Pesta Saulina Sitohang
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KAJIAN KESESUAIAN EKOWISATA MANGROVE DI PANTAI BALI DESA MESJID LAMA KECAMATAN TALAWI KABUPATEN BATU BARA PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA

AQUACOASTMARINE Vol 4, No 3 (2014): JURNAL AQUACOASTMARINE VOLUME 4, NO 3, DESEMBER 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Bali Beach is a located in Batu Bara with an area of approximately 637.22 ha which is a coastal area about 30.6% of the total area.This study aims to determine the potential of mangrove ecosystem for ecotourism, calculate the suitability and mangrove ecotourism carrying capacity. This research was conducted in March to April 2014. Research method used was Purposive Sampling for potential mangrove. Using three stations consisted of the first station (located at the eastern area of Bali Beach), second station (located at the middle area of Bali Beach), and the third station (located at the west coast of Bali Beach). The mangrove species found are: Excoecaria agallocha, Avicennia marina, A.lanata, Bruguiera sexangula, B.cylindrica, Rhizophora mucronata, Aegiceras corniculatum, A.Officinalis, R. stylosa, Ceriops tagal with a population density values exceeding 1000 trees / ha. Suitability index tour of mangrove is 69,23%at the first station is with under unconditional category, and at the second station and third station are 94,87% with suitability category. The carrying capacity (DDK) at first station is 12 persons/day, 37 persons/day at second station and 16 persons/day at third station.Keywords : Ecotourism, Mangrove, Bali Beach

Pola pengelolaan ekowisata mangrove di Pantai Bali Desa Mesjid Lama Kecamatan Talawi Kabupaten Batu Bara Provinsi Sumatera Utara

Acta Aquatica: Aquatic Sciences Journal Acta Aquatica: Aquatic Sciences Journal, Vol. 2: No. 2 (October, 2015)
Publisher : Universitas Malikussaleh

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Abstract

Pantai Bali terletak di Batu Bara dengan luas sekitar 637,22 ha dengan luas kawasan pesisir sekitar 30,6% dari total area. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk inventarisasi sarana dan prasarana pendukung di Pantai Bali dan membuat pola pengelolaan ekowisata mangrove di Pantai Bali. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Maret hingga April 2014. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah purposive sampling untuk wawancara. Konsep manajemen ekowisata Pantai Bali sepenuhnya bergantung kepada pemerintah daerah dan memberikan izin kepada publik sebagai pengelola.Bali Beach is a located in Batu Bara with an area of approximately 637.22 ha which is a coastal area about 30.6% of the total area. This study aims to inventory of facilities and supporting infrastructurein Bali Beach and create patterns of mangrove ecotourism management at Bali Beach. This research was conducted in March to April 2014.  Research method used was purposive sampling for interviews. The oncept of Bali Beach ecotourism management entirely to local governments and gives permission to public as the manager.

Kelembagaan pengelolaan ekowisata mangrove di Pantai Bali Kabupaten Batu Bara Provinsi Sumatera Utara

Acta Aquatica: Aquatic Sciences Journal Acta Aquatica: Aquatic Sciences Journal, Vol. 3: No. 1 (April, 2016)
Publisher : Universitas Malikussaleh

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Abstract

Pelibatan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan ekowisata mangrove dapat dilakukan dalam bentuk kelembagaan yang dibangun berbasis masyarakat. Kelembagaan dapat berupa  organisasi atau wadah (players of the game) dan aturan main (rules of the game) yang mengatur kelangsungan organisasi maupun kerjasama antara anggotanya untuk mencapai tujuan bersama. kajian ini diperlukan untuk membuat suatu model atau pola pengelolaan ekowisata mangrove berbasis masyarakat. Kajian ini dilakukan di ekowisata mangrove di Pantai Bali, Kecamatan Talawi Kabupaten Batubara. Data yang dikumpulkan adalah kondisi sosial-ekonomi  dan kelembagaan masayarakat sekitar serta karakteristik pengunjung. Analisis data dilakukan dengan analisis deskriptif terrhadap kondisi sosial-ekonomi masyarakat. Analisis kelembagan mengacu pada konsep kelembagaan dari Taryono (2009) dan Ruddle (1998). Hasil yang diperoleh adalah karakteristik usia masyarakat yang banyak memanfaatkan Pantai Bali tertinggi pada usia 20-29 tahun yaitu sebanyak 54%. Keterlibatan masyarakat dalam kegiatan ekowisata  mangrove, diperoleh 80%. Berdasarkan wawancara yang dilakukan dilapangan diperoleh hasil karakteristik usia pengunjung yang paling banyak pada kisaran 20-29 tahun dengan latar belakangg pendidikan SLTA sebesar 65%. Saat ini terjadi dualisme pengelolaan mangrove antara masyarakat sekitar dengan PT. Obor. Perbaikan dalam struktur organisasi pengelolaan minawana menjadi langkah pertama dalam perbaikan pengelolaan. Oleh karena itu, pemerintah tentunya perlu memberikan kewewenangan terhadap Kelompok Tani Hutan sebagai organisasi resmi yang mengatur pengelolaan dilapangan. Langkah selanjutnya adalah perbaikan pengelolaan minawana adalah perbaikan dalam aturan main dalam pengelolaan. Aturan main ini terkait dengan apa yang boleh dan tidak boleh dilakukan terhadap pengelolaan minawana. Selain itu, tentunya sanksi atau imbalan apa yang diperoleh jika melanggar aturan yang ditetapkan.Community involvement in the management of mangrove ecotourism can be done in the form of community-based institutions are built. Institutions may be in an organization or container (players of the game) and rules (rules of the game), which regulates the survival of the organization as well as the cooperation between members to achieve a common goal. This study is required to make a model or pattern of mangrove community-based ecotourism management. The study was conducted in the mangrove eco-tourism in Bali Beach, District Talawi Coal County. The data collected is the socio-economic and institutional surrounding communities as well as the characteristics of the visitors. Data was analyzed using descriptive analysis terrhadap socio-economic conditions of society. Institutional analysis refers to the institutional concept of Taryono (2009) and Ruddle (1998). The results obtained are characteristic of the age of the people who are making use of the highest Bali Beach at the age of 20-29 years is 54%. Community involvement in ecotourism activities mangrove, gained 80%. Based on interviews conducted in the field result age characteristics of the visitors most in the range of 20-29 years old with a high school education background belakangg by 65%. When this happens the dualism between the surrounding community mangrove management with PT. Torch. Improvements in management organizational structure minawana be the first step in improving the management. Therefore, the government would need to give the authority to the Forest Farmers Group as an official organization governing the management field. The next step is to improve management of minawana is an improvement in the management rules. This rule is related to what can and can not do against minawana management. In addition, of course, sanctions or rewards what is gained if it violates the rules set.