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PAT-5 UPDATE: Q FEVER IN INDONESIA Setiyono, Agus; Rini, Elok Puspita; Untari, Handayu; Nugroho, Eko Prasetyo
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Q Fever is zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii, an intracellular obligate and negative Gram bacterium with pleomorphic shape (Kaplan and Bertagna 1955). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classify Coxiella burnetii as potential bioterrorism agent within B rank for its ability and characteristics (CDC 2013).The main reservoir animals for Q fever are ruminants (Maurin and Raoult 1999). Q fever infection whether in animal or human generally occur through inhalation, vector bites, or through oral ingestion?the last two routes are considered as secondary routes (Angelakis and Raoult 2010). Clinical symptoms of Q fever in both animal and human generally asymptomatic. Q fever can cause abortion in the third trimester of pregnancy and pneumonia in ruminants. Whether in human, acute Q fever can cause flu like syndrome and can develop into hepatitis, endocarditis, and for some severe chronic case, it caused death (Fournier et al. 1998). Office international des epizooties (OIE) classify Q fever into a re-emerging disease group (OIE 2010). Based on OIE data in 2012, the distribution of Q fever in animals occur in almost all country in the world including ASEAN (OIE 2012).Q fever was first discovered in Australia in 1935 (Kaplan and Bertagna 1955). Q fever disease transmission in animal occurs almost in every country in the world. Based on OIE data, Indonesia was classified as no information region (OIE 2012). World Health Organization (WHO) reported that Q fever was first found in cow serologically in Indonesia in 1953 (Kaplan and Bertagna 1955). Q fever in ruminants was again reported by Indonesian researcher between 2006 to 2015 in Bali, West Java, Jakarta, and Medan (Mahatmi et al. 2007; Setiyono et al. 2008; Nasution et al. 2015).Positive Q fever result was obtained especially from ex imported cows, thus it was suspected that cows from abroad might play main role of transmission of Q fever in Indonesia. However, there was also report of positive result in local ruminants, such as Bali cattle, goat, and sheep (Mahatmi et al. 2007). Researches in various country also stated of potential local ruminant as reservoir animal,  among them are Tibet sheep in China, Alpine and Saanen goat in Italia, camel (Camelus dromedaries) in Saudi Arabia, or Swedish dairy cattle in Swedia (Mohammed et al. 2014). Based on the historical study of Q fever in Indonesia, this research was performed by taken sample from both ex-import cattle and local ruminants in several region in East Java (Malang, Surabaya, Madura), Central Java (Boyolali), and West Java (Bogor, Bandung, Depok) which are known as regions with high population of ruminants in Indonesia.  So far, surveillance data of Q fever has not been recorded from these regions.
INDUKSI DAN PURIFIKASI ANTIBODI ANTI-COXIELLA BURNETII UNTUK DETEKSI POST MORTEM Q FEVER PADA RUMINANSIA Herlina, Nina; Setiyono, Agus; Juniantito, Vetnizah; Said, Syahruddin
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 7 No. 1 (2019): Januari 2019
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (884.669 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.7.1.1-10

