Articles

Penerapan Nilai-nilai Pancasila dalam Pembangunan Masyarakat Desa Siswanto, Agus; ., Kiswoyo
MAJALAH ILMIAH LONTAR Vol 23, No 4 (2009): Majalah Ilmiah Lontar
Publisher : MAJALAH ILMIAH LONTAR

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Abstraks: Nilai-nilai Pancasila seperti nilai ketuhanan, nilai kemanusiaan, nilai persatuan, nilai kerakyatan, dan nilai keadilan diterapkan dalam kehidupan masyarakat Desa Cempereng Kecamatan Tulis Kabupaten Batang.  Hal ini dapat terlihat dalam melaksanakan pembangunan desa selalu berdasarkan nilai-nilai Pancasila, contohnya dalam pembangunan masjid, jalan desa, menggunakan nilai-nilai Pancasila seperti gotong royong, toleransi, musyawarah dan menjunjung tinggi nilai keadilan.  Bahwa besarnya penerapan nilai-nilai Pancasila tersebut adalah 91,5%, yang interprestasinya adalah sempurna.  Artinya seluruh nilai-nilai diterapkan dan menolak nilai yang bertentangan dengan nilai-nilai Pancasila.  Ada beberapa hambatan dalam penerapan nilai-nilai Pancasila di Desa Cempereng Kecamatan Tulis Kabupaten Batang antara lain adanya siaran Televisi Swasta yang menayangkan film-film keras, yang tidak sesuai dengan nilai Pancasila, sikap individualitas, dan adanya kepentingan politik.   Kata-kata kunci: nilai-nilai, Pancasila, Pembangunan, Masyarakat desa
PERAN PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN TERHADAP PERWUJUDAN KOTA LAYAK ANAK DI PEDURUNGAN KIDUL, KOTA SEMARANG Siswanto, Agus
Media Penelitian Pendidikan Vol 6, No 1 (2012): mpp
Publisher : Media Penelitian Pendidikan

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Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah 1) Bagaimanakah kondisi pengentasan wargamiskin yang ada di kelurahan Pedurungan Kidul, Kota Semarang ? 2) Bagaimanakahimplementasi kota layak anak di Kelurahan Pedurungan Kidul, Kota Semarang ? 3)Bagaimanakah daya dukung pengentasan kemiskinan terhadap terwujudnya kota layakanak di Kelurahan Pedurungan Kidul, Kota Semarang?Metode penelitian menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif-deskriptif. Populasiwarga miskin yang terentaskan di 12 RW. Variabel penelitian tentang pengentasankemiskinan dan kota layak anak. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa : angket, dokumen,wawancara. Analisis datanya dengan analisis interaktif.Simpulan yang diperoleh :1. Di Kelurahan Pedurungan Kidul, usahapengentasan kemiskinan belum berhasil, karena kriteria miskin masih beragam. Dalam halini perlu dilakukan penelitian secara seksama dengan kriteria yang jelas tentang definisimiskin. 2. Perwujudan kota layak anak belum berhasil karena aparat dan warga belum tahuistilah kota layak anak. Kondisi warga miskin lebih berpikir untuk memenuhi kebutuhanpokoknya. Walaupun demikian sudah ada kesadaran akan pentingnya pendidikan anak,pemberian fasilitas belajar, perhatian terhadap belajarnya, pelayanan anak dalam belajardemi masa depan. 3. Daya dukung pengentasan kemiskinan terhadap perwujudan kota layakanak di Kelurahan Pedurungan Kidul belum diketahui secara jelas karena istilah kota layakanak belum diketahui. Di samping itu hasil pengentasan kemiskinan belum dapat diketahuikarena kriteria miskin masih bias. Jika dilihat dari kriteria pemenuhan kebutuhan pangan,sandang, papan, serta kebutuhan sekolah dasar, maka warga miskin belum terentaskan.Namun indikator ke arah perwujudan kota layak anak sudah ada pada warga, mereka inginmemberi bekal pendidikan pada anaknya untuk masa depannya, agar mereka memilikikepribadian, bermoral, dan mandiri.Kata Kunci : pengentasan kemiskinan, kota layak anak
PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KONTEKSTUAL DENGAN MEDIA AUDIO-VISUAL TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS DAN KREATIF SISWA Siswanto, Agus
Media Penelitian Pendidikan Vol 6, No 1 (2012): mpp
Publisher : Media Penelitian Pendidikan

