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Penyuluhan Pertanian Indonesia di Tengah Isu Desentralisasi, Privatisasi dan Demokratisasi

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 2, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

Isu-isu strategis yang dihadapi dalam proses pembangunan di berbagai negara termasuk di dalamnya pembangunan pertanian dan pedesaan antara lain mencakup desentralisasi, liberalisasi dan privatisasi serta demokratisasi (Nauchatel, 1999). Suatu konsekuensi logis bagi penyuluhan pertanian sebagai salah satu pilar utama dalam pembangunan pertanian adalah perumusan strategi menyikapi isu strategis tersebut. Konsekuensi serta strategi baru tersebut semestinya mendapat perhatian dan pemikiran yang mendalam sehingga penyuluhan pertanian tetap memiliki komitmen kuat memberikan pelayanan terbaik pada client dengan sasaran akhir peningkatan kesejahteraan petani.

MOTIVASI WARGA DALAM PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM DEMPLOT URBAN FARMING DI KAWASAN KAMPUNG MARUNDA KECAMATAN CILINCING JAKARTA UTARA

Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto Vol 20, No 2 (2018): AGRITECH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

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Abstract

Demplot urban farming program is a part of some activity series of MURIA (Marunda Urban Resilience in Action) focused on the effort to introduce urban farming to Marunda village residents in order to improve environment and economic aspect. The objectives of the study are to: 1) To analyze the motivation of Marunda village residents on demplot urban farming program implementation, 2) To identify affecting factors of the motivation of Marunda village residents on demplot urban farming program implementation. Analytical descriptive method was used as basic method. Sampling method of this study usedsimple random sampling with total respondents were 60 people residents of Marunda village who’s join on demplot urban farming program. Proportion statistical test and multiple linear regression analysis were applied for data analysis. Research results showed that Marunda vilage resident’s motivation toward implementation of demplot urban farming program reached level at 73,33%. Marunda vilage resident’s motivation was significantly affected by attitude, role of the supervisor, and availibility of infrastructures. 

Difference of the Learning Stage Farmer Field School of Integrated Crops Management of Paddies Inter Community Farmers in Lampung

Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

Enhancement of paddies production in Lampung done with implementation of agriculture technology innovation. The effort done with farmer field school of integrated crops management (FFS-ICM) of paddies. The learning of field school occured on various ethnic community of rice farmers. The effectivity of learning process can be occured with impersonation by the stages of attention, retention, behavior production process and motivation. The purpose of this study to analyze the difference effectiveness of learning farmer field school for farmers from ethnic Lampung, Java and Bali. The research methods with survey on rice farmers FFS-ICM of paddies participant. The sample total 286 farmers.The research located in Lampung. The research carried out Juni-September 2013. The data analysis done with the difference variance. The result indicate that only the motivate stages of process learning FFS-ICM between Bali-Java ethnic shows that the obvious difference.That implications need a preparation of learning material which capable to increase farmers motivation, need an improvement empowerment of farmers group, empowering figure roles and farmer society figures.Keywords: stages of learning, farmer field school, paddies, Lampung-Bali-Java ethnic

STRATEGI PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI PETANI GARAM MELALUI PENDAYAGUNAAN ASET TANAH PEGARAMAN

Economics Development Analysis Journal Vol 5 No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Economics Development Analysis Journal