Abstract

Q fever merupakan penyakit zoonosis yang disebabkan oleh bakteri gram negatif Coxiella burnetii dan terdistribusi luas di seluruh dunia. Gejala klinis pada hewan ternak bersifat tidak konsisten dan tidak spesifik. Metode imunohistokimia telah digunakan untuk mendiagnosis kasus Q fever pada hewan ternak. Antibodi yang digunakan untuk metode imunohistokimia masih tergolong mahal dan harus diimpor dari negara lain sehingga produksi antibodi menjadi peluang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memproduksi antibodi poliklonal anti-C.burnetii dan mengkarakterisasi antibodi tersebut untuk mendeteksi antigen pada organ limpa, paru-paru, dan hati sapi dari Rumah Potong Hewan (RPH) di Medan yang sebelumnya telah dikonfirmasi positif C.burnetii. C. burnetii strain Nine Mile (NM) dan Complete Freund?s Adjuvant (CFA) digunakan untuk menginduksi antibodi pada dua ekor kelinci New Zealand White (NZW) jantan berumur 10-16 minggu. Boosting dilakukan menggunakan immunogen yang sama dengan Incomplete Freund?s Adjuvant (IFA) pada hari ke-14 pascainduksi. Pemanenan serum dilakukan pada hari ke- 24 pascainduksi. Purifikasi serum dilakukan menggunakan dua tahapan, yaitu presipitasi dengan ammonium sulfat saturasi 35% dan filtrasi gel dengan matriks Sephadex G-75. Konsentrasi akhir antibodi yang diperoleh adalah sebesar 11,3 ?g ?L-1. Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Poly Acrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (SDS PAGE) dan Western Blot digunakan untuk mengkarakterisasi antibodi yang diproduksi. Selanjutnya dilakukan pewarnaan imunohistokimia menggunakan antibodi tersebut dan sebanyak 90% limpa, 100% paru, dan 100% hati bersifat imunoreaktif yang ditandai dengan warna kecokelatan pada sitoplasma makrofag. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa antibodi yang telah dipurifikasi tersebut mampu mendeteksi antigen C. burnetii pada ruminansia.
BERAS ANALOG SEBAGAI PANGAN FUNGSIONAL DENGAN INDEKS GLIKEMIK RENDAH Noviasari, Santi; Kusnandar, Feri; Setiyono, Agus; Budijanto, Slamet
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (504.488 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.3.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this research was to produce rice analogue as functional food with low glycemic index. The rice was made from white corn and sorghum with additional soybean flour. The physicochemical properties of rice analogue being analysed were resistant starch content, total phenolic content, dietary fiber, color (L*, +a, +b values) and whiteness (oHue). Rice analogue was potentially used as functional food indicated by high level of resistant starch 2.59%-3.31%, total phenolic content 0.18-0.25 mg GAE/g sample and dietary fiber 5.35%-6.14%. Rice analogue from white corn with and without soybean flour was further tested for glycemic index. Rice analogue from white corn has 69 GI value, while rice analogue from white corn with 10% soybean flour addition has 50 GI value.Keywords: functional food, glycemic index, rice analogueABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan beras analog yang berpotensi sebagai pangan fungsional dan bernilai indeks glikemik rendah. Beras analog dibuat dari bahan baku jagung putih dan sorgum dengan penambahan tepung kedelai. Sifat fisiko kimia beras analog yang dianalisis adalah pati resisten, total fenol, serat pangan, warna (nilai L*, +a, +b) dan derajat putih (oHue). Beras analog berpotensi sebagai pangan fungsional, yang ditunjukkan dengan tingginya kadar pati resisten yaitu sebanyak 2,59%-3,31%, total fenol sekitar 0,18-0,25 mg GAE/g sampel dan serat pangan antara 5,35%-6,14%. Beras analog berbahan baku jagung putih dengan dan tanpa penambahan kedelai dipilih untuk uji indeks glikemik. Beras analog dari jagung putih memiliki nilai IG 69 sedangkan beras analog dari jagung putih dengan penambahan tepung kedelai 10% memiliki nilai IG 50.Kata kunci: beras analog, indeks glikemik, pangan fungsional
Pengujian secara In Vitro Oligosakarida dari Ekstrak Tepung Buah Rumbia (Metroxylon sago Rottb.) sebagai Sumber Prebiotik Daud, Muhammad; Piliang, Wiranda G; Wiryawan, Komang G; Setiyono, Agus
Jurnal Agripet Vol 9, No 2 (2009): Volume 9, No. 2, Oktober 2009
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (118.747 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v9i2.627

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In vitro analysis of oligosaccharide from extract rumbia fruit (Metroxylon sago Rottb.) as prebioticABSTRACT. Despite a range of commercially available oligosaccharides there is plenty of room to develop new, functionally enhanced prebiotics. current generation of oligosaccharides was not rationally developed. better understanding of factors determining the prebiotic activity of a particular oligosaccharide. Despite the range of commercially available oligosaccharides mixtures (mainly fructo and galacto-oligosaccharides), very few studies are focused on the mechanisms behind the prebiotic activity of particular oligosaccharides. Probably this lack is due to the unavailability of well characterized oligosaccharide fractions for prebiotic function assessment. The objectives of this research were to asses the ability of lactic acid bacteria in fermentation of oligosaccharide and as prebiotic (in vitro). Material used was oligosaccharide of purified rumbia fruit extract. Analysis of oligosaccharide as prebiotic was conducted in vitro using lactic acid bacteria. The lactic acid bacteria consisted Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium animalis, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Lactobacillus casei Rhamnosus. The growth media for bacteria was a liquid MRS basic medium where glucose was substituted by oligosaccharide of purified rumbia fruit extract. Incubation was in aerob for Lactobacillus and anaerob for Bifidobacterium in incubator 37oC. The lactic acid bacteria was calculated 24-48 hours during incubation periode. The variables observed were: oligosaccharide component, ability of lactic acid bacteria in fermentation of oligosaccharide, and growth of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium). The result showed that the oligosaccharide component from extract rumbia fruit consisted of: sucrose, stacchiose, and raffinose. The result showed that the oligosaccharide extract rumbia fruit was significantly (P<0.05) the growth of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium) and fermentation of oligosaccharide. It is concluded that oligosaccharide of rumbia fruit extract could be used as prebiotic.
DETEKSI IMUNOHISTOKIMIA ANTIGEN Coxiella burnetii SEBAGAI PENYEBAB Q FEVER PADA SAPI Sayuti Nasution, Sangko; Setiyono, Agus; Handharyani, Ekowati
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 9, No 2 (2015): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (401.745 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v9i2.2835

