Hertanto Wahyu Subagio
Bagian Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran UNDIP Semarang

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Journal : Journal of Nutrition College

HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN MOTIVASI DENGAN KEPATUHAN KONSUMSI TABLET BESI FOLAT PADA IBU HAMIL

Journal of Nutrition College Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Journal of Nutrition College
Publisher : Nutrition Science Department

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Abstract

Background: The benefit of giving free iron folic tablets to prevent iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy is often inhibited by the compliance of iron folic tablets consumption in pregnant women. Compliance is a behavior that can be influenced by many factors, such as knowledge, attitude and motivation. The purpose of this study is to determine association between knowledge, attitude, and motivation with compliance of iron folic tablets consumption in pregnant women. Methods: This is a cross sectional study, with 56 pregnant women as sample which are selected by consecutive sampling in Halmahera health center, Semarang. Data of compliancy on iron folic tablets consumption was measured by tablet calculation. Data of knowledge, attitude and motivation are taken from interviews using questionnaire. Bivariate analysis performed by Rank Spearman test. Results: This study showed 41,1% of subjects complied iron folic tablet consumption. The average compliance of iron folic tablet consumption in 10 days is 62.86%. Majority of pregnant women have a good knowledge (50%), good attitude (51.8%) and good motivation (57.1%). This study showed association between knowledge (r = 0.370, p = 0.005), attitude (r = 0.343, p = 0.010), and motivation (r = 0.616, p = 0.000) with compliance of iron folic tablets consumption. Conclusion: Motivation is the most dominant factor. The higher the motivation given  the more compliance the pregnant women of taking iron folic tablets consumption.

KEPATUHAN KONSUMSI TABLET BESI FOLAT PADA IBU HAMIL DAN FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI

Journal of Nutrition College Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Journal of Nutrition College
Publisher : Nutrition Science Department

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Abstract

Backgrounds : Anemia in pregnant women can effect maternal death, increased fetal morbidity and mortality. Iron supplementation programs should have a high success rate because the iron folate tablets are easily available and free of charge. But in reality. the compliance rate of iron folate tablets is still lowPurpose: analyze compliance rate of iron folate tablets in pregnant women at Puskesmas Halmahera and the factors influenced.Method: An analytic observational research with cross-sectional design. The subjects in this study is 56 pregnant women who went on Puskesmas Halmahera. Subject was taken by consecutive sampling technique with the criteria pregnant women trimester 2 and 3. Compliance data, knowledge, education, family support and health care obtained through interviews with a questionnaire. Normality of data was tested using Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Bivariate analyzes performed using Rank Spearman testResult: there is a association between knowledge scores with compliance (r = 0.370, p = 0.005), there is no significant association between education level and compliance (r = 0.032, p = 0.817 there is no significant association between family support and compliance (r = 0.216, p = 0.115) and there is no significant association between health service and compliance (r = 0.217, p = 0.108)Conclusion: more than a half of respondents (58,9%) did not comply consume iron folate tablets. Based on the data can be seen that the knowledge is the most influental factor.

HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN MOTIVASI DENGAN KEPATUHAN KONSUMSI TABLET BESI FOLAT PADA IBU HAMIL

Journal of Nutrition College Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Background: The benefit of giving free iron folic tablets to prevent iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy is often inhibited by the compliance of iron folic tablets consumption in pregnant women. Compliance is a behavior that can be influenced by many factors, such as knowledge, attitude and motivation. The purpose of this study is to determine association between knowledge, attitude, and motivation with compliance of iron folic tablets consumption in pregnant women. Methods: This is a cross sectional study, with 56 pregnant women as sample which are selected by consecutive sampling in Halmahera health center, Semarang. Data of compliancy on iron folic tablets consumption was measured by tablet calculation. Data of knowledge, attitude and motivation are taken from interviews using questionnaire. Bivariate analysis performed by Rank Spearman test. Results: This study showed 41,1% of subjects complied iron folic tablet consumption. The average compliance of iron folic tablet consumption in 10 days is 62.86%. Majority of pregnant women have a good knowledge (50%), good attitude (51.8%) and good motivation (57.1%). This study showed association between knowledge (r = 0.370, p = 0.005), attitude (r = 0.343, p = 0.010), and motivation (r = 0.616, p = 0.000) with compliance of iron folic tablets consumption. Conclusion: Motivation is the most dominant factor. The higher the motivation given  the more compliance the pregnant women of taking iron folic tablets consumption.

