Indrawati Sendow
Bagian Klinik Hewan, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Udayana, Bali

Published : 63 Documents
Articles

Infection of Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus in Pig Sendow, Indrawati
Media Veteriner Vol 5, No 4 (1998): Media Veteriner
Publisher : Media Veteriner

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

TransmissIble gastroenteritis (TGE) virus belong to corona virus which cause acute diarrhoea in under two years old young pig, especially young piglets. The pigs experience severe loss of body fluid which can lead to death. To prevent the disease, vaccination is a must, but the vaccine available at present is not effective. It is quite difficult to diagnose TGE clinically and diarrhoea could be due to other agents, i.e. bacterial, parasite and another viral infections. A comprehensive conclusion of laboratory examination, pathological finding, and clinical signs in the field can lead to definitive diagnose of TGE. A review about the disease, causative agent, characteristic of the agent, clinical signs, epidemiology, diagnose, control and prevention, and the occurrence in Indonesia based on serological result is presented.
The Development of Japanese Encephalitis in Indonesia Sendow, Indrawati; Bahri, Sjamsul
WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 15, No 3 (2005): SEPTEMBER 2005
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (826.844 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v15i3.821

Abstract

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a zoonotic viral disease which causes encephalitis in children (5-9 years old) . The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes. The presence of JE virus, vector and reservoir host in Indonesia, will increase the concern of the possibility of JE outbreak in Indonesia. JE infection in human was reported by clinical and serological findings. Recently, JE case in Bali was declared as hyperendemic (usually sporadic) . In animals, JE infection has been confirmed by serology and viral isolation, while JE vector had been found in different species of mosquitoes by successful viral isolation from those mosquitoes. The prevention and control of JE are conducted by socialization about JE to the society, by cutting the JE transmission cycle (virus, vector and host), including pig farm relocation . The development of regional laboratories (facilities and human resources) to diagnose JE and the establishment BSL of 3 laboratory in the central laboratory institute to isolate the JE virus and to conduct further JE research on the role of animal in transmitting JE to human, must be conducted . Key words : Japanese encephalitis, epidemiology, diagnose, animals, human
Canine Parvovirus in Dogs Sendow, Indrawati
WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 13, No 2 (2003): JUNE 2003
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.669 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v13i2.787

Abstract

Parvovirus disease in dogs is caused by Parvovirus, a member of famili Parvoviridae. In young puppies, less than 4 months age, CPV infect heart, while older puppies CPV will infect tractus digestivus, which caused blood diarrhoea. In general, the cinical signs of CPV disease are vomit, loss appetite, and blood diarrhoea. Parvovirus will inactivated by given chemical reagents such as Hypoclorised or formalin. Vaccination is the only way to protect the disease. The right time of vaccination will give the optimum protection of the disease. Hence, monitoring the immune response after vaccination needs to be developed to gain the information on the best time to vvaccinate the dogs, so the failure of vaccination can be avoided.   Key words: Parvovirus, vaccination, diagnosis
Peste des Petits Ruminant: Exotic Ruminant Disease That Should Be Anticipated Sendow, Indrawati; RMA, Adjid; Dharmayanti, NLPI
WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 24, No 1 (2014): MARCH 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (131.458 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v24i1.1025

Abstract

Peste des Pettits Ruminants (PPR) is one of infectious and contagious viral diseases from morbilliviruses group in ruminants especially small ruminants. The disease was characterized by nasal and eye discharge, conjunctivitis, high fever, gastrointestinal disorder and pneumonia. Hence PPR may cause economical impact for the farmers due to the decrease of animal productivity and death.  Peste des pettits ruminants is also a disease that has serious attention on the Office International des Epizooties (OIE) list. In Indonesia, the disease has not been reported, so the anticipation of entering the disease is needed. The paper will describe the disease in many aspects included transmission, host ranges, epidemiology, clinical disease, diagnosis and the ability to identify the disease in Indonesia. Key words: Peste des Pettits Ruminants, epidemiology, diagnose, ruminants
Nipah and its Current Situation in Indonesia Sendow, Indrawati; Adjid, R M Abdul
WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 15, No 2 (2005): JUNE 2005
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (556.921 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v15i2.828

