Heru Setijanto
Bagian Anatomi Histologi dan Embriologi, Departemen Anatomi Fisiologi dan Farmakologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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POLA AKTIVITAS HARIAN DAN PERILAKU KAWIN RUSA SAMBAR (Cervus unicolor Kerr) DI RESORT WAY KANAN TAMAN NASIONAL WAY KAMBAS LAMPUNG Subagyo, Agus; Setijanto, Heru; Mardiastuti, Ani
Biotika (Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi) Vol 2, No 2 (2003): Biotika Desember 2003
Publisher : Biotika (Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi)

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Abstract

Research has been conducted to examine the daily activity patterns and mating behavior of sambar deer in way Kanan resort, Way Kambas National Park, Lampung from April to November 1999. Daily activities was recorded by ten minute-interval scanning method and mating behavior was observed by direct observation. During the wet season total main activities were feeding (61.54%), laying (26.49%), resting (7.41%), walking (3.42%) and other activities  (1.14%). In dry season, the activities include feeding (59.38%), laying (25.54%), resting (11.55%), walking (3.26%) and other activities (0.27%). Total time for grazing was 8 hours/13 hours on wet season and 7.13 hours/12 hours on dry season. Rate of biting was 49.2-66.54 bite/min for males and 51.36-65.64 bite.min for female. Peak mating season was on May tio June. No harem system was developed. No access was given by dominant male to subdominant male for females. Mating behavior includes flehmen, urination, sniffing the urinate, observing, fake run by females, mounting and copulation. Hard antles rubbing caused effect on several trees (28%). Average breast diameter height of trees being rubbed during hard antlers condition were 7.06 ± 3.76 cm, with the length of scratch was 122.96 ± 15.48 cm. The trees species being rubbed were Melaleuca sp. (68%), Pavetta sp. (8%), Baccaurea lanceolata (8%), Ishorea sp. (4%), Vitex pinnata (4%), Dillenia excelsa (4%) and Nauclea subdita (4%).
Aktifitas dan pola makan, minum dan memamah biak kancil (Tragulus javanicus) di kebun binatang Ragunan Jakarta dan Surabaya Said, Nurhidayat; Winarto, Adi; Boediono, Arief; Djuwita, Ita; Nisa, Chairun; Wrediati, Tutik; Setijanto, Heru; Fakhrudin, Mohamad
Hemera Zoa Vol 77, No 1 (1995): Jurnal Hemera Zoa
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Telah dilakukan penelitian pada kancil (Tmgulus javanicus) di Kebun Binatang Ragunan - Jakarta dan Kebun Binatang Wonocolo - Surabaya untuk mendapatkan jenis makanan yang disukai, dan aktifitas makan, minum dan ruminasi dari kancil yang dikandangkan.Pada penelitian ini, disediakan 10 jenis makanan dan empat jenis diantaranya yaitu pisang, kacang panjang, kangkung dan pepaya lebih disukai. Aktifitas makan dilakukan pada siang dan malam hari, dan pada saat istirahat kancil melakukan aktifitas ruminasi. Perilaku makan dan ruminasi ini berbeda dengan perilakunya di habitas asalnya. Sedangkan aktifitas minum, jarang dilakukan, hal ini mungkin disebabkan oleh tingginya kadar air di dalam makanan yang disediakan. Aktifitas makan dari kancil yang dikandangkan telah berubah menjadi diurnal dan nokturnal.
The Effect of Sublethal Concentration of Phosphamidon on Tissue Damage of Nile Fish (Oreochromis niloticliS Trew.) Efrizal, T; Setijanto, Heru; Lumbanbatu, Djamar Tumpal F.; Sukra, Yuhara
Media Veteriner Vol 5, No 4 (1998): Media Veteriner
Publisher : Media Veteriner

