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Journal : Biota Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati

Sistematik Numerik Strain-Strain Anggota Genus Pseudomonas Pendegradasi Alkilbenzen Sulfonat Liniar Berdasarkan Sifat Fenotip dan Protein Fingerprinting Suharjono, Suharjono; Sembiring, Langkah; Subagja, Jusup; Ardyati, Tri; Lisdiana, Lisa
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 12, No 1 (2007): February 2007
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.138 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v12i1.2536

Abstract

Bacteria strains consisting of Pseudomonas sp. strain J and R isolated from river ecosystem polluted and Pseudomonas sp. strain A and B isolated from river ecosystem unpolluted by detergent were capable to degrade of LAS. The objective of this research was to determine similarity value by numerically of LAS-degrading Pseudomonas strains based on phenotype character and protein fingerprinting using three reference strains consist of Pseudomonas putida FNCC071, P. fluorescens FNCC070, and P. aeruginosa FNCC063. Phenotype characteristics examined are cellular and colony morphology, biochemical nature, capability to degrade polysaccharide, tolerance to various environmental factors and antibiotics, and ability to ferment sugar. Cellular protein fingerprinting was analyzed using SDS?PAGE discontinuous. Strains classification was determined based on Simple Matching Method similarity index by UPGMA (Unweight Pair Group Method with Average) algorithm. Based on phenotype nature, all strains have similarity value 0.61; however, based on cellular protein fingerprinting, those strains have similarity value 0.52. All strains of LAS-degraded were including in the genus of Pseudomonas.
Sistematik Filogenetik Pseudomonas Strain Indigenous Pendegradasi Liniar Alkilbenzen Sulfonat Suharjono, Suharjono; Sembiring, Langkah; Subagja, Yusup; Widayati, Wiwik E.
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 15, No 1 (2010): February 2010
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (402.933 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v15i1.2644

Abstract

Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate (LAS) was the dominant pollutant in the river ecosystem. Indigenous strains of Pseudomonas in river ecosystem had highly potency to LAS degradation. This research was carried out to study relationship of indigenous strains of LAS degrading to Pseudomonas strains. Indigenous strains of bacteria of LAS degrading were characterized based on ARDRA (Amplified Ribosomal 16S rDNA Restriction Analysis) and 16S rDNA sequence. Result of the research shows that Pseudomonas strain J and R which LAS degrading from detergent polluted river ecosystem based on 16S rDNA sequence, isolate J has 98.37% similarity and it has relationship to P. pseudoalcaligenes LMG 1225T whereas isolate R has 84.86% similarity and related to P. stutzeri phen8.
Analisis Filogenetik Burung Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) Berdasarkan Sekuen Intron Satu Gen Rhodopsin (RDP1) Nukleus Budiarsa, I Made; Artama, I Wayan Tunas; Sembiring, Langkah; Situmorang, Jesmandt
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 15, No 2 (2010): June 2010
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.988 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v15i2.2693

Abstract

The phylogenetic relationships of the maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) were analyzed based on thefirst intron of rhodopsin nuclear gene sequence data obtained from 15 individuals, along withthose of 22 individuals taken from GenBank. The phylogenetic trees were reconstructed byNeighbor-Joining (NJ) method. Results indicated that 956 bp of RDP1 sequence, 414 (43.4%)sites were variable and 317 (33.2%) sites were phylogenetically-informative. The basecomposition for all species analyzed in this research were as follows: T 25.3%, C 26.3%, A18.5%, and G 29.9%. Analysis of RDP1 sequence produced trees that were remarkably wellresolved and had topologies at the marga level. The phylogenetic analysis showed that maleowas monophyly of Macrocephalon and closely related to Aepypodius, Talegalla, Leipoa andAlectura.
Isolasi dan Karakterisasi Jamur Pendegradasi Katekin dari Seresah Pinus Nurnawati, Elisa; Sembiring, Langkah
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 8, No 3 (2003): October 2003
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.808 KB) | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v8i3.2855

Abstract

Isolation of catechin-degrading fungus from pine litter samples was done using minimal medium that containing catechin as sole carbon and energy source.  A total of 53 isolates were chosen to represent different colonial types of catechin degrading-fungus. The isolates were screened for their ability to degrade catechin in three stages. The first stage of screening was based on their ability to grow on solid medium containing 2 mM, and as a result, 28 isolates were selected.  The second stage of screening on the same medium but containing 4 mM of catechin resulting in 14 selected isolates. The third stage screening was based on their mean growth rate constant (k), instantaneous growth rate constant (m) and generation time (g) on minimal medium containing 4 mM catechin. The result showed that four isolates (D9, K2, K11, and S11) were the best catechin degradator. Further growth kinetic study  (k, m ,and g) of selected  isolates   indicated that  D9, K2, and S11 grew well on the medium containing 40 mM, but  K11 was inhibited by concentration of higher than 10 mM. Catechin biodegradation process was determined by following the decrease of catechin concentration on liquid medium. It was found that isolate K2 had higher ability to degrade catechin than the isolate K11. Finally, the four selected isolates from the third stage were characterized in terms of macroscopic, microscopic and phenotypic characters and identified. The result of the study showed that the isolates D9, K2 and S11 were identified as member of Aspergillus niger group. The isolate D9 was very similar to isolate S11, while the isolate K2 was found to be the most similar with Aspergillus niger van Tiegh. IFO 6341. The isolate K11 was assigned to be member of the genus Trichoderma.