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SATU SENYAWA ASAM ORGANIK YANG DIISOLASI DARI DAUN GEDI (Abelmoschus manihot L. Medik) ASAL SULAWESI UTARA Mamahit, Lexie P.; Soekamto, Nunuk H.
CHEMISTRY PROGRESS Vol 3, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Sam Ratulangi University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35799/cp.3.1.2010.73

Abstract

This research was aimed to isolate and identify the structure of secondary metabolities from gedi leaf. In order to achieve this research aim, an extraction of the gedi leaf tissue with methanol solvent had been carried out. These extract then was partitioned in several organic solvents such as n-hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate. Further, the resulted partition was fractionation and purifying undergoes an appropriate method like liquid and vacuum pressure chromatography and also determining the melting points. To determine the chemical structure of the isolate, a compilation of several spectroscopic methods, such as infrared (IR), 1H and 13 C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), techniques (HMQC, HMBC, and COSY). Results of this research shown that one major constituent was isolated from the leaf of gedi: heptadecanoid acid. 
Sintesis Turunan Amida N-4-O-Asetilferuloilmorfolina dari Asam Ferulat Melalui Metode Konversi Tidak Langsung Sumarna, Sabir; Firdaus, Firdaus; Soekamto, Nunuk H.
Indo. J. Chem. Res. Vol 4 No 1 (2016): Edisi Bulan Juli (Edition For July)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Pattimura

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Abstract

Synthesis of N-4-O-asetilferuloylmorpholine from ferulic acid via indirect conversion methods with acetylation, chlorination and amidation (in situ) reactions have been conducted. The acetylation was carried out using acetic anhydride reagent in pyridine solvent at room temperature for 6 hours. The chlorination was performed with thionyl chloride in benzene solvent by reflux at 75°C for 4 hours, proceeded by in situ amidation utilizing morpholine in the presence of triethylamine and pyridine using dichloromethane solvent at room temperature. The target molecule as white crystalline solids with m.p. of 91-92°C. Characterization of these compounds was committed by FTIR spectrophotometry.
Sintesis Fenetil (O-asetil-p-kumaroil) dari Asam p-kumarat melalui Asetilasi, Klorinasi dan Esterifikasi dengan Fenetilalkohol Bahja, Bahja; Firdaus, Firdaus; Soekamto, Nunuk H.
Indo. J. Chem. Res. Vol 4 No 1 (2016): Edisi Bulan Juli (Edition For July)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Pattimura

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Abstract

Synthesis of phenethyl (O-acetyl-p-coumaroyl) (4) from p-coumaric acid (1) using phenethylalcohol was succesfully conducted via acetylation (2), chlorination (3), and esterification (4). The acetylation was performed using acetic anhydride in pyridine at room temperature for 6 hours, the chlorination was performed using thionyl chloride in dry benzene by reflux at 75oC for 4 hours, continued with esterification by in situ using phenethylalcohol in dry dichloromethane at room temperature for 4 hours. The structure of each step reaction product was identified using FT-IR spectroscopy. The compound 2 was obtained as yellowish crystal with m.p 201-203oC and the compound 4 was obtained as white crystal with m.p 68-69oC.  
Sintesis Senyawa N-fenetil 4-O-asetil ferulamida dari Asam Ferulat melalui Reaksi Amidasi Tidak Langsung Islam, Muhammad Fajar; Firdaus, Firdaus; Soekamto, Nunuk H.
Indo. J. Chem. Res. Vol 4 No 1 (2016): Edisi Bulan Juli (Edition For July)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Pattimura

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Abstract

Compound N-phenetyl 4-O-asetil ferulamide had been synthesized from ferulic acid and phenetylamine through esterification and indirect amidation method. Esterification reaction of ferulic acid with anhydride acetate was done in pyridine solvent at room temperature. Indirect amidation was perform by chlorination using tionyl chloride in benzene solvent at 70°C and continued by amidation with phenetylamine, catalyzed by pyridine in dichloromethane solvent at room temperature. the compound obtained is brown yellowish crystal with melting point 118-120°C. The rendemen of target compound is 53.81%.
Uji Fitokimia dan Toksisitas Ekstrak Etil Asetat Kulit Batang Melochia umbellata (Houtt) Stapf. var. Visenia dengan Metode Brine Shirmp Lethality Test (BSLT) Ahmad, Fauziah; Soekamto, Nunuk H.; Firdaus, Firdaus
Indo. J. Chem. Res. Vol 4 No 2 (2017): Edisi Bulan Januari (Edition For January)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598//ijcr.2017.4-fau

