Iwan Satriawan
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The Constitutional Court’s Role in Consolidating Democracy and Reforming Local Election Satriawan, Iwan; Mokhtar, Khairil Azmin
Constitutional Review Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31078/consrev115

Abstract

Within the same group as the USA and India Indonesia is one of the largest democracies in the world. After experiencing authoritarian rule for a few decades since its independence the country finally at the beginning of the twenty first century managed to chart along its new direction along democratic course and values. More than a decade has passed since the democratic transition begun  yet the country still faces various constitutional dilemmas and enigmas. One of organs of the government which has been entrusted to transform the country into a democratic nation is the Constitutional Court. The objective of  this  paper is to provide critical analyses of the role of the Constitutional Court of Indonesia in the process of consolidating local democracy. The scope of analysis is confined to a number of important cases heard by the court on local election disputes from the year 2008  to 2013. The rationale to focus on local election      is because local government provides the second layer of government for this unitary country making the governance more democratic and more in touch with local population. The result of the study is the Constitutional Court through its decisions has created conducive political situation and has provided significant contributions in the process of consolidating local democracy. In spite of limited number of judges and short period of settlement to disputes brought before it the Court have settled all disputes regarding local elections without much delay and complaint. Nevertheless there are some areas  that  need  to  be addressed by the court to enhance its efficiency and effectiveness. A few  factors  have  been identified to be the cause of the problems namely problem of design of structure of the Court, extension of the scope of authority, period of settlement, over-dosis of authority and the breach of  code of  ethics of  the judges.Thus it  is recommended that in order to perpetuate the excellent achievements of the court the institution need to be strengthened by addressing the problems.
Open Legal Policy dalam Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi dan Pembentukan Undang-Undang Satriawan, Iwan; Lailam, Tanto
Jurnal Konstitusi Vol 16, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31078/jk1636

Abstract

Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi No. 46/PUU-XIV/2016 yang menolak perluasan makna zina yang ada dalam Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana menjadi topik yang ramai diperdebatkan. Sebagian masyarakat berpendapat bahwa seharusnya Mahkamah Konstitusi berani melakukan terobosan hukum dalam isu yang sangat penting tersebut. Namun, Hakim Mahkamah Konstitusi berpendapat perluasan makna zina tersebut bukan ranah kewenangan mereka. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji lebih jauh argumentasi hukum (ratio decidendi) putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi yang bersifat open legal policy dan bagaimana implikasinya terhadap pembentukan peraturan perundang-undangan di Indonesia. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kepustakaan dengan pendekatan undang-undang dan studi kasus terhadap beberapa putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi yang mengandung argumentasi open legal policy. Secara konseptual penelitian ini juga akan membahas bagaimana implikasi putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi yang mengandung open legal policy tersebut terhadap sistem legislasi nasional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertama, konsepsi open legal policy dalam putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi belum memiliki batasan yang jelas sehingga pengertian positive legislator dan negative legislator sering dikacaukan dalam praktik pembentukan dan pengujian undang-undang. Kedua, putusan yang bersifat open legal policy tersebut juga menunjukkan bahwa di antara hakim Mahkamah Konstitusi telah terjadi tarik menarik penggunaan paradigma judicial activism dan judicial restraints sehingga menimbulkan ketidakpastian hukum di tengah masyarakat. Penelitian ini merekemomendasikan perlunya kajian yang lebih mendalam tentang disain open legal policy dalam putusan Mahkamah Konsitusi dan sistem legislasi nasional Indonesia.The Constitutional Court Decision No. 46/PUU/XIV/2016 which rejected the petition of petitioners to broaden the meaning of zina (fornication) in the Criminal Code of Indonesia has been becoming an interesting issue to be discussed. Some argue that the Constitutional Court must use its authority to conduct a break-through in responding the crucial legal issue. On the other hand, the Court asserted that widening the meaning of zina in the Criminal Code of Indonesia is not its authority. The research aims at discussing further the ratio decidendi of the Constitutional Court Decision which contains the element of open legal policy and its implication to national legislation system. The research is a normative legal research which uses statute approach and case law approach. The result of research shows that firstly, the concept of open legal policy in the Constitutional Court decisions does not have a clear limitation which implies uncertainty of its implementation in the Court decisions and the national legislation system. Secondly, the Decision of the Constitutional Court with open legal policy also shows that on one hand, there is a trend of using judicial activism among the constitutional judges. On the other hand, some constitutional judges also use judicial restraint approach as their reasons which results uncertainty of law in Court decision. The research recommends that there should be a further study on design model of open legal policy in the Constitutional Court decisions and its implication to national legislation system.
Pencegahan Gerakan Radikalisme melalui Penanaman Ideologi Pancasila dan Budaya Sadar Konstitusi Berbasis Komunitas Satriawan, Iwan; Islami, Muhammad Nur; Lailam, Tanto
Jurnal Surya Masyarakat Vol 1, No 2 (2019): Mei 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26714/jsm.1.2.2019.99-110

