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PENGELOLAAN MANGROVE SEBAGAI SALAH SATU KEANEKARAGAMAN BAHAN PANGAN

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik Vol 1, No 1 (2012): PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI 3 2012
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik

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Abstract

Mangrove merupakan vegetasi hutan yang tumbuh di antara pasang surut, tetapi juga dapat hidup pada pantai karang, pada dataran koral mati yang diatasnya ditimbuni selaput tipis pasir atau ditimbuni lumpur atau pantai berlumpur. Berbagai jenis mangrove terutama padabuahnya dapat digunakan sebagai bahan baku olahan pangan yang sat ini mulai berkembangdengan pesat. Mangrove jenis Pedada (Sonneratia), Brayo (Avicennia), Bakau (Rhizophora) dan Tancang (Bruguiera) menjadi sirup, onde-onde, klepon, resoles, kolak, dodol, bolu dan panganan lezat lainnya. Untuk mendukung keberlanjutan kawasan mangrove diperlukan suatuupaua pengelolaan mangrove yang berkelanjutan sehingga nantinya dapat digunakan oleh generasi sekarang dan generasi yang akan datang, Perlu juga diupayakan pengembangan danpenataan tata hijau di kawasan pesisir dengan pembangunan Green Belt (Sabuk Hijau).   Kata kunci: mangrove, buah, olahan pangan, pengelolaan

Container Positivity and Larva Distribution Based on the Container Characteristics

International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 6, No 3: September 2017
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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Abstract

Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) prevention and control program has been conducted in Kupang City but DHF Incidence Rate (IR) is always high and exceeds the national average. Calculating the density of larvae and pupae is a good choice in calculating DHF mosquitos’ density because larvae capture is easier than mosquitoes, and pupa is the nearest stage with adult mosquitoes so can better represent actual mosquito density. This observational study used cross sectional study design was conducted in Kupang City as many 24 urban villages or 480 houses during the rainy and dry season and all containers inside and outside homes selected been observed. Larvae and pupae were collected using gamadotik then identified. Analyzed data were using multiple regression logistic test, independent t test and Anova test. This study found 781 containers with the equation model of container positivity = 2,975 lid - 0.192 material + 0.781 type - 3,706, with the most influential variable is the container lid (OR 19.5). Ae. Aegypti, Ae. Albopictus and Culex can be found in water containers both inside and outside homes. The presence of larvae can be prevented either by doing closed and drain the container regularly and bury or drying container that is not used anymore. As limitation of water supply so other solutions need to be taken such as by sprinkling temefos into container with closed tightly to reduce the container positivity 19.5 times. For greater container can be done by water draining or reuse used container outside the home into a place to plant flowers or plants or become temporary garbage.

Perubahan Sosial Ekonomi Petani Agroforestri Berbasis Kopi di Kabupaten Jember Jawa Timur

JKMP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Manajemen Publik) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): September
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo

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Abstract

This study aimed to explain the changing both in social and economic aspects of farmers as a result of forest conversion process to agroforestry system in Harjomulyo Village, Jember Regency. This study used qualitative research. The information gained from informans who were selected purposively through snowball sampling. Observation, interview and documentational study were methods which were used to collect information. Triangulation technique also used in this study to check the validity of information. This study used interactive model of Miles & Huberman which consists of data reduction to conlusion. The result of this study showed that socio change occured  farmer coorperation with Perhutani. While in economic change showed that economic condition increase, saving insurance credit, and availability tuition fees for children.

PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR TAHU MENJADI BIOGAS SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKAR ALTERNATIF

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik Vol 1, No 1 (2011): PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI 2 2011
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik

