Asep Sudarman
Department of Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University, Jl. Agatis, Kampus IPB Darmaga Bogor 16680, Indonesia

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DYNAMICS OF MILK PRODUCTION OF LATE LACTATION DAIRY GOAT FED PUFADIET SUPPLEMENTED WITH YEAST, C. xanthorrhiza Roxb, and THEIR COMBINATION Sudarman, Asep; Sulistyowati, Endang; Wiryawan, Komang G; Toharmat, Toto; Mujiharjo, Sigit
UNEJ e-Proceeding Proceeding of International Conference on Food Sovereignty and Sustainable Agriculture (FoSSA) 2017
Publisher : UPT Penerbitan Universitas Jember

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This article is a dynamics synthesis of milk production data of dairy goat fed diet containingconcentrate supplemented with PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acid), yeast and curcuma. Twenty (20) dairy goats of Ettawa crossbred in late lactation phage were grouped into fiveof four goats to receive five treatments in in Randomized Complete Block design. Thetreatments were no supplement (PD0), 3 tablets of Asifit (PDA), 5g/d yeast (PDY), 20g/dcurcuma (PDC), and a mix of 5g/d yeast and 20g/d curcuma (PDM). The concentratecontained of PUFA sources (roasted ground corn, roasted soy bean meal, and corn oil),soybean by-product; roughage provided was King Grass. Milk yield was recorded daily, pre,treatment, and post then calculated all the way from pre to post treatment. Milk yield werehigher significantly (P<0.05) in PDA (538.7 g/d) and PDY (522.3g/d) compared to PD0(336.3g/d), PDC (322.3g/d) and PDM (392.0g/d). Average temperature and relativehumidity in the farm were 26.94 ? 2.280 C and 78.83 ? 7.34 %. Yeast supplementation eithersolely or in combination with curcuma is considered better in milk production dynamics inpre, treatment, post.
Total Digestible Nutrient of Diet Containing PUFA- Concentrate Supplemented with Yeast and Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb for Dairy Goat Sulistyowati, Endang; Sudarman, Asep; Wiryawan, Komang G.; Toharmat, Toto
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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ABSTRACTThis research was designed to evaluate nutrient digestibility, mentioned as Total Digestible Nutrient of diet containing PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acid) - concentrate supplemented with yeast and Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb for dairy goat. Twenty Ettawah crossbred goat in late lactation were allocated into 6 treatments in randomized block design. The treatments were PD0: PUFA-diet with no supplement, PDA: with Asifit, PDY: with 0.5% yeast, PDC: with 1.5% curcuma, and PDM: with 0.5% yeast + 1.5% curcuma. The PUFA-diet contained of 80% PUFA- concentrate as basic diet and 20% Pennisetum purpureum. While the PUFA sources were roasted ground corn and roasted soybean meal, and corn oil. Results showed that intakes of DM, OM, CP, CF, NFE, ADF, and GE were not affected significantly by dietary treatments. However, EE and NDF among treatments were different significantly (P<0.05), whereas Ca and P were different very significantly (P<0.01). High nutrient contents (DM, OM, CP, EE, CF, NDF, and GE) were found in feces of the goat with curcuma diet (PDC), consequently showed the opposite effects by giving the lowest digestibility (P<0.05 or P<0.01) of these nutrients. Total digestible nutrient (TDN) of PDY and PDM were markedly higher (79.89% and 79.37%, respectively) than that in other diets, such as being the lowest was in PDC (69.94%). This suggested that the yeast concentration of 1.8 108cfu/d, given singly or in combination with 1.5% Curcuma could be considered as the right level for improving nutrient digestibility in the late lactation goat in our study.Keywords: curcuma, dairy goat, PUFA-diet, TDN, yeast
Total Digestible Nutrient of Diet Containing PUFA- Concentrate Supplemented with Yeast and Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb for Dairy Goat Sulistyowati, Endang; Sudarman, Asep; Wiryawan, Komang G.; Toharmat, Toto
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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 ABSTRAKPenelitian ini didisain untuk mengevaluasi kecernaan nutrisi, dinyatakan dalam TDN, dari ransum yang mengandung PUFA konsentrat yang disuplementasi yeast dan Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb pada kambing perah.  Dua puluh ekor kambing Peranakan Ettawah (PE) pada fase laktasi akhir dialokasikan kedalam 6 perlakuan dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok.  Perlakuan tersebut adalah: PD0: PUFA-diet tanpa suplemen, PDA: dengan Asifit, PDY: dengan 0,5% yeast, PDC: dengan 2% curcuma, dan PDM: dengan 0,5% yeast + 2% curcuma.  Ransum- PUFA terdiri atas 80% PUFA- konsentrat sebagai ransum dasar dan 20% rumput gajah.   Sumber PUFA terdiri atas jagung giling sangrai, tepung kedelai sangrai, dan minyak jagung.  Hasil menunjukkan bahwa  konsumsi  DM, OM, CP, CF, NFE, ADF, dan GE tidak terpengaruh oleh perlakuan.  Namun, EE dan NDF  antarperlakuan berbeda  signifikan (P<0.05), sedang Ca dan P  berbeda sangat signifikan (P<0.01).  