Triana Setyawardani
Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Karakteristik Susu Kerbau Sungai dan Rawa di Sumatera Utara Damayanthi, Evy; Yopi, .; Hasinah, Hasanatun; Setyawardani, Triana; Rizqiati, Heni; Putra, Salwa
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (469.226 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the characteristics and differences in quality milk of Water andSwamp buffalo milk in North Sumatera. This research was conducted used complete random design used 30buffalo from three breeding farm in North Sumatera. Buffalo milk were collecting from lactating buffaloes on threetraditional farms located at Patumbak, Lubuk Pakam, and Siborong-borong with extensive farming system. Theresult of this research shown milk production per day for Swamp buffalo is 1 1.5 l and Water buffalo is 6 8 l withquality of Swamp and Water buffalo sequentially are for protein 5.14 ± 0.37% and 4.68 ± 0.41%, fat content 7.52 ±0.98% and 4.13 ± 0.73%, non-fat dry matter (NFDM) 10.61 ± 0.78% and 11.5 ± 0.86%, moisture 81.87 ± 2.26% and80.33 ± 2.33%, milk density 1.030 and 1.036, and then Total Plate Count (TPC) 3.79 x 106 and 5.08 x 105, shownindicated that there ware significant difference in protein, fat content and NFDM (P<0.01). But there is nodifferences in moisture and milk density. TPC shown that Swamp buffalo milk has above the maximum microbespresent in milk. The conclusion of this research is milk production of Swamp buffalo less than River buffalo but hashigher in chemical quality of milk than River buffalo such as protein, NFDM and fat content. Amino acids in Swampbuffalo milk were higher than River buffalo milk. Althought buffalo has less milk production than cow but buffalomilk were higher in all quality tested parameters and have more potential than dairy cow to be developed becausemaintenance of buffalo in North Sumatera is still use traditional method and not yet leading to efforts to obtainmaximum production performance.Keywords: amino acids, buffalo, fatty acids, milk characteristics
Pengaruh ekstrak nanas (ananas comosus) sebagai agensia bating terhadap kekuatan tarik dan suhu kerut kulit kelinci lokal samak nabati Widowati, Titik Purwati; Setyawardani, Triana; Hastuti, Dwi
Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik Vol 18, No 1 (2002): Majalah Barang Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik
Publisher : Center for Leather, Rubber, and Plastic Ministry of Industry, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1549.167 KB) | DOI: 10.20543/mkkp.v18i1.268

Abstract

The aims of experiment were to find out the effects of concentration of pineapple extract, bating time and their interactions on tensile strength and shrinkage temperature of local rabbit skin, which was tanned by vegetable tanning agent. The materials of this experiment were 27 rabbit skins used as bating object. The experimental design used was completely randomized design (CRD) with factorial treatments 3 x 3. The results of analysis showed that concentration of pineapple extract, bating time and their interactions were not significantly affect (P < 0,05) on tensile strength and shrinkage temperature . The average of the tensile strength at this experiment was 157,394 kg/cm2 and fulfilled the requirement of SNI. 06-0463-1989: Kulit Lapis Doma/Kambing Samak Kombinasi (Krom Nabati), Mutu dan Cara Uji, and shrinkage temperature was 79,70oC that means fulfilled Nayudama’s (1978) did requirement. Key words : pineapple slurry, tensile strength, shrinkage temperature, rabbit skin.
Karakteristik Susu Kerbau Sungai dan Rawa di Sumatera Utara Damayanthi, Evy; Yopi, .; Hasinah, Hasanatun; Setyawardani, Triana; Rizqiati, Heni; Putra, Salwa
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (469.226 KB)

Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the characteristics and differences in quality milk of Water andSwamp buffalo milk in North Sumatera. This research was conducted used complete random design used 30buffalo from three breeding farm in North Sumatera. Buffalo milk were collecting from lactating buffaloes on threetraditional farms located at Patumbak, Lubuk Pakam, and Siborong-borong with extensive farming system. Theresult of this research shown milk production per day for Swamp buffalo is 1 1.5 l and Water buffalo is 6 8 l withquality of Swamp and Water buffalo sequentially are for protein 5.14 ± 0.37% and 4.68 ± 0.41%, fat content 7.52 ±0.98% and 4.13 ± 0.73%, non-fat dry matter (NFDM) 10.61 ± 0.78% and 11.5 ± 0.86%, moisture 81.87 ± 2.26% and80.33 ± 2.33%, milk density 1.030 and 1.036, and then Total Plate Count (TPC) 3.79 x 106 and 5.08 x 105, shownindicated that there ware significant difference in protein, fat content and NFDM (P<0.01). But there is nodifferences in moisture and milk density. TPC shown that Swamp buffalo milk has above the maximum microbespresent in milk. The conclusion of this research is milk production of Swamp buffalo less than River buffalo but hashigher in chemical quality of milk than River buffalo such as protein, NFDM and fat content. Amino acids in Swampbuffalo milk were higher than River buffalo milk. Althought buffalo has less milk production than cow but buffalomilk were higher in all quality tested parameters and have more potential than dairy cow to be developed becausemaintenance of buffalo in North Sumatera is still use traditional method and not yet leading to efforts to obtainmaximum production performance.
Calcium Alginate and Salt/Phosphate as Binding Agents in Restructured Lamb Setyawardani, Triana; Raharjo, Sri; sudarmadji, purnama
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 3, No 1 (2001): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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Abstract

