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PEMETAAN ZONA GEOMORFOLOGI EKOSISTEM TERUMBU KARANG MENGGUNAKAN METODE OBIA, STUDI KASUS DI PULAU PARI (GEOMORPHIC ZONES MAPPING OF CORAL REEF ECOSYSTEM WITH OBIA METHOD, CASE STUDY IN PARI ISLAND)

Jurnal Penginderaan Jauh dan Pengolahan Data Citra Digital Vol. 12 No. 1 Juni 2015
Publisher : Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN)

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Abstract

Penelitian ini menggunakan penerapan klasifikasi berbasis obyek (OBIA) untuk pemetaan zona geomorfologi ekosistem terumbu karang di Pulau Pari. Penerapan metode OBIA menggunakan algoritma multiresolusi segmentasi dengan parameter skala yang berbeda pada setiap level. Metode klasifikasi yang digunakan untuk level 1 dan 2 dengan klasifikasi kontekstual. Hasil menunjukkan akurasi keseluruhan untuk level 1 (level terumbu) sebesar 97% dan level 2 sebesar 87% (zona geomorfologi). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa metode OBIA mampu memetakan dengan baik dan dapat menjadi metode alternatif pada pemetaan zona geomorfologi ekosistem terumbu karang untuk di wilayah lainnya.Kata Kunci: Segmentasi, OBIA, Zona geomorfologi, Pulau Pari

SHALLOW WATER HABITAT MAPPING AND REEF FISH STOCK ESTIMATION USING HIGH RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

Shallow marine waters comprise diverse benthic types forming habitats for reef fish community, which important for the livelihood of coastal and small island inhabitants. Satellite imagery provide synoptic map of benthic habitat and further utilized to estimate reef fish stock. The objective of this research was to estimate reef fish stock in complex coral reef of Pulau Pari, by utilizing high resolution satellite imagery of the WorldView-2 in combination with field data such as visual census of reef fish. Field survey was conducted between May-August 2013 with 160 sampling points representing four sites (north, south, west, and east). The image was analy-zed and grouped into five classes of benthic habitats i.e., live coral (LC), dead coral (DC), sand (Sa), seagrass (Sg), and mix (Mx) (combination seagrass+coral and seagrass+sand). The overall accuracy of benthic habitat map was 78%. Field survey revealed that the highest live coral cover (58%) was found at the north site with fish density 3.69 and 1.50 ind/m2at 3 and 10 m depth, respectively. Meanwhile, the lowest live coral cover (18%) was found at the south site with fish density 2.79 and 2.18  ind/m2 at 3 and 10 m depth, respectively. Interpolation on fish density data in each habitat class resulted in standing stock reef fish estimation:  LC (5,340,698 ind), DC (56,254,356 ind), Sa (13,370,154 ind), Sg (1,776,195 ind) and Mx (14,557,680 ind). Keywords: mapping, satellite imagery, benthic habitat, reef fish, stock estimation

INTEPOLATOR DALAM PEMBUATAN KONTUR PETA BATIMETRI

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 1, No 1 (2009): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

Suatu model batimetri digital dapat dibangun melalui interpolasi sejumlah besar titik kedalaman hasil pemeruman. Studi ini menggunakan dua skenario pengolahan yaitu menggunakan keseluruhan data perum dan menggunakan data perum terpilih. Pada setiap skenario pengolahan data, ada tiga metode interpolasi yang dibandingkan yaitu metode inverse distance to power, kriging dan minimum curvature.Nilai RMSE yang didapatkan dari masing-masing interpolator pada setiap skenario tersebut ternyata cukup bervariasi. Secara umum metode Kriging lebih efektif digunakan untuk menghasilkan gambar kontur kedalaman perairan dibandingkan dengan metode lainnya. Hasil studi ini memperlihatkan perlunya penanganan data agar pola suatu unsur spasial (kontur kedalaman) dapat ditampilkan secara lebih baik.Kata Kunci: interpolasi, kriging, inverse distance to power, minimum curvature,batimetri

