Articles

APLIKASI ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) DALAM PENENTUAN SKALA PRIORITAS PENYELENGGARAAN JALAN DI KECAMATAN CIBINONG KABUPATEN BOGOR Minesa, Punti; Siregar, Hermanto; Manuwoto, Manuwoto
Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (350.837 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jurnal mpd.6.2.%p

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ABSTRACTRoad management activities intended to allow roads to work as it role as supporting the growth of economic. To achieve these objectives, the roads should always be in steady condition. Road management activities should be planed based on the scale of priorities according to the importance of the road, so that allocation of budgeted funds can be effective. Thus the need to review the prioritization of road maintenance in accordance with the need of the community. The method used in this study is Analytical Hierarcy Process with the criteria used are: The function of the services, The aspirations of the people, Political aspirations and Technical approach. Based on the result of AHP, the most decisive criteria in District Cibinong road handling,  is the criterion of service functions, in turn, sub criteria transportation route serving and serving terminal / sub-terminals are the two sub criteria that highly prioritized. Furthermore there are four (4) strategies in carrying out road maintenance activities on roads that become priorities, namely: Maintain the road conditions; Strategies to improve the quality of road construction; Strategies to optimize the width of pavement and Strengthening the right of way on roads that do not meet the requirements.Keywords: Road District, Priority Scale, AHP MethodeABSTRAKUsaha penyelenggaraan jalan ditujukan agar ruas jalan dapat berfungsi sesuai perannya sebagai penunjang pertumbuhan ekonomi. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut diperlukan ruas jalan yang selalu ada dalam kondisi mantap. Kegiatan penyelenggaraan jalan harus disusun berdasarkan skala prioritas sesuai dengan tingkat kepentingan dari ruas jalan, sehingga alokasi dana yang dianggarkan menjadi tepat sasaran. Obyek penelitian meliputi 27 ruas jalan kabupaten di Kecamatan Cibinong, bertujuan untuk menentukan strategi dan program alternatif yang dapat dilaksanakan oleh Pemerintah Kabupaten Bogor dalam menyelenggarakan penanganan jalan. Dalam kondisi keterbatasan dana sulit menentukan prioritas penangannnya. Maka diperlukan prioritas penanganan jalan sesuai dengan kebutuhan masyarakat. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode Analitycal Hierarcy Process dengan kriteria yang digunakan adalah (1) fungsi layanan, (2) aspirasi masyarakat, (3) aspirasi politis dan (4) pendekatan teknis. Berdasarkan hasil AHP, kriteria yang paling menentukan adalah kriteria fungsi layanan, selanjutnya sub kriteria melayani trayek angkutan dan terminal/sub terminal adalah dua sub kriteria yang sangat diprioritaskan. Selanjutnya terdapat 4 (empat) strategi dalam menyelenggarakan kegiatan penanganan jalan, yaitu: (1) Mempertahankan kondisi jalan pada ruas jalan prioritas; (2) Strategi meningkatkan kualitas konstruksi pada ruas jalan prioritas; (3) Strategi mengoptimalkan lebar perkerasan pada ruas jalan prioritas dan (4) membenahi ruang milik jalan (Rumija) pada ruas jalan yang belum memenuhi ketentuan.Kata Kunci: Jalan Kabupaten, Skala Prioritas, Metode AHP
ANALISIS DETERMINAN KEMISKINAN SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH DESENTRALISASI FISKAL -, USMAN; M. SINAGA, BONAR; SIREGAR, HERMANTO
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 6, No. 3 November 2006
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Understanding about determinant factors of poverty will help policy maker to ensurethat the poor get benefit from the economic policy. In general, this study aim toanalyze the changes of determinant factors of poverty before and after theimplementation of fiscal decentralization. Using the model, this study found that incommunity factor there are some variables have change from 1999 to 2002. One ofthese variables is road infrastructure. In 2002 (after fiscal decentralization period),the quality of road was worse than before so the impact is the poverty was increase.This study shows that if both central and local government concern with povertyreduction then they have to notice some sectors such as agriculture, education, familyhealth, and infrastructure. These variables are the determinant factors of poverty.
