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Konsep Pengobatan Tradisional Menurut Primbon Jawa Sudardi, Bani
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 14, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Sistem pengobatan dapat dimasukkan ke dalam unsur sistem pengetahuan suatu bangsa yang dalam realisasinya dapat dimasukkan ke dalam unsur teknologi. Kebudayaan Jawa mempunyai sistem pengetahuan pengobatan yang sudah ratusan tahun digunakan oleh masyarakat Jawa, yakni sebelum masuknya teknikteknik kedokteran modern. Sistem pengobatan tersebut disebut sebagai sistem pengobatan tradisional. Tulisan ini membatasi pada obat-obat tradisonal yang terdapat dalam primbon mengingat bahwa primbon sampai dewasa ini masih fungsional. Di samping itu, beberapa primbon sampai saat ini belum memasyarakat karena ditulis dalam huruf yang sudah digunakan secara luas (huruf Jawa) dalam jumlah eksemplar yang terbatas dan hanya tersimpan di museum tertentu. Di samping itu, bagi kebanyakan bangsa Indonesia, bahasa primbon sukar dipahami karena menggunakan bahasa daerah.
KONSEP KETUHANAN ISLAM JAWA DIENG (Studi Terhadap Aliran Tunggul Sabda Amungraga) Sudardi, Bani
IBDA` : Jurnal Kajian Islam dan Budaya Vol 11 No 2 (2013): Juli 2013
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Purwokerto, Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (94.514 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/ibda.v11i2.75

Abstract

This research reveals the teaching of a religious sect in Diengwhich focuses on theological concept. Clifford Geerts concept is used todiscuss the social and art area. There are some results on this research; abelief to the invisible nature, the Islamic teaching from Sunan Kalijaga,Mataram teaching with some enculturation, and a statement that Allah isthe only one who is worth to be worshipped.
KAJIAN NILAI-NILAI BUDAYA JAWA DALAM TRADISI BANCAAAN WETON DI KOTA SURAKARTA (Sebuah Kajian Simbolisme dalam Budaya Jawa) Pradanta, Sukmawan Wisnu; Sudardi, Bani; Subiyantoro, Slamet
LINGUA: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching Vol 12, No 2 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : Center of Language and Culture Studies, Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30957/lingua.v12i2.25

Abstract

This study investigates symbols on tradition ritual to commemorate the day of birth or bancaan weton in Javanese tradition. Symbols are associated with daily practices for moral and social contexts. This study used ethnography with phenomenological setting for the data collection.  Qualitative approach was used to analyze the data.  The study assigned informants from Kasunanan Surakarta, Mangkunegaran, traditional chief, ulama, and culture practitioners.  The study discovers that bancaan weton symbolizes harmony, tolerance, and implementation of moral, social, spiritual and religious valaues.  In abstract form, values of bancaan weton originate from Javanese Moral Teaching and spiritual philosophy of conducting harmony and balance between the man and God the Almigthy.  The tradition squarely undertakes genuine teaching values of Javanese, however, the existence may dilute as pride to prevent the tradition by Javanese themselves may lax.
RITUAL DAN NILAI ISLAMI DALAM FOLKLOR JAWA Sudardi, Bani
IBDA Vol 15, No 2 (2015): TRADISI DAN RITUAL KEMATIAN WONG ISLAM JAWA
Publisher : IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (29.768 KB) | DOI: 10.34521/ibda.v15i2.633.112-122

Abstract

This research is about ritual and Islamic value in Javanese folklore. The research shows that Islamic values are found in many Javanese ritual and mixed with the former ritual. The former ritual is added with Islamic values e.g. reciting Holly Quran, pray, or appeared with Islamic characters such as Nabi Sulaiman, Nabi Khidir and Syaikh Karim. The method is qualitative research method along with observation, in-depth interview, and content analysis. The Islamic rituals have growth rapidly since Islam became the ideology of Mataram Kingdom/ Kasunanan. Islam is legitimated by the story of Brawijaya (latest Majapahit’s king) who believe and convert to Islam and change his name to be Sunan Lawu. The forms of Islamic ritual are sadranan (ritual in cemetery), reciting Yaasin together, praying, marriage ritual, and grebeg in Kasunanan Palace.
KONSEP KETUHANAN ISLAM JAWA DIENG (Studi Terhadap Aliran Tunggul Sabda Amungraga) Sudardi, Bani
IBDA Vol 11, No 2 (2013): Juli 2013
Publisher : IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (94.514 KB) | DOI: 10.34521/ibda.v11i2.75.148-157

Abstract

This research reveals the teaching of a religious sect in Diengwhich focuses on theological concept. Clifford Geerts concept is used todiscuss the social and art area. There are some results on this research; abelief to the invisible nature, the Islamic teaching from Sunan Kalijaga,Mataram teaching with some enculturation, and a statement that Allah isthe only one who is worth to be worshipped.
MIGRASI TRADISI PESANTREN JAWA KE MALAYSIA AWAL ABAD KE-20 Arridzo, Mohd Taufik; Sudardi, Bani
IBDA Vol 12, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.86 KB) | DOI: 10.34521/ibda.v12i2.484.210-224

Abstract

This article reveals the Java pesantren tradition in Malaysia, especially ini the main areas where Javanese peole live, such as negeri Selangor, Perak and Johor. The discussion focuses on three kiai who come from Java and got education in Java pesantren and build pesantren in Semenanjung Tanah Melayu. They are a part of outstanding kiai who built pesantren in those three negeri. They represent the three negeri: Kyai Muhammad Ali Qaribun (from Bantul, Yogyakarta) in Selangor, Kyai Salleh(from Purworejo,Jawa Tengah) in Perak dan Dato‘ Kyai Shamsuddin Ridhwan (from Madiun Jawa Timur) in Johor. The result of the research shows that in the end of 19 century until the beginning of 20 there were many Javanese migrated to Semenanjung Melayu. They came from various places in Java and migrated there for some reasons; spreading religion, hate the colonialism, and the need of survive. The kiai continued the Java pesantren tradition in Semenanjung Melayu. They still have good relationship with their ancestral land in Java so they still send their santri to Java to continue the study.
Towards the Ideologies on the Developments of Bedhaya Dances in the Contemporary Age Sawitri, Sawitri; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit; Chaya, Nyoman
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.7497

