Hertanto Wahyu Subagio
Bagian Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran UNDIP Semarang

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Journal : Journal of Nutrition and Health

PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU PENUNGGU PASIEN TENTANG KECUKUPAN ASUPAN MAKANAN RAWAT DI RSUP DR KARIADI

JNH (Journal of Nutrition and Health) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): JOURNAL OF NUTRITION AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Background: Malnutrition remains a health problem in either developed and developing countries, caused by a variety of individuals and factors related to the disease. Caretaker/family support to help patient's intake, the attitude of the team manager of the patient, the procedure of advance examination, is an important factor to improve inpatients intake. But the association of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior patient's caretaker to the adequacy of inpatients food intake not yet unknown.Methods: This research is association research, performed at the Rajawali ward at dr. Kariadi Hospital with a total sample of at least 50 people. The measurement of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of patient's caretaker use detailed questionnaire. The answer of the respondent's questionnaire or interview processed by computer software to know the depth and the association between the variables.Results: Most of the respondents are women and 1,5 times than men. The age of respondents mostly above 50 years old (32%). Most of them are primary school graduates (39,3%). 76% of Respondent's income are less than 2,3 million rupiah. 55,4% are married. The level of respondent's knowledge about patient's food intake shows a good level of knowledge. Respondent's attitude regarding patient's food intake shows positive attitude about nutrition and adequacy of patient's food intake. Respondent's behaviour regarding patient's food intake shows a good result.Conclusion: a good knowledge influence a positive attitude, a positive attitude related to the behavior to the adequacy of patient's food intake, while the level of knowledge was not significantly related to the behavior of the adequacy of patient's food intake.Keywords: knowledge, attitude, behavior, patient’s caretaker, food intake.

Lama Pencapaian Target Energi dalam Masa Perawatan Pasien Stroke

JNH (Journal of Nutrition and Health) Vol 6, No 2 (2018): JOURNAL OF NUTRITION AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

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Abstract

Latar belakang :Komplikasi tersering stroke yaitu malnutrisi. Malnutrisi dapatmeningkatkan lama masa rawat dan biaya perawatan. Salah satu cara menilai risikomalnutrisi dengan menilai lama pencapaian target energi. Tujuan : Mengetahui rata-ratapencapaian target energi, perbedaan lama masa rawat antara pencapain target energi ≤ 3 haridengan > 3 hari.Metoda :Jenis penelitian cross sectional, dilakukan di instalasi rekammedis RSUP dr. Kariadi dengan mengambil data pasien yang dirawat di Unit Stroke selamabulan Januari-September 2017. Jumlah subyek sebanyak 71 subyek dipilih secara acaksederhana, kemudian diambil data identitas pasien, lama pencapaian target energi, lama masarawat. Uji beda dilakukan untuk mengetahui perbedaan lama masa rawat antara pencapaintarget energi ≤ 3 hari dengan >3 hari.Hasil :Sebagian besar pencapaian target energi yaitu 3hari (SB : 1,37). Lama pencapaian target energi ≤ 3 hari yaitu 81,7%. Terdapat perbedaanlama masa rawat antara pencapaian target energi ≤ 3 (mean : 13,0) dengan > 3 hari (mean :15,3; p mann whitney 0,60) Simpulan : Pencapaian target energi ≤ 3 hari mempunyai masaperawatan lebih pendek diantara pasien stroke.Kata kunci : lama pencapaian target energi, lama masa rawat, malnutrisi, stroke