KEPATUHAN KONSUMSI TABLET BESI FOLAT PADA IBU HAMIL DAN FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI

Journal of Nutrition College Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.651 KB)

Abstract

Backgrounds : Anemia in pregnant women can effect maternal death, increased fetal morbidity and mortality. Iron supplementation programs should have a high success rate because the iron folate tablets are easily available and free of charge. But in reality. the compliance rate of iron folate tablets is still lowPurpose: analyze compliance rate of iron folate tablets in pregnant women at Puskesmas Halmahera and the factors influenced.Method: An analytic observational research with cross-sectional design. The subjects in this study is 56 pregnant women who went on Puskesmas Halmahera. Subject was taken by consecutive sampling technique with the criteria pregnant women trimester 2 and 3. Compliance data, knowledge, education, family support and health care obtained through interviews with a questionnaire. Normality of data was tested using Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Bivariate analyzes performed using Rank Spearman testResult: there is a association between knowledge scores with compliance (r = 0.370, p = 0.005), there is no significant association between education level and compliance (r = 0.032, p = 0.817 there is no significant association between family support and compliance (r = 0.216, p = 0.115) and there is no significant association between health service and compliance (r = 0.217, p = 0.108)Conclusion: more than a half of respondents (58,9%) did not comply consume iron folate tablets. Based on the data can be seen that the knowledge is the most influental factor.

ASUPAN VITAMIN D DAN PAPARAN SINAR MATAHARI PADA ORANG YANG BEKERJA DI DALAM RUANGAN DAN DI LUAR RUANGAN

Journal of Nutrition College Vol 6, No 4 (2017): Oktober 2017
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Background: The high deficiency of vitamin D were caused by low vitamin D intake which are limited amounts of vitamin D food sources, and sunlight exposure. Indoor workers were likely to be lower sunlight exposure, while outdoor workers were higher of sunlight exposure, but when someone often exposed sunlight used covering clothes and sun protector then the exposure was not enough to complete the needs of vitamin D. The purpose of this study was to compare intake of vitamin D and sunlight exposure between indoor and outdoor workers.Methods: The analytic descriptive study was held in Sayung Subdistrict with 60 sample aged 19-64 years were selected by using consecutive sampling. Vitamin D intakes was measured by SQ-FFQ and analyzed using nutrisurvey. Sunlight exposure were obtained by doing direct interview with questionnaire and sunlight exposure recall 3x24h. The data were analyzed by using descriptive tests and bivariate tests.Results: The indoor worker’s frequency of sunlight exposure was higher (p = 0.001), indoor worker’s body was more closed (p = 0.02), indoor worker’s habit of using sunlight protector was more often (p = 0.001), outdoor worker’s total duration of sunlight exposure was higher (p = 0.001), outdoor workers were more often to use polyester material textile (p= 0.07), and vitamin D intake was higher in outdoor workers than indoor workers (p = 0.79).   Conclusion: Indoor workers were at higher risk of vitamin D deficiency due to low vitamin D intake and sunlight exposure because of often used covering clothes and sunlight  protectors.