A study on  restructurization of lamb meat using several binding agents were conducted. Objectives of the study were evaluate  effectivity of Ca–alginate, salt and phosphate as binding agent and their effect on physical properties of the restructured meat stored at -20⁰C for up to 12 weeks. Three binding agents were added to the restructured products, which include NaCl 0.3 %/ NTPP 0.3 %; alginate 0.5 %/Ca-lactate 0.5%; NaCl 0.3 % / NTPP 0.5 %/alginate 0.5% and no binding agent as a control. The products were evaluated at 0, 4, 8 and 12 weeks of storage. The result showed that treatment with alginate 0.5%/Ca-lactate 0.5% had the least purge loss value of 4.3±0.2%. The least cooking losses of 30.2±3.79% and the highest shear force 61.6±13.77 N. (Animal Production 3(1): 20-25 (2001)Key Words: Alginate/Ca-lactate, purge loss, cooking losses, shear  force.
Effect of Combination between CaCl2 Dosage and Electric Stimulation Period on Meat Quality Duck Adult Setyawardani, Triana; Wasito, Samsu
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 5, No 1 (2003): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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Abstract

Research entitled “The effect of combination between CaCl2 dosage and length of electric stimulation on adult meat quality duck quality”. The aim was to know the effect of combination between CaCl2 and length of electric stimulation on quality. It was conducted at Technology of Animal Production Laboratory in Animal Science Faculty, Jenderal Soedirman University on June 2nd up to August 30rd 2002. Materials used in this research were 27 Tegal duck adult. Experimental design with Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with factorial 3 x 3 was performed in this research. The first factor was CaCl2 was dosage (a1=50cc; a2=100cc; and a3=150cc) and the second factor was length of electric stimulation period (b1=10 sec; b2=20 sec; and b3=30 sec). Each experiment was repeated three times, and variable of this research were pH, tenderness, WHC and CL. The result of research shows that CaCl2 dosage (50, 100, and 150 cc); length of electric stimulation and their interaction were gave no significant effect (P>0,05) on pH, tenderness, WHC and CL in adult duck meat. Conclusion of this research was CaCl2 dosage, electric stimulation period and their interaction gave the same effect on pH, tenderness, WHC and CL adult duck meat. (Animal Production 5(1): 25-34 (2003) Key word: Tenderness, WHC and CL, Duck, Meat, Electrical, Calsium Chlorida
Physiochemical and Organoleptic Features of Goat Milk Kefir Made of Different Kefir Grain Concentration on Controlled Fermentation Setyawardani, Triana; Rahardjo, Agustinus HD; Sulistyowati, Mardiati; Wasito, Samsu
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 16, No 1 (2014): January
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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Abstract