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The effect of sublethal concentrations of phosphamidon on tissue damage of nile fish (Oreochromis niloticus Trew.) were studied at the Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Physiology Faculty of Fisheries and at the Laboratory of Anatomy F aculty of Veterinary Medicine Institut Pertanian Bogor. Renewal test method with 40 % of the media renewed everyday was used for the examination of the sublethal toxicity. Each test consisted of 30 nile fish in 15 1 water. The concentrations of phosphamidon used in this study was 0 mg/l (control group), 3.7 mg/l, 7.4 mg/l, dan 11.0 mg/l, respectively, and all groups were repeated three times. Histopathologically, the gill yielded secondary lamella damages, necrosis, hipertrophy, fusion lamella and degeneration of cartilaginous supportive tissue. The intestine showed necrosis of mucous cells, hipertrophy, bleeding in the lamina propria, and proliferation of connective tissue. In the hepatopancreas organ there were bleeding, infiltration of leucocytes and proliferation of connective tissue.
Tinjauan Makroskopik Organ Reproduksi Jantan Musang Luak (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) Novelina, Savitri; Putra, Shandy Maha; Nisa’, Chairun; Setijanto, Heru
ACTA VETERINARIA INDONESIANA - Indonesian Veterinary Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Januari 2014
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari makroanatomi organ reproduksi jantan musang luak(Paradoxurus hermaphroditus). Pengamatan morfometri meliputi pengukuran panjang, diameter,dan bobot dari organ reproduksi. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkanpanjang, diameter, dan bobot testis tanpa scrotum berturut-turut adalah 2,14 cm, 1,55 cm, dan 2,85 cm.Epididimis terdiri atas kaput, korpus, dan kauda epididimis. Kelenjar prostat mempunyai panjang 3,14cm, lebar 1,82 cm dan berat 4,21 g. Penis musang luak bertipe muskulo-kavernosus dengan panjang 7,77cm dan mempunyai penis spine. Secara umum, gambaran makroanatomi organ reproduksi musang luakjantan mirip dengan hewan karnivora lain seperti anjing dan kucing.
PERSEBARAN DAN STATUS HABITAT BEKANTAN (Nasalis larvatus) DI KABUPATEN TABALONG, KALIMANTAN SELATAN Soendjoto, Mochamad Arief; Alikodra, Hadi Sukadi; Bismark, Mohammad; Setijanto, Heru
Media Konservasi Vol 8, No 2 (2003): Media Konservasi Vol.8, No 2 Juni 2003
Publisher : Media Konservasi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29243/medkon.8.2.%p

Abstract

Probosics monkeys are distributed among 18 locations in the Tabalong Districs, South Kalimantan. The were found in rubber forset and other forest habitats (namely swamp, riparian, karst) adjacent to or surrounded by rubber forests. These habitats are categorized as culvated areas. A case where cultivated area is inhabited by a protected animal is a dilemma for conservation. Keywords: proboscis monkey, distribution, habitat status, adaptation
KOMUNIKASI VOKAL PADA BEKANTAN (Nasalis larvatus) Soendjoto, Mochamad Arief; Alikodra, Hadi Sukadi; Bismark, Mohammad; Setijanto, Heru
Media Konservasi Vol 8, No 2 (2003): Media Konservasi Vol.8, No 2 Juni 2003
Publisher : Media Konservasi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29243/medkon.8.2.%p

Abstract

Vocal communication on the probosics monkey (Nasalis larvatus) was poorly documented. The objectives of the research were to phoentically identify vocalizations of this monkey, measure their durations and interpret their functions. Six vocalizations, along with eleven behaviors were found. Duration of four vocalizations ranged 0,36-1,30 sec and of two vocalizations was supposed to be less than 0,25 second. Vocalizations function to reflect the state of angry, happy or disappointed showed the domination 0,36-1,30 are an individual to others and warned the group. Keywords: comunications, vocalizations, the probocis monkey
Morphological Study of the Oesophagus and Stomach of the Cave Swiflets (Collocalia linchi) Novelina, Savitri; E, Evalina; Satyaningtijas, Aryani S; Agungpriyono, Srihadi; Setijanto, Heru
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 3, No 1 (2009): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v3i1.3080

