cover
0.486
P-Index
Sartini Sartini
Universitas Medan Area
Articles
16
Documents
ETIKA KEBEBASAN BERAGAMA

Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 18, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

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Abstract

AbstractThis research aims to collect terms of religious freedom and understanding of them from any experts. This discourse is toconstruct a comprehensive term of religious freedom especially to Indonesian as a multicultural society.There are many descriptions of religious freedom oriented to: freedom as a human right itself, the relation of individual andsociety, law that restricted people life, and the implication to life. Therefore, the wide argumentation leads people to consider all of the aspects when they discourse and imply this freedom in life. The different of these points of view could disharmonic society while in discourse and practice. As a multicultural culture, Indonesian should understand all of the aspects to life in peace.Keywords: religious freedom, multicultural society, peace

The Production of Chitosan from Shrimp Shell Waste and Its Formulation in Patch DosageForm Combined with Aloe vera Extract as Antiinfection Agent

International Journal of Applied Biology Vol 1, No 1 (2017): International Journal of Applied Biology
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

Chitosan can be obtained from chitin isolated from shrimp waste through the process of deacetylation of chitin. Chitosan can be used as a patch base material because of its biocompatibility and biodegradability, and has antibacterial activity. The combination of Chitosan and Aloe vera extracts may be useful in patch dosage forms as wound dressings that have antiinfective activity. The research methods was laboratory experimental which consists of : chitosan was obtained from shell waste sequentially by deproteinisation, demineralisation, and deacetylation processes, and analyzed its characteristic, respectivel; Aloe vera gel was extraction by maceration methods using ethanol as solvent; patches were formulated using 2 % chitosan in 1.5 % glacial acetic acid,  1.6 %  Aloe vera extracts and 10 % glycerin and evaluated its physical propoperties,  skin iritation test, and antibacterial test against S.aureus. The results showed that percentage yield of chitosan was 32.67%, with characteristics; Its viscosity 93.33 cps, pH 4, 30 % deacetylation degree.  Percentage yield of Aloe vera  extract was 22.73%, containing acemannan, and had antibacterial activity against S.aureus.  The result of patch evaluation showed that the thickness of patch was 0.45 mm, 114 times folding endurance, moisture uptake of 45.03%, moisture content of 23.64%, safe to use, and  diameter of inhibition zone was 6.39 mm against S.aureus. So, combination of Aloe vera and Chitosan from shrimp shell as patch may use as antiinfection wound healing.  Keywords : Aloe vera L.; chitosan; wound dressing; patch; shrimp shell waste

ANALISIS KUALITAS AIR SUMUR TANAH DI SEKITAR TPST PIYUNGAN DENGAN PARAMETER FISIKA, KIMIA DAN BAKTERIOLOGI

Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 09/Nomor 02/2016
Publisher : STIKES Wira Husada Yogyakarta

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Abstract

INTISARI Latar Belakang: Adanya TPST Piyungan beberapa sumber air disekitar TPST Piyungan menjadi tercemar karena beberapa parameter melebihi baku mutu. Sumur merupakan sumber air yang digunakan oleh warga dusun Ngablak dengan jumlah 122 sumur. Tujuan Penelitian: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas air sumur tanah disekitar TPST Piyungan dengan parameter fisik, kimia, bakteriologi. Metode: Metode yang digunakan yaitu deskriptif analitik dengan menggunakan uji laboratorium. Populasi pada penelitian ini yaitu sumur berjarak sampai 1km. Sampel pada penelitian ini berjumlah empat sampel yaitu pertama sumur yang digunakan RT 3 dan RT 4 berjarak 792 m, kedua sumur pantau II TPST Piyungan berjarak 69 m, ketiga sumur yang digunakan RT 5 berjarak 623 m, keempat sumur pantau I TPST Piyungan berjarak 72 m. Hasil:Hasil pengukuran pada parameter fisik, kimia, bakteriologi pada sumur disekitar TPST Piyungan ada beberapa parameter yang melebihi baku mutu yaitu pada suhu sumur I,II,III,IV, nitrat pada sumur II dan IV dan Total Coliformsumur I,II,III,I. Kesimpulan:Pada parameter fisikyaitu suhu, parameter kimia yaitu nitrat, pada parameter bakteriologi Total Coliform.

GAMBARAN OBESITAS DAN KADAR KOLESTEROL BERDASARKAN UMUR DAN JENIS KELAMIN PADA PASIEN YANG BEROBAT DI RUMAH SAKIT HAJI MEDAN

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

This reseach aims to determine the relationship between obesity and blood lipid levels in patients who seek treatment at Hospital Haji Medan. The research uses descriptive method that is a picture of the number of people to pull data directly from secondary data sources, namely the medical records of all patients treated at the Hospital Haji Medan. Parameters measured were patient age, sex and analyzing the increasing number of patients from 2012 to 2013. The results showed that the samples of patients who are obese biggest is 41-60 year age range that is equal to 44.15%, normal conditions alone amounted to 25. 98%. The second age range who are obese in this study were 61-80 years is 11.04% and normal as much as 8.44 percent, and the third at 21-40 years of age as much as 1.95 obesity and 8.44% for normal conditions , obesity among men and women obtained the highest percentage calculations for obesity is on the female is 46.75% while the male percentage of 13.64%. Obesity  patients have cholesterol levels > 200 for a total percentage of 48.05%, while patients with normal conditions of 9.09%. Based on the age of the highest number of obese in the age group 41-60 years, while based on gender, obese women more than men.

