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PENERAPAN TEORI TAGMEMIK ' DALAM PENGAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA Soeparno, Soeparno
Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan CAKRAWALA PENDIDIKAN, EDISI 1,1988,TH.VII
Publisher : LPPMP Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Pengajaran Bahasa Indonesia yang bertolak dari paham tradisionalisme ter?nyata tehih gagal di dalam menanamkan perbedaan pengertian antaTa bahasa dan tulisan kepada para siswa, dan sekaligus juga gagal di dalam membedakan penger?tian bunyi dan huruf. Kelemahan ini sebenarnya secara teocitis akau tertolong oIeh metode langsung dengan teknik drill & practice yang diagung-agungkan oleh kaum struktural; namun karena knrang praktis dan terlalu menjemuk~. akhirnya meto?de tersebut banyak ditinggalkan orang. Perkembangan linguistik pada pertengahan abad XX yang ditandai dengan munculnya paham transformasionalisme, ternyata juga knrang memberikan andil di dalam pengembangan pengajaran Bahasa Indonesia: Oleh karena itu dirasakan perlu adanya teori lain untuk diterapkan di dalam pengajaran Bahasa Indonesia. Salah satu teori yang sangat poteosial uotuk diterapkan di dalam pengajaran Bahasa Indonesia adalah Teori Tagmemik. Teori ini memiJiki banyak keunggulan terutama untuk hal-hal yang berkenaan dengan satuan lingual di atas kalimat. ke? eklektikan. kesemestaan, hierarkhi, dan klas pengisi pada slot predikat.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENGHGMIBAT PERTUMBUHAN B ~ A YMAE NELIT1 . DAN SOLUSI ALTERNATIFNYA Soeparno, Soeparno
Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan CAKRAWALA PENDIDIKAN, EDISI 3,1996,TH.XV
Publisher : LPPMP Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Mencliti bclurn mcnjndi bagian hidup sehari-had dari mqyarakaturnum. Adalall salu ironi scbcnarnya bahwa dalam mnsyarakat yangtcIsh rncmsstrki cr;! tingg~!la ndas dalvm pengembangan sain dan teknologiini Lcrnyaia budaya mcnclitinya masih tertinggal kandas. Beberapafnktor iij~crnal pcnghamhnr tumhuhnya jiwa menditi seperti cara berfikir,rirsa ingin ttlhu, lunsnya pcngclal~uand, an pengenalan manfaatmcneliti dip;lparkan d;in dioraiknn Bcgitu pula beberapn faktor ekstema1yang per111 petnbcnai~an dlkupns dan ditnwarkan salusi alternatifnya.Dcngan hnmpsn dnl-r:~m~ snurnl)rllIkan jiwa menelili sebagai pondasibangunnn Budxyo mcncli~
Consumer Attitude Toward the Issue of Selling Beef Mixed with Boar Meat (Sus sucrofa) and the Intention to Purchase of Meat Consumers in Yogyakarta Guntoro, B; Burhanuddin, Q; Soeparno, Soeparno
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 13, No 3 (2011): September
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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Abstract. This research was aimed to explain the relationship between cognitive, affective and conative combined into the attitude components with the intention to purchase against the issue of mixed beef and boar meatselling in Yogyakarta. The sample of location was at Beringharjo market in which the issues of selling beef and boar meat was established. The research used survey method with interview and questionnaire whose validity and reliability had been proven. The sample of respondents was 80 buyers selected by purposive sampling method. The data were statistically tabulated and analyzed using Chi-square and Phi analyses. The results showed that most of the attitude components i.e. cognitive, affective and conative were classified in favorable category implying that the respondents were responsive and active to look for the information regarding the issue. There was dependent relationship between attitude of the respondents toward the mixed beef and boar meat selling and the intention to purchase it with weak relationship (Phi coefficient of 0.354). It was concluded that consumers’ attitude on the issue of circulation of beefmix with boar meat was to behave more consciously about the truth of the issue and to be worried about the mixed meat.Key Words: consumer’s attitude, purchasing intention, meat consumerAnimal Production 13(3):173-179 (2011)
Performance and Meat Quality of Thin Tailed Sheep in Supplementary Feeding Lemuru Fish Oil Protected By Saponification with Different NaOH Concentration Setyaningrum, Agustinah; Soeparno, Soeparno; Yusiati, Lies Mira; Koestantinah, Koestantinah
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 17, No 3 (2015): September
