Ahmad Sofwan
Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Published : 35 Documents
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TEACHING MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCES IN ENGLISH IN PILOT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD HIGH SCHOOLS IN INDONESIA

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 2 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Abstract

One of the ways to improve the quality of education in Indonesia is by initiating the program called Rintisan Sekolah Bertaraf Internasional (Pilot International Standard School-ISS). This program provides grants to selected schools to implement the teaching and learning process to comply with the international standards as in the developed countries. Some subjects, including Mathematics and Sciences are taught by using English as a medium of instruction in the classroom. Textbooks for these subjects have been prepared in both Indonesian and English. However, the teachers are not yet ready to conduct the teaching and learning activities in English, so there seems to be some problems in the classroom due to the lack of English proficiency among the teachers. With respect to this issue, the school can adopt Content-Based Instruction in which the students would learn the language as a by-product of learning about real-world and encourage the collaboration between subject matter teachers and English language teachers.   Key words: International Standard School, Mathematics, Sciences

APPLICATIVE CONSTRUCTIONS IN JAVANESE

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 5, No 1 (2010): October 2010
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Abstract

Applicative constructions refer to those in which an underlying indirect object or oblique is realised as a coreargument. The applied argument replaces P and in most languages becomes the direct object. In mostinstances, the verb usually bears a distinctive inflection expressing the semantic relation borne by the directobject. In Javanese applicative constructions could be intransitive-based and transitive-based, and theyinvolve oblique to 2 advancement or 3-2 advancement. The N- prefix on the verb, the deletion ofpreposition, and the suffix –i/ni or –ake mark the advancement to direct object. The suffix –i/ni is used tomark locative, recipient and destination advancement, whereas the suffix –ake is used to mark benefactiveand instrumental advancement. It is also possible that advancement to direct object is not marked with anysuffix.

THE REALIZATION OF DISAGREEMENT STRATEGIES BY NON NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 6, No 1 (2011): October 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Abstract

This study is meant to investigate the realization of disagreement strategies by non-nativespeakers of English by eliciting data through DCT and role plays from two groups of students:first year students and third year students of English Department. The DCTs and role playscontain 24 situations which are designed in different issues and social status. The resultshowed that most students realized disagreement through contradiction, counterclaim,irrelevancy claim, contradiction and counterclaim, and challenges related to personalinvolvement and non-personal involvement issues in different social status. The contradictionstrategy was dominantly used by the students. Some students realized disagreement throughthe combination of counterclaim and challenge strategy in equal and high-low status related topersonal involvement, and equal and low-high status related to non-personal involvement. Inthis case, students did not only disagree by producing counterclaim response but alsochallenged the previous speaker to provide more evidence related to his/her statement. Thefindings also showed that there is no pragmatic development from first year students to thirdyear students because they produced disagreement strategy in the same way although theyhad different English proficiency level.

THE SCHEMATIC STRUCTURE OF ENGLISH AND INDONESIAN RESEARCH ARTICLE INTRODUCTIONS

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 7, No 1 (2012): October 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Abstract

The article reports an investigation on the differences between the schematic structure of English and Indonesian research article introduction. By selecting thirty research articles from each group and analysing them using the CARS model (1990, 2004), this study has unravelled several differences. At the macro level, the English articles respectively have a higher percentage of reviewing items of previous research, indicating gap, and summarising methods. While their Indonesian counterparts tend to have a greater deal with making topic generalisations, presenting positive justifications, and stating the value of the present research. In addition, while the Indonesian articles have more unidentified schematic elements and lack outlining the structure of paper, the English ones demonstrate a higher degree of move reiteration. At the micro level, the English articles are characterised by the use personal deixes as self-mention, and more variation of linguistic clues in claiming centrality. On the other hand, their Indonesian counterparts are depicted by the absence of self-mention, the use of code mixing, and a major tendency in using amplifiers and evaluative adjectives in claiming centrality. These differences might be partially influenced by the writers’ culture, knowledge, editorial policy, social environment, and in certain cases, the technical problems.