ELASTICITIES OF OUTPUT SUPPLY AND INPUT DEMAND OF INDONESIAN FOODCROPS AND THEIR POLICY IMPLICATIONS: MULTI-INPUT MULTI-OUTPUT FRAMEWORK*) SIREGAR, HERMANTO
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 7, No. 2 Juli 2007
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Ekonomi pertanian terbiasa melakukan analisisnya menggunakan pendekatan komoditas tunggal (output-tunggal, input-ganda). Masalahnya ialah pendekatan ini cenderung tidak sesuai dengan realitas di mana kebanyakan sistem produksi pertanian berkarakteristik output-ganda. Termotivasi oleh masalah ini, makalah ini ditulis dengan tujuan menjelaskan pendekatan input-ganda output-ganda (MI-MO) serta mengaplikasikannya pada subsektor tanaman pangan Indonesia. Berdasarkan pendekatan MI-MO selanjutnya dibangun sebuah model ekonometrika yang diestimasi dengan metode seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) terestriksi. Dugaan elastisitas harga silang yang diperoleh dari hasil estimasi model menunjukkan signifikannya efek silang harga input dan harga output terhadap permintaan input dan penawaran output. Hal ini menjustifikasi penggunaan pendekatan MI-MO pada subsektor tanaman pangan. Implikasi penting yang diperoleh dari studi ini ialah kebijakan harga, baik input maupun output, diperkirakan tidak efektif untuk diterapkan. Namun apabila secara politik kebijakan tersebut diperlukan, maka hendaklah diterapkan pada input karena besaran absolut elastisitas silang tersebut lebih besar pada permintaan input dibandingkan pada penawaran output. Kata kunci: Multi-Input Multi-Output, Tanaman Pangan, Seemingly Unrelated Regression, Elastisitas. ABSTRACT It is a commonly practiced that agricultural economists frame their analyses within the single commodity (multi-input single-output) framework. The problem with this framework is that this seems to be inappropriate because most agricultural production systems are characterized by multi-product farms. Motivated by this problem, this paper is aimed at providing a brief explanation on the multi-input multi-output (MI-MO) framework and applying the framework on the Indonesian food crops subsector. Based on this framework, an econometric model is specified and then estimated using the restricted seemingly unrelated regression method. Estimated cross-price elasticities obtained from the model suggest the significance of cross-effects of input or output prices on input demand or output supply, justifying the MI-MO nature of the crops. The most notable policy implication from this study is that a price policy on either outputs or inputs may not be effective. If, however, such a policy were politically desirable, it should be applied on inputs rather than on outputs because the magnitudes of the elasticities are in absolute term higher in input demands than in output supplies. Keywords: Multi-Input Multi-Output, Food Crops, Seemingly Unrelated Regression, Elasticities.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KINERJA PASAR TENAGA KERJA DAN IMPLIKASI KEBIJAKANNYA TERHADAP SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN BOGOR SIREGAR, HERMANTO; SUKWIKA, TATAN
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 7, No. 3 November 2007
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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There has been a general concern that after the implementation of the regionalautonomy policy, the labor market performance tenfing to decline. This paper aims atanalysing various factors influencing the labour market, by making use of aneconometric model of simultaneous equation system employing a set of pooled or paneldata (combination of yearly time series and 30 subdistricts cross section in BogorRegency). The results showed that estimated parameters accord well with the theory.The estimated model is fairly good to explain the variation of labor market of BogorRegency, prior to as well as during the ongoing regional autonomy period. Among theresults, it is found that, in agricultural and service sectors, employment absorption foreducated and uneducated labours is higher during the autonomy than before theautonomy. The opposite happens in the industrial sector. In all sectors, investmentplays an important role in determining employment absorption. Together with labourproductivity, employment absorption positively affects gross domestic regionalproduct, which in turns influences a number of labour market variables.
DETERMINANT OF MICROCREDIT REPAYMENT Farida, Farida; Siregar, Hermanto; Nuryartono, Nunung; KP, Eka Intan
Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan Vol 19 No 1 (2016): JULY 2016
Publisher : Bank Indonesia

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This paper investigate the determinants of microcredit repayment by employing the logistic regression on micro-business households in Pati, Central Java. The result of this study reveals that loan repayment affected significantly by the business lines, food consumption spending, side job, other loan sources, collateral, and credit constrained. Interestingly, the result concludes that the loan repayment are no longer influenced by moral hazard, since the characteristics such as gender, education level, age, experience do not significantly encourage borrowers to repay. This paper also conform the important role of peer-screening process on hindering the credit default.
