Oedojo Soedirham
Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences Faculty of Public Health Airlangga University Surabaya Indonesia

Published : 34 Documents
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PROMOSI KESEHATAN SEBAGAI KEBIJAKAN SOSIAL Soedirham, Oedojo
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 10, No 3 Jul (2007)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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The social policy had and possibily remained to be main concern in health promotion. Healthy public policy is developed as a fundamental aspect in health promotion and that concludes from either from conceptual or empirical social policy. Social policy provide knowledge on how conducting healthy public policy: how to develop policy in gaining health. This article assessed the contribution of social policy studies for health promotion studies either in providing information on healthy public policy development or in providing analysis on the possibility of health procedure. It contained outline of prominent characteristics of academic studies on social policies, focus and its perspectives, and suggestions so that they provided contributions on health promotion, especially on health public policy.Key words: health promotion, healthy public policy, social policy
Determinant Analysis and Conceptual Models of the Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Diabetes Mellitus Patients Joeliantina, Anita; Soedirham, Oedojo; Agil, Mangestuti; Qomaruddin, M. Bagus; Kusnanto, Kusnanto
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 8, No 2: June 2019
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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Diabetes is a chronic disease that requires regular and sustainable health management that involves proper treatment. Some diabetic patients use CAM, as well as conventional medicine, to maintain their health and control their blood sugar. This literature review aimed to 1) determine the prevalence of CAM used by patients with diabetes, summarize and evaluate the CAM use that includes: characteristics, patterns, types and reasons, 2) propose a conceptual model associated with CAM used by patients with diabetes. Systematic reviews were searched using an electronic database. The systematic reviews were published between 2005 and 2015 by using specific keywords. The number of systematic reviews obtained as a search result is 14 articles from 14 countries. The prevalence of CAM used by patients with diabetes ranged from 16.6% to 76%. Determinants associated with the CAM use were age, gender, family income, occupation, residence, and the characteristics of the disease, such as the length of time since diagnosed and complications. Most patients used CAM, along with the conventional treatment, and did not inform health professionals about the CAM use. The CAM use by patients with diabetes was relatively high and the confidence of patients believed the benefits of CAM. Therefore, integration with health professionals to develop CAM management is highly required.
Kota Sehat sebagai Bentuk Sustainable Communities Best Practice Soedirham, Oedojo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 2 September 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional

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Kota Sehat merupakan proyek World Health Organization (WHO) yang diluncurkan pada pertengahan tahun 1980-an dengan mengambil tempat untuk yang pertama kali adalah kota-kota di Eropa. Konsep Kota Sehat adalah konsep lama sekaligus baru. “Lama” berarti telah lama manusia berusaha untuk membuat kota lebih sehat sejak awal peradaban perkotaan (urban civilization). “Baru” dalam manifestasinya sebagai satu sarana uta-ma promosi kesehatan –kesehatan masyarakat baru (new public health)– dalam pencarian Sehat untuk Semua (Health for All ). Hal tersebut dipandang sebagai “a means of legitimizing, nurturing, and supporting the process of community empowerment ”. Artikel ini mengulas Kota Sehat dalam konteks sustainable communities.Kata kunci: Kota sehat, kesehatan masyarakat baru, pemberdayaan, sustainable communitiesAbstractHealthy City is a World Health Organization (WHO) project that launched in mid 1980s with cities at Europe as first attempts. The Healthy City concept is old and new. “Old” means that since the early urban civilization, human-being striving for better and healthier places to live. “New” means that it’s one primary manifestation for health promotion –new public health- in seeking “Health for All”. This is seen as “a means of legitimizing, nurturing, and supporting the process of community empowerment”. The paper re-viewed Healthy City in sustainable communities context.Key words: Healthy city, new public health, empowerment, sustainable communities
Kota Sehat sebagai Bentuk Sustainable Communities Best Practice Soedirham, Oedojo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 2 September 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i2.9

Abstract

Kota Sehat merupakan proyek World Health Organization (WHO) yang diluncurkan pada pertengahan tahun 1980-an dengan mengambil tempat untuk yang pertama kali adalah kota-kota di Eropa. Konsep Kota Sehat adalah konsep lama sekaligus baru. “Lama” berarti telah lama manusia berusaha untuk membuat kota lebih sehat sejak awal peradaban perkotaan (urban civilization). “Baru” dalam manifestasinya sebagai satu sarana utama promosi kesehatan – kesehatan masyarakat baru (new public health) – dalam pencarian Sehat untuk Semua (Health for All). Hal tersebut dipandang sebagai “a means of legitimizing, nurturing, and supporting the process of community empowerment”. Artikel ini mengulas Kota Sehat dalam konteks sustainable communities.Kata kunci: Kota sehat, kesehatan masyarakat baru, pemberdayaan, sustainable communitiesAbstractHealthy City is a World Health Organization (WHO) project that launched in mid 1980s with cities at Europe as first attempts. The Healthy City concept is old and new. “Old” means that since the early urban civilization, humanbeing striving for better and healthier places to live. “New” means that it’s one primary manifestation for health promotion – new public health – in seeking “Health for All”. This is seen as “a means of legitimizing, nurturing, and supporting the process of community empowerment”. The paper reviewed Healthy City in sustainable communities context.Key words: Healthy city, new public health, empowerment, sustainable communities
Integrated Services Post (Posyandu) as Sociocultural Approach for Primary Health Care Issue Soedirham, Oedojo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 5 Desember 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i5.40