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Abstract

Madura bernilai strategis dalam produksi garam nasional, namun kenyataannya kondisi petani garam masih hidup di bawah garis kemiskinan. Penelitian bertujuan merumuskan strategi pemberdayaan petani garam melalui pendayagunaan aset pertanahan dengan pendekatan subsistem budaya-kelembagaan dan subsistem ekonomi. Guna mencapai hal tersebut, perlu diketahui  kondisi subsistem budaya-kelembagaan dan subsistem ekonomi petani garam. Selain itu, dikaji faktor-faktor penyebab ketidakberdayaan petani. Hasil analisis menunjukkan subsistem budaya menunjukkan bahwa usaha pegaraman adalah bagian budaya masyarakat yang mengakar dan tidak dapat dipisahkan dari masyarakat Madura. Sementara dari subsistem kelembagaan menunjukkan petani garam dikelompokkan menjadi petani pemilik tanah dan petani penggarap (mantong). Pendekatan subsistem ekonomi menunjukkan bahwa produksi garam sangat tergantung iklim dan cuaca dan masih menggunakan teknologi tradisional. Strategi pemberdayaan bagi petani pemilik tanah adalah dengan mengupayakan sertifikasi tanah untuk mendukung akses permodalan. Sementara untuk mantong diarahkan memperoleh redistribusi tanah oyek landreform yang kemudian disertifikasi. Tanah tanah yang telah disertifikasi tersebut nantinya dapat dilakukan konsolidasi tanah yang berperan pada peningkatan kuantitas dan kualitas produksi garam serta mereduksi biaya transportasi.  Tanah yang telah tersertifikasi juga dapat digunakan untuk agunan guna mengakses modal. Madura has an important role in the national salt production. unfortunately, most of salt farmers in Madura are living under the poverty line. This paper discuss about the strategies to empower salt farmers through improving the access of lands, proposing culture-institutional and  economic subsytem approch. This strategy can be formulated by investigate the condition of the cultural- institutional and economic subsystem of salt farmers. In addition, also discussed the factors that cause the incapacities of the farmers to improve their welfare. The result based on cultural subsystem show that salt production is part of the Madura culture that deeply entrenched. Then, based on institutional subsystem show salt farmers can be divided into two type: the farmers that own their lands and peasant farmers (mantong). Meanwhile, based on economic sub system describe the existing salt production system is traditionally managed, highly dependent on the weather and climate condition. An empowerment strategy for the landowners is to get land registration to access the capital. While empowering for mantong directed to acquire redistribution on land reform object. Salt land that has been certified can be consolidated which contribute to increasing the quantity and quality of salt production and reduce transportation costs. Then salt that has been certified can be be used for collateral in order to access capital.

PENYULUHAN PERTANIAN INDONESIA : ISU PRIVATISASI DAN IMPLIAKISNYA

Agro Ekonomi Vol 9, No 2 (2002): DESEMBER 2002
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The organization, mandate, and practices of agricultural and rural extension systems are changing worldwide, and it is vital that each region keep pace with the latest developments. The challenges of introducing appropriate institutional measures must be accepted by each government in order to reform the national agricultural extension systems in response to the global changes, otherwise the extension systems will become obsolete.Diverse agricultural extension funding and delivery arrangements have been undertaken since the mid-1980s by governments worldwide in the name of "privatization". Privatization is used in the broadest sense of introducing or increasing private sector participation, which does not necessarily imply transfer of designated state-owned assets to the private sector. The arguments for privatization are based upon: more efficient delivery of service, lowered government expenditure. and higher quality of services. Privatization of agricultural extension system implies0 a division of appropriate role between public sector and private sector. Cost and service sharing among extension service providers can be formed into some systems encompass contract, vouchers, competitive grant fund, subsidize, and commercial extension service.This paper aims to discuss about privatization issues and its implications on Indonesian agricultural extension system. Related parties and sectors on Indonesian agricultural extension system should pay more attention in order to reform the old system and to reconstruct it into a new system--client-oriented extension

Persepsi Anggota Grup Facebook “Komunitas Hidroponik Jogja (Hi-Jo)” Terhadap Pengembangan Hidroponik

Agro Ekonomi Vol 27, No 2 (2016): DESEMBER 2016
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Research was conducted on theFacebook group Jogja Hydroponic Community, in order to know: 1) Characteristics of the Hi-Jo Community Facebook group members, 2) Level of perception of the Hi-Jo Community Facebook group members towards hydroponic development, and 3) Factors which affect the perception of the Hi-Jo Community Facebook group members towards hydroponic development. The method used in this research was descriptive method with survey techniques. Sampling was undertaken purposively on Facebook group, with random respondents. From the total sample of 7634 members, has been taken 52 people from Hi-Jo Community Facebook group. The analytical method used was the proportion test and multiple linear regression analysis. The research results showed that the characteristics of the Hi-Jo Community Facebook group members was balanced between men and women, the majority of main occupation was student, the majority of secondary occupation was student. The perception level of the Hi-Jo Community Facebook group members was categorized as high. Activeness, experience, and the role of the admin gave a positive effect to perception, whereas age, education and use of the products did not significantly affect the perception.