Abstract. Kefir contains bacteria and complex yeast in protein and polysaccharide matrix formed during anaerobic growth. Kefir fermentation uses kefir grains as starter. This research was aimed to evaluate the physiochemical and organoleptic composition of goat milk kefir made of different kefir grain concentration at controlled fermentation. Materials used were 27 litres of Ettawah crossbred (PE) milk and kefir grains. The experimental research was subject to Completely Randomized Factorial Design with nine combined treatments namely kefir grain concentrations (1, 3, and 5%) and controlled pH fermentation (5.5, 5.0, 4.5) with three repetitions. The observed variables were total solids (%), kefir proximate (%), alcohol level (%), kefir grain profile (SEM) and kefir organoleptic semi-trained panel. Result demonstrated that kefir total solids in all treatments and interactions were generally equal but significantly affected kefir alcohol level, kefir protein percentage, fat content and ash content. Hedonic scale showed that different kefir grain concentration and pH in fermentation significantly affected goat milk kefir texture, flavor and aroma. It was concluded that 1% kefir grain concentration and 4.5 pH in fermentation produced the lowest alcohol level or 0.283% and had the most preferable flavor and aroma based on rank test. Key words: kefir, concentration, fermentation, goat milk, kefir grains Abstrak. Kefir mengandung bakteri dan ragi kompleks dalam protein dan matrik polisakarida yang terbentuk selama pertumbuhan anaerobic. Fermentasi kefir menggunakan biji kefir sebagai starter. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji komposisi fisiokimiawi dan organoleptik kefir susu kambing yang terbuat dari biji kefir dengan konsentrasi berbeda pada fermentasi kontrol. Materi yang digunakan dua puluh tujuh liter susu kambing Peranakan Ettawah (PE) dan biji kefir. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola faktorial dengan sembilan kombinasi perlakuan, yaitu konsentrasi biji kefir (1, 3, dan 5%) dan fermentasi pH kontrol (5.5, 5.0, 4.5) dengan tiga pengulangan. Peubah yang diamati adalah total padatan (%), perkiraan kefir (%), kadar alkohol (%), profil biji kefir (SEM) dengan panel organoleptik agak terlatih. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa total padatan kefir di semua perlakuan dan interaksi pada umumnya sama namun secara nyata mempengaruhi kadar alkohol kefir persentase protein kefir, kandungan lemak dan abu. Skala hedonik menunjukkan bahwa konsentrat biji kefir dan pH yang berbeda dalam fermentasi secara nyata mempengaruhi tekstur, rasa dan aroma kefir susu kambing. Disimpulkan bahwa 1% konsentrat biji kefir dan 4.5 pH dalam fermentasi menghasilkan kadar alkohol rendah atau 0.23% dan memiliki rasa serta aroma yang paling disukai berdasarkan uji peringkat. Kata kunci: kefir, konsentrat, fermentasi, susu kambing, biji kefir
KUALITAS KIMIA, FISIK DAN SENSORI KEFIR SUSU KAMBING YANG DISIMPAN PADA SUHU DAN LAMA PENYIMPANAN BERBEDA setyawardani, triana; Sumarmono, Juni; Djoko Rahardjo, Agustinus Hantoro; Sulistyowati, Mardiati; Widayaka, Kusuma
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 3 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (3) AGUSTUS 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i3.18266

Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the chemical, physical and sensory properties of goat milk kefir  during storage under different temperatures and storage time. Experimental method, applied completely randomized factorial design. The first factor was temperature (-1 to -5oC; 5 to 10oC and 6 to 10oC) and the second factor was storage time (10; 20 and 30 days) followed by Duncan test. Result showed that temperature, storage time and interaction highly significantly affected (P<0.01) the level of ethanol and FFA, but not affected (P>0.05) on protein content, fat and ash but CO2 level, texture and flavor of kefir were affected by storage time. Kefir viscosity was only affected by storage temperature (P<0.05). Research concluded that storage temperature affected chemical properties such as ethanol, FFA and kefir viscosity,while kefir sensory properties was predominantly affected by storage 
Pengaruh ekstrak nanas (ananas comosus) sebagai agensia bating terhadap kekuatan tarik dan suhu kerut kulit kelinci lokal samak nabati Widowati, Titik Purwati; Setyawardani, Triana; Hastuti, Dwi
Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik Vol 18, No 1 (2002): Majalah Barang Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik
Publisher : Center for Leather, Rubber, and Plastic Ministry of Industry, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1549.167 KB) | DOI: 10.20543/mkkp.v18i1.268

Abstract

The aims of experiment were to find out the effects of concentration of pineapple extract, bating time and their interactions on tensile strength and shrinkage temperature of local rabbit skin, which was tanned by vegetable tanning agent. The materials of this experiment were 27 rabbit skins used as bating object. The experimental design used was completely randomized design (CRD) with factorial treatments 3 x 3. The results of analysis showed that concentration of pineapple extract, bating time and their interactions were not significantly affect (P &lt; 0,05) on tensile strength and shrinkage temperature . The average of the tensile strength at this experiment was 157,394 kg/cm2 and fulfilled the requirement of SNI. 06-0463-1989: Kulit Lapis Doma/Kambing Samak Kombinasi (Krom Nabati), Mutu dan Cara Uji, and shrinkage temperature was 79,70oC that means fulfilled Nayudama’s (1978) did requirement. Key words : pineapple slurry, tensile strength, shrinkage temperature, rabbit skin.
Stabilitas Bakteri Asam Laktat Pada Pembuatan Keju Probiotik Susu Kambing Rahayu, Winiati Puji; Setyawardani, Triana; Miskiyah, nFN
Jurnal Penelitian Pascapanen Pertanian Vol 7, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Penelitian Pascapanen Pertanian
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pascapanen Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (8495.756 KB) | DOI: 10.21082/jpasca.v7n2.2010.110-117