INTERACTIVE MATERIALS FOR TEACHING SPOKEN NARRATIVE TEXTS BASED ON INDONESIAN FOLKTALES

Lembaran Ilmu Kependidikan Vol 41, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan bahan ajar interaktif dengan mendaptasi cerita rakyat Indonesia, dan mengkaji penggunaannya dalam pengajaran teks naratif lisan bagi siswa SMP. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan dengan memodifikasi model Gall, Gall & Borg dan Thiagarajan, Semmel, & Melvyn. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa guru dan siswa membutuhkan bahan ajar interaktif untuk menjadikan pembelajaran lebih efektif. Sesudah dievaluasi oleh pakar, prototipe bahan ajar direvisi dan diujikan di dua SMP. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa produk itu dapat digunakan dengan baik di kelas dan siswa mencapai kompetensi yang diharapkan pada ketrampilan mendengarkan dan membaca. Siswa dan guru berpendapat bahwa bahan ajar itu efektif dan berguna bagi mereka untuk belajar Bahasa Inggris. Disimpulkan bahwa bahan ajar interaktif yang dikembangkan dari adaptasi cerita rakyat Indonesia berbentuk Widuri Game terbukti dapat diterapkan dan efektif untuk meningkatkan ketrampilan lisan siswa. This study aims at developing interactive teaching materials by adapting Indonesian folktales, and examining their implementation for teaching spoken narrative texts to junior high school students. A research and development (R&D) method with six stages was used in this study. The results show that the teachers and students require interactive materials that could make the teaching learning activities more effective. After being evaluated by experts, the prototype was revised and field-tested in two junior high schools. The results showed that the product was successfully implemented in the classroom in that the students could achieve the passing grade for both listening and speaking tests. The students also perceived that the product was effective and useful for them to learn English. The teachers perceived that the product was good and excellent to be used in the classroom. Therefore, it could be concluded that Widuri Game, the interactive materials adapted from Indonesian folktales was practical and effective to improve the students’ oral competence skill.

SPEAKER’S VISION AND ATTITUDES THROUGH DEICTIC EXPRESSIONS

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 9, No 1 (2014): October 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Abstract

This study addresses how deictic expressions of person, place and time account for vision and attitudes of a speaker in speeches on certain issues. In this qualitative study, the data consisted of four speeches delivered by Xanana Gusmao of Timor Leste. The result of the study shows that the speaker used various types of deixis, including person, place, and time deixis. Person deixis was used to introduce Timorese people, whereas more time deixis referring to present time was used to focus his attention on the present situation and did not want to turn back to the past experience with full of political and social conflicts. The speaker’s vision is reflected in the use of the first person plural ‘we’ more than the first person singular ‘I’ or ‘me’. This indicates that the speaker represents himself as an ‘insertive’ leader. He is also a sort of leader with more future vision, indicated by the use of more time deixis referring to the present and future time than those of past time, so he wanted to bring his people and nation to face the future to develop the nation and to build better relationship with its neighbouring states.

ENGLISH TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS AND PRACTICES OF AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENT

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 10, No 1 (2015): October 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Languages ​​and Arts, State University of Semarang

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Abstract

This study aimedto find the English teachers‘ perceptions and practices of authentic assessment in the pilot project schools of the 2013 curriculum in Grobogan regency. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, first, a survey was done. Then, to obtain more in-depth information about the teachers‘ perceptions and practices of authentic assessment, a case study research was conducted. In this case, interview and classroom observation were conducted. Then, the data were analyzed through reading or memoing, describing, and classifying.The study revealed that the teachers have positive perceptions towards authentic assessment as they agreed that the assessment approach is beneficial to assess students‘ progress and achievement. However, the teachers perceived insufficient time, crowded classes, exhausting and time consuming activities, and also complicated administration as the main problems in applying authentic assessment. There were no significant differences among the teachers on the way they applied authentic assessment. In this case, they preferred written and task basedassessment, performance assessment, and also classroom observation in assessing their students. Nevertheless, in some cases, they did not apply the assessment properly as they did not put the assessment principles into practices.

