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Transportation Management Model of Sustainable Non-Bus Passenger Public Transport in Makassar City

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 32, No 4 (2009): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Growth of Makassar City as metropolitan have been increasing urban economic growth and social community change, however, it caused problems non-bus public passenger transport management policy not integrated with urban spatial planning policy as one unity.  Research objectives are aimed to design model of sustainable transportation management for non-bus public passenger transport integrated with urban spatial planning, to evaluate existing route pattern performance and to identify and to manage potentially polluted corridor from emission gas.  Research methods consist of three phases namely valuating of route performance with descriptive analysis, identifying gas emission and zoning management with level of services, hierarchy analytical process (AHP), and designing priority policy model with geographic information system (GIS) and exponential comparative method (MPE).  The results are: (i) the road level of services performance with the bigger traffic composition are motorcycle and non-bus public passenger transport and densities of primary roads as compared to secondary roads with level of services of C, B, and A for variation between collector and artery roads; (ii) vehicle emission as standard of very small as compared to step over standard and gas ambient by CO are sedan/jeep, kijang, pick-up, bus, non-bus public passenger transport and mini bus, and mini truck on the artery road, (iii) the priority alternatives on zoning arrangement are first for environmental facility improvement, vehicle arrangement, location decision, and institutions arrangement; (iv) model of sustainable transportation management with GIS is spatial database and transportation maps of selected route and zoning arrangement whereas policy priorities are regarding management aspect improving level of service which consider road capacity, real speed, and volume ratio and regarding policy aspect ascertaining spatial plan as a dominant factor for zoning arrangement in relation to vehicle pollution.   Key words: non-bus public passenger transport, sustainable, spatial, route, emission

Potential Analysis of Rubber Smallholding Development in Mandailing Natal Regency, North Sumatera Province

Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 35, No 1 (2012): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Development of preminent commodity of rubber is one of Mandailing Natal Regency  Government’s strategy to improve society prosperity. To support the mentioned things, this research was conducted with purpose of determining location  suitability for the development of  rubber plantation  based on land evaluation, analysing of financial and marketing feasibilities of rubber smallholding, and analysing the directive of rubber smallholding potential development in Mandailing Natal  Regency by using mapping and descriptive analysis. The  research result shows that acreage of potential area for the development of rubber plantation  in Mandailing Natal Regency is 460 849 ha (70.41%). Financially, the enterprise of rubber  smallholding in every land suitability class is feasible. The market chain of rubber in Mandailing Natal Regency  is not efficient enough. The location which is able to be recommended for the development of rubber plantation in Mandailing Natal Regency based on potential location, financially and relevant government regulations is 201 875 ha (30.84%). The performance of rubber smallholding  plantation in Mandailing Natal Regency  is influenced by agricultural extension service officer, the availability  of farmer group, rubber productivity and availability of agricultural infrastructure. Nowdays, rubber processing factory should be built in Mandailing Natal, considering that raw materials are widely available and added value will contribute for regional development.

APPRAISAL KEBERLANJUTAN MULTIDIMENSI PENGGUNAAN LAHAN UNTUK SAWAH DI KARAWANG - JAWA BARAT

Jurnal Kawistara Vol 5, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

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Abstract

Indonesian national food sovereignty is very dependent on the supply of rice from paddy fields in Java Island. Various factors influence the farmer’s decision to continue using his farm. This study aims to analyze the sustainable use of paddy field, determinant factors and strategies for improving sustainability. The study was conducted in Karawang Regency, one of the centers of rice production in West Java. The methodology used is a multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) using 43 attributes of 5 dimensions (ecological, social, economical, technological and legal and institutional dimension). Against the sensitive attribute analysis resulting from MDS, a prospective analysis was conducted to determine the key factors of sustainability. Priority policies for improving sustainability are developed based on the location of the key factors in the prospective diagram. The research results showed that the land utilization for paddy field in Karawang is actually less sustainable. Increasing the sustainability can be done through intervention and improving performance, preferably on sensitive attributes resulting from leverage analysis, covering 16 attributes. Priority policies is directed in the 5 key factors resulting from prospective analysis. Policies suggested are the tightening of new permits for building, strict implementation of the official spatial land use planning and delineation of agricultural land for sustainable food crops, counseling the community, revitalizing the role of BULOG, provision of subsidies as well as capital assistance to farmers.