Kandungan nutrisi yang tinggi (DM, OM, CP, EE, CF, NDF, and GE)  ditemukan di feces pada kambing dengan perlakuan Curcuma (PDC), konsekuensinya adalah kecernaan nutrisinya secara signifikan (P<0.05) atau sangat signifikan (P<0.01) terendah.  Total digestible nutrient (TDN) dari  PDY dan PDM secara signifikan tinggi (79,89% dan 79,37%) disbanding ransum lainnya, terendah pada PDC (69,94%).  Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa yeast atau ragi dengan konsentrasi 1,8 108cfu/d baik disuplementasikan tunggal atau dikombinasi dengan 2% Curcuma dapat dikatakan sebagai kandungan yang tepat untuk memperbaiki kecernaan nutrisi pada kambing perah dengan laktasi akhir pada penelitian ini.Kata kunci: curcuma, kambing perah,  PUFA-diet, TDN, yeast
PHYSIOLOGICAL STATUS, BLOOD PROFILE AND BODY COMPOSITION OF SHEEP FED WITH CA-SAPONIFIED LEMURU OIL COATED BY HERBS Astuti, Dewi Apri; Sudarman, Asep
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science UGM

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This study was aimed to evaluate the physiological status, blood profiles and body composition of sheep fed with Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by herbs. Twenty fat-tailed sheep (av. BW 23±1.2 kg) were used in this experiment by using Completely Randomized Design with five treatments ration and four replications of each. Sheep fed with concentrate containing 3% Ca-saponified lemuru oil and king grass (1:1) ad libitum. Treatments were control diet without herbs (R1); Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by curcumae domestica (R2); coated by Zingiber officinale Rosc (R3); coated by Eugenia polyantha (R4) and coated by Pluchea indica Less (R5). Data of physiological parameters were measured three times a day, in the morning, at noon and afternoon. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment through jugular vein, together with zero sample for Urea Space measurement. The variables observed were physiological data (heart rate, respiration rate, and rectal temperature), blood profiles (erythrocyte, hemoglobin, packed cell volume (PCV), leucocytes) and body composition (water, protein and fat) measured using Urea Space technique. Results of the study showed that sheep fed with Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by herbs was not significantly different on heart rate, respiration rate and rectal temperature among treatments. Meanwhile, total leucocytes, neutrophil cell, and lymphocytes significantly increased (P<0.05) by the treatment. Body composition percentage (water, protein and fat) were same in all treatments, except the total body fat and energy retained. In conclusion, supplementation of 3% Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by Curcumae domestica, Zingiber officinale Rosc, Eugenia polyantha and Pluchea indica Less in fat-tailed sheep had no effect on physiological parameters, but improved the leucocyte and neutrophil cells. Total body fat and energy retained lower compared to control treatment.(Key words: Body composition, Ca-saponified, Herbs, Lemuru oil, Urea space)
Utilization of Jack Bean (Canavalia ensiformis) Meal as a Substitute for Soybean Meal in Diet for Broiler Reared for 35 Days Sudarman, Asep; Jayanti, Anggun Marsiz; Mutia, Rita
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 1 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (1) FEBRUARY 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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This study was aimed to evaluate the utilization of jack bean meal as a substitution of soybean meal in the diets and the effect on broiler performance. A total number of two hundred Lohmann MB 202 Platinum broiler chickens were kept in five weeks rearing period, consisted of three weeks of starter phase (0-3 weeks) and two weeks of finisher phase (3-5 weeks). This study used a completely randomized design with four treatments and five replicates. The dietary treatments were: JB0-0 (control ration: basal diet without jack bean meal substitution in starter and in finisher phase), JB50-0 (basal diet with jack bean meal substitution in starter phase only), JB50-50 (basal diet with jack  bean meal substitution in starter and in finisher phase), JB0-50 (basal diet with jack  bean meal substitution in the finisher phase only). The data obtained were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance and followed with Duncans multiple-range test for the data with significant difference. The variables measured were: growth performance, carcase yield, visceral organ weight and immune organ. Results showed that the dietary treatment had no effect on performance, carcass yield and commercial cut, visceral organ or immune organs of 35 days old broiler chickens, except for the thymus (P<0.05). It can be concluded that as a source of protein, soybean meal can be replaced by jack bean meal up to 50%.  Jack bean meal can be given either in starter phase only, in finisher phase only, or in both starter and in finisher phase.