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Abstract

Tahu merupakan makanan tradisional sebagian besar masyarakat di Indonesia, yang digemari hampir seluruh lapisan masyarakat. Selain mengandung gizi yang baik, pembuatan tahu juga relatif murah dan sederhana. Rasanya enak serta harganya terjangkau oleh seluruh lapisan masyarakat. Industri tahu dalam proses pengolahannya menghasilkan limbah, baik limbah padat maupun cair. Limbah padat dihasilkan dari proses penyaringan dan penggumpalan, limbah ini kebanyakan oleh pengrajin dijual dan diolah menjadi tempe gembus, kerupuk ampas tahu, pakan ternak, dan diolah menjadi tepung ampas tahu yang akan dijadikan bahan dasar pembuatan roti kering dan cake. Sedangkan limbah cairnya dihasilkan dari proses pencucian, perebusan, pengepresan dan pencetakan tahu, oleh karena itu limbah cair yang dihasilkan sangat tinggi. Limbah cair tahu dengan karakteristik mengandung bahan organik tinggi dan kadar BOD, COD yang cukup tinggi pula, jika langsung dibuang ke badan air, jelas sekali akan menurunkan daya dukung lingkungan. Sehingga industri tahu memerlukan suatu pengolahan limbah yang bertujuan untuk mengurangi resiko beban pencemaran yang ada. Mengingat industri tahu merupakan industri dengan skala kecil, maka membutuhkan instalasi pengolahan limbah yang alat-alatnya sederhana, biaya operasionalnya murah, memiliki nilai ekonomis dan ramah lingkungan. Pengolahan limbah tahu harus dikelola dengan baik dan dipelihara secara rutin. Dari berbagai teknologi pengolahan limbah yang sudah ada, maka akan dilakukan kajian untuk mengetahui teknologi pengolahan limbah tahu yang efektif dan efisien beserta kelebihan dan kekurangannya, dan dampaknya terhadap masyarakat dan lingkungan. Indonesia memiliki potensi kekayaan alam yang sangat melimpah untuk menghasilkan sumber energi alternatif. Oleh karena itu, pemanfaatan sumber-sumber energi alternatif yang terbaharukan dan ramah lingkungan menjadi pilihan. Salah satu energi terbaharukan adalah biogas, biogas memiliki peluang yang besar dalam pengembangannya. Kata kunci: Tahu, Limbah Cair Tahu,  Biogas, Bahan Bakar Alternatif

PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH RUMAH TANGGA 3R BERBASIS MASYARAKAT

Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik Vol 1, No 1 (2010): PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI 1 2010
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik

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Abstract

Peningkatan jumlah penduduk dan laju pertumbuhan industry akan memberikan dampak pada jumlah sampah yang dihasilkan antara lain sampah plastik, kertas, produk kemasan yang mengandung B3 (Bahan Beracun Berbahaya). Jumlah dan jenis sampah, sangat tergantung dari gaya hidup dan jenis material yang kita konsumsi semakin meningkat perekonomian dalam  rumah tangga maka semakin bervariasi jumlah sampah yang dihasilkan. UU No. 18 /2008 tentang pengelolaan sampah, Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Berbasis Masyarakat adalah suatu pendekatan pengelolaan sampah yang didasarkan pada kebutuhan dan permintaan masyarakat, direncanakan, dilaksanakan (jika feasible), dikontrol dan dievaluasi bersama masyarakat. Pemerintah dan lembaga lainnya sebagai motivator dan fasilitator. Fungsi motivator adalah memberikan dorongan agar masyarakat siap memikirkan dan mencari jalan keluar terhadap persoalan sampah yang mereka hadapi. Tetapi jika masyarakat belum siap, maka fungsi pemerintah atau lembaga lain adalah menyiapkan terlebih dahulu. Misalnya dengan melakukan pelatihan, study banding dan memperlihatkan contoh – contoh program yang sukses dan lain – lain. Kata Kunci: Sampah, Pengelolaan, 3R, Masyarakat. Pengelolaan Sampah Rumah Tangga 3R Berbasis Masyarakat

Korelasi Konflik Intra Organisasi dan Kompensasi Perusahaan dengan Prestasi Kerja Karyawan

Pendidikan Administrasi Perkantoran Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Juni
Publisher : Pendidikan Administrasi Perkantoran

