Oedojo Soedirham
Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences Faculty of Public Health Airlangga University Surabaya Indonesia
Articles
13
Documents
HIV AIDS as Human Security Issue

Jurnal Promkes Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Promkes
Publisher : Jurnal Promkes

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Abstract

HIV/AIDS epidemic today is not only a health issue but also in many aspects of human life.  Its spread and impact that felt by all levels of community cause the importance of consequences for human security.  The broad scale of the epidemic leads the United Nations Security Council to do historical effort by adopting 1308 resolution that not only stated health issue in the first time, but also specifically linked the spread of HIV/AIDS to nurture peace and global security. In the first part of the paper, it discusses about what is human security because the concept is a basic of the paper.  Further, it discusses how HIV/AIDS can be considered as human security.  At the end, it concluded with the recommendation especially for policy makers and practical workers.Key words: HIV/AIDS, health, human security.

Analisis Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Tindakan Guru Sekolah Dasar Negeri di Surabaya tentang Masalah Kecacingan

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 3, No 2 (2006): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

Worm infection is the most prevalence among elementary school students. Teacher hold an important role as second parents at school, one of some important factors for preventing worm infection are knowledge, attitude and practice of elementary school teacher. The objective of this research was to analized knowledge, attitude and practice of elementary school’s teacher in Surabaya about worm infection problems. A cross-sectional research was conducted at Surabaya. The population was all of public elementary school teacher at Surabaya. Sample was 217 teachers randomly selected by using sampling formulation. The research variables were age, education level and religion, knowledge, attitude and practice . The result indicate that 79.3% of respondents with moderate level of knowledge, and 82,5% of respondents have a good attitude towards worm infections problems. Based on FGD, it’s found that most of the respondents have positive practice towards the prevention of worm infections. Programs to prevent worm infections also have been held in almost all of the public elementary school in Surabaya. The programs were including medication, health promotion and education, immunization, and distribution of milks to the public elementary school students. By the observation, it is known that most of the school health program at Surabaya doesn’t have an appropriate room and other facilities.Key words: knowledge, attitude, practice, teacher of elementary school, worm infections

THE SPREAD OF DHF: THE FAILURE OF IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF HUMAN LIFE

Jurnal Promkes Vol 1, No 01 (2013): Jurnal Promkes
Publisher : Jurnal Promkes

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to show that the spread of DHF is related to the failure of improving the health of the City.  The resident density and mobility, and poor environment sanitation are presumed become the trigger of the spread.  Number of patients increased annually in all Kecamatan in Surabaya.  This fact is contradiction to the fast growing city.  At the community side, health education including PSN (Mosquito Nest Eradication) is still difficult to do.  Apparently, most people are not aware on the importance of PSN and other health education efforts. In the context of healthy city, as basic element of quality life of the Citizen, the spread of the disease is an evident how difficult to build healthy public policy.  It also means that there is inequality in health for the least healthy people including poor means of improving their health.  Inequalities in health are rooted in inequities in access to basic prerequisites for health.  City development should take account for social development not only economic development. Key words: PSN (Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk = Mosquito Nest Eradication), healthy public policy, quality of life.

Correlations between Characteristic of Built Environment, Social Support Quality and the Health Status of Elderly

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 8, No 3 (2012): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

One of social issue regarding aging people that contributed to health impact was neglected elderly. In addressing this problems the socialservices provisions such as nursing home could become a main alternative solution. The aims of this study were to analyzed correlationsbetween built environment chracteristic, social support quality and healthy behavior with health status of eldery that occupied at Budi Sejahteranursing home, South Kalimantan. This is a cross sectional study conducted during March–July 2011. The population of this study was 65 elderpeoples who meet inclusion requirement and used total population as study sample. Spearman correlations test was used for data analyzation.The result showed most of respondent have poor housing qualities (53.8%) and social support quality (40%). Bivariate analysis showed variouscorrelations between social support quality, healthy behaviors and built environment characteristics with health status of elderly. Conclusionare Housing qualities and social support qualities, especially that came from family were considered poor according respondents perception,and there are various correlations between social support qualities, healthy behaviors and built environment characteristics with respondentshealth status.Key words: built environment, social support, healthy behaviors, health status

