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Kenapa Seseorang Melakukan Manipulasi Laporan Keuangan?: Studi dengan Pendekatan Skenario Kasus Dilema Etika Sofyani, Hafiez; Rahma, Nadia
JURNAL AKUNTANSI DAN KEUANGAN ISLAM Vol 5 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : SEBI School of Islamic Economics

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Abstract

This study aims to identify the reasons why individu wants or does not to manipulates the financial statements. The design of this study refer to ethical dilemma scenarios developed by Sofyani and Pramita (2014). The samples are students of accounting from one university in Yogyakarta, which has joined in financial accounting and taxation courses. Data was analyzed using thematic deductive analysis approach (Braun and Clarke, 2006). The study find that the majority of students who want to manipulate the financial statements due to the reason that the manipulation did not force the legislation. While the majority of students who refuse the manipulation of financial statements reasoned that it violates religion obligation, because there is an element of falsehood. The results of this study can be used as the basis to develop further study with a broader scope, such as with survey approach. Keywords: Manipulation of Financial Statements; Ethical Dilemma Scenarios; Legislation; Religioun Obligation
EXPLORING PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR LECTURER (PMSL): COMPARISON AMONG THREE MODELS IN INDONESIA, SINGAPORE AND TURKEY Sofyani, Hafiez; Nazaruddin, Ietje; Putri, Caesar Marga; Fathmaningrum, Erni Suryandari
Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 9, No 3: Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi Dan Keuangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1425.967 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jrak.v9i3.9639

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This study aims at exploring the Performance Measurement System for Lecturer (PMSL) through a comparison study in three countries, namely Indonesia (MY), Singapore (IT), and Turkey (IMU). We uses multiple case study approach by conducting a comparative study. The data are obtained mainly using interview. Those lecturers assuming some offices and play some roles in formulating the lecturer performance policy are chosen to be this study?s informants, they are: Management and Organization Chair, Chairman of the university senate, Vice Rector for Academic Affair, and Member of Information Systems Audit Control. The results reveal that there are different PMSL patterns from the three research objects, i.e. MY (Indonesia), IT (Singapore) and IMU (Turkey). MY have fairly aggressive PMSL policy as compared to the other two campuses since they have to work harder to improve the performance of their lecturers who in this case have relatively lesser academic experiences at international level. MY reward special incentives for certain performance target and hold a science camp mentoring to improve their lecturers? capabilities. Meanwhile, IT perform PMSL by classifying lecturer?s performance measurement into two tracks, namely teaching and research tracks. This makes lecturers more focused on and satisfied with their job, and eventually leads to an optimal performance level. Additionally, at IMU Turkey, to achieve lecturer optimal performance, the university prepares a policy related to three aspects: pedagogic (mentoring), knowledge management, and administration easiness. This research result is expected to give real contribution to the refinement of PMSL policy model at universities in Indonesia to allow it to trigger globally-competitive lecturer performance improvement (Global Achievement). This study explains how PMSL as a derivative of goal setting theory is effectively successfully implemented at a University in three different countries which in this case have different organizational cultures.
IMPLEMENTASI ANGGARAN BERBASIS KINERJA DI PEMERINTAH DAERAH DENGAN AKUNTABILITAS KINERJA “A” Sofyani, Hafiez; Prayudi, Made Aristia
Jurnal Ilmiah Akuntansi dan Bisnis Vol 13 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Udayana bekerjasama dengan Ikatan Sarjana Ekonomi Cabang Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/JIAB.2018.v13.i01.p06

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This study aims to examine the relationship several variables, namely: implementation of performance-based budgeting, budget absorption, accountability, and the use of performance information in formulating future planning and budgeting. The studywas organized in Provincial Local Government which the performance title ?A? namely Daerah Istimewa Jogjakarta, using all of the Regional Working Unit (SKPD) as a research object. The respondents of the study are SKPDs officials directly involved in the formulation of planning and budgeting, as well as reporting the performance accountability of SKPD. Out of the 150 questionnaires distributed, only 97 are filled in completely and testable. Hypothesis testing employs Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach. The results show that performance-based budgeting is positively associated with budget absorption and SKPD?s accountability. In addition, good accountability also makes the local government apparatus triggered to use accountability reports as a reference in formulating plan and budget for the next period.   Keywords: Local government, performance-based budget, budget absorption, accountability, use of performance information  
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK PEGAWAI PEMERINTAH DAERAH DAN IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM PENGUKURAN KINERJA: PERSPEKTIF ISMORFISMA INSTITUSIONAL Sofyani, Hafiez; Akbar, Rusdi
Jurnal Akuntansi dan Auditing Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Islam Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/jaai.vol19.iss2.art6