ANALISIS PERUBAHAN PENGGUNAAN LAHAN RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU DI JAKARTA TIMUR

Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2012): JURNAL LANSKAP INDONESIA
Publisher : http://web.ipb.ac.id/~landscapearch/

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Abstract

City development in Indonesia, especially in East Jakarta has affected the changing of land use. The increasing of physical building at the city has positively affected to the increasing economic activities. Besides, it has caused environmental degradation. One form of environmental degradation is decreasing of green open space which is turning into built-up area. This research aims: to identify the pattern of green open space change, to know the population growth’s rate and regional development in East Jakar-ta, and to assess factors affecting the green open space change. The result showed that in 2002, the green open space in East Jakarta was 830,6 ha and in 2007 it increased into 1.056,7 ha. Between the period of 2002 and 2007 there was an increasing about 226,1 ha. Population growth’s rate from 2002 until 2008 in East Jakarta was 0.9% per year, and inmigrant growth’s rate in the same period was 0.7% per year. The re-gional development was showed by the appearance of developed facilities including education, health and economic facilities. Growth rate of education, health and eco-nomic facilities in the period of 2003 and 2006 are -1.5%, 6.4% and 1.1 per year, re-spectively. Based on scalogram analysis, most of the kelurahan (town villages) in East Jakarta are belong to hierarchy III. In 2003, there were 40 kelurahan classified as hier-arcy III, 18 kelurahan as hierarchy II, and 7 kelurahan as hierarchy I. In 2006, the number of kelurahan grouped as hierarchy III decreased into 35 kelurahan, while at hierarchy II and I increased into 19 and 11 kelurahan, respectively. The most affecting factors (p-level ≤ 0.05) to the green open space change are availability of unoccupied area. Meanwhile, the potential affecting factor (p-level ≤ 0.1) to the green open space change is the increasing number of health facilities.Keywords: Area Development, Availability of Empty Area, Citizen Growth, Green Open Space

ARAHAN KEBIJAKAN PENGENDALIAN EROSI DAN SEDIMENTASI DI SUB DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI KEDUANG KABUPATEN WONOGIRI

Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 8, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

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Abstract

Keduang Sub‐Watershed is one of important sub‐watershed at Bengawan Solo Watershed. Land resources management at Keduang Sub‐Watershed will be influence of environment quality, physic (erosion, sedimentation, debit of Keduang River), chemistry (water quality) and socio economic aspect. This aim research to know the level of erosion and sedimentation and to arrange policy direction for controlling erosion and sedimentation at Keduang Sub‐Watershed, Wonogiri Regency. Research method which is used is descriptive. Data types which are obtained are secondary data from Centre of Research and Development Technology of Watershed Management, Forestry Department, BPS‐Statistic of Wonogiri Regency and Agriculture Department of Wonogiri Regency. Method of analysis’s data which is used in this research is Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) Method to predict the soil erosion. This research method also to arrange modelling of controlling erosion and sedimentation. Results of this research are: the level of erosion in Keduang Sub‐Watershed is 44 ton/ha/year or 1.9 million ton/year. The sediment yield from Keduang Sub‐Watershed to Wonogiri Basin equal 164,000 ton/year. Improving of construction terrace can reduce erosion and sedimentation. Keywords: land resources management, erosion, sedimentation, construction terrace

Kebijakan Pengembangan Pertanian Kota Berkelanjutan: Studi Kasus di DKI Jakarta

Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian Vol 10, No 3 (2012): Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

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Abstract

Revitalisasi sektor pertanian pada dasarnya adalah menempatkan kembali arti pentingnya pertanian secara proporsional dan kontekstual, baik di perdesaan maupun perkotaan. Melihat kondisi pertanian di daerah perkotaan, khususnya DKI Jakarta, dan hubungannya dengan berbagai masalah lingkungan, perlu dirancang dan dirumuskan kebijakan yang komprehensif untuk pengembangan pertanian perkotaan berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis faktor-faktor kunci yang mempengaruhi keberlanjutan dan kebijakan pengembangan pertanian perkotaan. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah MDS (multi-dimensional scaling) dan teknik Rap-Ur-Agri (Rapid Appraisal for Urban Agriculture). Analisis faktor kunci menggunakan leverage factor yang diikuti dengan penentuan indeks keberkelanjutan dan skenario kebijakan pengembangan pertanian dengan menggunakan metode analisis prospektif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa status keberlanjutan pengembangan pertanian perkotaan pada kondisi existing menunjukkan nilai indeks 48,70 persen atau kurang berkelanjutan. Faktor kunci keberlanjutan pertanian perkotaan mencakup empat aspek dan kebutuhan stakeholder mencakup empat aspek pengembangan sistem pertanian perkotaan. Kebijakan pengembangan pertanian perkotaan berkelanjutan di wilayah DKI Jakarta perlu dilakukan dengan pendekatan integratif dengan mempertimbangkan enam faktor kunci penentu keberlanjutan: (1) Luas pekarangan, (2) Pengembangan komoditas dan teknologi ramah lingkungan, (3) Penyuluhan dan kelembagaan pertanian, (4) Perluasan lahan/ruang usaha tani, (5) Kerjasama antar stakeholder, dan (6) Pemberian insentif pertanian. Opsi kebijakan adalah perluasan lahan/ruang usaha tani, pengembangan komoditas dan teknologi ramah lingkungan dan pengembangan kelembagaan pertanian.

