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Pengaruh Perbedaan Jenis Pakan dan Ransum Harian Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Kelangsungan Hidup Kepiting Bakau (Scylla serrata)

ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 11, No 4 (2006): Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Penelitian tentang perbedaan jenis pakan dan jumlah ransum harian kepiting bakau (Scylla serrata) telah dilakukan yang bertujuan untuk mencari pakan alternative dan jumlah pakan harian yang sesuai untuk budidaya kepiting bakau. Metode yang digunakan adalah eksperimen lapangan dengan dua factor perlakuan yaitu perbedaan jenis pakan (ikan rucah, usus ayam dan keong mas) dan jumlah ransom harian (10%, 15%, 20%). Kepiting dipelihara dalam keramba jaring (1m x 1m x 1m) dengan padat tebar 9 ekor/karamba dan dipelihara selama enam minggu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan jenis pakan dan jumlah ransom harian tidak mempengaruhi secara nyata pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup kepiting bakau.Namun demikian, ikan rucah sebayak 20% memberikan hasil pertumbuhan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan jenis pakan lainnya. Sementara itu, angka kelangsungan hidup yang tinggi diperoleh pada pemberian keong mas 10% dan 15%.Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian keong mas and usus ayam dapat digunakan sebagai pakan alternative dalam budidaya kepiting bakau, namun demikian pemakaian ikan rucah sebagai pakanmemiliki peran penting dalam budidaya kepiting.Kata kunci : Kepiting bakau (Scylla serrata), keong mas (Pomacea canaliculata), ikan rucah dan usus ayamThe study of feed differences and feeding ration of mud crab (Scylla serrata) on the growth, and survival rate was done. The objective of the present study is to find alternative feeds and daily rations for mud crabculture. Field experimental was used in this study and two factors were evaluated namely type of feed (trash fish, chicken intestine and golden snail) and daily ration of 10%, 15% and 20%. The crabs were reared in poly ethylene cages with stocking density of 9 crabs /cage for six weeks. The result shows that the differences of feed types and daily rations were no significant affected on growth performance and survival rate of mudcrab. However, feed of trash fish 20% have resulted in a higher growth performance than other feeds and higher survival rates were found at feed of golden snail 10% and 15%. Therefore, it is concluded that goldensnail and chicken intestine are possible to be used as alternative feeds for mud crab culture. However trash fish is still play a vital role in crab culture.Key words: Mud crab (Scylla serrata), golden snail (Pomacea canaliculata), trash fish and chicken intestine.

Keragaman makrozoobenthos di perairan Kuala Gigieng Kabupaten Aceh Besar

DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): April 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Abstract. The objective of present study was to study the diversity of macrozoobenthos in Kuala Gigieng estuary, Aceh Besar. The study was conducted in June 2011. The random sampling method was used to determine the area and sampling points based on tidal activities. Samples were taken with the Eckmann grab, then identified at Marine Biological Laboratory of Marine Science Department. The results showed that there were three class of macrozoobenhos (Malacostraca, Gastropoda, and bivalves) within 12 species of makrozoobenthos occured in Kuala Gigieng. The Shannon-Wienner diversity index (H) at high tide, mean sea level, and low tide were 1.26, 1.446, and 1.892, respectively, and it was categorized as low level. Keywords. Diversity, Makcrozoobenthos, Gigieng estuary

Studi sebaran sedimen berdasarkan ukuran butir di perairan Kuala Gigieng, Kabupaten Aceh Besar, Provinsi Aceh

DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): April 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Abstract. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the distribution of sediments in the estuary of Kuala Gigieng. The study was done on Mei to June 2011 and the sampling was conducted in three areas of estuary i.e. downestuarine, middle-estuarine and river section of Kuala Gigieng. The wet sieving analysis method was used in this study. The data was then weighed and the percentage was calculated and classified based on the Wentworth scale. The results showed that (1) the mean grain size of sediment of each area was 0.50 mm, 0.65 mm and 0.56 mm and the characteristically, the sediment distribution was consisted of medium sand 63.42%, fine sand 23.40%, coarse sand 5.59%, very fine sand-mud 4.13% and pebble 0.17%. The currents speed were 0.25 m/s, 0.23 m/s and 0.19 m/s. The current speed has influenced the sediment distribution where small grains were mostly found at higher current speed. Key words. Estuary, currents and sediment distribution

Kebiasaan makan dan komposisi makanan tiga species cumi (Loligo edulis, Sepioteuthis lessoniana dan Sepia officinalis) hasil tangkapan nelayan dari Perairan Pantai Utara Provinsi Aceh

DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 2, No 2 (2013): August 2013
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Abstract. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the feeding habits of three species of squids i.e. Loligo sp. Sepioteuthis lessoniana dan Sepia officinalis which were caught in the northern sea of Aceh. The sampling was conducted from April  to May 2013 in TPI lampulo, Banda Aceh. The results showed that three type of foods were recorded on the Loligo sp. i.e. fish (75.1%), shrimp (20.5%) and squid (4.4%); in the S. officinalis stomach was fish (89.9%), shrimp (10%) and crab (0.29); while inthe S. lessoniana stomach was fish (99.9%) and worm (0.1%). Hence the squids were categorized as carnivorous feeding habit where small fish and shrimp were the primary food for the squids. Keywords: Food; Fish; Shrimp; Carnivorous;  Abstrak.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kebiasaan makan dan komposisi makanan tiga species cumi hasil tangkapan nelayan dari perairan  pantai Utara Provinsi Aceh mulai April sampai Mei 2013.  Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan metode penarikan contoh secara acak sederhana yaitu dengan mengambil sampel secara acak yang mewakili semua ukuran cumi yang ad. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jenis makanan yang dijumpai pada lambung Loligo edulis adalah ikan (75,1%), udang (20,5%) dan cumi (4,4%); pada lambung Sepia offisinalis  diperoleh jenis makanan;  ikan (89,9%), udang (10%) dan kepiting (0,29%;)  dan pada Sepioteuthis lessoniana  ikan (99,9%) dan cacing (0,1%). Sehingga dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa ketiga species yang diteliti karnivora dengan ikan-ikan kecil dan udang sebagai makanan utama.Kata kunci: Makanan, Ikan; Udang; Karnivora

Studi pendahuluan klasifikasi ukuran butir sedimen di Danau Laut Tawar, Takengon, Kabupaten Aceh Tengah, Provinsi Aceh

DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 2, No 2 (2013): August 2013
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Abstract. The purpose of this research was to examine the sediment grains size in Lake Laut Tawar. This research was done during Mei to June 2012. Five sampling stationse were determined  i.e. Toweran, Bintang, Klitu, Boom and Ujung Mumpar. Dry sieving analysis method was used in this study with different diameter stage sediment sieve  such as 4.75 mm, 1.7 mm, 250 µm,  850 µm, 150 µm, 0.2 µm, and 0.063 µm. The data was then weighed and calculated for percentages. The results showed that the sediment in Toweran station was dominated by pebble and medium sand; in Bintang station was dominated by pebble and coarse sand; in Klitu station was dominated by pebble and medium sand; in Boom station was dominated of colloid and remaining shells; and in Ujung Mumpar station was dominated of pebble and coarse sand. Generally, the sedimen type was pebble and coarse sand.Keywords: The dry sieving method; Stage sieve; Sediment grain size Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ukuran butir sedimen di Danau Laut Tawar. Penelitian berlangsung pada Bulan Mei sampai Juni 2012. Lokasi sampling terbagi menajdi beberapa stasiun;  Stasiun Toweran, Bintang, Klitu, Boom dan Ujung Mumpar. Sampel sedimen disaring dengan ayakan bertingkat dengan diameter  4,75 mm, 1,7 mm, 250 µm,  850 µm, 150 µm, 0,2 µm, 0,063 µm. Persentase berat fraksi sedimen dihitung berdasarkan saringan sedimen bertingkat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sedimen di Stasiun Toweran dominan kerakal dan batu yang diikuti pasir sedang, di Stasiun Bintang dominan kerakal dan batu yang diikuti pasir sangat kasar, di Stasiun Klitu dominan kerakal dan batu yang diikuti pasir sedang, di Stasiun Boom dominan koloid yang diikuti sisa kerang-kerangan dan di Stasiun Ujung Mumpar dominan kerakal dan batu yang diikuti pasir sangat kasar. Secara umum ukuran sedimen di Danau laut Tawar adalah kerakal dan pasir sangat kasar.Kata kunci : Metode ayak kering; Saringan bertingkat; Ukuran butir sedimen

Studi penentuan lokasi budidaya kerapu menggunakan keramba jaring apung di perairan Timur Simeulue

DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 4, No 1 (2015): APRIL 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Abstract. Groupers are of considerable economic value in southeast Asia.  Cage culture is considered as the proper technology to maximize the sustainable biomass production in a unit area. This research assesses a site selection approach for net-cage grouper mariculture in the eastern coastal area of Simeulue Island, namely Sambai, Kuta Batu and Pulau Bengkalak. Data collection focused on 7 biophysical site capability parameters i.e.: current flow, temperature, water clarity, bottom depth, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen. Suitability analysis identified all stations was categorized as a very appropriate and appropriate conditions for the fish cage location.Keywords: grouper; mariculture; fish cage; SimeulueAbstrak. Kerapu merupakan komoditas unggulan dan memiliki permintaan pasar yang tinggi di daerah Asia Tenggara. Keramba jaring apung (KJA) dianggap sebagai teknologi yang tepat untuk meningkatkan biomassa budidaya di suatu wilayah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji kesesuaian lokasi penempatan KJA di wilayah pesisir timur Pulau Simeulue yaitu Sambai, Kuta Batu dan Pulau Bengkalak. Kajian data difokuskan pada tujuh parameter biofisik yaitu arus, suhu, kecerahan, kedalaman perairan, pH, salinitas, dan oksigen terlarut. Analisis kelayakan menunjukkan seluruh stasiun dikategorikan sebagai layak dan sangat layak untuk lokasi budidaya KJA.Kata kunci: Kerapu; marikultur;  KJA; Simeulue