Abstract

This present paper provides a descriptive analysis toward a traditional court dance called Bedhaya, one of the cultural products of the Javanese community in Surakarta which evolved into its modern version Bedhayan due to the flow of global culture. By applying the theories of Hermeneutics, Ideology, Aesthetics and Semiotics, the data are inferred according to the purposed questions. The inquiry is directed to infer the factors encompassing Bedhaya dance such as its emergence and the development, relationship with the existence and its role in the society, the relationship with systems within the society or with various interests. The results showed that the Bedhayan dance as developed by the local artists or choreographers in Surakarta as a realization of the local community’s thought, norm and principle (ideology) which covers both the economic and freedom interests. The ideologies reflected from the attitudes of the supporting community (of dancers and choreographers) toward Bedhayan dance are identified to imply the self-existence, freedom, political, economic, and market interests. The emergence Bedhayan dance was motivated by thoughts of the artists in constructing the dance movements to fit the purpose and function of current art creation. All the changes are deemed to be able to increase the economic welfare of performers, choreographers and the government on the tourism potentiality of the nation. However, there is the dangerous aspects in the development of a cultural dance to view it as a mere commodity, which at the end would give impressions of profanity, commercialization, even the shifts on the traditional values of the dance.
Pragmatic Study of Discourse Hegemony on the Enactment of Dhalang Trah in Ruwatan Ceremony: A Critical Discourse Analysis Approach Efendi, Agus; Purwasito, Andrik; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Komunitas, September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i2.6754

Abstract

This study applies qualitative research with Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) of Fairclough (1995) and the criticism on the ideological dissection of social opacities. The data collection encompasses the interactive and non-interactive techniques which involve the techniques of in-depth interviewing, observation and content analysis. Results of the analysis reveal that units of language use reflected from the texts and contexts of the ruwat puppeteer based genealogys enactment can be traced from the use of modalities, the phrase ‘mboten kalilan’ (impermissible, unable) in the decree of dhalang ruwat can be further extend to express the word ‘unable’ and ‘able to’, other aspects such as politeness, metaphors, ethos which is classified into the verbal and non-verbal discourse are the devices of discursive enactment of the elite power of dhalang trah. The findings conclude that there is arising symptoms of social inequality narrowing the role and significance of the non-ruwat puppeteers. The hegemonic practice such as the discursive enactment of dhalang trah (descendent of Ki Lebdajiwa) is determined by certain associations which try to normalize certain condition. The argument which refers to the enactment of Ki Lebdajiwa and his descendants as the holder of power is enacted through transactional form, where power is centered on one point.
Social Criticism in the Text of Dharmasonya Aryanto, Aris; Sudardi, Bani; Purwanto, Andrik; Wakit, Abdullah
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.8340

Abstract

This study took a closer look at the socio-condition of the Javanese people in Surakarta at the time this text was written through a perspective of critical-sociological studies. The data collection method was literature studies which aimed at analyzing several sources of old Javanese scripts, Serat Dharmasonya Serat Wedhatama, text of KGPAA Mangkunegara IV, Serat Tjemporet written by R. Ng. Ranggawarsito and some other studies on the life world of the Javanese palace in Surakarta 1830-1939 , the work of Soeratman Darsiti. Thus, the present text of the Dharmasonya was read through seeing the historical life of the Islamic religion. The main objective of this study was to probe the social system in which the Dharmasonya text was initially produced. The assumption laid on a reason that the social systems implemented by the Javanese community at the time were relatively different in each place. This study concluded that the Javanese community in Surakarta was divided into four levels, namely: kinghood, nobles, courtiers, common society. As a result of the influence of the European or colonial invasion to peoples lifestyles have had led to moral decadence and spiritual shallow in the community. This was because the feudalism and colonialism system committed by the local indigenous towards the Javanese community.          
ESKATOLOGI ISLAM DALAM SYAIR IBARAT DAN KHABAR KIAMAT Islamic Eschatology in Syair Ibarat and Khabar Kiamat Setyowati, Novi; Kusumah, Nuraini Isti; Partini, Partini; Lestari, Puput Puji; Amanah, Umi; Sudardi, Bani; Hidayat, Roch Aris
Jurnal SMART (Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi) Vol 3, No 2 (2017): Jurnal SMaRT Studi Masyarakat, Religi, dan Tradisi
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18784/smart.v3i2.524

Abstract

Eschatology is a doctrine of theology concerned with the end of the world or end times. It is futuristic, that is to say, a doctrine directed to the future. Islam has pillars that everyone must have or often referred to as the pillars of faith. One of which is the belief in things that will happen in the future, especially life after death. Discussion about life after death is included in eschatology. This study is intended to describe the content of classical Malay texts; Syair Ibarat and Khabar Kiamat. The study of this text is done by approaching the eschatological concepts contained in the text. The findings are that this poem contains eschatological concepts, namely (1) death, (2) barzakh (a period or state between death and resurrection), (3) kiamat (doomsday), (4) resurrection day, (5) mahsyar (6) heaven, and (7) hell. The study of the concept of eschatology in the classical Malay texts of Syair Ibarat and Khabar Kiamat is a means to convince human beings about life after death.