Lientje Setyawati
Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat -Kedokteran Komunitas Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

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KEBIASAAN MAKAN PAGI, LAMA TIDUR DAN KELELAHAN KERJA (FATIGUE) PADA DOSEN Yogisutanti, Gurdani; Kusnanto, Hari; Setyawati, Lientje; Otsuka, Yasumasa
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Latar belakang. Fatigue merupakan fenomena normal bagi setiap orang sehat, yang dapat dikurangidengan istirahat maupun tidur. Kurang tidur (sleepiness) telah menjadi fokus masalah dalam isukesehatan kerja. Namun, penelitian kelelahan kerja pada dosen masih sangat terbatas dan belummenjadi perhatian. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan kebiasaan makan pagi, lamawaktu tidur dengan kelelahan kerja. Metode. Desain cross sectional digunakan dalam penelitian dansebanyak 77 partisipan berasal dari 2 sekolah tinggi ilmu kesehatan swasta di Jawa Barat. Makanpagi dan lama waktu tidur per hari (variabel bebas) diukur menggunakan kuesioner. Kelelahankerja (variabel terikat) diukur menggunakan reaction timer yang dilakukan selama 3 hari dalam 1minggu. Kelelahan kerja merupakan rerata waktu reaksi dari hasil pengukuran. Hasil. Rerata waktutidur 6,12±0,670 jam, sebanyak 52(67,5%) dosen mempunyai kebiasaan makan pagi. Rerata waktureaksi 233,83±46,64 milidetik. Hasil uji statistik menggunakan uji korelasi didapatkan tingkatkelelahan berkorelasi negatif dengan kebiasaan makan pagi (p=0,000; r=-0,472) dan waktu tidur(p=0.000; r=-0,459). Kesimpulan. Kelelahan kerja dosen disebabkan kurang tidur dan intake kaloriyang dibutuhkan untuk beraktivitas. Untuk mengatasi kelelahan kerja perlu peningkatan kesadarandan pengetahuan dosen tentang keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja terutama kebiasaan makan danwaktu istirahat yang baik dan sehat agar menjadi budaya kerja. Background. In a healthy person fatigue is a normal phenomenon, experienced by everyone andusually easily relieved by rest or sleep. Increased sleepiness at work is now increasingly being focusedon a safety health issue. However, research on university teacher’s fatigue is very limited and has notbeen fully addressed. Objective. Th e Objective of this study was to clarify the relationship betweensleeping duration, breakfast habits and fatigue in university teacher. Method. Cross-sectional surveywas used and 77 participants were given a questionnaire about sleeping duration, breakfast habits andfatigue symptoms. Fatigue level was measured with reaction timer in the morning when they arrivedat the workplace and before they left the workplace. Correlation analyses were used to identify therelationship between independents and dependent variables. Result. Average hour of sleep was 6.12hours per night (SD=0.67) and 67.5% participants were not having breakfast. Level of fatigue in themorning was mostly in light fatigue level (259.68±49.16 mms), which was signifi cantly correlated withsleep duration (r=0.459; p=0.000), which was signifi cantly correlated with breakfast habits (r=-0.472;p=0.000). Conclusion. Fatigue level was associated with sleep deprivation and low intake calories frombreakfast. University teachers may suff er from fatigue at their beginning of work because of the lack ofsleep duration, while in the evening, fatigue became higher because of the lack energy from breakfast.To manage the fatigue level for university teachers should be considered to improve university teacher’sknowledge about sleep and breakfast and have enough time to sleep and breakfast before working.