The Amount of Erosion Analysis on Upland Farming System: Case Study of UPT Rantau Pandan SP 1, Bungo District, Province of Jambi Ginting, Benar Darius; Maarif, Muhammad Syamsul; Sutjahjo, Surjono H.; Siregar, Hermanto
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 1 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Transmigration program has been done for many years. However, many transmigration sites are identified as underdeveloped, especially in upland farm transmigration site laboured with food crops. The main constraint for such development relates with the limit of upland resource in supporting plant growth. The upland resources is generally marginal in physical properties (undulating, wavy and hilly topography); the poor quality in land clearing which cause removal upper layer and loss of organic matter; relatively high rainfall intensity which causes the high erosivity. Such degradation has caused accumulation of problem for farmer. This research in erosion is done in order to know the strategy needed to be done. This research is done in Rantau Pandan SP 1 as case study. Several methods have been applied to determine 1) the amount of erosions 2) the permissible erosion, 3) the spatial pattern of erosion,and 4) the soil conservation action.   Key words: upland farming system, erosion, conservation
The Impact of Government Policy of Presidential Instruction in 2005-2008 for Rice Policy on Food Security) Sembiring, Surya Abadi; Harianto, Harianto; Siregar, Hermanto; Saragih, Bungaran
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 35, No 1 (2012): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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The objectives of this research is to analyze the impacts of rice policy on the food security and on producer and consumer surplus. The research used time series data. The data was a monthly time series from March 2005-September 2009. Rice policy model specification uses the simultaneous equations consisting of 15 structural equations and 11 identity equations which was estimated using Two Stages Least Squares (2SLS) method. The results show that: (1) the increase of the government purchases price of dried harvest paddy by 15 percent improve food security whereas retail rice price decrease makes producer and consumer surplus increase, and (2) the increase of the ceiling retail price of NPK fertilizer by 15 percent gave a negative impact on food security whereas retail rice price increase makes a negative effect to consumer surplus. Food security would be achieved if the government purchase on dried harvest paddy is implemented accordingly.
Fiscal Decentralization and Food Security in West Java: Policy Analysis Rindayati, Wiwiek; Sanim, Bunasor; Hutagaol, M. Parulian; Siregar, Hermanto
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 4 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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The implementation of fiscal decentralization in accordance with Law No 32/2004 regarding local government and No. 33/2004 regarding inter-government fiscal relationship was considered as the new era management and local government budget.  The objectives of this study were (1) to identify factors affecting regional fiscal, regional economy, poverty ond food security and (2) to evaluate impact of fiscal decentralization policy on poverty and food security in West Java.  The descriptive analysis and dynamic simultaneous equation models were used in this study, using pooled time series data of 1995-2005 and cross section data of 13 kabupatens estimated using the 2SLS method.  The result of the study showed that the DAU was the source of 68% of regional income.The routine expenditures were the largest regional expenditures (77%).  The policy of increasing agricultural development expenditures and wages affect poverty alleviation and increase food security in West Java.   Key words: fiscal decentralization, economics growth, poverty allevation, food security
Effectiveness Analyses of Fiscal Policy on Agricultural Sector Performance With Emphasises of Agroindustries in Indonesia ., Darsono; Tambunan, Mangara; Siregar, Hermanto; Priyarsono, D. S.
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 3 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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The objectives of this research were analyzing the performance of agricultural  sector and agroindustry, relation between fiscal policy and performance of agricultural sector and agroindustry; analyzing fiscal policy instruments which were effective in influencing the agricultural sector performance and agroindustry performance, and relation between agricultural sector performance and agroindustry performance within fiscal condition of Indonesia. Data time series 1970.1 – 2005.5 were analyzed with Vector Error Correction Model (VECM).  Research results showed that decrease in the performance of agriculture sector occurred in all aspects and its role in the economy, and the same phenomena occurred also in agroindustry.  Instruments of fiscal policy which in the long term affect strongly the performance of agricultural sector and agroindustry were budgets for the following: sector of agriculture, agricultural research and development, agriculture infrastructure, and fiscal decentralization. Performance respond of agricultural sector and agroindustry toward shock  of fiscal policy instruments, to achieve stability, took relatively long period (9 and 8 years respectively). Performance respond of agroindustry toward shock of agricultural sector, to achieve stability, took 6 years period.  