Asih Setyani
Balai Litbang GAKI Magelang

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Journal : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

HUBUNGAN FAKTOR PERBEDAAN INDIVIDUAL DAN KETERSEDIAAN GARAM DI WARUNG DENGAN PERILAKU IBU RUMAH TANGGA DALAM PENGGUNAAN GARAM BERIODIUM DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 1, No 4 Jun (2011)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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IDD would be serious health problem. Behavior in salt iodization was influenced by individual dijJerence and environments. Th is study will examine relationship between individual dijJerence and availability ofiodized salt in the shop with salt iodization behavior in Purworejo. Regency. Observational research with cross sectional. This research in Ngombol Village, Purworejo Regency. Research was done in Mei-November 2010. Samples were 113 household. The instrument to collect data was questionnare regarding availability of iodized salt in the shop and individual dijJerence factors. Behavior in salt iodization had significant relationship with Mother s knowledge level (X2 = 9,834, p = 0,002), but had no significant relationship with Mother s attitude (X2 = 3,681, p = 0,055), no significant with habit (t = 0,459 , P = 0,498), no significant with availability of salt (X2 = 1,985, p =0,159)Key words : individual dijJerence, availability of iodized salt, behavior, salt iodization.

HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI ENERGI, PROTEIN DENGAN AKTIVITAS KERJA PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR HIPERTIROID

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 1, No 4 Jun (2011)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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Based on the results of urine iodine in the evaluation survey in 1998 and in 2003 had appeared hyperthyroidism cases this shows that some residents already on the status of iodine which can cause the symptoms of health problems in particular can cause a sense of fatigue as a result of increased energy demand will impact on the daily work activities, thus the quality of work activity to be low. These result aims to relationship of energy and protein consumption with work activity in women of childbearing age with hyperthyroidism. Design cross sectional study of two sample types of quantitative research. Research location in Magelang District. Sample in women of childbearing age who were taken by systematic sampling. Total samples were 100 people consisting of 50 persons hyperthyroidism and 50 persons eutiroid. Rank spearman analysis results for the relationship of energy consumption with work activities rho values obtained for 0,122. There is no significant difJeremce between energi consumption with work activity in women of childbearing age with hyperthyroidism. Rank Spearman analysis results for the relationship of protein consumtion with work activities rho values obtained for 0,165. There is no significant difJerence between protein consumption with work activity in women of childbearing age with hyperthyroidism. These results indicate a very weak relationship between protein consumption with work activities. There is a positive relationship between energy consumption with work activities, whicli mean that the higher the energy consumption the higher work activities. There is also a positive relationship between protein consumtion with work activities.Key words : energy, protein, work activities, hyperthyroidism

HUBUNGAN KANDUNGAN IODIUM DALAM AIR TANAH TERHADAP KETINGGIAN TEMPAT DI LERENG BARAT GUNUNG MERAPI

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 1, No 4 Jun (2011)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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Iodine is important element for human growth and development. Lack or excess of this element result human health problems. Naturally, low dietary supply of iodine is primary cause of iodine deficiency, typically in lack iodine environments .. Climate, topography, and material entity of area contribute iodine in environment. Iodine contain ofwater is a reliable indicator of the iodine contain in environment. Measurement of iodine contain in groundwater and recording of conditions of it s well/spring of groundwater is important to Know correlation between iodine contain and local condition of it s spring/well. This research will describes iodine contain in groundwater in western slope of Merapi Mountain, and it s relation with altitude ofit s spring. This research designed cross-sectionall-y. Sample of groundwater was taken from it s spring/well at western slo pe of Merapi Mountain. Location coordinates, altitude, and condition of spring/well was recorded. Iodine contain in groundwater was measured by spectrophotometer method. Iodine contain in groundwater at western slope of Merapi Mountain range from 0 ug/L to 8 ug/L and correlate with altitude in negative way.Key words : iodine, iodine contain in groundwater, altitude.