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Abstract

The objectives of research are: (1) to find out whether or not there is a significant positive correlation between internal organization conflicts and work performance of the PT. Telkom Surakarta’s employees, (2) to find out whether or not there is a significant positive correlation between company compensation and work performance of the PT. Telkom Surakarta’s employees, and (3) to find out whether or not there is a significant positive correlation between internal organization conflict and company compensation with work performance of the PT. Telkom Surakarta’s employees.This study employed a quantitative research approach with a correlational descriptive method. The population of research was all employees of PT. Telkom Surakarta Office consisting of 96 employees. The sampling technique used in this research was random sampling one, taking 58 employees or 60% of population number. Techniques of collecting data used were questionnaire and documentation. The data analysis was done using a multiple linear regression analysis technique.Considering the result of research, it could be concluded that: (1) there was a positive significant correlation of Internal Organization Conflict variable (X1) and the Employee Work Performance in Human Resource (HR) department of PT. Telkom Surakarta, (2) there was a positive significant correlation of Company compensation variable (X2) and the Employee Work Performance in Human Resource (HR) department of PT. Telkom Surakarta, and (3) there was a positive significant correlation between Internal Organization Conflict (X1) and Company compensation (X2) variables simultaneously with the Employee Work Performance in Human Resource (HR) department of PT. Telkom Surakarta.The relative contribution of Internal Organizational Conflict (X1) to the employee work performance (Y) was 42.61%, the relative contribution of company compensation (X2) to the employee work performance (Y) was 57.39%, the effective contribution of Internal Organizational Conflict (X1) to the employee work performance (Y) was 19.70%, the effective contribution of company compensation (X2) to the employee work performance (Y) was 26.54%.Keywords: Internal Conflict Compensation, Employee Performance.

Respon Imun Humoral Kelinci dalam Membentuk Antibodi Anti-Toxocara cati Humoral Immune Response of Rabbit to Antibody Production Against Toxocara cati

Media Kedokteran Hewan Vol 21, No 3 (2005): Media Kedokteran Hewan
Publisher : Media Kedokteran Hewan

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Abstract

The dermatitis-test and indirect-ELISA were the diagnostic technique that often used to diagnose toxocariasis. Therefore, both of these techniques were not efficient because they need a long time and have low specificity, especially if crude protein was used as an antigen. Double antibody sandwich-ELISA was used to develop ELISA technique to get the high sensitivity and specificity tests. For this technique needed a polyclonal antibody as coating.  This research used nine males Angora rabbit were divided into three groups. The first group was injected by adjuvant as a control. The second were injected by L2 immunogen of T. cati. The third were injected by the adult worm immunogen. There were two steps of injections, as follow: initiation step with CFA added to homogenate and the second step was booster immunization that was done two weeks after initiation, with IFA added to homogenate. The booster was done three times with two weeks interval. Sera was taken two weeks after the final booster. Antibody titers were 0 for the control, 40,960 for L2 immunization, and 20,480 for T. cati adult immunization. The positive optical density was 0.540 ± 0.050 sera with L2 homogenate immunization that statistically did not significantly difference (p>0.05) with T. cati adult homogenate immunization, was 0.528 ± 0.034.Therefore both of these results showed high significantly difference (p<0.01) with the control, was 0.208±0.004. Key words: polyclonal antibody, toxocariasis, sensitivity, specificity

Utilization of Katuk (Sauropus androgynus L Merr) meal and extract as ration substitution to produce low chollesterol Japanese Quail product

Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 4 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

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Abstract

Katuk (Sauropus androgynus L Merr) is known to contain carotenoids, vitamin E, vitamin C, protein and phytosterol compound. This study was aimed to determine the ability of phytosterols in Sauropus androgynus (SA) leaf to obtain poultry product that has low cholesterol content. One hundred fifty female quails were raised from 2-27 weeks old, divided into three treatment diets, five replicates with 10 quails in each replicate. The treatment diets were: 1) Control group: diet without katuk leaf meal; 2) Diet with 9% SA ethanol 70% extract (SAE); 3) Diet containing 9% SA meal (SAM). Kolesterols were determined with CHOD-PAP-Method by Human, there is enzymatic Colorimetric Test for Cholesterol with Lipid Clearing Factor. The result showed that total cholesterol in the egg yolk, carcass and liver of SAE and SAM treated quails were lower (P<0.05) than that of the control-treated quails, except the cholesterol content in the serum. These findings indicated that the cholesterol concentration of female quails was decreased due to phytosterol content in katuk leaf. Key Words: Phytosterol, Katuk Leaf, Kolesterol, Quails