In Vitro rumen fermentation characteristics and microbes of thin tail sheep given sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L) biomass Sudarman, Asep; Hayashida, Maki; Miralestari, Mugi
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 21, No 2 (2016): JUNE 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

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Sweet potato plant is produced  in Indonesia in large quantities. Sweet potato leaves and stems can be used as a source of protein and the tuber can be used as an energy source. This study aimed to analyze the effect of feeding of sweet potato biomass on the rumen fermentation characteristics, digestibility of dry matter and organic matter as well as rumen microbial population of thin tail sheep. This study used a randomized block design by applying four feed treatments, i.e., T0 (100% napier grass), T1 (70% of napier grass + 30% concentrate), T2 (50% of napier grass + 50% sweet potato leaves), and T3 (70% sweet potato leaves + 30% sweet potato tuber) with three replicates. Rumen fluid samples were taken with stomach tube method using a vacuum pump.  The results showed that the T3 diet has higher (P<0.05) digestibility of dry matter and organic matter,  concentrations of NH3 and VFA,  and rumen bacterial population than those of T0 and T1diets but similar to that of T2 diet.  Rumen pH and protozoa population was not different among the treatments.   It can be concluded that the use of sweet potato biomass can improve the quality of rumen fermentation of sheep. Key words: Digestibility, Fermentation, Rumen, Sheep, Sweet Potato Biomass
Evaluation of the Use of Cassava Based Complete Ration Silage on Nitrogen Retention and Metabolizable Energy Male Duck Sandi, Sofia; Sudarman, Asep; Laconi, Erika B; Wiryawan, Komang G; Mangunwijaja, Djumali
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 2 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a complete ration silage made of cassava biomass  nitrogen retention, and metabolizable energy male ducks. Control diet consisted of corn, rice bran, coconut meal, soybean meal, vegetable oil, fish meal and premix. While the treatment of silage ration of cassava based (BBS) consisted of leaves, peel, and tubers of cassava, as well as a mix of fish meal, vegetable oil, premix, DL-methionine and L-lysine. The experimental design used was completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 4 replicates ie S0 (100% control diet), S25 (75% control diet + 25% BBS silage), S50 (50% control diet + 50% BBS silage), S75 (25% control diet + 75% BBS silage), and S100 (100% BBS silage ration). Measurement of metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention was conducted using 25 male ducks aged 10 weeks maintained in metabolic cages and adapted to experimental diets for seven days. Ducks were fasted for 24 hours before the experimental diets were offered. Metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention were measured by the method of Sibbald (1989). The results showed that a decline in nitrogen retention and, metabolizable energy along with the increasing level of BBS silage in the rations. The conclusion of this study was the use of up to 75% BBS silage generated metabolizable energy and nitrogen retention that do not differ from the control ration.Key words: cassava silage, complete ration, male duck, metabolizable energy, nitrogen retention 
PEMBERIAN TEPUNG DAUN SIRIH (Piper Betle L.) PADA SAPI PERAH LAKTASI PASCA PUNCAK PRODUKSI UNTUK MENGOBATI DAN MENCEGAH MASTITIS SUBKLINIS Sudarman, Asep; Supriadin, Dedy; Jayanegara, Anuraga
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 1 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (1) FEBRUARI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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The objective of the experiment was to find the best administration method of betel leaf meal in long term to prevent and to treat subclinical mastitis of lactating dairy cows. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design with four treatments and three replications and used twelve cows. The treatments were P0 (without betel leaf meal, as control), P1 (administration of betel leaf meal every day), P2 (administration of betel leaf meal with one week interval) and P3 (administration of betel leaf meal in 3 weeks and 1 week off). Parameters measured were somatic cell count, milk composition, milk production, immunoglobulin (IgG), level of glucose and triglyceride. Data were analyzed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the differences amongst treatments were examined by Duncan multiple range test. Results showed that number of somatic cells in the control (P0) increased by 17.22%, whereas P1, P2 and P3 decreased somatic cell count by 95.74, 97.17 and 89.03%, respectively. Supplementation of betel leaves did not significantly affect milk composition, IgG, glucose and triglyceride. It was concluded that supplementation of betel leaf meal with one week interval (P2) was the best method in lowering the number of somatic cells and increasing milk production without changing the composition of milk.
