Yuliani Setyaningsih
Bagian Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja FKM UNDIP

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Analisis Potensi Bahaya dan Upaya Pengendalian Risiko Bahaya Pada Pekerja Pemecah Batu Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Wahyuni, Ida; Jayanti, Siswi
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 9, No 1 (2010): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (154.903 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.9.1.27-32

Abstract

Risk Assessment is an activity that analyze a risk by determining the likelihood/ probability and severity ofconsequence / Consequences of a risk. This study is aimed to describe and assess the risk level in terms ofworker characteristics, equipment, materials, work processes and working environment of stone breakersworkers and making recommendations on hazard control efforts of workers.This was a descriptive qualitative research by conducting interviews on the workers and make observations onthe environment and work processes, and measuring the work environment. The study population was allworkers in the village of stone breaker Rowosari, Tembalang, Semarang with a sample of 41 people taken bysimple random sampling. Qualitative data analysis with content analysis using the form Hazard Identificationand Risk Assessment (HIRA).Results from this study is the level of risk of accidents at stone-breaking workers of each variable: thecharacteristics of workers with medium category, such as basket work tools, hammers, ganco and chairs with themedium category, with categories of stone material from the medium, such as the work process collecting,splitting, collecting and collating the stone with the medium category, and work environment with the mediumcategory. Workers are expected to wear the working tools such as carts and wearing personal protectiveequipment such as masks and gloves in order to reduce the risk of hazards during work.Keywords: risk assessment , stone breaking employees. Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (HIRA)http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/mkmi/article/view/2906 
Beberapa Faktor Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Keluhan Nyeri Punggung Bawah Pada Penjual Jamu Gendong Pratiwi H, Mayrika; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Kurniawan, Bina; Martini, Martini
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Herbal Tonic Beverage Carriers are considered as high risk group of low backpain occurrence due to their activities such as bending position, lifting and carrying heavy loads. This study aims to analyze factors influencing low back pain occurrence among herbaltonic beverage carriers.Method: It was a cross sectional analytical study involved 30 herbal tonic beverage carriers in Geneng Village, Mijen Sub-district, District of Demak. Chi-square and logistic regression were employed as analysis tools.Result: This study found that age (p=0.355), working period (p=1.000), duration of lifting (p=0.433), weight of load (p=0.029) and lifting technique (p=0.628) have no correlation with low back pain occurrence. Multivariate analysis showed that sitting position was the only factor which predicts the occurrence of low back pain. Regarding this finding, it isrecommended for herbal tonic beverage carriers to have a better working position during their works in order to prevent their vertebrae from injury.Keyword : Low back pain, herbal tonic beverage carriers
Hubungan Kontrasepsi Hormonal, Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Tentang Cuti Haid Dengan Praktik Cuti Haid Pada Pekerja Perempuan PT. Nyonya Meneer Semarang Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Purnami, Cahya Tri; Mahmudah, Mar Atul
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 2, Agustus 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: According to state role on section 81 undang-undang No 13/2003 mentioned that woman workers who are suffering dismenorrhea during menstruations period could take leave on first and second day menstruation. However not all woman workers in PT.Nyonya Meneer Semarang utilize this policy. One of the reason is using hormonal contraception make their period unstable and irregular. The aim of this study was to analyze about relationships between hormonal contraception usage, knowledge and attitude about menstruation leave and the practice of menstruation leave.Method: This research was an explanatory, with a cross sectional approach. The sample recruited from woman workers of PT. Nyonya Meneer Semarang who have age less than 50 years, not menopause, and using hormonal contraception. 81 woman workers were involved in this study selected by simple random sampling. Chi-square test was employed to test significances between variables.Result: The study shows that there was a relationship between hormonal contraception usages with the practice. However, knowledge and attitude of woman workers have no relation with menstrual leave practice. This study suggest that the company should socialize about determination on menstruation leave and the effect to the woman workers in order to makethe woman workers utilize this rule.Keywords: hormonal contraception, rules of menstruation leave, women worker
Faktor Risiko Kejadian Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) pada Wanita Pemetik Melati di Desa Karangcengis, Purbalingga Kurniawan, Bina; Jayanti, Siswi; Setyaningsih, Yuliani
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 1, Januari 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is one of work related disease that would be a big problem in industrial health. CTS are related to some factors including Individual, work, and health. About 60% jasmine pluckier in Karangcengis Village show some symptoms of CTS such as painful, numbness, and cramps. CTS case was determined based on NIOSH criteria including the symptoms of CTS, physical diagnosis by phalen test, and the historical occupation. The aim of this research was to show the association between characteristics, repetitive motionfrequency, and health factors with carpal tunnel syndrome among jasmine pluckier in Karangcengis Village, Purbalingga.Method: This research was an explanatory research using cross sectional approach. Sample of this research was the jasmine pluckier comprise of 72 workers selected by non probability convenience sample (accidental sample) method.Result: Statistics test using chi-square test (á =0,05) showed that age (p=1,000), duration of work (p=0,913), years of work (p=0,187), and health factors (p=0,083) had no relation to CTS, but repetitive motion frequency (p=0,013) had relationship with CTS.Keywords: CTS, risk factors, jasmine pluckier.
Determinant Factors of Work-Related Complaints Sagita, Qoni Mulia; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Sulistiyani, Sulistiyani
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 7, No 1: March 2018
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/ijphs.v7i1.9124