STATUS PUBERTAS DAN ANEMIA PADA REMAJA AWAL LAKI-LAKI DAN PEREMPUAN DI DAERAH ENDEMIK GAKI

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 Des (2010)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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Backround: Nutrition problems occurred at every stage of development. Department of Child and Adolescent Health WHO stated that there stilllack of attention on nutrition problems in adolescent stage. Jn the other hands, adolescent is a vulnerable stage because lack of micro nutrition in take, while needed a lot of nutrition due to rapid growth in this stage and menstrual cyclefor girls. Objective: To determine the potential associations between puberty status and anemia among early adolescent in iodine deficient area. Methods: This was a crossectional study, included 120 randomly selectedfirst grade of two junior high schools in the endemic areas of IDD in Temanggung, Central Java. Anemia status was determined by measuring Hemoglobin level in blood sampie and puberty status was obtained through questionnaire. Result: Among the samples, 25 samples (20.8%) were anemics. Girls had 1.55 times chance to had anemia than boys, but statistically not significant (OR: 1.55; 95%CJ; 0.61-3.93). Girls had anemia 1,55 times higher than boys but statistically not significant (OR: 1,55; 95%CJ; 0,61-3,93). Among boys and girls, puberty wasnt related to anemia (OR: 1,31; 95%CJ, 0,53-3.25). Stratified analysis showed that the risk for having anemia among girls who had puberty was 1.5 times higher than girls who hadnt had puberty but statistically not significant (OR: 1,5; 95%CJ; 0,61-3,93). White reversely, boys who had puberty was had lower risk of having anemia, but statisticallynotsignificant(OR: 0.57/; 95%CJ; 0,135-2.422). Conclusion: Puberty status was not related to anemia in early adolescent, but girls who had puberty showed more predisposition to had anemia. Further research needed in later stage of adolescent, especially in girls in iodine endemic area to find out more about relationship between puberty and anemia. Keywords: Anemia, Puberty, Early Adolescent, Jodine Deficiency Disorders Area

PENGARUH JENIS KONTRASEPSI TERHADAP STATUS IODIUM WANITA USIA SUBUR (WUS) SETELAH PEMBERIAN KAPSUL BERIODIUM DI KECAMATAN ENDEMIK GAKI

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 Jun (2010)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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Background: Type of contraception that contain estrogen in IDD endemic area may aggravate hypothyroid. Contraceptive methods are divided into hormonal  contraceptives (pills, injections and implants) and non-hormonal. Objectives: To determine the impact of contraceptives to iodine status of childbearing age women after iodine supplementation in endemic area. The study was conducted Kajoran health center of Magelang district of central Java. Research conducted during May to December 2006. Methods: Research design pre and post test design. Population study of childbearing age women (CBAW) aged 18 to 45 years. Research subjects of hormonal contraception (35 people) and as a comparison subject is non hormonal contraception (35 people). Data collection was conducted before and after supplementation of iodine capsules (200 mg). Each subject received two capsules and was evaluated three days and six months later. Data collected were serum TSH and urine iodine excretion. Processing and data analysis done by computer. To see the influence of contraception to iodine status used paired T-test.Results: The baseline data showed that no significant difference in the TSH and UIE between CBAW with hormonal contraception and non hormonal contraception. After three days intervention the UIE of both groups increased significantly 2115,00 µg/L (1775-2400) and 2114,00(µg/L) (1260-2460). After six month intervention the UIE of both group still considered high, 391,00(µg/L) (5,00-603,0) and 357,00(µg/L) (37,00-611,0) and significant difference, the TSH of both group decreased 1,63(0,81-9,29) and 1,85(0,7-11,14) but no significant difference.Conclusion: The impact of contraceptives after iodine supplementation in research area not cause difference significant to iodine status ofboth group. Keywords: contraceptives,iodine supplementation, iodine status, childbearing age women

Metode Komunikasi Persuasif sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Sikap Wanita Usia Subur Tentang GAKI

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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ABSTRACT Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) refered to all of the consequences of iodine deficiency in population that can be prevented by ensuring that all population has adequate intake of iodine. IDD prevention have been conducted but the problem. One of the strategies of health promotion in the context of IDD prevention is health education using persuasive communication method. This research was aimed to measure the effect of persuasive communication method toward changes in attitudes of childbearing age women about IDD in Kepil district, Wonosobo regency. This was a quasi experimental study with non equivalent with pre test and post test of control group design. Subject of the study were 68 childbearing age women in Pulosaren village. These sample were divided into 2 groups. The experiment group was given persuasive communication method, the control group was given counseling method. Sample size was based on inclusion criteria. The data then were analyzed using t-test for normally distributed data and using Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon for skewed distributed data. Persuasive communication method was more effective in improving attitude of childbearing women toward IDD compared with counseling method in a month after intervention. This was indicated from statistically significant increase difference in variable of attitude between group with persuasive communication method (5.65), compare with the group using counseling method (2.03). Persuasive communication method was more effective in improving the attitudes of childbearing age women towards IDD than counseling method. Keywords: attitudes, IDD, persuasive communication   ABSTRAK Gangguan akibat kekurangan iodium (GAKI) adalah semua akibat kekurangan iodium yang terjadi dalam suatu populasi, yang dapat dicegah dengan kecukupan asupan iodium. Upaya penanggulangan GAKI telah dilakukan, tetapi GAKI masih menjadi masalah. Salah satu strategi promosi kesehatan dalam rangka penanggulangan GAKI adalah pendidikan kesehatan menggunakan metode komunikasi persuasif. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengukur pengaruh metode komunikasi persuasif terhadap perubahan sikap wanita usia subur tentang GAKI di Kecamatan Kepil, Kabupaten Wonosobo. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperiment dengan non equivalent (pre test and post test) control group design. Subjek adalah wanita usia subur di Desa Pulosaren. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 68 orang. Sampel ini bagi menjadi 2 kelompok, yaitu kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok kontrol. Kelompok eksperimen mendapat metode komunikasi persuasif, kelompok kontrol mendapat metode penyuluhan. Besar sampel berdasar kriteria inklusi. Data diambil menggunakan kuesioner dan dianalisa menggunakan t-test untuk data yang terdistribusi secara normal, dan   Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon untuk data yang tidak terdistribusi secara normal. Metode komunikasi persuasif lebih efektif meningkatkan sikap wanita usia subur tentang GAKI dibanding metode penyuluhan dalam waktu sebulan setelah intervensi. Efektivitas dibuktikan dari perbedaan peningkatan sikap yang secara statistik signifikan, pada kelompok yang mendapat metode komunikasi persuasif (5.65), dibanding kelompok yang mendapat metode penyuluhan (2.03). Metode komunikasi persuasif lebih efektif meningkatkan sikap wanita usia subur tentang GAKI dibanding metode penyuluhan. Kata kunci : sikap, GAKI, metode komunikasi persuasif

Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu tentang GAKI, Sikap dan Praktek dengan Kualitas Garam Beriodium di Rumah Tangga

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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ABSTRACT The use of iodized salt for prevention programs of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) was still facing many obstacles. Poor quality of iodized salt and non iodized salt was still circulating in the market. The level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of consumers on IDD prevention can influence both selection and purchase of standardized iodized salt which in turn will affect the supply of iodine at household level. This research was conducted in District Pakis of Magelang regency with cross sectional design. Samples of eligible women aged between 18-45 years were selected at random. The level of knowledge was measured using a structured questionnaire. Attitudes were measured using the statement of attitude scale. Iodine content in salt was measured using the iodometric method. The purpose of the study was to determine the relationships between the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices on the quality of iodized salt consumed in the household. The results of this study indicate that there is no relationships between the level of knowledge and attitudes to the quality of household iodized salt. Good level of knowledge obtained from the study subjects only simple knowledge of the term and how prevent IDD use iodized salt instead of how to perform the selection of iodized salt by iodine content in the salt test.The level of a good knowledge of IDD not guarantee a salt containing iodine consumption according to standard ISO. This happens because there are still many low quality iodized salt and non iodized salt sold in the market. Keywords: iodized salt, practice, attitude, level of knowledge.   ABSTRAK Program garam beriodium untuk penanggulangan GAKI masih banyak menemui kendala. Kualitas garam beriodium yang jelek dan garam non iodium masih banyak beredar di pasaran. Tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan praktek konsumen tentang upaya penanggulangan GAKI dapat mempengaruhi pemilihan dan pembelian garam beriodium sesuai SNI yang pada gilirannya akan mempengaruhi penyediaan sumber iodium di rumah tangga. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Pakis, Kabupaten Magelang dengan disain cross sectional. Sampel wanita usia subur berumur antara 18-45 tahun yang dipilih secara random. Tingkat pengetahuan diukur menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur. Sikap diukur menggunakan daftar pernyataan sebagai skala sikap. Kadar iodium dalam garam diukur menggunakan metode iodometri. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan praktek terhadap kualitas garam beriodium yang dikonsumsi di rumah tangga. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap dengan kualitas garam beriodium di rumah tangga. Tingkat pengetahuan yang baik dari responden hanya diperoleh dari pengetahuan sederhana tentang istilah GAKI dan cara penanggulangannya menggunakan garam beriodium dan bukan dari bagaimana cara melakukan pemilihan garam beriodium dengan melakukan tes kandungan iodium dalam garam. Tingkat pengetahuan yang baik tentang GAKI dan upaya penanggulanggannya tidak menjamin mendapatkan garam konsumsi mengandung iodium sesuai standar SNI. Hal ini terjadi karena masih banyak ditemukan garam beriodium dengan kualitas rendah dan garam non iodium dijual di pasaran. Kata kunci: garam beriodium, praktek, sikap, tingkat pengetahuan.

HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP IBU DENGAN PENGGUNAAN KADAR GARAM BERIODIUM DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP STATUS IODIUM URIN DI PONOROGO

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2012): Edisi Desember 2012
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Iodium

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In nearly all countries where iodine deficiency occurs, it is now well recognized that the most effective way to achieve the virtual elimination of IDD is through USI. Iodized salt is a safe, cost-effective, and sustainable strategy to ensure sufficient intake of iodine by all individuals. The aim of the study is measure the relationships of maternal knowledge and attitudes with the use of iodized salt and influence on urine iodine status. This was a cross sectional. The sample of this study were women of childbearing age 18-45 years old and pregnant women with gestational age from 2-9 months. The selection of districts and villages determined purposively by the by the place were emergence cases of IDD. Variables taken the level of knowledge, attitudes, content of iodized salt and urinary iodine status. The result showed that there was no relationship between level of knowledge and attitudes with the content of iodized salt. There was no relationship between level of knowledge and attitudes with urine iodine status. There is a relationship between levels of iodine in salt with urine iodine status. Salt quality monitoring needs to be done more intensively and for the low quality of salt grown withdrawn from the market, the extension shall be made by taking into account the background of the respondents, such as level of education.