Strategi Komunikasi Untuk Meningkatkan Kesadaran Masyarakat Dalam Membayar Zakat Maal Sudarman, Asep
Communicatus: Jurnal Ilmu komunikasi Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Communicatus: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi
Publisher : Fakultas Dakwah dan Komunikasi UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

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Poverty is a very serious problem faced by the Indonesian people and to immediately find and find solutions to reduce a problem in poverty. Zakat is one way to reduce poverty, by utilizing the zakat funds. Zakat Collector Unit (UPZ) in Rancasari Sub-District, Bandung City, is devoted to zakat management activities in conveying messages so that the public is aware of the importance of paying zakat mal if it is bishab and haul. So that a number of questions were formulated in the study: 1) What is the Communication Strategy in Planning? 2) What is the Communication Strategy in Implementation? 3) What is the Communication Strategy in Evaluation? The theory used in this study is a management approach communication strategy from Fred R. David which reveals that the strategy management process has three stages: Planning, Implementation and Evaluation. This theory is also strengthened by the communication strategy of Richard West Lynn H. Tunner with internal and external communication approaches. The method used in this study is observation, in-depth interviews and documentation. The results of this study: Planning both internally and externally is supported by the role of the chairman who carries out organizational command by optimizing existing fields. Implementation of the Zakat Collection Unit in Rancasari Subdistrict is still on activities outside zakat mall. Trust in the Zakat Collection Unit is still lacking. Socialization activities are still at the level of verbal delivery in certain groups or forums.Kemiskinan merupakan masalah yang sangat serius yang dihadapi oleh bangsa Indonesia dan untuk segera mencari dan menemukan solusi untuk mengurangi suatu persoalan dalam kemiskinan tersebut. Zakat merupakan salah satu cara untuk menekan angka kemiskinan, dengan memanfaatkan dana zakat tersebut. Unit Pengumpul Zakat (UPZ) Kecamatan Rancasari Kota Bandung pada kegiatan pengelolaan zakat maal dikhususkan dalam menyampaikan pesan agar masyarakat menyadari pentingnya membayar zakat mal bila sudah bishab dan haul. Sehingga dirumuskan beberapa pertanyaan dalam penelitian: 1) Bagaimana Strategi Komunikasi dalam Perencanaan? 2) Bagaimana Strategi Komunikasi dalam Implementasi? 3) Bagaimana Strategi Komunikasi dalam Evaluasi? Teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah strategi komunikasi pendekatan manajemen dari Fred R. David yang mengungkapkan bahawa proses manajemen strategi ada tiga tahapan yakni: Perencanaan, Implementasi dan Evaluasi. Teori ini juga dikuatkan oleh strategi komunikasi dari Richard West Lynn H. Tunner dengan pendekatan komunikasi internal dan eksternal. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini dalah observasi, wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi.  Hasil dari penelitian ini: Perencanaan baik secara internal dan eksternal didukung oleh peran ketua yang menjalankan komando organisasi dengan mengoptimalkan bidang-bidang yang ada. Pelaksanaan implementasi Unit Pengumpul Zakat Kecamatan Rancasari masih pada kegiatan diluar zakat mal. Kepercayaan kepada Unit Pengumpul Zakat masih kurang. Kegiatan sosialisasi pun masih pada tataran penyampaian secara verbal pada kumpulan atau forum tertentu. 
PHYSIOLOGICAL STATUS, BLOOD PROFILE AND BODY COMPOSITION OF SHEEP FED WITH CA-SAPONIFIED LEMURU OIL COATED BY HERBS Astuti, Dewi Apri; Sudarman, Asep
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study was aimed to evaluate the physiological status, blood profiles and body composition of sheep fed with Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by herbs. Twenty fat-tailed sheep (av. BW 23±1.2 kg) were used in this experiment by using Completely Randomized Design with five treatments ration and four replications of each. Sheep fed with concentrate containing 3% Ca-saponified lemuru oil and king grass (1:1) ad libitum. Treatments were control diet without herbs (R1); Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by curcumae domestica (R2); coated by Zingiber officinale Rosc (R3); coated by Eugenia polyantha (R4) and coated by Pluchea indica Less (R5). Data of physiological parameters were measured three times a day, in the morning, at noon and afternoon. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment through jugular vein, together with zero sample for Urea Space measurement. The variables observed were physiological data (heart rate, respiration rate, and rectal temperature), blood profiles (erythrocyte, hemoglobin, packed cell volume (PCV), leucocytes) and body composition (water, protein and fat) measured using Urea Space technique. Results of the study showed that sheep fed with Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by herbs was not significantly different on heart rate, respiration rate and rectal temperature among treatments. Meanwhile, total leucocytes, neutrophil cell, and lymphocytes significantly increased (P<0.05) by the treatment. Body composition percentage (water, protein and fat) were same in all treatments, except the total body fat and energy retained. In conclusion, supplementation of 3% Ca-saponified lemuru oil coated by Curcumae domestica, Zingiber officinale Rosc, Eugenia polyantha and Pluchea indica Less in fat-tailed sheep had no effect on physiological parameters, but improved the leucocyte and neutrophil cells. Total body fat and energy retained lower compared to control treatment.(Key words: Body composition, Ca-saponified, Herbs, Lemuru oil, Urea space)