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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This study was aimed to obtain oil and the exact saponification with different NaOH concentration to protect unsaturated fats, which does can result in good production performance and lamb meat quality with low saturated fatty acid. Stage one studied the performance of sheep production on supplementing lemuru fish oil (LFO) protected with different saponification optimization. Twenty lambs aged 5-6 months early weighing 8-14 kg were divided into 4 treatments, namely P0 basal feed (50% elephant grass + 50% concentrate), P1 (basal feed + soap LFO NaOH 10%), P2 (basal feed + soap LFO NaOH 20%) and P3 (basal feed + soap LFO NaOH 30%) with completely randomized design and 5 replication for performance and 3 replication for meat quality. The results showed that the treatment effect was not significant (P>0.05) on the consumption of dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), total digestible nutrien (TDN), daily gain and blood cholesterol. P2 yield the highest daily gain 130.95 ± 19.29 g/head/day of cholesterol at the same time low of 58.67 mg/dl. Stage two studied the criteria of lamb carcass and meat quality in supplementary feeding LFO protected with different saponification optimization. Twelve sheeps were slaughtered for P0, P1, P2 and P3. The results showed that the treatment effect was not significant (P> 0.05) to slaughter weight, carcass weight and carcass percentage, the physical quality of meat (pH, water holding capacity, cooking losses and tenderness), and chemical quality of the meat (DM levels, CP , EE, saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids) except in EPA and DHA increased very significantly (P<0.01). Conclusively, giving soap LFO with different optimization did not significantly affect the appearance and quality of sheep meat production, except in EPA and DHA which were significantly increased
Penggantian Bungkil Kedelai dengan Ampas Susu Kedelai dalam Pakan: Pengaruhnya pada Kinerja Pertumbuhan dan Kualitas Daging Ayam Broiler Dono, N. D.; Indarto, E.; Soeparno, Soeparno
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 19, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Enam puluh ekor ayam broiler jantan digunakan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggantian tepung bungkil kedelai (SBM) dengan ampas susu kedelai (SMW) dengan menggunakan kinerja pertumbuhan, rasio efisiensi protein-energi, serta kualitas fisik daging sebagai respon kriteria yang diamati. Ayam mendapatkan pakan kontrol (SMW-0), atau pakan kontrol dengan penggantian ampas susu kedelai sebanyak 5% (SMW-1), 10% (SMW-2), dan 15% (SMW-3). Setiap perlakuan diberikan replikasi 3 kali, masing-masing dengan 5 ekor ayam per replikasi. Data yang diperoleh selanjutnya dianalisis statistik menggunakan Oneway ANOVA, yang dilanjutkan dengan Duncan’s new Multiple Range Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggantian SBM dengan SMW tidak mempengaruhi konsumsi protein dan energi, konsumsi pakan, maupun rasio efisiensi energi. Akan tetapi, penggantian 10% SMW meningkatkan (P<0,05) rasio efisiensi protein, pertambahan bobot badan, dan bobot potong ayam, sehingga nilai konversi pakan turun (P<0,05). Nilai pH daging, daya ikat air, susut masak, maupun keempukan daging tidak terpengaruh oleh penggantian 5-15% SMW.
KUALITAS KARKAS, MARBLING, KOLESTEROL DAGING DAN KOMPONEN NON KARKAS SAPI BALI YANG DIBERI PAKAN KULIT BUAH KAKAO FERMENTASI Suryanto, Edi; Bulkaini, Bulkaini; Soeparno, Soeparno; Karda, I Wayan
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 1 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (1) FEBRUARI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas karkas, marbling dan kandungan kolesteroldaging serta komponen non karkas sapi Bali Jantan yang diberi pakan mengandung kulit buah kakao (KBK)fermentasi. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 8 ekor sapi Bali jantan berumur 1,5-2 tahundan berat badan 162,52±13,51 kg. Sapi Bali dibagi secara acak ke dalam 2 kelompok perlakuan pakan.Kelompok I diberi pakan yang mengandung 30% konsentrat komersial dan 70% jerami jagung, sedangkankelompok II diberi pakan yang mengandung 30% konsentrat (15% KBK fermentasi bioplus dan 15%konsentrat komersial) dan 70% jerami jagung. Sapi digemukkan selama 2 bulan dan dipotong pada akhirperlakuan pakan serta dianalisis kualitas karkas, marbling dan kandungan kolesterol daging dan komponennon karkasnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan pakan tidak memberikan perbedaan yangnyata pada kualitas karkas, marbling dan kandungan kolesterol serta komponen non karkas sapi Bali.Persentase karkas, tebal lemak punggung, rib eye area dan indeks perdagingan sapi Bali kelompok Iberturut-turut adalah 54,76%, 2,80 mm, 61,79 cm2, 0,94%, sedangkan kelompok II berturut-turut adalah53,77%, 2,68 mm, 61 ,01 cm2, 0,91 %. Tingkat marbling dan kadar kolesterol sapi Bali kelompok I berturutturut adalah 3,91 % dan 85,00 mg/100g dan kelompok II berturut-turut adalah 3,43% dan 76,75 mg/100g.Kesimpulan hasil penelitian adalah bahwa kulit buah kakao yang difermentasi dengan bioplus dapatdigunakan untuk mensubstitusi penggunaan konsentrat komersial padapakan sapi Bali dan menghasilkankualitas karkas dan marbling daging sapi Bali yang tidak berbeda dengan sapi Bali yang mendapat pakankontrol.