RESPONSE OF VILLAGE COUNCILS TO THE FOOD DIVERSIFICATION OF TUBERS FLOUR IN BANTUL DISTRICT

Agro Ekonomi Vol 24, No 2 (2013): DESEMBER 2013
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This research was done in Bantul district. The purposes of this research were to find out the response rate of village councils to the food diversification of tubers flour and the factors influencing, to find out the influence of village councils response through development of the local food process, and also to find out the influence of local food development process through the result. This research basically applied analytic descriptive method and used purposive method for sub-district and villages sampling. It took 10 village councils from each village by using simple random sampling,s o there were 60 village councils as sample in total. Data analysis has been done by proportion test, multiple regression analysis, and simple regression analysis.The result shows that mostly village councils in Bantul district have a high response on the food diversification. Government policy and motivatin on food diversification have positive influence to the response of village council. Meanwhile, age, level of education, experience, and perception do not influence to the response of village councils. The response of village councils positively influences to local food development process, and local food development process positively influences ton the result of local food development.

ADOPSI TEKNOLOGI BUDIDAYA SORGUM DI DESA PONCOSARI KECAMATAN SRANDAKAN KABUPATEN BANTUL

Agro Ekonomi Vol 26, No 1 (2015): JUNI 2015
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Technology adoption is a process by someone of knowing until starting to apply the technology. Development is the process of improving the quantity and quality. The purpose of this research was to: (1) identify the developmentof sorghum cultivation, (2) determine the adoption level of sorghum cultivation technology, (3) determine the factors that influence to adoption level of sorghum cultivation technology, and (4) determine the effect of adoption level and the other factors in development of sorghum cultivation. The research was conducted in Poncosari Village, Srandakan Sub-district, Bantul District. The samples were farmers who directly involved in the sorghum cultivation in productive land (irrigated land). The basic method used descriptive analytic by using census sampling method that consist of 30 sorghum farmers who were members of Bismo Farmer Groups. Data were analyzed by a qualitative and quantitative approaches. Quantitative data at thefirst hypothesis was analyzed with proportion test, the second and third hypothesis used multiple linear regression. The research results showed that most of the sorghumfarmers (70%) had a high adoption level of sorghum cultivation technology. Based on the results ofmultiple linear regression analysis, factors that positivelyinfluenced to adoption level of sorghum cultivation technology were land size and role offarmer group. Development ofsorghum cultivation was included in low category with factors that positively influenced was motivation of farmers.

PERANAN SOCIAL CAPITAL DALAM PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI

Agro Ekonomi Vol 11, No 1 (2004): JUNI 2004
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

In the development process worldwide, researchers and scholars these days are paying more attention to the significant role of social capital. There is a growing understanding that social capital is one of the determinant factors in the economic development. The importance of social capital as a significant factor of growth has been widely and commonly acknowledged. Social capital refers to the institutions, relationship, and norms that shape the quality and quantity of society’s social intreactions. Social capital however, is not simply the sum of the institutions, which underpain a society; it is also the glue that holds them together. It includes the shared values and rules for social cinduct expressed in personal relationship, trust, and a common sense of “civic” responsibility, that makes society more than a collection of individuals.The formal study on social capital in Indonesia is still very rare. Eventhough the terminology of social capital has not been formally used, several studies on Indonesian villagers have tried to examine types and functions of human relations and cooperation. The Indonesian peasant households still attach great importance to good relations with neighbors and relatives in their community. These relations are expressed into various types of mutual and are commonly known as gotong royong tradition.It will be much more rewarding if the further studies are able to capture and cover each element of social capital dimension in rural Indonesia. Practices of local institutions in rural Indonesia such as social service groups, labor institutions for mutual help, rotational saving groups, traditional social safety net, equalized inheritance system, share tenancy forms, and service of government affairs should be included in the more advance studies.

RESPONS PETANI TERHADAP PENGENDALIAN HAMA TIKUS DENGAN BURUNG HANTU DI KECAMATAN SEDAYU KABUPATEN BANTUL

Agro Ekonomi Vol 26, No 1 (2015): JUNI 2015
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

The goal of this research is tofigure out the level offarmer response and the influencingfactors on rats control by Tyto alba. The used basic method was analytical descriptive- by survey technique. Sedayu Sub-District in Bantul District was chosen as research location because of the rats controlling programme has been newly started in Sedayu SubDistrict. Sample of farmers was selected by simple random sampling. The respondents were choosen from 60 farmers from 4 villages in Sedayu Sub-District. The research results of this research showed that farmers response to rats controlling by Tyto alba was in high category. Factors that influence the rats controlling were knowledge to Tyto alba and perception. While age, education level, farming experience, position on farmer group, knowledge to Integrated Pest Control (IPC), intensity to join extension, motivation, land size, and field extension workers role did not affect the farmers response.