Abstract

Pengabdian ini memfokuskan pada upaya pencegahan gerakan radikalisme melalui penanaman ideologi Pancasila dan budaya sadar konstitusi berbasis komunitas. Komunitas yang dipilih adalah Pimpinan Ranting Muhammadiyah Bangunjiwo Barat, Banguntapan IV dan Sidokarto. Persoalan komunitas masyarakat saat ini adalah adanya gerakan-gerakan radikalisme yang memiliki agenda terselubung yang menggerogoti nilai-nilai Pancasila - memecah belah bangsa Indonesia, melemahkan persatuan dan kesatuan ? merusak kebhinekaan yang sejak Indonesia berdiri telah menjadi konsensus bersama. Kegiatan ini dilakukan dalam bentuk pengabdian berupa: (1) Pelatihan Pencegahan Radikalisme melalui Penanaman Ideologi Pancasila dan Budaya Sadar Konstitusi yang dilakukan di 3 tempat, yakni: di Pimpinan Ranting Muhammadiyah Bangunjiwo Barat, Banguntapan IV dan Sidokarto. Pelatihan ini memfokuskan pada penguatan pemahaman Pancasila dan budaya sadar konstitusi serta strategi pencegahan radikalisme di Indonesia; (2) ToT Pencegahan Radikalisme melalui Penanaman Ideologi Pancasila dan Budaya Sadar Konstitusi. Training of Trainer ini merupakan lanjutan dari pelatihan pada PRM yang dilakukan sebelumnya. Adapaun materi dalam ToT ini meliputi: Pemahaman Ideologi Bernegara Menurut Muhammadiyah dan Sikap Bernegara Muhammadiyah; Pencegahan Radikalisme melalui Kewajiban Bela Negara dalam kehidupan beragama; Advokasi Kebijakan dan Hukum terkait Gerakan Radikalisme. ToT ini dilakukan agar peserta memiliki kemampuan untuk menjadi pelatih yang memiliki pemahaman dan sikap bahwa radikalisme/ terorisme harus dicegah sedemikian rupa dengan berbagai kegiatan pencegahan. Kegiatan pencegahan tersebut merupakan bentuk bela negara warga negara yang baik demi menjaga kelangsungan hidup bangsa dan negara yang seutuhnya dengan melakukan pencegahan gerakan radikalisme di masing-masing komunitas.Kata kunci: Pancasila, budaya sadar konstitusi, radikalisme, terorisme, pencegahan.AbstractThe community service program aims to prevent radicalism movement through inculculating state ideology, Pancasila and building awareness on understanding more about Constitution among the community. In this program, Muhammadiyah branches at some villages in Yogyakarta are selected to be the pilot project. They are Muhammadiyah branch of Sidokarto, Banguntapan IV and Bangunjiwo Barat. These area are considered as some villages that are susceptible for penetrating radicalist movement ideology which threaten the state ideology, Pancasila as the result of national political consensus of Indonesia since 1945. The program is divided into two activities, 1) training for understanding Pancasila and preventing radicalism. The program focuses on how to improve the level of understading of Muhammadiyah actisvits on the phenomena of radicalist movement in the society. The participants are also guided by the understanding Pancasila as the state ideology. 2) Training of Trainers for understanding Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. This program is more focused on developing the understanding of participants on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. The participants are also equipped with basic skill on how to advocate the rights of people in combating radicalism. It is expected that the program educates the Muhammadiyah activists to be the agent of combating radicalism as well as protecting the society.