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Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penggunaan modelpembelajaran kontekstual dengan media audio-visual memberikan pengaruhyang lebih baik terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis dan kreatif siswa daripada penggunaan model pembelajaran kontekstual dengan menggunakanmedia lembar kerja siswa. Desain yang digunakan dalam penelitian iniadalah True Experimental Design Posttest-Only Control Design. Darianalisis data akhir menggunakan uji t-satu pihak, didapatkan hasil penelitianuntuk kemampuan berpikir kritis kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol,diperoleh thitung> ttabel = 4,48 > 1,99. Sedangkan untuk kemampuan berpikirkreatif siswa diperoleh thitung > ttabel = 2,17 > 1,99. Untuk nilai rata-ratakemampuan berpikir kritis kelompok eksperimen x􀴥􀬵 = 76,43 dan rata-ratakelompok kontrolx􀴤􀴤􀬶􀴤= 68,33. Sedangkan untuk kemampuan berpikir kreatifrata-rata kelompok eksperimen x􀴥􀬵 = 73,07 dan kelompok kontrolx􀴤􀴤􀬶􀴤= 68,49.Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran dengan modelpembelajaran kontekstual menggunakan media audio-visual memberikanpengaruh lebih baik daripada pembelajaran dengan model pembelajarankontekstual menggunakan media lembar kerja siswa terhadap kemampuanberpikir kritis dan kreatif siswa.Kata kunci: model pembelajaran kontekstual, media audio-visual, medialembar kerja, kemampuan berpikir kritis, kemampuan berpikirkreatif.1
DAYA ANTIINFLAMASI INFUS DAUN MAHKOTA DEWA (Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl) PADA TIKUS PUTIH (Rattus norvegicus) JANTAN Siswanto, Agus; Nurulita, Nunuk Aries
PHARMACY Vol 3, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : PHARMACY

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Telah dilakukan penelitian daya antiinflamasi infus daum mahkota dewa (Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl Pada Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) Jantan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk melihat potensi tanaman mahkota dewa sebagai antiinflamasi.Daya antiinflamasi dipelajari dengan membandingkan pengaruh pemberian infus daun mahkota dewa terhadap penurunan volume udem buatan yang ditimbulkan oleh penyuntikan karagenin1,0 %. Pada penelitian tikus sebanyak 18 ekor dikelompokkan menjadi 6 kelompok. Kelompok I kontrol karagenin, kelompok II kontrol aquadest (pelarut), kelompok III diberi perlakuan infus 150 mg/100 g BB tikus, kelompok IV diberi perlakuan infus 300 mg/100 g BB tikus, kelompok V diberi perlakuan infus 600 mg/100 g BB tikus, dan kelompok VI kontrol positif natrium diklofenal 4 mg/100 g BB tikus. Volume udem diukur jam ke 1, 2, 3, dan 4 dengan menggunakan alat pletismograf.Analisis kandungan golongan senyawa kimia dilakukan dengan metode kromatografi lapis tipis (KLT).Hasil penelitian menunjukkan infus daun mahkota dewa mempunyai potensi sebagai anti inflamasi yang ditunjukkan mulai dosis 150 mg/100 g berat badan tikus. Daya anti inflamasi infus daun mahkota dewa pada dosis terbesar (600 mg/100 g berat badan tikus) sebesar 60,00 %, masihdibawah daya antiinflamasi natrium diklofenak (71,43 %). Infus daun mahkota dewa kemungkinan mengandung senyawa golongan flavonoid.Kata kunci : daya antiinflamasi, infus daun mahkota dewa, flavonoid
PENGARUH AlCl3 SEBAGAI BAHAN PEMFLOKULASI TERHADAP STABILITAS SUSPENSI KAOLIN Hapsari, Indri; Siswanto, Agus
PHARMACY Vol 3, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : PHARMACY

