and Ophyra chalcogaster. Within a year the four climatic factors during wet and dry seasons were not significantly different (p>0.05), and the influence of climate was not distinct against the population of filth flies and parasitoid. However, the population of parasitoid was strongly correlated of filth flies (r=0.921).

Karakteristik, Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Praktik Petugas Karantina Hewan dalam Pengendalian Bruselosis di Sulawesi Selatan

P-ISSN 2337-3202
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.429 KB)

Abstract

Praktik atau perilaku petugas karantina hewan dalam pengendalian bruselosis dipengaruhi oleh faktor internal berupa karakteristik individu yang bersifat khas dan dipengaruhi oleh faktor eksternal berupa lingkungan, sosial dan budaya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi karakteristik individu petugas karantina hewan dan menganalisis pola hubungan karakteristik, pengetahuan, dansikap terhadap praktik petugas karantina hewan dalam pengendalian bruselosis di Sulawesi Selatan. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional study. Metode pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dan pengamatan terhadap 51 orang petugas karantina hewan di dua Unit Pelaksana Teknis Badan Karantina Pertanian di Sulawesi Selatan. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuisioner terstruktur, dan dianalisis menggunakan path analysis. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik petugas karantina hewan sebagian besar berusia antara 30-45 tahun, telah bekerja sebagai PNS maupun bekerja di tempat yang sekarang kurang dari lima tahun, pendidikannya SMA/sederajat. Tidak semua petugas karantina hewan adalah pejabat fungsional dan mayoritas belum pernah mengikuti pelatihan terkait bruselosis. Terdapat hubungan yang nyata antara pendidikan dan pengetahuan, pengetahuan dan sikap, serta sikap dan praktik. Pendidikan formal berperan penting dalam terbentuknya pengetahuan, sikap, dan praktik petugas karantina hewan dalam pengendalian bruselosis. Sehingga upaya peningkatan pendidikan formal pada petugas karantina hewan perlu dilakukan.

Faktor Risiko Terkait Manajemen Kesehatan Unggas terhadap Infeksi Virus Flu Burung di Tempat Penampungan Ayam (THE RISK FACTOR OF POULTRY HEALTH MANAGEMENT TO THE INFECTION OF AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS IN POULTRY COLLECTING FACILITIES)

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 14, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the association between the implementation of poultryhealth management and the spread of avian influenza virus in Poultry Collecting Facilities (PCFs).  Thestudy was performed by maintaining 7-8 sentinel chickens in 39 PCFs in Jakarta for three months.  Thevariables evaluated for poultry health management were health certificate, health inspection, healthinspector, health inspection method, and handling of sick and dead birds. Data on the variables werecollected by interview with supervisor of PCFs.  The AIV infection were detected by rt-PCR from the cloacaland tracheal swab of the dead birds with.  The results showed that the methodes of handling of sick birdswere significantly associated with infection of AIV (RR=2,00 ; 95% CI  = 1,31-3,05).  The other variables didnot show significance association.  The risk of AIV infection was twice higher  the sick keeping side birdsalive, or by separating, or treating the birds in the same cage than by slaughtering them. Poultry healthmanagement in PCFs need to be improved in order to prevent and control the spreading of AIV in Indonesia.

SeroprevalensiTrichinellosispadaBabi di Kota Kupang, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur (SEROPREVALENCE OF TRICHINELLOSIS ON PIG AT KUPANG CITY, PROVINCE OF NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR)

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Trichinellosisis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection of Trichinella spp. and is found world-wide.The seroprevalence of trichinellosis in pig population has never been reported in East Nusa TenggaraProvince particularly Kupang City. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence oftrichinellosis in pig at Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara. A cross-sectional study was conducted byexamining 376 blood samples of pigs collected from slaughterhouses in Oeba, Kupang using simplerandom sampling method. Blood samples were tested by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) using Screen®Trichinella indirect multi-species ELISA kit. Test results showed that 3 (0.8%)serum samples were positive of trichinella antibody. In conclusion ,some pigs in the city of Kupang hasbeen infected by Trichinella sp. and could be a threat for human health.

Pengembangan Media Padat untuk Menumbuhkan Mycobacterium bovis (DEVELOPMENT OF SOLID MEDIUM FOR MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS CULTIVATION)

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Mycobacterial culture provides definitive diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB), but commercially readyto-use culture media for Mycobacterium bovis are rarely available. The aims of this study were todevelop and to evaluate the ability of M. Bovis to grow in Modified Ogawa Agar (MOA) in comparisonwith the available culture media, such as Löwenstein Jensen (LJ) and Modified Ogawa (MO). Eachmedia were inculation with 0.1 ml suspension of 105 CFU/mL M. bovis and M. phlei in PhosphateBuffer Saline (PBS) and each media was replicated in five tubes. Mycobacterium phlei grew in everymedium since day 4. M. bovis grew in media LJ and MO since day 17, but failed to grow in mediumMOA. The recovery rate of M. phlei in LJ and MOA were significantly different. The ability of MOA tocultivate M. phlei was different from LJ. Colonies of M. phlei in MOA were easier to be harvested, muchsimpler to prepare, and more feasible than medium LJ. The recovery rate of M. bovis in media LJ andMO were not significantly different, but medium MO were much simpler to prepare and more feasiblethan medium LJ. Media MOA were able to cultivate M. phlei, but proven unable to cultivate M. bovisin this research.