Abstract

The birth of Integrated services post (Posyandu) in 1980s is no doubt based on the effort of the Goverment of Indonesia to improve the health status of the population following the International call the Declaration of Alma-Ata (Kazakhstan) about Primary Health Care in 1978. The key concept of thedeclaration is community participation. In Indonesia specifically the community participation is called “gotong royong”. Community plays an important role in the improvement of their own health. To involve community in the health care, the volunteer has to be recruited and trained to recognize basic health care issues. The idea is that the volunteers that called village health worker (kader) as part of the community would be much easier to deliver health programs because they are closer to them compare to the public health officials.This paper is intended to discuss Posyandu which is basically a sociocultural approach for primary health care as a strategy to improve the health status of Indonesian people.Keywords: Posyandu, primary health care, sociocultural approachAbstrakKelahiran posyandu pada tahun 1980-an merupakan usaha pemerintah Indonesia untuk meningkatkan status kesehatan masyarakat, mengikuti panggilan internasional, Deklarasi Alma Ata (Kazakhstan) tentang kesehatan masyarakat tahun 1978. Konsep kunci deklarasi tersebut adalah partisipasi masyarakat. Di Indonesia, partisipasi masyarakat disebut “gotong royong”. Masyarakat memainkan peran penting dalam meningkatkankesehatan masing-masing. Untuk melibatkan masyarakat dalam kesehatan masyarakat, relawan harus direkrut dan dilatih untuk mengenal isu-isu kesehatan masyarakat dasar. Gagasan mengenai relawan yang disebut kader (village health worker) tersebut diajukan agar relawan sebagai bagian darimasyarakat dapat lebih mudah menyampaikan program-program kesehatan karena lebih dekat dibandingkan pejabat kesehatan masyarakat. Di dalam artikel ini dibahas tentang Posyandu yang pada dasarnya merupakan pendekatan sosiokultural dalam pelayanan kesehatan masyarakat sebagai strategi untuk meningkatkan status kesehatan masyarakat Indonesia.Kata kunci: Posyandu, pelayanan kesehatan dasar, pendekatan sosiokultural
Influence of prenatal class to the practice of P4K (Birth Planning and Prevention of Birth Complication) Faiza, Robitha; Notobroto, Hari Basuki; Trijanto, Bambang; Soedirham, Oedojo; Yusuf, Ah.; Halim, Kusuma
Majalah Obstetri & Ginekologi Vol 24, No 3 (2016): September - December
Publisher : Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mog.V24I32016.94-99

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to analyze the influence of prenatal class to the practice of P4K (Birth Planning And Prevention Of Birth Complication).Materials and Methods: This study applied analytical survey with cross sectional approach. The number of samples taken was as many as 30 mothers, using simple random sampling. Analysis of data was carried out using ordinal wilcoxon sign rank test. Datas were obtained from interviews and questionnaire.Result: The influence of prenatal class to practice of P4K (Birth Planning and Prevention of Birth Complication) (p = 0,0000). Conclusion: Prental class can influence to practic of P4K.
UPDATE MANAGEMENT CONCURRENT INFECTION BETWEEN DENGUE VIRAL AND SALMONELLA Wikanesthi, Dyah; Sari, Desiana W; Chilvia, Eva; Soedirham, Oedojo; Kurniasari, Lely; Soegijanto, Soegeng
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

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Since Januari 2013, Soerya Hospital has found many cases with positive result of IgM Salmonella along with NS1 or IgM & IgG Dengue. The clinical manifestations mostly are high fever, headache, vomiting, malaise and plasma leakage. Some of them with convulsion and unconsciousness. Therefore in order to get well of care management, this clinical phenomena should be studied carefully. The aim of this research is to get update management concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection. Observational study had been done, since Januari 2013 until Juli 2013. Purposive sampling in 30 case of concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection compared with 30 case of Dengue Viral infection alone. Diagnosis has published based on WHO 2011 criteria. By using anti vomiting drug, anti pyretic, anti convulsion and antibiotic for Salmonella infection and rehidration using Ringer Acetate, combining Ringer Asetat andDextrose 5% or combining Ringer Asetat Saline 0,225% or solution of Dextrose 5% and Saline 0,45 during 4–5 days hospitalization. The result show that all cases were recovered and got well. There is no significant different between concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection compared with Dengue Viral infection alone. Some cases showed that length time to stay in hospital become1–2 days longer. It was due to delayed getting antibiotic for Salmonella infection. All cases had got first drugs accurately in a clinical manifestation that has been daily showed. It was as a problem solving for saving all the cases.
An Appropriate Diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection in Some Cases who had and were being Treated in Soerya Hospital Sepanjang – Indonesia Soegijanto, Soegeng; Wikanesthi, Desiana; Chilvia, Eva; Soedirham, Oedojo
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 6 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