Abstract

Recently, the incidence of zoonotic disease in the world increases, due to technology development, human activities and ecosystem changes . One of these diseases is an outbreak of Nipah in the neighbouring country, Malaysia, which caused 105 people died and more than one million pig were culled . Malaysia is the adjacent country to Indonesia, hence, it is possible that Nipah will be transferred to Indonesia through imported pigs and their products, and the migration of wild animal such as fruit bat. Because of Nipah is one of emerging diseases and hazardous to human, it needs a serious attention . Preliminary results on Nipah serology at the Research Institute for Veterinary Science . Bogor .. indicated that pigs in Riau. North Sumatera . North Sulawesi and West Jawa areas were negative to Nipah virus infection . However, the reservoir host, fruit bats from North Sumatera, West Java and East Java areas had been proven to have antibodies against Nipah virus using both ELISA and serum neutralization tests . With this condition, human and animal health departments should anticipate a possible occurrence of Nipah viral infection in Indonesia . This paper reviewes many aspects of Nipah included aetiology, epidemiology, the situation in Indonesia, prevention and controlling recommendation, that can be used as an input in order to improve veterinary public health in Indonesia. Key words: Nipah, aetiology, epidemiology, controlling, Indonesia
The isolation of canine parvovirus and pathological changes of infected dogs Sendow, Indrawati; Hamid, Helmy
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 9, No 1 (2004): MARCH 2004
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (280.024 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v9i1.427

Abstract

The aims of this study are to isolate canine parvovirus (CPV) from the field case and to evaluate its histological aspects in CPV infected dogs. Samples were collected from intestine, intestine contained and mucose, as well as dogs feses from diarrhoea and blood diarrhoea. The suspension of those specimen was inoculated into Feline Kidney cells and observed for cythopathic effect (CPE). The presence of CPE indicated that there was viral isolate and continued to further identification using Haemaglutination (HA) test with pig red blood cells. Samples with positif in HA test were further identification using Haemaglutination Inhibition (HI) test against reference CPV antisera. Isolation result showed that from 81 samples processed, 10 samples indicated CPE in cell cultures, and had agglutinated in pig red blood cells and neutralised reference CPV antisera as the same titer of reference CPV antisera. Nine isolates were obtained from feces and 1 isolate was obtained from Mucose intestine from bloody diarrhoea dogs. Those isolates were also obtained from 1 to 2 days post blood diarrhea clinical signs. Two from 10 cadavers examined showed histological changes to CPV infection. Isolate of CPV, originally from feces, was also obtained from one of the two cadavers. Based on the results it was concluded that more CPV viral isolates can be obtained from bloody diarrhea feces.   Key words: Canine parvovirus, inhibition, isolation, pathology, identification
PENGEMBANGAN TEKNIK ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY (ELISA) MENGGUNAKAN ANTIBODI MONOKLONAL UNTUK MENDETEKSI ANTIBODI PENYAKIT BOVINE EPHEMERAL FEVER Sendow, Indrawati; Adjid, R.M. Abdul; Ratnawati, Atik; Saepulloh, Muharam
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 9, No 1 (2015): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.824 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v9i1.2775