Abstract

Susu kambing adalah salah satu sumber protein hewani yang berpotensi untuk dikembangkan. Keunggulan susu karnbing antara lain kadar laktosa rendah, ukuran globula lemak yang kecil, kadar MCFA (Medium Chain Fatty Acid) dan kadar nukleotida yang tinggi. Susu kambing juga merupakan sumber isolat bakteri asam laktat (BAL) yang bermanfaat bagi kesehatan. Penelitian ini telah berhasil mengisolasi BAL probiotik Lactobacillus rhamnosus dan Lactobacillus plantarum I selanjutnya digunakan untuk mengbasilkan keju fungsional. Penelitian dikerjakan dalam tiga tahapan, yaitu : (1) pemeliharaan dan persiapan kultur BAL, (2) Pembuatan keju dan uji stabilitas BAL, (3) analisis organoleptik dan proksimat keju. Keju lunak probiotik dengan isolat probiotik L. rhamnosus dan L. plantarum l mempunyai stabilitas BAL selama 4 minggu penyimpanan dengan jumlah BAL 10° log CFU/g. Keju yang dihasilkan mempunyai aroma yang sama dcngan keju kambing komersial, tetapi berbeda tekstur dan rasa (P&lt;0,05) terhadap keju kambing komersial. Tekstur keju lunak probiotik mernpunyai kisaran rataan kekerasan 0,115-0,452 N. Kekerasan tekstur secara statistik berbeda nyata (P&lt;O,05) untuk keju lunak dengan penggunaan BAL probiotik berbeda. Komposisi kimia keju probiotik memiliki kadar air 56,38-60,58%; kadar protein 13,57-17,40%; lemak 17,66-20,42%; dan kadar abu 2,69-3,19%. Stability Of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) In Probiotic Cheese From Goat MilkGoat milk has low content of lactose, high MCFA, protein and nucleotides. in addition, goat milk is the natural source of lactic acid bacteria that have beneficial effect to the health. This research successfully isolated Lactobacillus rhamnosus and L. plantarum I and then applied those bacteria to cheese made from goat milk. This study was done in three stages, i. e. (1) Preparation of lactic acid bacteria culture, (2) probiotic cheese making and stability testing, (3) chemical analysis and sensory test of the probiotic cheese. LAB in isolate probiotic soft cheese with L. rhamnosus and L. plantarum I was viable for 4 weeks of storage with the number of LAB 10° log CFU/g. The flavor of the resulting cheese was similar to that of commercial goat cheese, but its texture and taste were different (P&lt;0.05) from commercial goat cheese. The hardness of probiotic soft cheese ranged from 0.115 to 0.452 N and the value were significantly different (P&lt;0.05) for soft cheese incomporated different probiotic LAB. The chemical composition of probiotic cheese was moisture 56.38-60.58%; protein 13.57-17.40%, fat 17.66-20.42% and ash 2.69-3.19%.
Isolation and Antimicrobial Activities of Lactic Acid Bacteria Originated From Indonesian Local Goat’s Colostrum Setyawardani, Triana; Sumarmono, Juni
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 20, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.jap.2018.20.3.731

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to isolate lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from Indonesian local goat colostrum and to characterize their suitable properties for bacteriocin production. LAB was isolated from goat colostrum. The characterization of LAB was carried out based on the shape, colony dispersal, and catalase test. For antimicrobial activity, LAB was tested by a well diffusion method followed by an antimicrobial activity test against pathogenic bacteria B. cereus, E.coli, S. aureus and S. thypimurium. A total of 8 strains of LAB were successfully isolated from goat colostrum and coded CT1 to CT8. All the isolates were rod-shaped, single or paired colonies, negative catalase, and glucose fermenting LAB. The isolates consist of four L. casei, two L. brevis or L. plantarum, one L. rhamnosus, and one, L. paracasei. CT3 isolate has 84% similarity with L. plantarum and 14.3% with L. brevis 1while CT8 isolate is 71% similar to L. brevis 1 and 28.9% to L. plantarum. Purity evaluation showed that CT3 and CT8 were L. plantarum. Well difusion test showed that all LAB strains possess very solid resistances, with diameters over 17 mm, against B. cereus, E.coli, S. aureus and S. thypimurium. The average inhibitory resistance against B. Cereus, E.coli, S.aureus and S.typhimurium was was 17.68 mm, 19.38, 19.30 and 19.03 mm, respectively. LAB isolated from Indonesian  local goat colostrum are potential candidates for bacteriocin-producing bacteria.