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Telah dilakukan penelitian untuk melihat pengaruh AlCl3 terhadap kestabilan suspensi kaolin yang disuspensikan dengan carboxymethylcellulose sodium (CMC Sodium).Suspensi kaolin dibuat dalam 4 formula dengan konsentrasi AlCl3 yang divariasikan, yaitu: (I) tanpa AlCl3, (II) AlCl3 0,02 %, (III) AlCl3 0,04 %, dan (IV) AlCl3 0,06 %. Suspensi disimpan pada suhu 5 °C dan 35 °C secara bergantian, masing-masing selama 12 jam yang dilakukan sebanyak 10 siklus. Sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan siklus dilakukan evaluasi kestabilan suspensi yang meliputi:ukuran partikel, volume sedimentasi, derajat flokulasi dan kemudahan terdispersi kembali.Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa penambahan AlCl3 memberikan pengaruh pada kestabilan suspensi kaolin yang disuspensikan dengan CMC Na. Semakin besar konsentrasi AlCl3 dalam suspensikaolin maka semakin besar ukuran partikel, semakin besar volume sedimentasi, dan semakin besar derajat flokulasi.Kata kunci : AlCl3, suspensi, kaolin
PENGARUH UKURAN GRANUL DAN KADAR SOLUTIO GELATIN SEBAGAI BAHAN PENGIKAT TERHADAP MIGRASI VITAMIN B6 Siswanto, Agus; Sudirman, Iskandar; Feranses, Santi Patrinia
PHARMACY Vol 5, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : PHARMACY

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Bahan obat yang larut dalam air (vitamin B6) dapat mengalami migrasi selamapengeringan dalam granulasi basah. Migrasi obat dipengaruhi oleh suhu pengeringan, ukuranbahan pengisi, kekentalan bahan pengikat, dan cara pengeringan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalahuntuk mengetahui pengaruh ukuran granul dan kadar bahan pengikat solutio gelatin terhadapmigrasi vitamin B6. Dalam penelitian ini vitamin B6 dibuat dalam 3 formula yaitu: F1 (5%solutio gelatin), F2 (7,5% solutio gelatin), F3 (10% solutio gelatin). Kemudian masing– masingformula diayak dengan ayakan No. 10, 12, dan 16 mesh. Granul dimasukkan dalam sel pengering4 lapis, dikeringkan pada suhu 40–60°C selama 4 jam. Ditentukan koefisien migrasi pada tiapformula. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa migrasi vitamin B6 dipengaruhi oleh ukurangranul dan konsentrasi bahan pengikat solutio gelatin. Semakin kecil ukuran granul makamigrasi vitamin B6 semakin kecil dan semakin besar kadar bahan pengikat solutio gelatin makamigrasi vitamin B6 semakin kecil.Kata kunci: vitamin B6, solutio gelatin, ukuran granul, migrasi
Effect Of Latihan Pasrah Diri (Lpd) Plus Fluoxetin Compared With Fluoxetin Alone To Improve Fructosamine Level In Tipe 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients With Depression Symptoms Muin, Natsir; Siswanto, Agus; Asdie, Ahmad Husain
Acta Interna The Journal of Internal Medicine Vol 7, No 1 (2017): Acta Interna The Journal of Internal Medicine
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada

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ABSTRACTBackground. Depression is a risk factor for diabetes and diabetes increase the risk for depression. Depression contributes to progression of diabetes mellitus. Examination of fructosamine is used to monitor blood sugar control for 2-3 weeks (according to age albumin). LPD evoke the relaxation response, which expected to improve symptoms of stress or depression.Objective. To determine the decrease in fructosamine levels in the group of patients with diabetes mellitus with depression symptoms after administration of fluoxetine alone compared with a combination of fluoxetine and LPD.Methods. This research conducted in Dr.Soeradji Tirtonegoro General Hospital, in May to August 2014. Distribution of data tested using the Shapiro-Wilk test. The differences between fructosamine and BDI (Beck Depression Inventory) before and after treatment tested with a pair t-test if normally distributed or Wilcoxon test if it was not normally distributed. The decrease in fructosamine and BDI both groups compared by independent t-test if normally distributed or Mann Whitney U test if not normally distributed. Differences were considered significant if p <0.05 with a confidence interval of 95%.Result. There was a significant decrease in fructosamine levels in treatment group from 293.90?140.042 to 239.01?133.13 after treatment with p value 0.017 (p <0.05). Control group from 263.13?163.65 to 219.01?149.33 with p value 0.001 (p<0.05). The decrease of fructosamine levels not differ in the treatment group 67.24?102.71 than the control group 71.14 ? 72.77 with p value = 0.902 (p> 0.05).Conclusion. LPD had no effect on fructosamine levels of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with depression symptoms.Keywords: LPD, symptoms of depression, fructosamine, BDI (Beck Depression Inventory)
Effects of latihan pasrah diri in quality of life in chronic kidney disease-dialysis patients with depression symptoms Widyaningrum, Widyaningrum; Siswanto, Agus; Djarwoto, Bambang
Acta Interna The Journal of Internal Medicine Vol 3, No 2 (2013): Acta Interna The Journal of Internal Medicine
Publisher : Acta Interna The Journal of Internal Medicine

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ABSTRACTBackground: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) suffering from various physical and emotional symptoms show depression and disturbance in quality of life. Patients with chronic kidney disease have a decreased quality of life, and mortality rate about 22% in every year. Depression in patients with CKD must be managed properly because a large effect on HRQOL (Health Related Quality of Life) and the potential side effects on the management of patients with CKD. Latihan pasrah diri (LPD) is a method combining relaxation and remembrance with a focus on breathing exercises and words contained in the dhikr (relaxation and repetitive prayer). The rise of the relaxation response is expected to improve the symptoms of stress or depressive symptoms, which is expected to improve HRQOL.Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of LPD on quality of life in hemodialysis patients with depressive symptoms that was compared with controls.Methods: The research constituted the study of Randomized Control Trial. The research was measured the KDQOL-SF scores (Kidney Disease Quality of Life-SF) in subjects with LPD treatment during 21 days, compared with controls. The research was conducted at the Hemodialysis Unit of Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta, from May to June 2012. A total of 36 patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomized and divided into LPD group (n = 18) and control group (n = 18).Results: Found a statistically signifi cant decrease in BDI scores in both groups, 23.00 ± 5.34 to 15.00 ± 8.55 (p = 0.001) in the LPD group and 23.00 ± 5.34 to18.33 ± 6, 66 (p = 0.022) in the control group. KDQOL-SF scores after treatment when compared between the LPD and control groups experienced different changes were statistically signifi cant in domains effects of kidney disease 59.65 ±23.52 compared to 39.41 ± 20.03 (p = 0.022), sleep 69 ± 13.17 compared to 46.53. (p = 0.000), overall health 73.89 ± 16.85 compared to 57.22 ± 19.04 (p = 0.009), pain 64.86 ± 20.80 compared to 42.36 ± 24.90 (p = 0.005), general health 53.88 ±16.05 compared to 47.78 ± 20.74 (p = 0.014), and the physical component scale 35.98 ± 6, 83 compared to 29.12 ± 6.46 (p = 0.004). Despite increased KDQOL-SF domain scores, but there were 2 domains that Δ KDQOL-SF score changes were statistically signifi cantly different compared with the control group, which was the domain of sleep and overall health.Conclusion: Latihan pasrah diri twice a day during 21 days (3 weeks) can improved the quality of life of patients with symptoms depression in CKD patients undergoing hemodialysis in domains of sleep and overall health.Keywords: CKD, depression, latihan pasrah diri, KDQOL-SF.
Correlation between Depressive Symptom Score and Geriatric Handgrip Strength at Nursing Home Province of Yogyakarta Syahri, Ahmad; Siswanto, Agus; Pramantara, I Dewa Putu
Acta Interna The Journal of Internal Medicine Vol 4, No 1 (2014): Acta Interna The Journal Of Internal Medicine
Publisher : Acta Interna The Journal of Internal Medicine