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Since January 2014, Soerya Hospital has found many cases with positive result of NS or IgM and IgG Dengue. The clinical manifestations mostly were high fever with headache, vomiting and also malaise convulsion and unconsciousness. Aim of the study is to find out an appropriate diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection. Observasional study had been done since January–April 2014 with 50 cases of dengue Virus Infection. The diagnostic procedure was made based on the WHO 2011 criteria. Result Many cases had come with fever within couple days, some of them showed convulsions. Therefore, it should be made a differential diagnosis with other disease, such as acute tonsilopharingitis, etc. The patient also had to be tested with NS1 if the patient come in the first, second and third day of fever and followed by IgM/IgG dengue on the fourth, fifth or sixth days of fever. The diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection was made based on the WHO criteria 2011. This study showed that not all cases showed positive result of NS1 or IgM/IgG dengue on the first or second test. For the negative result, we should not think that the case is not a case of Dengue Virus Infection, especially if it happens at Aedes aegypti breeding season, the patient should be observed and performed the test again to get a proper diagnosis for Dengue Virus Infection. Monitoring clinical manifestation should always be done, to predict the appropriate diagnosis of Dengue Virus Infection.
Remaja Sebagai Penggerak Utama dalam Implementasi Program Kesehatan Remaja Siswantara, Pulung; Soedirham, Oedojo; Muthmainnah, Muthmainnah
Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Prodi Magister Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jmki.7.1.2019.55-66

Abstract

Proporsi populasi remaja di Indonesia mencapai seperempat dari total penduduk. Menurut Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2010, angka ini cukup besar dan perlu ada upaya yang spesifik dalam meningkatkan derajat kesehatan remaja. Beberapa penelitian menunjukkan bahwa remaja saat ini sedang menghadapi globalisasi dan berpotensi melakukan perilaku berisiko. Penanganan permasalahan kesehatan remaja di Indonesia diupayakan oleh pemerintah melalui kerja sama lintas sektoral, pelayanan kesehatan dasar, dan pola intervensi. Harapannya strategi yang diterapkan telah disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan tahapan proses tumbuh kembang remaja.Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikan persepsi remaja dalam keterlibatannya dalam pelaksanaan program kesehatan remaja dan mengidentifikasi kebutuhan dan harapan remaja terhadap pelaksanaan program kesehatan remaja. Subjek penelitian ini terdiri dari 2 kelompok, yaitu kelompok peer educator dan kelompok user (sasaran program). Remaja dalam penelitian berasal dari berbagai setting promosi kesehatan, yaitu remaja sekolah dan remaja di luar sekolah. Remaja di luar sekolah berasal dari remaja komunitas dan remaja jalanan. Pengumpulan data diperoleh dengan menggunakan teknik wawancara mendalam dan focus group discussion (FGD).Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keterlibatan kelompok peer educator masih cenderung pasif karena wewenangnya hanya sebatas pada tahap pelaksanaan program, harapannya peer educator dilibatkan mulai dari perencanaan program. Sedangkan keterlibatan kelompok remaja di luar sekolah cenderung lebih sangat pasif bahkan ada yang belum terpapar program. Program kesehatan remaja seharusnya melibatkan remaja dari berbagai setting dan disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan kapasitas remaja. Remaja berharap dapat dilibatkan mulai dari tahap perencanaan hingga evaluasi program karena remaja sebagai prime mover dalam keberhasilan program kesehatan remaja.
UPDATE MANAGEMENT CONCURRENT INFECTION BETWEEN DENGUE VIRAL AND SALMONELLA Wikanesthi, Dyah; Sari, Desiana W; Chilvia, Eva; Soedirham, Oedojo; Kurniasari, Lely; Soegijanto, Soegeng
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i3.240

Abstract

Since Januari 2013, Soerya Hospital has found many cases with positive result of IgM Salmonella along with NS1 or IgM & IgG Dengue. The clinical manifestations mostly are high fever, headache, vomiting, malaise and plasma leakage. Some of them with convulsion and unconsciousness. Therefore in order to get well of care management, this clinical phenomena should be studied carefully. The aim of this research is to get update management concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection. Observational study had been done, since Januari 2013 until Juli 2013. Purposive sampling in 30 case of concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection compared with 30 case of Dengue Viral infection alone. Diagnosis has published based on WHO 2011 criteria. By using anti vomiting drug, anti pyretic, anti convulsion and antibiotic for Salmonella infection and rehidration using Ringer Acetate, combining Ringer Asetat andDextrose 5% or combining Ringer Asetat Saline 0,225% or solution of Dextrose 5% and Saline 0,45 during 4–5 days hospitalization. The result show that all cases were recovered and got well. There is no significant different between concurent Dengue Viral and Salmonella infection compared with Dengue Viral infection alone. Some cases showed that length time to stay in hospital become1–2 days longer. It was due to delayed getting antibiotic for Salmonella infection. All cases had got first drugs accurately in a clinical manifestation that has been daily showed. It was as a problem solving for saving all the cases.