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Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji hubungan karakteristik pemerintah daerah menuju penerapan performance measurement systems (PMS). Penelitian ini juga menginvestigasi fenomena isomorfisma institusional yang berhubungan dengan penerapan PMS. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan metode campuran seperti two-stage sequential explanatory. Langkah pertama menguji hipotesis menggunakan Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), dan langkah kedua menggunakan deductive thematic analysis. Penelitian ini menemukan self-efficacy dan conscientiousness berhubungan denganpenerapan PMS. Kemudian, penerapan PMS dipicu dan memicu fenomena isomorfisma yang berbeda seperti koersif, mimetic dan normatif. 
ISLAMIC SOCIAL REPORTING INDEX SEBAGAI MODEL PENGUKURAN KINERJA SOSIAL PERBANKAN SYARIAH (STUDI KOMPARASI INDONESIA DAN MALAYSIA) Sofyani, Hafiez; Ulum, Ihyaul; Syam, Daniel; L., Sri Wahjuni
Jurnal Dinamika Akuntansi Vol 4, No 1 (2012): March 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Dinamika Akuntansi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jda.v4i1.1958

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Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membandingkan kinerja sosial perbankan Islam di Indonesia  dan Malaysia dengan menggunakan model Islamic Social Reporting Index (ISR Index). Objek penelitian ini adalah tiga bank Islam baik di Indonesia dan Malaysia. Content analysis digunakan untuk menganalisis data. Hasil yang diharapkan dari penelitian ini adalah memberi kontribusi kepada praktek bisnis perbankan Islam yang terkait dengan tanggung jawab sosial yang mereka jalankan, dan berkontribusi  pada input pengetahuan baik sebagai bahan komparasi dan replikasi untuk melakukan studi lebih lanjut terkait dengan Model Indeks ISR dalam menilai kinerja sosial perbankan Islam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara keseluruhan kinerja sosial train-average perbankan Islam di Malaysia lebih tinggi daripada di Indonesia. Kinerja sosial perbankan Islam di Indonesia pada 2010 mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan, sekitar 10% dari tahun sebelumnya (2009). Sementara  kinerja sosial pada perbankan Islam di Malaysia adalah stabil karena tidak meningkat ataupun menurun. Namun, dari semua bank-bank Islam, baik Indonesia dan Malaysia, tidak ada satupun yang mencapai tingkat kinerja sangat bagus. The aim of this study is to compare the social performance of Islamic banking in Indonesia and in Malaysia by using a model of Islamic Social Reporting Index (ISR Index). The objects of study are three Islamic banks both in Indonesia and Malaysia. Content analysis is used to analyze the data. The expected results of study are they can give contribution to the business practice of Islamic banking which relates to their social responsibility activities, to further study in terms of providing inputs of knowledge as a comparison and replication materials to conduct further study relates to the model ISR Index in assessing the social performance of  Islamic banking. The results of this study indicate that the train-average overall social performance of Islamic banking in Malaysia is higher than that of in Indonesia. The social performance of Islamic banking in Indonesia in 2010 experiences a significant increase. It is about 10% from the previous year(2009). While the level of social performance of Islamic banking in Malaysia is stable because it does not increase or decrease. However, all Islamic banks both Indonesia and Malaysi have not reached the level of excellent performance yet.
PENERIMAAN SISTEM INFORMASI AKUNTANSI PADA PUSAT KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT YANG BARU MENJADI BADAN LAYANAN UMUM DAERAH (BLUD) Suryanto, Rudy; Latif, Mohamad Abdul; Sofyani, Hafiez
Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan Vol 5, No 1: Jurnal Reviu Akuntansi dan Keuangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (711.807 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jrak.v5i1.4984

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This study aims to analyze the acceptance of public service agency (BLUD) accounting information system at BLUD health center in Boyolali, Center Java. TAM model is used in this study with behavioral theory perspective that used to for examine information technology adopted process. The samples used in this research is accounting and financial staffs at BLUD health center in Java that using BLUD accounting information system that developed by PT. Syncore Indonesia. Data obtained from questionnaires distributed be procesed using partial least square (PLS).The result of this research indicated 8 of 11 hipotheses are accepted. Where the result of this research showed relationship between users abilities and skills (UAS) toward percieved ease of use (PEOU), accounting information system (SIA) toward percieved usefulness (PU), percieved ease of use (PEOU) toward percieved usefulness (PU), percieved ease of use (PEOU) and percieved usefulness (PU) toward attitude toward using (ATU), percieved usefulness (PU) and attitude toward using (ATU) toward behavioral intention to use (BITU), and behavioral intention to use (BITU) toward actual system usage (ASU) are positif significant. Keywords: Accounting Information System, Public Service Agency (BLUD), Structural Equation Model, Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)
PERBANKAN SYARIAH DAN TANGGUNGJAWAB SOSIAL: SEBUAH STUDI KOMPARASI INDONESIA DAN MALAYSIA DENGAN PENDEKATAN ISLAMIC SOCIAL REPORTING INDEX DAN GLOBAL REPORTING INITIATIVE INDEX Sofyani, Hafiez; Setiawan, Anggar
At-Taradhi Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : IAIN Antasari