Abstract

Home-based workers of Footwear industries in Semarang Regency are all womans. The employment status of home-based workers usually unrecognized or unregulated by the employer or their itermediaries so that they did not paid close attention about HWBs’s working condition. They often work on inadequate working environment such as poor ventilation system, bad lighting, humid working space (damp wall and floor), and also poor layout of furnitures and work equipments. That condition exaberated by lack of HWBs’s knowledge and awareness regarding their health and safety at work. In addition HBWs often with little to none education, work on long extended working hours and working under intensive labor.This research was aimed to determine the relationship between respondent characteristics, medical history, and use of PPE with work-related complaints on home workers of shoe industry in Semarang regency. This was an observational analytic study using cross sectional approach. Population in this study was 80 home workers of shoe industry in Semarang regency. The samples are 66 home workers were taken using stratified random sampling method. Data were analyzed using frequency distribution and Chi-Square test. The results of this study showed that there were some variables that have significant association with work-related complaints (p≤ 0.05) including, length of work, duration of work, personal protective equipment (PPE). While the variables of age, body mass index (BMI), and medical history did not show significant association with work-related complaints (p> 0.05). Multivariate analysis using logistic regression showed the duration of work had the most powerful influence to the work-related complaints. The conclusion of this study was important for home workers to maintain health condition by doing exercise to avoid work-related complaints. Home workers that have long duration of work should increase the use of PPE such as masks and gloves.
Perancangan Sistem Pengelolaan Limbah Cair Industri Tempe di Desa Bandungrejo –Kecamatan Mranggen – Kab. Demak Joko, Tri; Sulistiyani, Sulistiyani; Setyaningsih, Yuliani
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2003): Vol 2, no 1 (2003)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Background : Problems  which often appear in small industrial environment especially from the central industry of tempe is lack of awareness of society in management of the environment It is associated with the limited fund to build waste water facility and also its operating expenses. The Central Industry of tempe in Bandungrejo District of Mranggen at this time. The amount of  is 26 home industries of tempe product are marketed to the region of Demak and its surroundings, amount to and also to region part of east town of Semarang. For the efficacy of product of tempe,  waste also generate problem especially related to contamination of ground water, decrease quality of wells, dig water  as the source of clean. Method : To overcome the mentioned hence, it requires a cheap waste water treatment system design, easy to operate and also with  economized  energy. Result : As conclusion of this research is that source of waste water of tempe industry comes from washing process, poaching of seed process, soaking and resolving of soy husk and seed process, debit/capacities waste water of tempe mean equal to 1,27 m3/day/industry, waste water characteristic of tempe Industry  has the character of organic with comparison of BOD/COD = 0,4 - 0,5, the proposed of IPAL design is by using batch system through anaerobic system with usage of PVC pipe media of wasp den at biofilter process. Suggested from results of this research are the importance of giving knowledge to society of central industry of tempe about tere impacts  to the  environment by activity making of tempe and also the importance of forming and stabilization of organization management of industrial waste water so that reaching of continuity of operation and maintenance of WWTP (Waste Water Treatment Plan).   Key words : anaerobic biofilter, industrial  waste water of tempe
Praktik Keselamatan Kebakaran pada Operator SPBU di Kabupaten Blora Setyawan, Haris; Setyaningsih, Yuliani
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 8, No. 1, Januari 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (49.839 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.8.1.17-29