SPEECH FUNCTIONS AND GRAMMATICAL PATTERNS REALIZATION IN CONVERSATION IN THE ENGLISH TEXTBOOK

Lembaran Ilmu Kependidikan Vol 44, No 1 (2015): Lembaran Ilmu Kependidikan: April 2015
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Penelitian ini bertujuan menjelaskan realisasi fungsi tutur dan pola gramatikal teks percakapan pada buku teks bahasa Inggris dan menjelaskan kesesuaian antara jenis ungkapan dalam teks percakapan dengan fungsi kebahasaan yang terdapat dalam kompetensi dasar dari kurikulum. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif dengan menggunakan bentuk analisis fungsional dan struktural yang dikembangkan oleh Eggins dan Slade (1997). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 253 fungsi tutur yang terealisasi dalam teks percakapan yaitu terdapat 75 (29.65%) fungsi pembuka percakapan, 90 (35.57) fungsi pelanjutan percakapan, dan 88 (34.78%) fungsi merespon pembuka percakapan. Selain itu, terdapat 278 jenis mood yang terdiri dari 148 (53%) bentuk deklaratif lengkap, 40 (14%) deklaratif tidak lengkap, 18 (6.5%) polar interogatif, 24 (8.5%) wh-interogatif, 8 (4%) imperatif, 6 (2%) eklamatif, dan 34 (12%) jenis klausa minor. Hasil penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 21 (87%) dari 24 jenis ungkapan dalam kompetensi dasar dan sebaliknya ada 3 (13%) jenis ungkapan yang tidak terdapat di dalam teks percakapan pada buku teks.This study is aimed at explaining the realization of speech functions and grammatical patterns of conversational texts and the compatibility of some typical expressions with the basic competence of English curriculum. A descriptive qualitative approach by means of functional and structural analysis proposed by Eggins and Slade (1997) is used. The result show that there are 253 speech functions realized in the conversational texts consisting of 75 (29.65%) opening, 90 (35.57%) continuing, and 88 (34.78%) reacting. Additionally, the study show that there are 278 mood types used in the conversational texts. They comprise 148 (53%) declarative full, 40 (14%) elliptical declarative, 18 (6.5%) polar interrogative, 24 (8.5%) wh-interrogative, 8 (4%) imperative, 6 (2%) exclamative, 34 (12%) minor. The study also show that 21 (87%) typical expressions of the 24 total number of language function specified in the basic competence are introduced in the textbook whereas 3 (13%) expressions are not realized in the textbook.  

POLITENESS STRATEGIES IN OFFICIAL FACEBOOK ACCOUNTS OF CNN, TWSJ AND NBC ON OBAMA VISITING HIROSHIMA

English Education Journal Vol 7 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : English Education Journal

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify and to count the percentage of the politeness strategies used in the comments of official facebook account of CNN, The Wall Street Journal, and NBC on Obama’s visit to Hiroshima. Then, it tried to find the politeness scale in the utterances of people toward Obama as the President of the United States at that time. Besides, it also tried to compare the politeness strategy that is often used in those three facebook accounts. In this study, the data analysis reveals research findings as follows: (1) there were positive politeness strategies used in the comments with the highest data was performed by the strategy 7 (presuppose) - 26.7%; and the lowest was performed by the strategy 3 (intensify interest) - 0.9%. Meanwhile, in the negative politeness strategy the highest data was performed by the strategy 7 (impersonalise speaker and hearer) - 55.7%; and the lowest was performed by the strategy 5 (give deference/humble oneself) - 0.7%, (2) the scale of politeness were determined by politeness factors, and the highest level was performed by the ranking of imposition, and (3) the politeness strategies and politeness scale mostly appeared in the NBC’s official facebook account.

THE REALIZATION OF TENOR IN THE CONVERSATION TEXTS FOUND IN GRADE X ENGLISH TEXTBOOKS “PATHWAY TO ENGLISH” AND “BAHASA INGGRIS KELAS X

Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature Vol 11, No 1 (2016): October 2016
Publisher : Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature

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Abstract

This study aims at explaining the tenor of the interactants in the conversation texts found grade X English textbooks as well as the appropriacy of their realization in the given contexts. This study also explains the similarities and differences between conversation texts found in both English textbooks in realizing tenor. This study was a qualitative research employing a descriptive comparative method. The comparative method compares conversation texts found in two English textbooks entitled “Pathway to English” and “Bahasa Inggris Kelas X” to find their similarities and differences in realizing tenor. The result of lexicogrammatical analysis of conversation texts found in two English textbooks showed the texts of two textbooks were dominated by declarative. This meant that the mood in the models of the conversation texts tended giving information rather than demanding information or demanding goods and services. They were between teacher and student, student and student, and friend and friend. Furthermore, there were various statuses found in these texts. They were unequal and equal. At last, the social distances showed low contact and low affective involvement and high contact and high affective involvement.