ANALISIS STATUS KEBERLANJUTAN KEGIATAN PERTAMBANGAN BATUBARA DI KOTA SAMARINDA PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

Jurnal Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara Edisi Januari 2015
Publisher : Puslitbang tekMIRA

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Abstract

Kegiatan pertambangan batubara di Kota Samarinda berdampak terhadap dimensi ekonomi, lingkungan, sosial, hukum, infrastruktur dan teknologi. Penelitian ini mengkaji indeks keberlanjutan dari dimensi-dimensi tersebut di atas terhadap kegiatan pertambangan di Kota Samarinda. Temuan dari penelitian ini adalah: 1) masyarakat mempunyai persepsi yang negatif terhadap kegiatan pertambangan, 2) indeks keberlanjutan multidimensi sebesar 47.57 yang termasuk sebagai kurang berkelanjutan.Untuk memperbaiki indeks keberlanjutan tersebut, kebijakan harus difokuskan pada pengendalian tingkat gangguan kegiatan pertambangan batubara terhadap ekosistem, dan harus didukung dengan penegakan hukum terhadap perusakan lingkungan, pengembangan kemampuan sumber daya manusia dan pengembangan masyarakat.

Land Degradation and Landslide in Indonesia

Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education Volume 1 Number 2
Publisher : Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education

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Abstract

Land degradation is one of the causes of lack of success of agricultural activities in Indonesia because of a decline in land productivity continuously and ultimately reduce the level of income / welfare of farmers. Land degradation can occur either on dry land or in wetlands, so prevention and / or rehabilitation of degraded land is very important that the agricultural area can be used on an ongoing basis. Land degradation is the loss or reduction of utility or potential use of land, loss of or changes in land features that are not hindered replaced. According to FAO (1993), soil degradation is a process that describes the phenomenon which lower the capacity of soil to support life. Land degradation is a process of decline of soil productivity, temporary or permanent, so that eventually the land can lead to a certain critical level (Dent, 1993). The process includes various forms of land degradation levels.

Adequacy Analysis of Green Open Space and its Development Direction as an Attributes of Green City in the Capital of Jember Regency, Indonesia

Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education Volume 2 Number 1
Publisher : Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education

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Abstract

The development of an urban area needs to pay attention to the environmental carrying capacity. One of the way to achieve sustainable urban development is to apply one of the attributes of green city namely green open space (GOS). The purpose of the research are to analyze the types of land use in the years of 2010 and 2017, to analysis land use changes from 2010 to 2017, predicting land use change, analyzing the adequacy of GOS by area acreage and population number, and to determine the direction of GOS development in the Jember City.The research was conducted in the Capital of Jember Regency, namely Jember City with the total area of 9,900 ha. Methods of data analysis are the spatial analysis, analysis of population growth with quadratic growth model, Cellular Automata-Markov, and synthesis of green open space (GOS) development direction based on potential land and the value of the land. The results showed that there are ten types of land use in the Jember City, those are forest, mixed gardens, dryland agriculture, open land, cemetery, plantation, settlements and buildings, paddy fields, shrubs and grasses, and river. A relatively large land use changed in the period of 2010-2017 were dryland agriculture and paddy fields into settlements and buildings. The results of land use prediction with Cellular Automata-Markov described the trend of land use change becomes settlements (buildings) and plantations. The adequacy of public GOS by area as well as population still lacking whereas the adequacy of private GOS has been exceeded. The GOS acreage based on number of population is lower than those GOS based on an area. The GOS development planning is required to fulfill the needs. The consideration used to draw up the directives is the existing land use, regional spatial plan (RTRW), prediction of land use in the year of 2024, distribution of GOS, and land values. Development plans of GOS consist of two stages namely stage 1 and stage 2 with three priorities, namely priority 1, priority 2, and priority 3 with the total  area 1,052 ha and funding  require approximately two trillion rupiahs. The acreage of potential land for development of GOS has already enough to fulfill the needs of GOS based on population, however, not yet sufficient to fulfill  the needs of GOS based on regency area.