Abstract

SPBU merupakan tempat yang memiliki tingkat risiko kebakaran besar (Major Hazard Accident), yaitu apabila terjadi kecelakaan akan menimbulkan kerugian yang sangat besar, baik kerugian nyawa manusia maupun kerugian material lainnya, dan kecelakaan tersebut pernah terjadi di salah satu SPBU di Kabupaten Blora. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi praktik keselamatan kebakaran pada operator SPBU di Kabupaten Blora. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah explanatory research, metode yang digunakan adalah survei dengan pendekatan cross sectional study. Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah total populasi dengan jumlah 73 responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan antara praktik keselamatan kebakaran dengan umur, jenis kelami), tingkat pendidikan, status pernikahan ), pengetahuan, sikap, peraturan, sarana/fasilitas , supervisi, rekan kerja. Terdapat variable yang paling dominan yang mempengaruhi praktik keselamatan kebakaran yaitu sikap dengan nilai signifikasi 0,044 dan nilai OR sebesar 5,011 Kata Kunci : Operator SPBU, praktik keselamatan kebakaran ABSTRACT Risk Factors Concerning The Fire Safety Practices of The Fuel Station Operator in Blora; A fuel station is a place having a major fire hazard accident level, in which, if an accident happens, it may cause major loss in both casualties and other material loss; and such accident had ever taken place a fuel station in Blora. This research had an objective to finding out the factors effecting fire safety practices of the fuel station operator in Blora. The used research type was an explanotory research; the used method was a survey with a cross sectional study approach. The samples used in this research were the total population as many as 73 respondents. The research result showed that there were correlation between the fire safety practices and age, sex, educational level, marital status, knowledge, attitude, rules, facilities / amenities, supervision, coworkers. There most dominant variable affecting the fire safety practises, with was attitude, with the significance value of 0.044 and OR value of 5.011 Keywords : gas stations operator, fire safety practices
Faktor Risiko Low Back Pain pada Pekerja Pemetik Teh di Perkebunan Teh Ciater Kabupaten Subang Syuhada, Ambar Dani; Suwondo, Ari; Setyaningsih, Yuliani
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 13, No. 1, Januari 2018
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.13.1.91-100

Abstract

Background: Low back pain, pain that is felt in the affected anatomical area with a variety of long occurrence of pain. This pain feels lumbar or lumbo-sacral. Tea pickers are at risk of low back pain due to their activities such as the position of bending, lifting and carrying heavy loads. This research aim to factors that risk against the incident of low back pain.Method: Total sample of 132 respondents: 66 cases and 66 controls were selected randomly from the tea pickers workers. Data analysis using Chi Square and logistic regression to know the mostdominant factor.Results: There was relationship of employment, back posture, heavy weights with low back pain (P <0.05). There was not relationship age, sex, smoking, body mass index and physical activity with low back pain (p>0.05). Multivariate analysis using logistic regression showed the most dominant working period affecting low back pain. The study found that low back pain was a relevant health problem among tea picker workers. The policy of arranging breaks and lifting techniques is required to prevent low back pain.Keywords: Low back pain, risk factors, the tea pickers
Tekanan Panas, Konsumsi Cairan, dan Penggunaan Pakaian Kerja dengan Tingkat Dehidrasi Ariyanti, Sheila Mufida; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Prasetio, Diki Bima
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 2 No 4 (2018): HIGEIA
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/higeia.v2i4.25095