Instruments of fiscal policy which were in the long term effective in improving  agricultural sector performance were value added tax, agriculture subsidy, budget for agriculture research and development, budget for agriculture infrastructure, and fiscal decentralization.  Instruments of fiscal policy which were in the long term effective in improving the performance of agroindustry were income tax, value added tax, budget for agriculture infrastructure, and fiscal decentralization.  Performance of agricultural sector which had roles in affecting the variability of agroindustry performance were GDP of agriculture, export and import of agricultural products. Key words:  fiscal policy, agricultural sector, agroindustry
The Analysis of Fluctuation of Rupiah Exchange Rate and Inflation Rates during the Period of 1999-2006 in Indonesia Riyadh, M. Ilham; Oktaviani, Rina; Siregar, Hermanto
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 32, No 3 (2009): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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The economic crisis in 1997 has caused the rupiah exchange rate to depreciate from about Rp 2,500/US dollar to Rp 15,000/US dollar in the time of crisis and to around Rp 9,300/US dollar recently.  This condition caused the authority to focus their policy in stabilizing rupiah  and reducing inflation rate.  The objectives of this research are firstly, to analyze the response of the variables of industrial production index (IPI), money supply and interest rate when the shocks to exchange rate and inflation take place; secondly, to analyze the contributions of  IPI, inflation rate, money supply and interest rate differentiation in explaining the variation of exchange rate and inflation rate of Indonesia; and thirdly, to formulate the monetary policy of implication stabilizing the rupiah and inflation rate.  The results show that the shock to the rupiah exchange rate has resulted in a very high depreciation responded by an increase in money supply and price but IPI decreases.  To reduce depreciation, authority can increase the interest rate. Meanwhile the shock to inflation are responded directly by increases in Bank Indonesia certificate rate so that the money supply decreases, exchange rate appreciates, and IPI decreases.  To stabilize the rupiah exchange rate and the inflation rate, monetary authority should carry out the tight money policy through a relatively high interest rate, so capital inflow will take place.   Key words: monetary policy, rupiah exchange rate, inflation rate, industrial production index, vector autoregressive
Co-Authors . Hastori, . . Hermanto, . . Mahyuddin Abitur Asianto, Abitur Adhitya Wardhana Adis Imam Munandar, Adis Imam Adler H. Manurung Adler Haymans Manurung Ahmad Aris, Ahmad Ahmad, Fahmi Salam Andam Dewi Andi Setiawan Anny Ratnawati Aprilia Sukmawati Ardina Puspitasari, Ardina Arief Darjanto Arief Daryanto Asep Saefuddin Aviliani, Aviliani Bambang Juanda Bambang Widyantoro Benar Darius Ginting Bonar M Sinaga, Bonar M BONAR M. SINAGA BONAR M. SINAGA Bunasor Sanim BUNGARAN SARAGIH D. S. Priyarsono D.S. Priyarsono Dahri Dahri, Dahri Darsono . Dedi Budiman Hakim Diana Septiningrum, Diana Dirga, Satria Prawira Dominicus Savio Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio Dudi S. Hendrawan Dwi Haryono Dyan Vidyatmoko Eddi Wahyudi, Eddi Eduart Wolok Eka Intan Kumala Putri Eko Wahyu Nugrahadi Endah Murniningtyas Endriatmo Soetarto Eriyatno Eriyatno Ernan Rustiadi Ernawati Pasaribu, Ernawati Erwin Susanto Sadirsan Evi Lisna Evita H. Legowo Fahriyah Fahriyah Faizul Mubarok, Faizul Fajri, Nurlaila Firdani Farida Farida Fazri, Muhammad Gusti Azis, Gusti Gustiyan Taufik Mahardika, Gustiyan Taufik Hadi, Mohamad Nur Hardinsyah . Harianto . Harianto Harianto Hendro Sasongko Heni Hasanah Hery Setiawan, Hery Heti Mulyati I Wayan Mangku Ichsan, Aulia Idqan Fahmi Jajang Jajang Joko S. Usman Joyo Winoto, Joyo Kodrat Wibowo KP, Eka Intan Kusnadi - Kustanto, Heru Laksono, Hani Latuconsina, Olivia CH Legowo, Evita H Lukman Hakim, Agus Lukman M. Baga Lukytawati Anggraeni M Kolopaking, Lala M Parulian Hutagaol M. Ilham Riyadh M. Machfud M. Parulian Hutagaol M. Said Didu MANGARA TAMBUNAN Mangasa Augustinus Sipahutar, Mangasa Augustinus Manuwoto, Manuwoto Martua Eliakim Tambunan, Martua Eliakim Minesa, Punti Muhammad Arief Dirgantoro Muhammad Syamsul Maarif Muladno - Mulya E. Siregar Noer Azam Achsani Nunung Nuryartono Nuryati, Yati Pantjar Simatupang Parulian Hutagaol Perdana Wahyu Santoso Permadi, Hengki Petrus F.T.P. Tampubolon Prima, Ghaniy Ridha Rina Oktaviani Riny Kusumawati Rio B.M.T. Hutagaol, Rio B.M.T. Ristiyanto, Nirwan Rita Nurmalina Roy Sembel Safrida . Santoso, Moch. Hadi Setia Hadi Setiadi Djohar Siti Aida Adha Taridala Sjafri Mangkuprawira Sri Hartoyo Stephen Thenu Sugeng Budiharsono Sugimin Pranoto Sugiyanto Sugiyanto Surjono H. Sutjahjo Surya Abadi Sembiring Suwarno Suwarno Suwinto Johan Syamsul Hidayat Pasaribu Syarifuddin, Ferry TATAN SUKWIKA Tb. N Ahmad Maulana, Tb. N Ahmad Trias Andati Tubagus NA Maulana Tubagus Nur Ahmad Maulana USMAN - Widhiyanto, Iman Widiarti, Astoeti Wahjoe Widyastutik Widyastutik Winardi Winardi Wiwiek Rindayati Wonny A. Ridwan Yulismi, Yulismi Yusman Syaukat