FAKTOR DETERMINAN JUMLAH KONSUMSI SOFT DRINK PER HARI PADA ANAK USIA 10-12 TAHUN DI PEDESAAN

Journal of Nutrition College Vol 6, No 4 (2017): Oktober 2017
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Background: Children become consumer target of soft drink. Many factors influencing children’s consumption of soft drink. There are only few studies about factor influencing children’s consumption in rural area. Objective : To analyze total soft drink consumption per day among 10-12 year-old children in rural area and analyze determinant factors of soft drink consumption.Methods : Cross-sectional study design in 109 children aged 10-12 years who was selected by consecutive sampling. Data collected were gender, nutrition knowledge related soft drink, attitude to soft drink consumption,, pocket money, peer influence, and exposure to mass media. The instruments used are questionnaire and Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionaire (SQ-FFQ). Data were analyze using  rank Spearman test and Chi Square test.Result : Total soft drink consumption per day was 422,0±483,94ml. Variables that correlated with total soft drink consumption per day were gender (p=0,025), attitude to soft drink consumption (r=0,28;p=0,003) and peer influence (r=0,25;p=0,007). Variables that are not correlated with total soft drink consumption per day were nutrition knowledge (r=-0,10;p=0,269), pocket money (r=-0,10;p=0,265), exposure to mass media (r=0,15;p=0,116).Conclusion : Factors that correlated with total soft drink consumption per day were gender (p=0,025), attitude to soft drink consumption (r=0,28;p=0,003) and peer influence (r=0,25;p=0,007).

Gambaran Konsumsi Asam Lemak Trans di Pedesaan

Journal of Nutrition College Vol 6, No 3 (2017): Juli 2017
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Perubahan gaya hidup seperti konsumsi asam lemak trans terutama di pedesaan dapat menyebabkan berbagai macam penyakit tidak menular. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat konsumsi asam lemak trans di pedesaan.Metode: Penelitian deskriptif semi-kualitatif dilakukan di Desa Watuagung dengan 68 sampel ibu rumah tangga usia 30-55 tahun yang diambil secara cluster sampling. Asam lemak trans diukur dengan FFQ semi-kuantitatif, dihitung dalam persentase asam lemak trans dari total energi dan dibandingkan dengan rekomendasi WHO 2008. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik deskriptif.Hasil: Rerata konsumsi asam lemak trans sebesar 0,38±0,3% dari total energi. Kelompok asam lemak trans yang sering di konsumsi adalah olahan gorengan 0,27% dari total energi dengan frekuensi  konsumsi 1-4 kali/minggu (78%). Sumber asam lemak trans yang paling banyak tersedia adalah kelompok olahan gorengan (6-8 jenis). Pengetahuan asam lemak trans dalam kategori kurang (53%), subjek tidak pernah mendengar promosi dan iklan (63%), dan semua aspek pemilihan makan terkait asam lemak trans dianggap penting.Simpulan: Konsumsi sumber asam lemak trans di pedesaan tidak melebihi batas maksimal dari WHO yaitu kurang dari 1% dari total energi. Kelompok sumber asam lemak trans yang sering dikonsumsi adalah olahan gorengan.

Faktor Risiko Kegagalan ASI Eksklusif

Journal of Nutrition College Vol 6, No 3 (2017): Juli 2017
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Kegagalan ASI eksklusif sangat umum terjadi di Indonesia, walaupun ASI eksklusif telah dianjurkan oleh pemerintah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor risiko kegagalan ASI eksklusif.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian case-control dengan subjek ibu menyusui yang memiliki bayi usia 6-8 bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pegandan. Total subjek penelitian ini sebanyak 70 orang, yang terbagi menjadi kelompok kasus dan kelompok kontrol. Informasi mengenai dukungan suami, pemberian informasi oleh petugas kesehatan, penolong persalinan, tempat bersalin, pendapatan keluarga, status pekerjaan ibu, dan ketersediaan ruang ASI di tempat kerja didapatkan melalui wawancara langsung. Analisis data dengan tabulasi silang 2x2 dan regresi logistik.Hasil: Hampir separuh subjek penelitian berada di kelompok usia 20-29 tahun dengan rerata usia 31,1±5,58. Ibu menyusui yang tidak didukung suami untuk melakukan ASI eksklusif berisiko 3,59 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami kegagalan ASI eksklusif, ibu menyusui yang melahirkan di fasilitas kesehatan tingkat pertama berisiko 5,18 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami kegagalan ASI eksklusif, serta ibu menyusui yang menerima informasi yang salah dari petugas kesehatan berisiko 8,06 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami kegagalan ASI eksklusif.Simpulan: Faktor risiko kegagalan ASI eksklusif adalah suami yang tidak mendukung, tempat bersalin di fasilitas kesehatan pertama, dan pemberian informasi yang salah oleh petugas kesehatan.