Soepardi Soedibjo
The Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia

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A STUDY ON PREVENTION OF VITAMIN A DEFICIENCY BY ANNUAL ORAL MASSIVE DOSE VITAMIN A AND E EMULSION ADMINISTRATION Karyadi, Darwin; Samsudin, Samsudin; Husaini, Jajah; Soetedjo, Hasnah; Husaini, Husaini; Wirya, Wila; Soedibjo, Soepardi; Bakry, Faried
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 2, No 1 Mar (1974)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/553

Abstract

Suatu penyelidikan mengenai pencegahan dan pengobatan penyakit defisiensi vit. A. di Cibatok, Bogor, telah dilakukan dengan menggunakan oral massive dose vit. A. (retinol palmitat e) 300,000 I.U. dikombinasikan dengan vit E (a tocopherol acetate) 50 I.U. dl. Dua group anak-anak umur 1-6 tahun dipilih masing-masing sebagai group Experiment dan Control yang hanya diberikan placebo. Sedangkan masing-masing group dibagi lagi menjadi golongan-golongan penderita dan golongan Non vit. A. defisiensi (normal). Ternyata setelah 6 (enam) bulan kemudian 90 percent penderita yang mendapat pengobatan menjadi sembuh dan sebaliknya 88.9 percent dari penderita yang mendapat placebo masih tetap menderita defisiensi vit. A. (table 2) Table 3. Menunjukkan adanya pengaruh penyakit infeksi G.I tract terhadap berhasilnya pengobatan dan juga pada umumnya dapat disimpulkan bahwa gizi penderita tidak mempengaruhi pengobatan. Table 4 Kadar Vit. A. didalam darah penderita setelah pengobatan ternyata jauh lebih tinggi dari semula. Sedangkan dalam group yang mendapat placebo tidak terjadi kenaikan. Dari data penyelidikan tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian oral massive dose kombinasi dari vit. A dan E pada anak-anak sebelum sekolah dapat mencegah, mengobati gejala-gejala defisiensi vit. A. di mata.
Prevalence and Influencing Factors of Obesity in Elementary School Children Soedibjo, Soepardi; Djer, Mulyadi M; Firmansyah, Agus
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 38 No 9-10 (1998): September 1998
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi38.9-10.1998.193-204

Abstract

An observational, cross sectional study was conducted on elementary school students in Central Jakarta between May and October 1997. This preliminary study aimed to determine the prevalence and influencing factors of obesity in elementary school students. From 488 students studied, 47 were obese. The prevalence rate in this study was 9.6%, with boys twice as much as girls. Factors that influenced the incidence of obesity were: (1) age, (2) time of introduction of solid food during infancy, (3) eating habit, (4) calorie intake, and (5) physical activities. There were two factors that increased the incidence of obesity namely: (1) obesity of parents, and (2) birth weight. Environmental factors that increased the incidence of obesity were: (1) parent's occupation and (2) family income. Laboratory findings associated with obesity were: (1) increase blood cholesterol concentration, (2) increase blood triglyceride concentration, (3) decreased HDL cholesterol concentration, and (4) increased LDL cholesterol concentration. We conclude that the prevalence rate of obesity obtained in this study was higher compared with the previous studies, and that obesity in school children is influenced by many factors.