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan teknik enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) untuk mendeteksi antibodi terhadap virus bovine ephemeral fever (BEF). Pada penelitian ini dikembangkan uji ELISA langsung (direct ELISA) dan tidak langsung (indirect ELISA) dengan menggunakan antibodi monoklonal (blocking ELISA). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa uji direct ELISA tidak dapat digunakan dengan baik karena terjadi positif palsu. Uji blocking ELISA bereaksi lebih baik dan dapat dikembangkan lebih lanjut untuk mendeteksi antibodi terhadap penyakit BEF. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa pengembangan teknik deteksi dini terhadap BEF dengan mempergunakan antibodi monoklonal dapat diterapkan dalam upaya pengawasan penyakit dan surveilans.
Status Infeksi Virus Hendra Pada Kalong (Pteropus spp.) di Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat dan Manado, Sulawesi Utara Sendow, Indrawati; Field, Hume; Ratnawati, Atik; Adjid, RM. Abdul; Saepulloh, Muharam; Breed, Andrew; Morrissy, Chris.; Daniels, Peter
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 9, No 1 (2013): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.748 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v9i1.144

Abstract

Hendra merupakan salah satu penyakit emerging dan zoonosis yang berbahaya, termasuk Genus Henipavirus(Paramyxoviridae). Penyakit ini sangat erat hubungannya dengan Nipah, yang dapat menginfeksi ternak babi danmanusia. Survey serologi dilakukan di dua propinsi, yaitu Kalimantan Barat dan Sulawesi Utara. Hasil menunjukkanbahwa 148 kalong (Pteropus sp.) yang terdiri dari 84 P. vampyrus asal Kalimanatan Barat dan 64 P alecto asalSulawesi Utara telah dikoleksi. Hasil serologis mengindikasikan 22,6% P vampyrus di Kalimantan Barat mempunyaiantibodi terhadap virus Hendra, yang juga merupakan reaksi silang dengan virus Nipah. Di Sulawesi Utara, 25%serum mengandung antibodi terhadap virus Hendra, dimana 7,8% diantaranya hanya mempunyai antibodi terhadapvirus Hendra. Dari data tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa antibodi terhadap virus Hendra terdeteksi padaP. alecto di Sulawesi Utara. Hasil ini merupakan laporan pertama tentang infeksi Hendra pada P. alecto di Indonesia.Adanya perbedaan prevalensi tersebut, dapat disebabkan oleh letak geografis atau spesies kalong yang diuji.Kata kunci: P. vampyrus, P. alecto, antibodi, Hendra, Nipah, Serum Netralisasi
Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction : Perangkat Diagnostic Alternatif untuk Melacak Virus Nipah (REAL TIME POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION : AN ALTERNATIVE DIAGNOSTIC TOOL TO DETECT NIPAH VIRUS) Sendow, Indrawati; Ratnawati, Atik; Adjid, Raden Mas Abdul; Saepulloh, Muharam
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Nipah is a dangerous zoonotic disease with a high social, economical and psychological impact. Fruitbat Pteropus sp. is one of the nipah virus  reservoir host. As the virus is categorized as a dangerous zoonoticdisease that cause fatal in human, all works related to live virus should be conducted in a laboratory withBSL4 facilities. The detection of nipah virus using real time PCR to replace virus isolastion can thereforebe conducted in a laboratory without BSL4 facilities. The results was further  confirmed at referencelaboratory at   Australian Animal Health Laboratory ( AAHL) Geelong, Australia, indicated that nipahvirus can be detected in saliva of fruit bat P. vampyrus in Medan North Sumatera.
Hantavirus Infection: Anticipation of Zoonotic Disease in Indonesia Sendow, Indrawati; Dharmayanti, NLPI; Saepullah, M; Adjid, RMA
WARTAZOA. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 26, No 1 (2016): MARCH 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (156.031 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v26i1.1270

Abstract

Recently, the evidence of Hantavirus infection in human and animals is increasing, and new Hantavirus strain has been identified. The disease causes clinical renal and lung disorders and fatal to human. The presence of new Hantavirus strain, lack of available quick and accurate diagnostic tool, asymptomatic clinical signs and paucity of disease information, will inhibit disease control especially in the developing countries. The paper describes Hantavirus disease and its epidemiology in developed and developing countries, including Indonesia and its recommendation for disease prevention and control.