DNA Amplification of Meat Tenderness Gene of Bali Cattle Susilo, Agus; Soeparno, Soeparno; Hartatik, Tety; Artama, Wayan Tunas
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak (JITEK) Vol 7, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak (JITEK)

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The aim of this study was to know DNA band pattern as a result of amplification using DNA primer from meat tenderness gene of Bali cattle. Sample used in this study was DNA isolated from blood Bali cattle. Blood samples was collected in heparin tubes from jugular vein. Leucocyte cells were isolated using RBCs (Red Blood Cells) lysis buffer. To get DNA fragmen, marbling and meat tenderness gene were amplified by using DNA primer for for meat tenderness (forward: 5’–CTACCGGGACGTCAACCT-3’; reverse: 5’-GGTTGTCGGGGTAGCTCA-3’). The size of DNA fragment were 210 bp, respectively. Key words: Bali cattle, meat tenderness gene
IMPLIKASI MODEL BIOEKONOMI TERHADAP MANAJEMEN PERIKANAN TANGKAP: STUDI KASUS DI PANTAI SELATAN YOGYAKARTA Suadi, Suadi; Soeparno, Soeparno; Widianingroem, Retno
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 5, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Small-scale marine capture fisheries have contributes to community welfare at Yogyakarta’s south coast. Government has planned some programs to develop fisheries. The development supposed only at rational effort in which fishers still gain advantages. Precautionary approach using bio-economic model of Gordon-Schaefer was applied to analyze the issue. The linear regression model of catch per unit of effort (C/f) (CPUE) and effort (f) was C/f = 59,851 – 0,0005f (R2 = 82, 71%). Fish price assumed at Rp 7,735.19 /kg with operational cost of Rp 59,835.67/trip. Total revenue and effort at maximum sustainable yield was predicted at Rp 13,396 billion and 56,860 trip (equals to 327 vessels), respectively. Fisher income at this level was Rp 167,774.51/trip/vessel. Fish exploration level in this area has already closed to total allowable catch. Free access equilibrium in which cost is equal to revenue might reach at effort of 102,231 trip (equals to 568 vessels). Managing fisheries at maximum economic yield might rise fisher income 17.83% comparing to maximum sustainable yield, but total revenue decreased 1.77% at 56.13% of existing effort. Some management strategies should be promoted and regulated for the fishery exploitation. Based on the results, those possible strategy were 1) limiting investment through regulation and permission; 2) improvement of fishers productivity through technology improvement to exploit  under-used fish resources; 3) expanding the fisheries activity to offshore through harbor development and social preparation; 4) marketing improvement through revitalization of fish action; 5) improving hadling and post harvest fish technology through training and extension; 6) the increasing of bargaining position through empowering fishers group; 7) promoting alternate incomes through integrated coastal tourism development; and 8) avoiding competition and conflict through developing Java’s south coast cooperation. Participatory approach in planning, developing and evaluating should be promoted to develop fishery a southern coast of Yogyakarta.
Aspek Biologi dan Potensi Lestari Sumberdaya Lobster (Panulirus spp.) di Perairan Pantai Kecamatan Ayah Kabupaten Kebumen Kadafi, Muammar; Widaningroem, Retno; Soeparno, Soeparno
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 8, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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The research on biological aspects and maximum sustainable yield of spiny lobster (Panulirus spp.) in Ayah coastal waters Kebumen Regency aimed to know biological aspects (including species of lobster, length-weight relationships, and sex-ratio), maximum sustainable yield, and exploitation rate of spiny lobster. Biological data were collected in January-February 2004 with census and survey methods. Production and effort data between 1998 to 2003 were used to estimate maximum sustainable yield of spiny lobster. This research found six species of lobsters (Panulirus homarus, P. ornatus, P. penicillatus, P. longipes, P. versicolor, and P. polyphagus). Length-weight relationships based on the sex and carapace length showed isometric and allometric growth models. Male and female ratio was 1,06:1. The maximum sustainable yield was 19,498 kg/year and the exploitation in this area was already overfished.
Infeksi Anisakis sp. pada Layur (Trichiurus sp. ) di Pantai Selatan Kabupaten Purworejo Setyobudi, Eko; Helmiati, Senny; Soeparno, Soeparno
Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 9, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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The aims of this research were to know the prevalency, intensity and distribution of Anisakis sp. which infected hairtail (Trichiurus sp.) in the southern coast of Purworejo Regency. Samples were collected from fish landing-places in Jatimalang and Keburuhan, Purworejo Regency. Totally 276 fish were collected as samples during 4 months (September-December 2005). Every sampel was measured in total length and body weight. The examination of Anisakis sp. were conducted on body surface, body cavity, gut, liver, gonad, and muscle. Results of the research indicated that the Anisakis sp. infected various size of hairtail, with prevalency 62,68% and mean intensity of infection 3,30 individual/fish. Infected organs were body cavities (peritoneum), guts, gonads, livers, muscles, gills and pneumatocysts.