STUDY OF SHORELINE CHANGES AT JENEBERANG RIVER DELTA, MAKASSAR

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

The study of shoreline changes during 1990 - 2008 in the delta of the River Jeneberang, Makassar was conducted by evaluating sediment transport into and out of a cell. Longshore sediment transport was computed by considering the influence of heights and angles of the breaking waves. Results of calculation of sediment transport showed that the dominant of sediment transport was to the north during the arrival of the southwest and west waves, and to the south when the wave coming from the northwest. Comparison between shore profiles resulting from model and coastline satellite imagery showed similarity. The difference between the two tend to be occurred at the head land part of the shoreline. This was due to complexity of coastal dynamic at the area. The results of the 19 years shoreline simulation showed that there was a tendency of abrasion at the upsteam head land part as the wave energy tend to converge and accretion at the bay part as the wave energy tend to diverge. Abrasion mainly occurred at Tanjung Bunga (head land) where the coast retreat 181.1 m. Accretion occur in the bay area (Tanjung Merdeka) where the coast advance to the sea for about 59.8 m. The shoreline tend to be stable when the profile was straight such as Barombong Coast.Keywords: abrasion, accretion, sediment transport, shoreline changes.

ALGORITHMS TO DETECTED SPILL FROM USING MODIS IMAGE

JURNAL TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN Vol 4, No 1 (2013): Mei 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

The Oil spill in Timor Sea in 2009 has spread the oil to the area of 10.842.81 km2. It was successfully detected by MODIS. The main purposes of this research were to compare the detection result of spill from several algorithms with image by using MODIS image and see the visual difference generated. There were four algorithm used in this research, namely: Oil Spill Index, Fluorescence Index, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). These five algorithms resulted in the following comparisons: the appearance of visualization of oil spill seen on MODIS image with oil spill index and fluorescence index algorithm was brighter than the surrounding water bodies and they had higher pixel value. Mean while, oil visualization using PCA and NDVI algorithm was darker than the surrounding of water bodies and they had lower pixel value. The result of the test accuracy of oil spill index, fluorescence index, PCA, NDVI algorithm were 41%, 46%, 41%, and 60% respectivety.

Penilaian Kerentanan Pantai menggunakan Metode Integrasi CVI-MCA Studi Kasus Pantai Indramayu

Forum Geografi Vol 26, No 1 (2012): July 2012
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The increasing of sea level due to climate change has been focused many research activities in order to know the coastal response to the change, and determine the important variables which have contribution to the coastal change. This paper presents a method for integrating Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI), Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) method and Geographic Information-System (GIS) technology to map the coastal vulnerability. The index is calculated based-on six variables: coastal erosion, geomorphology, slope, significant wave height, sea level change and tidal range. Emphasize has been made to the methodological aspect, essentially which is linked to: (i) the use of GIS technique for constructing, interpolation, filtering and resampling the data for shoreline grid, (ii) the standardization each rank of variables (0-1) and the use of several percentile (20%, 40%, 60%, and 80%) for each rank score, and (iii) the use of variable’s rank to map the relative (local) and standard (global) vulnerability of the coastline. The result show that for local, the index consist of four categories: very high (19.61%), high (68.63%), moderate (1,96%), and low (9.80%). Meanwhile, for global level, the index is constantly in low category.

Analisis Preferensi Visual Lanskap Pesisir Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta untuk Pengembangan Pariwisata Pesisir Menuju pada Pengelolaan Wilayah Pesisir Berkelanjutan

Forum Geografi Vol 22, No 1 (2008): July 2008
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to analyze of DIY coastal landscape with visual preference analysis for suistanble coastal tourism development and management. The unit of analysis that used is coastal typology. The guideline in deciding the classification of coastal typology is using the Response-Process System with relief/slope, main constructing material, genesis process and dominate process happened in the meantime such as tide, wave and river flow. This response-process system divide the coastal typology into seven classes including coastal typology of land erosion coast, sub aerial deposition coast, volcanic coast, structurally shaped coast, wave erosion coast, marine deposition coast and coast built by organism. The method of SBE (Scenic Beauty Estimation) is used for visual preference analysis, and the method used to compose the policy of costal tourism development is SWOT method. Result shows that all seven coastal typology are found in the coastal area. Land erosion coast and coast built by organism dominate in Gunungkidul coastal area and then in Bantul and Kulon Progo coastal area are dominated by marine deposition coast and sub aerial deposition coast. Volcanic coast, structurally shaped coast, wave erosion coast can only be found in a small area of Gunungkidul coast. Each of this coastal typology has a special land characteristic which can be used to develop its potential. Coast built by organism is very suitable for tourism activity proved by the high score of SBE from the respondents. Recommendation for developing coastal area in area of interest is by developing the coastal natural resources suitable to its physical typology, because this will make the management of coastal area for continuous development easier. Recommendations for coastal management in Gunungkidul including mapping and classification of protected karst area and mineable karst area to secure the run of coastal area management, for coastal management in Bantul using Managed realignment which plans for retreat and adopts engineering solutions that recognise natural processes of adjustment, and identifying a new line of defence where to construct new defences and move seaword model by constructing new defenses seaward the original ones. Last, for Kulon Progo coastal area using hold the line model whereby seawalls are constructed around the coastlines.