Effect of Katuk leaf (Sauropus androgynus L. Merr) suplementation in the diet on reproductive function of Quail

Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 13, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

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Abstract

Katuk (Sauropus androgynus L Merr) is known to contain carotenoids, vitamin E, vitamin C, protein, and sterol compounds. This study was aimed to determine whether phytosterol in Sauropus androgynus (SA) leaf affected the reproductive system of female quails. One hundred and fifty female quails were raised from 2-27 weeks old and divided into three dietary treatment, with five replicates and 10 quails in each replicate. The treatment diets were: 1) control group: diet without katuk leaf meal; 2) diet with 9% SA ethanol extract (TEK); 3) Diet containing 9% SA meal (TDK). The TDK-fed quails laid their first eggs at 46 day of age, compared with the TEK (52 day) and the control groups (53 day). The highest fertility (94.55%) and hatchability (93.29%) were obtained from the TDK fed quails at the age of 23 and 24 weeks, respectively. These findings indicated that the reproductive system of female quails were improved not only by phytosterol in SA leaf, but also by the β-carotene, vitamin C, α-tocopherol in SA leaf. Key Words: Katuk Leaf, Fertility, Hatchability, Quail

MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR IPS TEMA PENGALAMAN MELALUI METODE BRAINSTORMING MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA OBSERVASI GAMBAR BAGI SISWA KELAS 1 SDN 4 NGRAHO KECAMATAN KEDUNGTUBAN PADA SEMESTER GANJIL TAHUN PELAJARAN 2013/2014

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Elementary School
Publisher : Prodi PGSD FKIP UPY

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Abstract

Abstrak Mata pelajaran IPS yang telah mendapat gelar sebagai mata pelajaran hafalan menjadi kurang menarik bagi sebagian besar siswa, apalagi dalam penyampaiannya guru selalu menggunakan cara mengajar yang masih konvensional, guru hanya berceramah atau membacakan teks sesuai dengan buku paket saja tanpa mau mengembangkan sedangkan siswa hanya sebagai pendengar saja, hal seperti ini menjadikan pelajaran IPS kurang mengena atau dapat diibaratkan kalau penanaman konsep IPSnya gagal. Materi IPS yang disampaikan oleh guru dengan ceramah dan tanpa menggunakan metode atau media pelajaran yang menarik akan sulit diterima oleh siswa kelas awal, apalagi mengingat pada usia ini siswa belum sepenuhnya mampu menjadi pendengar yang baik dan mampu menangkap materi yang diajarkan secara abstrak menggunakan cerita saja, selain itu penggunaan metode pelajaran dengan ceramah saja tidak akan mampu meningkatkan pola pikir siswa apalagi mengasah untuk bisa berpikir kritis. Padahal kalau kita ingat sebesar apapun kemampuan dan usia siswa tentu masih mempunyai kemampuan atau imajinasi untuk berpikir kritis dan menemukan ide-ide cemerlang apalagi bila guru mampu memancingnya. Kata Kunci : peningkatan hasil belajar, metode brainstorming, media gambar Abstract IPS  subjects who have barned a degree as sub jeetsof memorization becomes loss attravtive for most student, especially in the delivery of teachers, always use, convertional ways of teachingthat stin, teachers simply lectureor read a text in accordance with textbooks alone without going to develop white students just as listener only, things like this make the lesson IPSlees wear or car be likened to that of planting concept failed IPS. IPS less materials delivered by teacher with lecture and without the use of metnods or midia draw lessons that will he difficull to be accepted by students beginning classes, especially considering at this age students are not capture the matrial being a good listener and able to capture the matrial being taught in the abstract using only srtory, beside the use of methods lessons with lectures alone will not be able to home critical thinking. But if we remember of any ability and agr of the studens would still have the ability or imagination to the teacher. Is able to fishing this student. Keyword : Learning, brainstorming methods, media image