PROMOSI KESEHATAN SEBAGAI KEBIJAKAN SOSIAL

Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 10, No 3 Jul (2007)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Abstract

The social policy had and possibily remained to be main concern in health promotion. Healthy public policy is developed as a fundamental aspect in health promotion and that concludes from either from conceptual or empirical social policy. Social policy provide knowledge on how conducting healthy public policy: how to develop policy in gaining health. This article assessed the contribution of social policy studies for health promotion studies either in providing information on healthy public policy development or in providing analysis on the possibility of health procedure. It contained outline of prominent characteristics of academic studies on social policies, focus and its perspectives, and suggestions so that they provided contributions on health promotion, especially on health public policy.Key words: health promotion, healthy public policy, social policy

MATERNAL BEHAVIOR OF HOUSEHOLD WASTE MANAGEMENT IN RURAL DISTRICT 11 BLURU Kidul RW SIDOARJO

Jurnal Promkes Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Promkes
Publisher : Jurnal Promkes

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Abstract

Abstract: The human behavior that allow for increased production of waste reaching the stage where production waste was more dominant than the ability to destroy the waste generated. Responsibility for managing household waste generated from a family activity by housewives. The main purpose of this study is describe the behavior of housewives in waste management in RW 11 villages south Bluru Sidoarjo district. This research uses descriptive method with simple random sampling the sampling number of 71 people with a degree of significance (α = 0.1). The results showed knowledge of respondent about waste management in the category was 87.3%, the attitude of respondents in waste management are in a category was 83.1% and the respondents in the waste management measures are in the category of less 87.3%. To improve waste management behavior provided information to mothers on the management of housewifes waste is good for housewifes can better understand and can be applied by them.Keywords: behavior of housewifes, waste organizing

ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION PROGRAM SUCCESS IN COMMUNITY-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)

Jurnal Promkes Vol 1, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Promkes
Publisher : Jurnal Promkes

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Abstract

Abstract: Sidorejo sub village District Senduro and Darung sub village District Randuagung were the targets of CLTS program in Lumajang. The community of Sidorejo sub village was able to change their defecation behavior at any place into latrine, while the community of Darung sub village had not been able to change their behavior yet. The purpose of this research was to study the process of CLTS and the differences of indicators’ applications of the community participation in both sub villages. This research was observational research by using quantitative method. The independent variables were process of CLTS, leadership and community organizing, financing and utilizing the latrine. The populations research were all families in Sidorejo and Darung. The samples of this research were 146 families which divided in both sub villages that used simple random sampling method. CLTS is a process to empower the community and to improve the community participation to doing self-help and triggering them to use latrine. The indicator of leadership and organizing in both sub villages were categorized medium. The indicator of society financing in Sidorejo sub village was categorized high (34%) while in Darung sub village was categorized as low financing (53%). The indicator of utilizing the latrine in Sidorejo was categorized high (100%), while in Darung was categorized low (67%). The conclusion of this study is the success of CLTS program is associated of the quality of triggering process by CLTS community facilitators and the level of community participation.Keywords: CLTS, community participation indicator, use latrine

Kota Sehat sebagai Bentuk Sustainable Communities Best Practice

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 2 September 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional

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Abstract

Kota Sehat merupakan proyek World Health Organization (WHO) yang diluncurkan pada pertengahan tahun 1980-an dengan mengambil tempat untuk yang pertama kali adalah kota-kota di Eropa. Konsep Kota Sehat adalah konsep lama sekaligus baru. “Lama” berarti telah lama manusia berusaha untuk membuat kota lebih sehat sejak awal peradaban perkotaan (urban civilization). “Baru” dalam manifestasinya sebagai satu sarana uta-ma promosi kesehatan –kesehatan masyarakat baru (new public health)– dalam pencarian Sehat untuk Semua (Health for All ). Hal tersebut dipandang sebagai “a means of legitimizing, nurturing, and supporting the process of community empowerment ”. Artikel ini mengulas Kota Sehat dalam konteks sustainable communities.Kata kunci: Kota sehat, kesehatan masyarakat baru, pemberdayaan, sustainable communitiesAbstractHealthy City is a World Health Organization (WHO) project that launched in mid 1980s with cities at Europe as first attempts. The Healthy City concept is old and new. “Old” means that since the early urban civilization, human-being striving for better and healthier places to live. “New” means that it’s one primary manifestation for health promotion –new public health- in seeking “Health for All”. This is seen as “a means of legitimizing, nurturing, and supporting the process of community empowerment”. The paper re-viewed Healthy City in sustainable communities context.Key words: Healthy city, new public health, empowerment, sustainable communities