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeteksi keberadaan antigen Coxiella burnetii sebagai penyebab Q fever pada organ sapi yang dikumpulkan di rumah potong hewan (RPH) Kota Medan dan Kabupaten Deli Serdang. Pada penelitian ini telah dikumpulkan organ limpa, paru-paru, dan hati dari 162 ekor sapi. Sampel organ tersebut kemudian diperiksa secara imunohistokimia dengan metode streptavidin peroksidase untuk melihat keberadaan antigen Coxiella burnetii menggunakan antibodi poliklonal terhadap Coxiella burnetii. Hasil pemeriksaan imunohistokimia menunjukkan 62/162 (38,3%) sampel sapi imunoreaktif terhadap Coxiella burnetii. Berdasarkan asal pengambilan sampelnya, sebanyak 40/101 (39,6%) sampel sapi yang berasal dari RPH Kota Medan dan 22/61 (36,1%) sampel sapi yang berasal dari RPH di Kabupaten Deli Serdang menunjukkan hasil imunoreaktif. Dilihat dari jenis organnya, dari 162 sampel sapi, antigen Coxiella burnetii dapat dideteksi pada 61 (37,7%) organ limpa, 12 (7,4%) organ paru-paru dan 2 (1,2%) organ hati. Hasil ini menunjukkan telah adanya infeksi Coxiella burnetii pada sapi di Kota Medan dan Kabupaten Deli Serdang.
DETEKSI COXIELLA BURNETII PENYEBAB Q FEVER PADA SAPI, DOMBA DAN KAMBING DI BOGOR DAN BALI (DETECTION OF COXELLA BURNETII, THE CAUSAL AGENT OF Q FEVER Mahatmi, Hapsari; Setiyono, Agus; Damayanti Soejoedono, Retno; Hasmi Pasaribu, Fachriyan
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 8 No 4 (2007)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

A study to detect Coxiella burnetii, an intracellular bacterium causing Q fever in human and livestock animals, was carried out in several ruminants in Bogor and Bali. The methods used for the detection was Nested-Polymerase Chain Reaction (Nested-PCR). Two pairs of primers, the first (OMP1 and OMP2) and the second (OMP3 and OMP4) were used to detect the genomic sequences and the conserved specific sequences of Coxiella burnetii, respectively. Organ samples such as liver and lung from 410 livestock ruminants, consisting of cattle (245 samples), sheep (105 samples) and goats (60 samples) were collected from several slaughter houses in Bogor and Bali. As many as 15 (6.12%) out of 245 cattle, 6 (5.71%) out of 105 sheep and none from goat were infected by Coxiella burnetii. Interestingly, 3 out of 15 infected cattle were Bali cattle. The results clearly indicate that Q fever is likely to be widespread among ruminant animals in Indonesia.
The effect of alpha fetoprotein on NF-κB translocation in lipopolysaccharide induced monocyte-derived dendritic cell Budiyati, Akterono D.; Setiyono, Agus; Tarigan, Elpita; Wibowo, Heri
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 21, No 2 (2012): May
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (728.953 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v21i2.484