Abstract

This study was conducted with aim to tend out morphology of oesophagus and stomach of the cave swiflets (Collocalia linchi) at macroscopic and microscopic levels.  The data revealed that esophagus was 2.93 cm in length and possessed no crop.  The stomach was small and the isthmus was not clear. Mucosa of the esophagus was lined by stratified squoamus epithelium. Esophageal gland was mucous type. The glands were well developed and distributed along the esophagus. The external muscle layer consisted of inner circular and outer longitudinal layers.  The stomach could be distinguished into proventriculus and ventriculus with no clear isthmus between them. The mucosa of proventriculus was lined by single columnar epithelium. The ventricular gland area was divided into cardiac, fundic  and pyloric gland areas. The surface of ventriculus was lined with cuticula. In general the esophagus and stomach of the cave swiftlets were simple with no crop in the esophagus and isthmus in the stomach. These might be related with the kind of food and feeding behavior of this species.
PF-30 Anatomical Characteristic of Hindlimb Skeleton of Sumatran Rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) Nurhidayat, .; Lestari, Eni Puji; Cahyadi, Danang Dwi; Nisa, Chairun; Supratikno, .; Novelina, Savitri; Setijanto, Heru
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is an endangered animal in Indonesia. Currently, Sumatran rhino only found on Sumatera and Kalimantan in very small populations. These herbivorous animals are classified into the order of Perissodactyla (odd-toed animals) and family Rhinocerotidae [1]. Sumatran rhino is one of the largest living land mammals, reaching 1000 kg [1], although this species has the smallest body weight among all extant rhinos. This animal has a round and long body shape, relatively short legs with three digits on each leg. These body structures correspond to their habitat in the highlands, so the Sumatran rhino has an excellent ability to pass steep terrain [2]. For this reason, a strong hind limb structure is needed to push the body when walking, running and climbing the steep slopes. Therefore, this study was carried out in order to analyze the correlation between the Sumatran rhino’s hind limb skeleton and its functional roles.
PF-7 Pre Slaughter Stunning of Ruminant Slaughter Based on MUI HAS 23103 2012, MS 1500 2009 and SNI 99003 2018 Supratikno, .; Cahyadi, Danang Dwi; Setijanto, Heru
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

The debate about the use of pre slaughter stunning (PSS) in halal slaughter is still an interesting topic to discuss due to the difficulties to determine the stunned animal are unconscious or dead. Indonesia and Malaysia as a country with majority Muslim population have recognized non-penetrative PSS (NPPSS) as a method in halal slaughter. Indonesian Council of Ulama (MUI) issued the Halal Assurance System (HAS 23103 2012)[1] as guidelines for animal slaughter process, while Department of Standard  Malaysia issued  Malaysian Standard (MS) 1500 2009[2], which regulate Halal Food-Production, preparation Handling and Storage-General Guidelines. Recently, the Indonesian National Standardization Body issued Indonesias National Standard for ruminant halal slaughter (SNI 99003 2018) [3]. This article will discuss mechanical NPPSS based on these three guidelines in animal welfare and halal perspective 
DEVELOPMENT OF THE CORTICAL AND MEDULLARY CELLS OF ADRENAL GLAND IN THE LONG-TAILED MACAQUE (Macaca fascicularis) DURING PRE- AND POSTNATAL PERIOD Cahyadi, Danang Dwi; Nurhidayat, Nurhidayat; Supratikno, Supratikno; Novelina, Savitri; Nisa', Chairun; Setijanto, Heru
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 13, No 1 (2019): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (640.115 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v13i1.12044

Abstract

The study aimed to analyze the dynamics of the development of cortical and medullary cells of adrenal gland in the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) during pre- and postnatal period. The samples of adrenal glands were taken from 5 fetuses aged 70, 85, 100, 120, and 150 days of gestation, a newborn aged 10, and an infant aged 105 days old. The samples of the adrenal glands were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson trichrome (Goldner’s modification). The results showed that the fetal adrenal cortex consisted of a definitive and fetal zones, but in the late gestation (fetus aged 150 days of gestation), the transitional zone appeared between both zones. At the postnatal period, the definitive zone changed to glomerulosa zone, while the outer cells of the transitional zone changed to fasciculata zone which radially arranged. The results indicated that the fetal zone was present until birth and it will disappear gradually after birth. The medullary cells were found at the fetal stages as an irregular structure of small islands of chromaffin cells in the fetal zone. This structure migrated slowly to the center of the adrenal glands. The characteristics of mature chromaffin cells were found in the adrenal glands at postnatal period. In conclusion, the cortex adrenal of the newborn of long-tailed macaque consisted of zona glomerulosa, zona fasciculata, zona transitional, and the remaining fetal zone that has dissapeared gradually after birth.