SHALLOW WATER HABITAT MAPPING AND REEF FISH STOCK ESTIMATION USING HIGH RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (528.404 KB)

Abstract

Shallow marine waters comprise diverse benthic types forming habitats for reef fish community, which important for the livelihood of coastal and small island inhabitants. Satellite imagery provide synoptic map of benthic habitat and further utilized to estimate reef fish stock. The objective of this research was to estimate reef fish stock in complex coral reef of Pulau Pari, by utilizing high resolution satellite imagery of the WorldView-2 in combination with field data such as visual census of reef fish. Field survey was conducted between May-August 2013 with 160 sampling points representing four sites (north, south, west, and east). The image was analy-zed and grouped into five classes of benthic habitats i.e., live coral (LC), dead coral (DC), sand (Sa), seagrass (Sg), and mix (Mx) (combination seagrass+coral and seagrass+sand). The overall accuracy of benthic habitat map was 78%. Field survey revealed that the highest live coral cover (58%) was found at the north site with fish density 3.69 and 1.50 ind/m2at 3 and 10 m depth, respectively. Meanwhile, the lowest live coral cover (18%) was found at the south site with fish density 2.79 and 2.18  ind/m2 at 3 and 10 m depth, respectively. Interpolation on fish density data in each habitat class resulted in standing stock reef fish estimation:  LC (5,340,698 ind), DC (56,254,356 ind), Sa (13,370,154 ind), Sg (1,776,195 ind) and Mx (14,557,680 ind). Keywords: mapping, satellite imagery, benthic habitat, reef fish, stock estimation

STUDY OF SHORELINE CHANGES AT JENEBERANG RIVER DELTA, MAKASSAR

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 3, No 2 (2011): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.813 KB)

Abstract

The study of shoreline changes during 1990 - 2008 in the delta of the River Jeneberang, Makassar was conducted by evaluating sediment transport into and out of a cell. Longshore sediment transport was computed by considering the influence of heights and angles of the breaking waves. Results of calculation of sediment transport showed that the dominant of sediment transport was to the north during the arrival of the southwest and west waves, and to the south when the wave coming from the northwest. Comparison between shore profiles resulting from model and coastline satellite imagery showed similarity. The difference between the two tend to be occurred at the head land part of the shoreline. This was due to complexity of coastal dynamic at the area. The results of the 19 years shoreline simulation showed that there was a tendency of abrasion at the upsteam head land part as the wave energy tend to converge and accretion at the bay part as the wave energy tend to diverge. Abrasion mainly occurred at Tanjung Bunga (head land) where the coast retreat 181.1 m. Accretion occur in the bay area (Tanjung Merdeka) where the coast advance to the sea for about 59.8 m. The shoreline tend to be stable when the profile was straight such as Barombong Coast.Keywords: abrasion, accretion, sediment transport, shoreline changes.

INTEPOLATOR DALAM PEMBUATAN KONTUR PETA BATIMETRI

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 1, No 1 (2009): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (510.132 KB)

Abstract

Suatu model batimetri digital dapat dibangun melalui interpolasi sejumlah besar titik kedalaman hasil pemeruman. Studi ini menggunakan dua skenario pengolahan yaitu menggunakan keseluruhan data perum dan menggunakan data perum terpilih. Pada setiap skenario pengolahan data, ada tiga metode interpolasi yang dibandingkan yaitu metode inverse distance to power, kriging dan minimum curvature.Nilai RMSE yang didapatkan dari masing-masing interpolator pada setiap skenario tersebut ternyata cukup bervariasi. Secara umum metode Kriging lebih efektif digunakan untuk menghasilkan gambar kontur kedalaman perairan dibandingkan dengan metode lainnya. Hasil studi ini memperlihatkan perlunya penanganan data agar pola suatu unsur spasial (kontur kedalaman) dapat ditampilkan secara lebih baik.Kata Kunci: interpolasi, kriging, inverse distance to power, minimum curvature,batimetri