ANALISIS PERKEMBANGAN EKONOMI WILAYAH UNTUK ARAHAN PEMBANGUNAN KECAMATAN DI WILAYAH PESISIR KABUPATEN GARUT

GEOMATIKA Vol 19, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Badan Informasi Geospasial in Partnership with MAPIN

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Abstract

Untuk mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi di wilayah pesisir Kabupaten Garut, perlu dilakukan penelitian terhadap potensi dan karakteristik ekonomi wilayah untuk merumuskan strategi pembangunan yang efektif. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) mengetahui tingkat perkembangan ekonomi wilayah di kecamatan pesisir; (2) mengetahui sektor ekonomi unggulan; (3) mengetahui hirarki dan efisiensi wilayah pembangunan; dan (4) merumuskan arahan wilayah pembangunan dan sektor ekonomi di kecamatan pesisir. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Analisis Entropi, Analisis Location Quotient (LQ), Shift Share Analysis (SSA), Analisis Skalogram, Data Envelopment Analyisis (DEA) dan Analisis MCDM-TOPSIS. Hasil analisis memperlihatkan bahwa tingkat keberagaman dan keberimbangan sektor-sektor ekonomi di kecamatan wilayah pesisir masih rendah dengan tingkat perkembangan sebesar 72% dari total kemampuan maksimumnya. Wilayah pesisir Kabupaten Garut memiliki ekonomi basis di sektor primer yaitu pertanian. Sedangkan sektor sekunder adalah sektor yang tumbuh paling cepat terutama di sektor industri pengolahan. Analisis hirarki terhadap sarana prasarana ekonomi desa menunjukkan bahwa hanya ada 3 desa atau sekitar 4,6% yang masuk Hirarki I sebagai inti wilayah dan pusat pertumbuhan. Sebanyak 20 desa atau 33,8% adalah wilayah Hirarki II dan 40 desa atau 61,5% adalah wilayah Hirarki III. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa untuk meningkatkan perkembangan dan pemerataan ekonomi, prioritas pembangunan diarahkan pada Kecamatan Mekarmukti, Pakenjeng dan Caringin. Terdapat 25 desa di wilayah pesisir diarahkan untuk dikembangkan sebagai pusat pertumbuhan ekonomi dan 40 desa diarahkan sebagai wilayah pendukung atau hinterland. Prioritas pembangunan sektor ekonomi terutama diarahkan untuk sektor pertanian, sektor industri pengolahan, sektor perdagangan, hotel dan restoran, sektor gas, listrik dan air minum.Kata Kunci: Kabupaten Garut, pertumbuhan ekonomi, perkembangan wilayah, wilayah pesisirABSTRACTIn order to strengthen economic growth in coastal areas of Garut Regency, it is necessary to study characteristics of the regions economic potential and formulate the direction of development. The aims of this research were: (1) to determine the level of regional economic growth in the coastal districts, (2) to determine the leading sectors of economic, (3) to determine hierarchy and efficiency of development, and (4) to formulate direction of regional and economic development. The analytical methods used were Regional Entropy Analysis, Location Quotient (LQ) Analysis, Shift Share Analysis (SSA), Schallogram Analysis, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and the MCDM-TOPSIS Analysis. The results showed that the rate of economic growth in coastal areas was 72 % of its maximum capacity. The basis of economic sectors of coastal areas in Garut regency is mainly in the primary sectors of agriculture. Secondary sector was the fastest growing sector especially in manufacturing. Hierarchy analysis of rural economic facilities showed that there were only 3 villages or approximately 4.6 % belongs to Hierarchy I as core areas and growth centers. 20 villages or 33.8 % belongs to Hierarchy II and 40 villages or 61.5 % belongs to Hierarchy III. The priority of development areas to push economic growth and equity directed to districts of Mekarmukti, Pakenjeng and Caringin. There are 25 villages directed for developing economic growth centers and 40 villages for hinterland areas. The economic developments were directed to agriculture, manufacturing, trading, hotels and restaurants, electricity, gas and water sectors.Keywords: Garut Regency, economic growth, regional development, coastal areas