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Abstract

This study aimed to compare the social performance between Islamic banking in Indonesia and Malaysia were measured by using a model of Islamic Social Reporting Index ( ISR ) and the Global Reporting Initiative Index ( GRI ). The objects of this study were drawn from three Islamic banks in Indonesia and three Islamic banks in Malaysia that meet certain criteria, namely; Islamic banking report annual report for 2010 and report  the social responsibility disclosure. Analysis using content analysis approach. The results showed that the overall average social performance of Islamic banking in Malaysia higher than social performance of Islamic banking in Indonesia.However, when tested statistically, this difference did not show significant value. Moreover, there are noislamic banking in Indonesia and in Malaysia reached a perfect level of social performance (100%) of the ISR and the GRI index .
DETERMINAN ENVIRONMENTAL DISCLOSURES PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR DI INDONESIA DAN MALAYSIA Fashikhah, Isnani; Rahmawati, Evi; Sofyani, Hafiez
Jurnal Akuntansi Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Akuntansi Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA), Faculty of Economics, Department of Accounting

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/jai.7.1.31-55

Abstract

The study aims to examine the influence of corporate governance mechanism, company size and financial performance towards environmental disclosures in manufacturing companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange and Bursa Malaysia period 2016.The variables examined in this study are managerial ownership, size of the board of commissioners, company size, and liquidity. The research used purposive sampling method, obtained from 59 Indonesia manufacture companies and 63 Malaysia manufactures companies. The examination used multiple regression analysis and independent sample t test. The result of the research:1) The managerial ownership had negative influence towards environmental disclosures in Indonesia, but it had positive influence in Malaysia, 2) The size of the board of commissioners had positive influence towards environmental disclosures in Indonesia, but it did not have influence in Malaysia, 3) The size of the company did not have influence towards environmental disclosures in Indonesia, but it had positive influence in Malaysia,4) The liquidity had negative influence towards environmental disclosures in Indonesia, but it had positive influence in Malaysia, and5) There was difference in the level of environmental disclosures in Indonesia and in Malaysia.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR INTERNAL INSTITUSI DAN IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM AKUNTABILITAS KINERJA INSTANSI PEMERINTAH (SAKIP) DI PEMERINTAH DAERAH Sofyani, Hafiez; Akbar, Rusdi
Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia Vol 10, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Departemen Akuntansi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (922.062 KB) | DOI: 10.21002/jaki.2013.10

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The purpose of this study was to examine the association between technical, organizational, individual characteristics of local government officials factors and the implementation of performance measurement systems (PMS) in local government. The study was conducted in territory of local government of Yogyakarta Special Region (DIY). The samples are local government officials in Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah (SKPD) who are directly involved in the implementation of the Performance Accountability System for Government Entity (SAKIP) and reporting Performance Accountability Reports for Government Entity (LAKIP). The results found the factors that positively and significantly associated with implementation of a PMS were organizational factors, namely: training and organization’s response are open to change, and the individual characteristics factors, namely: high self-efficacy and conscientiousness trait.Keywords: factors [technical, organizational, and individual characteristics], Performance Measurement System, SAKIP, LAKIP---Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menguji hubungan antara faktor teknis, organisasional, karakteristik individu pegawai pemda dan implementasi sistem pengukuran kinerja di tingkat pemerintah daerah. Penelitian dilakukan di lingkup pemerintah daerah Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY). Sampel penelitian adalah pegawai pemerintah daerah di Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah (SKPD) yang secara langsung terlibat dalam pelaksanaan Sistem Akuntabilitas Kinerja Instansi Pemerintah (SAKIP) dan pelaporan Laporan Akuntabilitas dan Kinerja Instansi Pemerintah (LAKIP). Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa faktor–faktor yang berhubungan secara positif dan signifikan terhadap implementasi sistem pengukuran kinerja adalah faktor organisasional, yakni: pelatihan dan respon organisasi yang terbuka terhadap perubahan, dan faktor karakteristik individu, yakni: self efficacy yang tinggi dan sifat conscientiousness.Kata kunci: faktor [teknis, organisasional, dan karakteristik individu], Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja, SAKIP, LAKIP
Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja dan Kinerja Dosen: Pengukuran Menggunakan Instrumen Berbasis Luaran Tahar, Afrizal; Sofyani, Hafiez
Riset Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Riset Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/reaksi.v4i1.6762

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji secara empiris hubungan sistem pengukuran kinerja (SPK) dosen di universitas ALPHA terhadap motivasi dosen, komitmen pada tujuan, dan berakhir pada kinerja dosen. Motivasi dan komitmen pada tujuan organisasi kami posisikan sebagai variabel intervening. Sampel penelitian ini adalah dosen Tetap di kampus ALPHA yang sudah terlibat dalam sistem pengukuran kinerja berbasis sistem informasi. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan structural equation model (SEM) berbasis varian, yakni Patial Least Square (PLS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa SPK belum mampu menggiring pada peningkatan kepada kinerja meskipun mampu meningkatkan motivasi dan komitmen pada tujuan organisasi pada diri dosen. Alasan kondisi tersebut dijelaskan dalam paper secara lebih detail.