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ABSTRACTBackground: By the year of 2020, Indonesia’s elderly population will be expected to the fourth highest number in the world after China, India and USA. Special Region of Yogyakarta has the highest percentage that is equal to 13.72%. Depression may increase the risk of mortality, disability and motivation of physical Low grip strength would increase mortality and morbidity in the elderly.Objective: This study aimed to assess the correlation between depressive symptoms and handgrip strength in the elderly population in nursing homes at province of Yogyakarta.Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study that conducted in October 2010 at the nursing home residents. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale Cronbach’s alpha 0.88. Handgrip strength was measured by a handgrip dynamometer. Data of age, education and gender was collected by questionnaire. The study performed statistical tests to assess the correlation of symptoms depression and grip strength.Results: The mean age of subjects was 73.84 ± 8.36 years with 36 subjects (35.3%) were between 60-69 years and 66 subjects (64.7%) were over 70 years. There were 33 men (32.4%) and 69 women (67.6%). MeanGDS score was 12.76 ± 3.22. Handgrip strength in the depression group 16.94 ± 6.96 kg was higher than the non-depressed group 15.23 ± 6.79. There was correlation between severity of depression symptom byhandgrip strength with r = 0.235 (weak correlation) and statistically signifi cant with p = 0.017.Conclusion: The severity of depressive symptom scores was correlated significantly to the handgrip strength in elderly nursing homes in the province of Yogyakarta.Keywords: elderly, nursing homes, depression, handgrip strength.confi dent interval.
Succession of Fungal Community Structure in Degradative Land Caused by Basal Rot Pathogen of Garlic Cahyani, Vita Ratri; Rahayu, Devi Puji; Siswanto, Agus; Prasetyo, Dedy; Hadiwiyono, Hadiwiyono
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi 2014: Articles in Press (Vol. 11 No. 1)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

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Land degradation causes a decreasement the ability of land in suppressing the development of pathogen FOCe that causes basal rot of garlic. In the garlic planting area in Tawangmangu discovered the fact that productive-suppressive land to FOCe the disease has low incidence (&lt;1%) and degradative-conducive land with high incidens (≥60%). The research aims to study the succession of common fungal community structure and FOCe in the rhizosphere of garlic on both land for garlic plantation. The study was conducted from April to September 2013 in productive-suppressive land (Pancot) and degradative-conducive (Gondosuli) for soil sampling and laboratory analysis in Biologi Tanah UNS for fungi and FOCe analysis. The composite method used for sampling and the garlic rhizosphere samples  which is had healthy plants conditions aged 0, 20, 40, and 60 days after planting (DAP), and the garlic rhizosphere samples with healthy plants and diseased condition aged 80, 100, and 120 days after planting (DAP). Laboratory analysis using PDA culture medium as common fungi growing medium and SFA as a growing medium FOCe then observed population density and diversity. The method was pour plate method with 10-2 to 10-7 dilution. The results showed the population and diversity of fungi and FOCe have dynamics fluctuation. The fungi population in productive-suppressive land lower than degradative-conducive, with each value 108 and 3,5x108 CFU gram-1 soil. FOCe population on degradative-conducive land was higher than productive-suppressive land, and the highest population in both land at age 20 and 100 DAP with a FOCe density of each land about 1,25x107 and 1,66x107 CFU gram-1 soil. During the growth periode of garlic, the fungi diversity on productive-suppressive land always indicate higher than degradative-conducive land.