Abstract

Background: Alpha fetoprotein (AFP) is a tumor-associated Ag that has a function in both ontogenic and oncogenic growth and its serum level is elevated in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A recent study showed that the immunoregulatory effect of AFP was through impairment of dendritic cell function as antigen presenting cell (APC), a mechanism that is known to hamper efficient antitumor response. However, the underlying intracellular mechanism of action of AFP required elucidation. As an initial step to determine the signaling pathway of AFP, we analyzed whether LPS induced NF-κB translocation occured in AFP-treated monocyte-derived dendritic cell (MDDC), which was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).Methods: Monocytes were cultured in GM-CSF (800 ng/mL) and IL-4 (1000 ng/mL) containing medium and incubated for six days to generate immature MDDCs with or without the presence of AFP. Mature MDDC was generated by stimulation of the immature MDDC with LPS for another 30 minutes. The analysis of NF-κB translocation was measured by fluorescent microscopy.Results: Following activation of MDDC by LPS, the control group showed a marked nuclear staining of NF-κB. However, the AFP-treated group showed negative nuclear staining similar as observed in unactivated MDDC.Conclusion: This study demonstrated that AFP prevented the activation and nuclear translocation of NF-κB and subsequently might cause the impairment of MDDC function as APC. This finding provides a new insight on the role of AFP in the suppression mechanism of anti tumor immune response. (Med J Indones. 2012;21:97-101)Keywords: Alpha fetoprotein, dendritic cell, lipopolysaccharide, NF-κB translocation
Seroprevalence of Q fever in sheep and goat in West Java area Setiyono, Agus; Handharyani, Ekowati; Mahatmi, Hapsari
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 13, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.895 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i1.596

Abstract

Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii, a species of bacteria that is distributed globally. Ruminant especially sheep and goats may play an important role in the transmission of the disease to human. The research of seroprevalence of Q fever in sheep and goats was carried out from August 2006 to March 2007 in West Java area. A total of 138 sera were collected; 69 sera from sheep and 69 sera from goats. The indirect immunoflourescent antibody test was used to determine the seroprevalence of Q fever. The seropositive based on the dilution of serum starting from 1 : 16. Seropositive were observed in 22 samples (31.88%) of sheep and 14 samples (20.28%) of goats. The highest titer of 1 : 128 was observed in 3 pregnant sheep. The results of the present study suggested that Q fever was endemic in West Java area. Key Words: Q Fever, Prevalence, Indirect Immunoflourescent Antibody Test
ENTERITIS NECROTICANS PADA AYAM BROILER AKIBAT INFEKSI SEKUNDER CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGEENS TIPE A Setiyono, Agus; Nabib, Rachmat; Ashadi, Gatut; Girinda, Aisjah; Natalia, Lily
Hemera Zoa Vol. 76 No. 1 (1993): Jurnal Hemera Zoa
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

The experiment was conducted to determine the relationship between conccidiosis vaccination and secondary infection of Clostridium perfringens type-A as a cause of Enteritis Necroticans in broiler chickens.The completely randomized design was used in this experiment. In this study 102 Arbor Acres strain unsexed chicken were randomly assigned to 8 treatment groups with 12 chicks each. Feed and water were given ad libitum.Treatment factors in this experiment were coccidiostat (Salinomycin 6%), coccidiosis vaccine and Clostridium perfringens type-A isolate, and their combinations.The anatomy pathology (AP) and histopathology (HP) figures of the chicken intestines were evaluated.Histopathology results indicated that the relationship between coccidiosis vaccination and secondary infection of Clostridium perfringens type-A was highly significant (p < 0.01) but the anatomy pathology figures showed that the relationship was not significant (p < 0.05). 
KASUS INFEKSI CACING SALURAN PENCERNAAN PADA AYAM HUTAN HIJAU (GALLUS VARIUS) YANG DIPERIKSA DI LABORATORIUM PATOLOGI UNGGAS FKH_IPB Setiyono, Agus
Hemera Zoa Vol. 76 No. 2 (1993): Jurnal Hemera Zoa
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Telah ditemukan kasus inifeksi cacing saluran pencernaan pada ayam hutan hijau (Callus varius) yang diperiksa di Laboratorium Patologi Unggas, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan lnstitut Pertanian Bogor, periode bulan Agustus 1992 - Januari 1993.Dari 62 ekor ayam hutan hijau yang mati, 26 ekor (41,93%) diantaranya positif terinfeksi cacing setelah dilakukan nekropsi. Dari 26 ekor ayam yang dinyatakan positif terinfeksi, 22 ekor terinfeksi oleh cacing pita (Cestoda), 3 ekor terinfeksi cacing gilik (Nematoda) dan 1 ekor ayam terinfeksi oleh kedua macam cacing tersebut.Hasil pemeriksaan terhadap parasit ini menunjukkan bahwa cacing pita yang menginfeksi ayam adalah Raillietina sp. dan cacing gilik yang ditemukan adalah Ascaridia galli.