Abstract

Melochia umbellata (Houtt) Stapf. var. Visenia is plant species included in Malvaceae family. This spesies is known as paliasa and used as traditional medicine by the people of South Sulawesi. This study aimed to determine the secondary metabolites by reagents and toxicity characteristic testing from bark extract of Melochia umbellata (Houtt) Stapf. var. Visenia using Brine Shirmp Lethality Test (BSLT) method. The extract was prepeared by maceration ethyl acetate. Phytochemical test result showed that the ethyl acetate extract was containing the steroid compound, alkaloids and terpenoids. Toxicity test performed by shrimp Artemia salina Leach larvae was at 48 hours. The toxic effects of the extract were identified by the percentage of the number of shrimp larvae mortality using probit value analysis (LC50). The toxicity test of bark Melochia umbellata (Houtt) Stapf. var. Visenia extract showed that the ethyl acetate extract is toxic to A. salina  LC50 = 54,55 mg / mL.
Oleanan Derivate Compounds From Melochia umbellata (Houtt) Stapf var. Degrabrata K Bark And Their Bioactivity Usman, Usman; Soekamto, Nunuk H.; Usman, Hanapi; Ahmad, Ahyar
Indo. J. Chem. Res. Vol 2 No 1 (2014): Edisi Bulan Juli (Edition For July)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Pattimura

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Abstract

Oleanan derivated 3-acetyl-12-oleanen-28-oat has been isolated from the n-hexane fraction of M. umbellata(Houtt) Stapf var. degrabrata K. bark. The molecular structure were determined by IR spectroscopy, 1D and 2DNMR (1H, 13C, DEPT, COSY, HMQC and HMBC) data analysis. Bioactivity tested results indicated that thecompound was toxic to A. salina with LC50 value was 361.93 mg/mL. At the concentration of 1000 mg/mL 3acetyl-12-oleanen-28-oat gave the highest inhibition to bacteria B. subtilis and the fungus C. albicans with the inhibited zone diameter was 15.8 mm and 15.2 mm, res.
Application Of Spons Callispongia Sp Origin Of Halong Water (Ambon Bay) As Biomonitoring Contamination Trace Metals Pb,Cr,Cr And Zn Siahaya, Antho Netty; Noor, Alfian; Soekamto, Nunuk H.
Indo. J. Chem. Res. Vol 1 No 2 (2014): Edisi Bulan Januari (Edition For January)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Pattimura

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Abstract

The purpose of research it is cycles how knowing cycle trace metals Pb, Cd, Cr and Zn in Callispongia Sp, sediment and water. Techniques of the analysis of trace metals use ICP-OES ((Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy). Analysis dramatic of the relationship between sponge significant sediment  and water show that highest trace metal is Zn to Callispongia sp (6.250 mg/kg dry weight), sediment (0.750 ppm and water 0.790 ppm)
Uji Fitokimia dan Toksisitas Ekstrak Kloroform Kulit Batang Melochia umbellata (Houtt.) Stapf var. Visenia dengan Metode Bhrine Shrimp Lethality Test (BSLT) Aeni HM, Nur; Soekamto, Nunuk H.; Firdaus, Firdaus
Indo. J. Chem. Res. Vol 4 No 2 (2017): Edisi Bulan Januari (Edition For January)
Publisher : Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Pattimura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30598//ijcr.2017.4-shr

Abstract

Paliasa plants Melochia umbellata (Houtt.) Stapf var. Visenia is classified into species M.umbellata (Houtt.) Stapf which was potent to heal various of illness. The aim of this research to know secondary metabolites and its toxicity from extract chloroform stem bark of M. umbellata (Houtt.) Stapf var. Visenia. The step in this research were: maceration to obtain extract chloroform, phitotochemical assay to identify the group of secondary metabolites, and toxicity assay by using Bhrine Shrimp Lethality Test method. It was obtained 46 g of green concentrated exctract of chloroform. The result of phytochemical assay show that the extract contain steroid and alkaloid groups. The crude extract chloroform is toxic against Artemia salina with LC50 value is 53,57 µg/ml.