Judul Seroprevalensi Trichinellosis pada Ternak Babi di Wilayah Kabupaten Tangerang, Propinsi Banten (SEROPREVALENCE OF TRICHINELLOSIS IN PIGS IN THE TANGERANG DISTRICT PROVINCE OF BANTEN)

Jurnal Veteriner Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Trichinellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by parasitic roundworms of the nematode class Trichinella spp, which is distributed worldwide. Indonesia is one of the countries with trichinellosis cases. This study aims to determine the seroprevalence of Trichinellosis in pigs in Tangerang Village, Banten Province. The sample size is determined with 95% confidence level, the expected prevalence is 5%, and the error rate is 5%. A total of 80 sera were collected from farm (27 sera) and from the sample banks of Disease Investigation Centre Subang (DIC Subang(53 sera)). The sample collection was examined serologically by the ELISA method for the examination of anti-Trichinella antibodies. The results showed that seroprevalence of trichinellosis in this study was 1.25% (confidence interval (CI) 95%; 0,22-6,75%). This case can be a threat to human health. Pigs that show seropositive results were the pigs with traditional husbandry practices with ground  flooring and without fences. The results of the questionnaires that distributed to the farmers indicated that all farmers did not know about trichinellosis, this may affect the presence of Trichinella in pigs. 

Pengembangan Metode Promosi Kesehatan tentang Rabies untuk Peningkatan Pengetahuan Siswa Sekolah Dasar

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5625.262 KB)

Abstract

Kendala utama promosi kesehatan pada siswa sekolah dasar sebagai kelompok berisiko tinggi serangan rabies adalah terbatasnya media promosi kesehatan yang sesuai.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan media promosi kesehatan yang mudah, murah dan efektif. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 90 siswa, kelas 5 dan 6 berasal dari 3 sekolah di Kota Bogor. Sampel dipilih dengan metode simple random sampling, dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok intervensi yang berjumlah 30 siswa untuk setiap kelompok yaitu kelompok I (slide, poster, leaflet, dan permainan), kelompok II (slide, poster, dan leaflet), dan kelompok III (slide). Rancangan uji coba menggunakan pretest-post test design. Pengukuran tingkat pengetahuan dilakukan sesaat, 1 minggu, 1 bulan, dan 3 bulan setelah intervensi.Analisis data dilakukan dengan uji t berpasangan dan Duncan multiple range test. Hasil uji coba terdapat perbedaan tingkat pengetahuan sebelum dan sesudah intervensi hingga 3 bulan pada kelompok I dan II (p<0.05), sedangkan pada kelompok III hanya hingga 1 bulan (p>0.05).Selisih pengetahuan sebelum dan sesudah intervensi antar 3 kelompok pada 3 bulan terdapat perbedaan yang nyata (P<0.05).Kelompok I memberikan hasil tingkat pengetahuan paling tinggi dan daya ingat paling lama dibandingkan kelompok lainnya.Hasil penelitian ini dapat digunakan sebagai sarana promosi kesehatan mengenai rabies pada siswa sekolah dasar.Kata Kunci: intervensi, leaflet, permainan, poster, rabies, slide

Deteksi Spesies Brucella pada Kambing di Rumah Potong Hewan Jakarta

Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 34, No 2 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Brucellosis is a zoonosis and occupational diseases transmision. The diseases caused by bacterial and attack multiple species of animals. Common species that infects goats as the most pathogenic species (zoonotic) is Brucella melitensis; however, the species B. abortus could also infect goats. The study purposed to find out the brucellosis seropositive in goat in Jakarta slaughterhouse and to detect caused agent of brucellosis. Sampling was done through slaughtered goats that come from brucellosis endemic area. The samples were collected fromslaughtered mature female goats i.e serum, goat milk, vaginal swab, mamary gland, limphoglandula supramamary, limph, and uterus. The detection method was used i.e patological lession, serological, culture and PolymeraseChain Reaction (PCR) technique. The serological detection of brucellosis in goats was done parallelly between Rose Bengal Test (RBT), Complement Fixation Test (CFT) and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). The results of this study demonstrated that out of the 119 serum samples serologically tested, negative for RBT, one was positive for CFT and none were positive with ELISA. Patological observation in the Brucella predilection organs, there were 5 goat carcases showed pathological lession (vagina discharge, hemoragy at limphand limphoglandula, crumbly limph and there were pus in uterus). The serum samples that had reacted positively and the organs with pathological lesion were confirmed further with PCR, bacterial isolation and identification.The PCR test results and the culture of milk samples, vaginal swabs and organs did not reveal any Brucella spp bacteria (B. abortus, B. melitensis, B. ovis dan B. suis) and also vaccine strains of RB51. Based on these results, it was concluded that brucellosis in goats on Java Island was a 0.84% seropositive (confidence interval 95%; 0.00826 - 0.00854) (1/119), although the species of Brucella that had infected them remains unknown.

PREVALENSI DAN FAKTOR RISIKO INFEKSI Toxocara cati PADA KUCING PELIHARAAN DI KOTA BOGOR (Prevalence and Risk Factors of Toxocara cati Infection in Bogor Pet Cats)

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 10, No 2 (2016): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.198 KB)

Abstract

The aims of this research were to estimate the prevalence and to determine the risk factors related to Toxocara cati (T. cati) infection in pet cats in Bogor. This study was cross sectional study using two types of data; laboratory examination results of feces samples and interview results of the cat owner using a structured questionnaires including characteristics of pet owner and pet care management. The data obtained from this study was analyzed using chi-square test. The results showed that 85 of 243 cats were positively infected by T. cati with 35% prevalence. The significant risk factor associated with the T. cati infection were: sex, sand provided, deworming and type of feed. Pet care management in Kota Bogor were well managed, however the prevalence of T. cati infection was still high. Therefore it can be a potential public health problem especially on cat owners.