Abstract

Abstrak Pekerja di lingkungan panas dapat terpapar dehidrasi. Selain lingkungan kerja yang panas dehidrasi dapat disebabkan oleh kurangnya konsumsi cairan, penggunaan pakaian saat bekerja dan riwayat penyakit yang dimiliki.Pekerja pandai besi Desa Hadipolo terpapar panas dari lingkungan kerja berkisar antara 30oC –35oC dan mengalami tanda-tanda dehidrasi. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada tanggal 7-15 April 2018.Tujuan penelitian menganalisis hubungan tekanan panas, konsumsi cairan dan penggunaan pakaian saat bekerja dengan tingkat dehidrasi pada pekerja pandai besi di Desa Hadipolo Kecamatan Jekulo Kabupaten Kudus. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Hasil penelitian ini ada hubungan antara tekanan panas (p value = 0,036), konsumsi cairan (p value = 0,021), penggunaan pakaian saat bekerja (p value = 0,020) dengan tingkat dehidrasi. Analisis secara multivariat diperoleh hasil kategori konsumsi cairan dengan p value = 0,016 dan kategori penggunaan pakaian saat bekerja dengan p value = 0,017.&nbsp; Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini variabel yang paling berperan terhadap tingkat dehidrasi yaitu kategori konsumsi cairan kategori dan penggunaan pakaian saat bekerja. &nbsp;Abstract Workers in hot environments can be exposed to dehydration. In addition to a hot dehydrated work environment, it can be caused by a lack of fluid consumption, the use of clothing at work and the history of the disease. Blacksmith workers in Hadipolo village are exposed to heat from the work environment ranging from 30oC -35oC and experiencing signs of dehydration. The study was conducted on April 7-15, 2018. The purpose of the study was to analyze the relationship between heat stress, fluid consumption and clothing usage while working with the level of dehydration in blacksmith workers in Hadipolo Village, Jekulo District, Kudus Regency. this research is an observational analytic study with cross sectional approach. The results of this study there is a relationship between heat stress (p value = 0.036), fluid consumption (p value = 0.021), use of clothing at work (p value = 0.020) with the level of dehydration with. Multivariate analysis obtained results of fluid consumption category with p value = 0.016 and clothing usage category while working with p value = 0.017. The conclusion of this study is the variable that most plays a role in the level of dehydration, namely the category of consumption of liquid and clothing usage category while working &nbsp;Keyword :&nbsp;Dehydration, Blacksmith, Heat Pressure, Work Clothes
ANALISIS TINGKAT RISIKO ERGONOMI MENGGUNAKAN METODE REBA TERHADAP KELUHAN MSDs PADA PENGRAJIN BATIK DI NISYA BATIK, KUNINGAN Hanifah, Febi Abu; Ekawati, Ekawati; Jayanti, Siswi; Setyaningsih, Yuliani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Nisya Batik is a batik industry that included to an Informal Industry Sector. One of the health risks that could possibly happen is Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). This research is using Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) method which analyzes body posture of a worker while working. There are 11 activities batik at Nisya Batik, including spreading a fabric, making  stamp pattern, taking paraffin with canting, covering stamp, making  mixture of fabric dye, pouring water into coloration’s tool, coloring fabric, draining fabric, boiling fabric, draining fabric and seasoning fabric. The body posture that scored by researcher is including neck posture, back posture, upper arm posture, lower arm posture, wrist posture and leg posture. This research is also describing subjective complaints of the worker who related to MSDs. The purpose of this research is to analyze Ergonomic Risk Level using REBA Method to the complaint of MSDs to batik craftsmen at Nisya Batik, Kuningan. This Research is a qualitative research using observational approach and interview. The observation is using observe work postur to a worker as a main informan and the interview is using to a worker and also to the Business owner as a triangulation informant. Based on observations result with using Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), there are 9 percent (1 posture) with low risk (low risk); 64 percent (7 postures) with medium risk (medium risk); and 27 percent (3 postures) with high risk (high risk). There is a subjective complaint associated with MSDs worker felt like aches and pains. It can be concluded that the analysis of the risk level of ergonomics at Nisya Batik batik craftsmen in Kuningan varies with accompanying diverse subjective complaints.