Prevalensi Sindrom Metabolik pada Pekerja Perusahaan Zahtamal, Zahtamal; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Setyawati, Lientje
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 9 No. 2 November 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Sindrom metabolik adalah masalah kesehatan yang prevalensinya cenderung meningkat pada pekerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan memaparkan prevalensi kasus sindrom metabolik yang terjadi pada pekerja perusahaan. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada tahun 2014 pada dua perusahaan di Provinsi Riau dengan rancangan potong lintang. Sumber data adalah rekam medis pekerja yang melakukan medical check up periode Oktober 2013 hingga Februari 2014. Populasi adalah pekerja yang menderita sindrom metabolik sebanyak 131 orang. Sampel penelitian dipilih dengan cara total sampling yakni 131 orang. Instrumen adalah kuesioner, international physical activity questionnaire, tabel 24 hours food recall, dan tabel bantu pencatatan komponen sindrom metabolik. Pengelolaan data dilakukan secara kuantitatif menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat, dengan uji korelasi Spearman’s Rho dan kai kuadrat. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan prevalensi sindrom metabolik sebanyak 21,58%, dengan jenis kelamin terbanyak adalah laki-laki, kelompok usia terbanyak adalah > 50 tahun. Sebagian besar kasus sindrom metabolik memiliki tiga komponen, dengan komponen terbanyak adalah lingkar perut dan tekanan darah. Sebanyak 23,50% kasus memiliki riwayat keluarga obesitas dan diabetes melitus. Sebagian besar kategori aktivitas adalah sedang. Jenis asupan makanan dengan kategori tidak sesuai dengan diet adalah serat pangan dan lemak jenuh. Variabel lingkar perut berhubungan bermakna secara statistik dengan tekanan darah sistolik dan diastolik serta kadar kolesterol high density lipoprotein (p < 0,05). The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among Company WorkersMetabolic syndrome is a health problem that often occurs among workers. The objective of this research was to reveal prevalence of metabolic syndrome in company workers. This research was conducted in 2014 at two Prevalensi Sindrom Metabolik pada Pekerja Perusahaan The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among Company Workers Zahtamal*, Wasilah Rochmah**, Yayi Suryo Prabandari***, Lientje K. Setyawati**** companies in Riau Province with cross sectional design. Data source is the medical records of workers who have been doing medical check up between October 2013 through February 2014. The population is 131 workers who suffer from metabolic syndrome. The study sample is 131 workers, counted by total sampling. The instruments are self-reported questionnaire, international physical activity questionnaire, 24 hours food recall form and recording auxiliary table for components of of metabolic syndrome. Quantitative data management conducted with descriptive analysis and bivariate analysis, by Spearman’s Rho correlation test and chi square. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome is 21.58%, with the highest gender is male, and the largest age group is > 50 years. Most cases of metabolic syndrome has three components, with the largest component is the abdominal circumference and blood pressure. A total of 23.50% of cases have a family history of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Most categories of activity is moderate. Most types of food intake in the category “out of dietary guidelines” are dietary fiber and saturated fat. Abdominal circumference variable has a statistically significant relationship with systolic and diastolic blood pressure and high density lipoprotein (p <0.05). 
Analisis Aktivitas Otot Dengan Perbedaan Jenis Kelamin Pada Postur Tangan Menggunakan Surface Electromyography Pratiwi, Indah; Purnomo, Purnomo; Dharmastiti, Rini; Setyawati, Lientje
Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri Vol. 16, No. 2, Desember 2017
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the muscle activity in the upper body of the hand posture. Measurements are made when the workers perform the activities of making pottery in a sitting position. Measurements use surface electromyography and differentiate sex between men and women. The research steps were: (1) worker capture resulted in ten postures, (2) determination of muscle influences, namely: extensor carpi radialis muscle, extensor carpi ulnar muscle, extensor of the wrist muscle, biceps brachii muscle, flexor carpi radialis muscle, and (5) calculate using root mean square (RMS) and RMS value index RMS value and deviation index RMS value of male - higher than women in each muscle and in every posture.
KEBIASAAN MAKAN PAGI, LAMA TIDUR DAN KELELAHAN KERJA (FATIGUE) PADA DOSEN Yogisutanti, Gurdani; Kusnanto, Hari; Setyawati, Lientje; Otsuka, Yasumasa
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.319 KB)

Abstract

Latar belakang. Fatigue merupakan fenomena normal bagi setiap orang sehat, yang dapat dikurangidengan istirahat maupun tidur. Kurang tidur (sleepiness) telah menjadi fokus masalah dalam isukesehatan kerja. Namun, penelitian kelelahan kerja pada dosen masih sangat terbatas dan belummenjadi perhatian. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan kebiasaan makan pagi, lamawaktu tidur dengan kelelahan kerja. Metode. Desain cross sectional digunakan dalam penelitian dansebanyak 77 partisipan berasal dari 2 sekolah tinggi ilmu kesehatan swasta di Jawa Barat. Makanpagi dan lama waktu tidur per hari (variabel bebas) diukur menggunakan kuesioner. Kelelahankerja (variabel terikat) diukur menggunakan reaction timer yang dilakukan selama 3 hari dalam 1minggu. Kelelahan kerja merupakan rerata waktu reaksi dari hasil pengukuran. Hasil. Rerata waktutidur 6,120,670 jam, sebanyak 52(67,5%) dosen mempunyai kebiasaan makan pagi. Rerata waktureaksi 233,8346,64 milidetik. Hasil uji statistik menggunakan uji korelasi didapatkan tingkatkelelahan berkorelasi negatif dengan kebiasaan makan pagi (p=0,000; r=-0,472) dan waktu tidur(p=0.000; r=-0,459). Kesimpulan. Kelelahan kerja dosen disebabkan kurang tidur dan intake kaloriyang dibutuhkan untuk beraktivitas. Untuk mengatasi kelelahan kerja perlu peningkatan kesadarandan pengetahuan dosen tentang keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja terutama kebiasaan makan danwaktu istirahat yang baik dan sehat agar menjadi budaya kerja.Background. In a healthy person fatigue is a normal phenomenon, experienced by everyone andusually easily relieved by rest or sleep. Increased sleepiness at work is now increasingly being focusedon a safety health issue. However, research on university teachers fatigue is very limited and has notbeen fully addressed. Objective. Th e Objective of this study was to clarify the relationship betweensleeping duration, breakfast habits and fatigue in university teacher. Method. Cross-sectional surveywas used and 77 participants were given a questionnaire about sleeping duration, breakfast habits andfatigue symptoms. Fatigue level was measured with reaction timer in the morning when they arrivedat the workplace and before they left the workplace. Correlation analyses were used to identify therelationship between independents and dependent variables. Result. Average hour of sleep was 6.12hours per night (SD=0.67) and 67.5% participants were not having breakfast. Level of fatigue in themorning was mostly in light fatigue level (259.6849.16 mms), which was signifi cantly correlated withsleep duration (r=0.459; p=0.000), which was signifi cantly correlated with breakfast habits (r=-0.472;p=0.000). Conclusion. Fatigue level was associated with sleep deprivation and low intake calories frombreakfast. University teachers may suff er from fatigue at their beginning of work because of the lack ofsleep duration, while in the evening, fatigue became higher because of the lack energy from breakfast.To manage the fatigue level for university teachers should be considered to improve university teachersknowledge about sleep and breakfast and have enough time to sleep and breakfast before working.
Prevalensi Sindrom Metabolik pada Pekerja Perusahaan Zahtamal, Zahtamal; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Setyawati, Lientje
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 9 No. 2 November 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Sindrom metabolik adalah masalah kesehatan yang prevalensinya cenderung meningkat pada pekerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan memaparkan prevalensi kasus sindrom metabolik yang terjadi pada pekerja perusahaan. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada tahun 2014 pada dua perusahaan di Provinsi Riau dengan rancangan potong lintang. Sumber data adalah rekam medis pekerja yang melakukan medical check up periode Oktober 2013 hingga Februari 2014. Populasi adalah pekerja yang menderita sindrom metabolik sebanyak 131 orang. Sampel penelitian dipilih dengan cara total sampling yakni 131 orang. Instrumen adalah kuesioner, international physical activity questionnaire, tabel 24 hours food recall, dan tabel bantu pencatatan komponen sindrom metabolik. Pengelolaan data dilakukan secara kuantitatif menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat, dengan uji korelasi Spearman?s Rho dan kai kuadrat. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan prevalensi sindrom metabolik sebanyak 21,58%, dengan jenis kelamin terbanyak adalah laki-laki, kelompok usia terbanyak adalah > 50 tahun. Sebagian besar kasus sindrom metabolik memiliki tiga komponen, dengan komponen terbanyak adalah lingkar perut dan tekanan darah. Sebanyak 23,50% kasus memiliki riwayat keluarga obesitas dan diabetes melitus. Sebagian besar kategori aktivitas adalah sedang. Jenis asupan makanan dengan kategori tidak sesuai dengan diet adalah serat pangan dan lemak jenuh. Variabel lingkar perut berhubungan bermakna secara statistik dengan tekanan darah sistolik dan diastolik serta kadar kolesterol high density lipoprotein (p < 0,05).?The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among Company WorkersMetabolic syndrome is a health problem that often occurs among workers. The objective of this research was to reveal prevalence of metabolic syndrome in company workers. This research was conducted in 2014 at two Prevalensi Sindrom Metabolik pada Pekerja Perusahaan The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among Company Workers Zahtamal*, Wasilah Rochmah**, Yayi Suryo Prabandari***, Lientje K. Setyawati**** companies in Riau Province with cross sectional design. Data source is the medical records of workers who have been doing medical check up between October 2013 through February 2014. The population is 131 workers who suffer from metabolic syndrome. The study sample is 131 workers, counted by total sampling. The instruments are self-reported questionnaire, international physical activity questionnaire, 24 hours food recall form and recording auxiliary table for components of of metabolic syndrome. Quantitative data management conducted with descriptive analysis and bivariate analysis, by Spearman?s Rho correlation test and chi square. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome is 21.58%, with the highest gender is male, and the largest age group is > 50 years. Most cases of metabolic syndrome has three components, with the largest component is the abdominal circumference and blood pressure. A total of 23.50% of cases have a family history of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Most categories of activity is moderate. Most types of food intake in the category ?out of dietary guidelines? are dietary fiber and saturated fat. Abdominal circumference variable has a statistically significant relationship with systolic and diastolic blood pressure and high density lipoprotein (p <0.05).?