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Nitrogen and Potassium Applications on the Growth of Amorphophallus muelleri Blume Santosa, Edi; Setiasih, Ika; Mine, Yoko; Sugiyama, Nobuo
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Productivity of Amorphophallus muelleri is considered low. Thus, pot experiment was conducted at the Cikabayan Experimental Farm, Bogor Indonesia during rainy season November 2007 to July 2008, in order to determine the optimum fertilizer dose for A. muelleri under 50% shading net. Treatments consisted of four doses of nitrogen (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg ha-1 N) and three doses of potassium (0, 50 and 100 kg ha-1 K2O). The results showed that application of N and K fertilizers significantly increased vegetative growth, i.e., number of leaves, number of leaflets and second leaf size, but did not affect harvesting time. Fresh weight and dry matter content of daughter corm were significantly affected by N and K applications. Combination of 50 kg ha-1 N and 100 kg ha-1 K2O resulted in higher corm weight than other treatments. It is evident that the application of nitrogen and potassium is important in A. muelleri.   Keywords: disease infection, iles-iles, Indonesian konjac, nitrogen, potassium