Contribution of Heat Fluxes on Cyclone Narelle as Simulated by a Mesoscale Model

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 2, No 3: December 2013
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Abstract - Heat fluxes from oceanic evaporation particularly latent heat is important to drive the formation and intensification of Cyclone Narelle. The research was carried out by introducing a mesoscale model, namely Weather and Research Forecasting (WRF). One domain with spatial resolution at 10 km was utilized in the model. The model involved significant physical parameters, e.g., Kain-Fritsch in the cumulus scheme, Yonsei University in the Planetary Boundary Layer scheme, and WRF Single-Moment 3-class in the microphysics scheme. The analysis focused on January 8th to 14th upon all stages of Narelle. The result showed that Sea Surface Temperatures (SST) higher than 26°C was a favorable environment for Cylone Narelle to form. Surface sensible and latent heat fluxes have strong positive correlation with wind speed and SST. It can be concluded that these variables were highly correlated with surface heat flux that further lead to the formation and intensification of Cyclone Narelle in early January 2013 over South Indian Ocean. The tracks and stages of the model are nearly similar to the observations, the differences are found in late phases of Narelle.  Keywords: Latent heat; WRF; SST; Sensible heat; Wind speed

Simulation of sea surface temperature (SST) and sea surface salinity (SSS) in the Bay of Bengal

Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The simulation of Bay of Bengal (included Andaman Sea) has been done. This investigation used equation of motion (Navier-Stokes equation).  The equation of motion was solved by means of Hamburg Shelf Ocean Model (HAMSOM). The analysis is done for the year of 2007. The National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) data for year of 2007 is used to force the Bay of Bengal.  The sea surface temperature (SST) and sea surface salinity (SSS) have been obtained and analyzed. The highest SST occurs in April 2007, while the lowest SST occurs in October 2007. The pattern of SST depends on the wind vector. From January untill June 2007, the SSS pattern is a west-east pattern. The SSS value is lower in the east and higher in the west. From July untill December, the higher value of SSS is generally in the middle of the Bay of Bengal. Generally, the value of SSS is higher in July and August, while in December and January the value of SSS is lower. Some results have been compared and consistent with the study of Vinayachandran dan Kurian (2008) and Vinayachandran and Yamagata (1998).

Tidal analysis at Kuala Langsa and Pusong Island using Admiralty method

Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 4, No 1 (2014): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

A research about tidal analysis at Kuala Langsa and Pusong Island with different physical condition had been done, where Kuala Langsa is an estuary and Pusong Island is a coastal area in Kota Langsa District, Aceh Province. The purpose of this research is to determine tidal type on both locations. This research used secondary data which is obtained from Kuala Langsa – Pusong Island Hydro – Oceanographic Survey and primary data which is taken about 29 hours at both locations.  Admiralty method had been using to analyze the tides and from this method can be obtain amplitude and phase lag based on Formhazl number. The result of this research according to Formhazl number for Kuala Langsa and Pusong Island are 0.12 and 0.23 respectively. Both values of Formhazl number of the locations are smaller than 0.25, it concluded that both locations had showed same tidal type, i.e. semidiurnal. The phase lag for tidal types in Kuala Langsa for M2 is 3590while for Pusong Island is 3300. While for the amplitude of both locations for M2 is 56 cm for Kuala Langsa and 48 cm for Pusong Island. It is shown that the amplitudes at Kuala Langsa are a little bit higher than that of Pusong Island. The difference is suspect due to the different physical condition of the observation areas

GRAIN-SIZE STATISTICAL PARAMETERS OF SANDY SEDIMENT IN KUALA GIGIENG, ACEH BESAR DISTRICT

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

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Abstract

Study of sediment distribution at Kuala Gigieng was to assess the information of sediment related to the occurrence of hydro-oceanographic processes. The sediment samples were collected from nine stations using coring method. Granulometric method was used to analyze the grain size distributions. The results showed different sediment distribution patterns in each area at estuary Kuala Gigieng. The outer area of estuary indicated skewed to coarse grains, while at the inner area of estuary indicated skewed to fine grains. Different sediment load transport process was suggested as the cause of differentiated sediment characters.   Keywords: granulometry, grain size, sediment statistic, Kuala Gigieng