Kota Sehat sebagai Bentuk Sustainable Communities Best Practice

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 2 September 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Kota Sehat merupakan proyek World Health Organization (WHO) yang diluncurkan pada pertengahan tahun 1980-an dengan mengambil tempat untuk yang pertama kali adalah kota-kota di Eropa. Konsep Kota Sehat adalah konsep lama sekaligus baru. “Lama” berarti telah lama manusia berusaha untuk membuat kota lebih sehat sejak awal peradaban perkotaan (urban civilization). “Baru” dalam manifestasinya sebagai satu sarana utama promosi kesehatan – kesehatan masyarakat baru (new public health) – dalam pencarian Sehat untuk Semua (Health for All). Hal tersebut dipandang sebagai “a means of legitimizing, nurturing, and supporting the process of community empowerment”. Artikel ini mengulas Kota Sehat dalam konteks sustainable communities.Kata kunci: Kota sehat, kesehatan masyarakat baru, pemberdayaan, sustainable communitiesAbstractHealthy City is a World Health Organization (WHO) project that launched in mid 1980s with cities at Europe as first attempts. The Healthy City concept is old and new. “Old” means that since the early urban civilization, humanbeing striving for better and healthier places to live. “New” means that it’s one primary manifestation for health promotion – new public health – in seeking “Health for All”. This is seen as “a means of legitimizing, nurturing, and supporting the process of community empowerment”. The paper reviewed Healthy City in sustainable communities context.Key words: Healthy city, new public health, empowerment, sustainable communities

Integrated Services Post (Posyandu) as Sociocultural Approach for Primary Health Care Issue

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 5 Desember 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

The birth of Integrated services post (Posyandu) in 1980s is no doubt based on the effort of the Goverment of Indonesia to improve the health status of the population following the International call the Declaration of Alma-Ata (Kazakhstan) about Primary Health Care in 1978. The key concept of thedeclaration is community participation. In Indonesia specifically the community participation is called “gotong royong”. Community plays an important role in the improvement of their own health. To involve community in the health care, the volunteer has to be recruited and trained to recognize basic health care issues. The idea is that the volunteers that called village health worker (kader) as part of the community would be much easier to deliver health programs because they are closer to them compare to the public health officials.This paper is intended to discuss Posyandu which is basically a sociocultural approach for primary health care as a strategy to improve the health status of Indonesian people.Keywords: Posyandu, primary health care, sociocultural approachAbstrakKelahiran posyandu pada tahun 1980-an merupakan usaha pemerintah Indonesia untuk meningkatkan status kesehatan masyarakat, mengikuti panggilan internasional, Deklarasi Alma Ata (Kazakhstan) tentang kesehatan masyarakat tahun 1978. Konsep kunci deklarasi tersebut adalah partisipasi masyarakat. Di Indonesia, partisipasi masyarakat disebut “gotong royong”. Masyarakat memainkan peran penting dalam meningkatkankesehatan masing-masing. Untuk melibatkan masyarakat dalam kesehatan masyarakat, relawan harus direkrut dan dilatih untuk mengenal isu-isu kesehatan masyarakat dasar. Gagasan mengenai relawan yang disebut kader (village health worker) tersebut diajukan agar relawan sebagai bagian darimasyarakat dapat lebih mudah menyampaikan program-program kesehatan karena lebih dekat dibandingkan pejabat kesehatan masyarakat. Di dalam artikel ini dibahas tentang Posyandu yang pada dasarnya merupakan pendekatan sosiokultural dalam pelayanan kesehatan masyarakat sebagai strategi untuk meningkatkan status kesehatan masyarakat Indonesia.Kata kunci: Posyandu, pelayanan kesehatan dasar, pendekatan sosiokultural