Hubungan Antara Nilai Cluster of Differentiated 4 Dengan Stadium Human Immuno Deficiency Virus Pada Ibu Hamil Yang Terinfeksi HIV/AIDS

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

Morbiditas and mortalitas caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) trend increase and become an important problem peoples health in the world. Through out the 80% of children AIDS victim has a prenatal infection from their mother. The aim of this study is to know the relationship between CD4 value and HIV stadium at pregnant mother infected by HIV/AIDS. A descriptive method was applied in this experiment. The sample obtained, from 22 pregnant mothers victims diagnosed of HIV/AIDS infection in Posyansus RSUP. H. Adam Malik Medan since January 2012 until June 2013. Data obtained by measuring CD4 value before and after ARV theraphy, then statistically  analyzed. The result out showed that 12 of samples (55%) have low CD4 value before ARV theraphy below 200 m3. Than, CD4 value were increased after ARV theraphy not affected by the stadium status. CD4 value before and after ARV theraphy has a negative linear corellation with HIV stadium (r = -0,743) it can be conclude that increased of CD4 value give an indirect contribution to HIV stadium victims.

SKRINING FITOKIMIA DAN UJI ANTIMIKROBA EKSTRAK KASAR BAWANG BATAK (Allium cinense) TERHADAP BAKTERI Staphylococcus aureus DAN Escherichia coli

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to determine the composition of secondary metabolites of crude extract “bawangbatak” (Allium  cinense) and anti-microbial properties of the extract against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. This research was conducted in three (3) stage, stage I  by the manufacturing of crude extract of garlic bulbs “bawangbatak”, Allium cinense, through maceration method using a solvent n-hexane and methanol. In stage II, screening fitokimia, that is identification of secondary metabolites (alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids and steroids) to the crude extract of tuber “bawangbatak”, Allium cinense, and phase III, test bioktifitas crude extract bulb of  “bawangbatak” Allium cinense in the form of extracts antimicrobial properties against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli extract using the concentration variation of 0%, 1%, 5%, 15%, 20%, and 25% and incubation at 370C for 24 hours. The results showed that secondary compounds was dominated by flavonoids, steroids, terpenoid and tannins. While at the test screening phytochemicals extra n-hexane showed no secondary metabolites, test bioktivitas against bacteria have inhibitory at a concentration of 15% with inhibition zone 14 mm in bacteria Escheriachia coli and 10 mm in bacteria Staphylococcus aureus this indicates onion extract  of “bawangbatak”  has the ability as an anti-microbial.

HUBUNGAN KEBIASAAN MEROKOK TERHADAP SMOKER MELANOSIS PADA SISWA SMA HKBP SIDORAME MEDAN

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

This reseacrh was conducted to determine the relationship between smoking and oral melanosis. The samples were all of male students of Sidorame high school aged 15-17 years. Data were obtained by examining volunteer’s gum and asking them to fill in the questionners given. The result showed that there were strong relationship between smoking and melanosis (r = 0.887) furthermore the R value is 0.94 which concluded that smoking contribution smokers melanosis is 94%.

UJI ANTI MIKROBA EKSTRAK AKAR SOM JAWA (Tanilum paniculatum, Jacq. (Gaertn))

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

Antimicrobial test was conducted on plant root extract som jawa (Talinum paniculatum, jacq. (Gaertn)). Five hundred gram simplicia of som jawa root was macerated using methanol and n-heksana, and coagulated. The screening of extract methanol and n-heksana was done to get metabolic secunder; flavonoid, alkaloid, terpenoid, and saponin. The result of phytochemistry secreening test to extract methanol to metabolic secunder was negative. Antimicrobial test result showed that the extract of som jawa root  is active againts microbes E.coli. Measurement is based on the test zone diameter of the clear zone generated, where . coli has the highest diameter of the clear zone compared with the others microbes such as Staphylococus aureus, Bacillus sp, Serratia sp, and Candida albicans. The values of the clear zone of each microbe  in order are 1,1 cm, 1 cm, 0,95cm, and 0,9 cm. These value were obtain at a concentration of 10%.

HUBUNGAN INDEKS MASA TUBUH (IMT) TERHADAP KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PADA PASIEN TUBERKULOSIS PARU DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM SULTAN SULAIMAN KABUPATEN SERDANG BEDAGAI

BIOLINK (Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan) Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Agustus
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Medan Area

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Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a respiratory disease that received special attention in the community. According to WHO more than 2 million people, one third of the total population in the world is infected by tuberculosis. Tuberculosis patients with malnutrition status have lower haemoglobin levels compared to patients with good nutritional status. The purpose of this reseach is to determine the relationship of body mass index (BMI) to the haemoglobin of patients pulmonary tuberculosis at the General Hospital Sultan Sulaiman Serdang Bedagai. This study was conducted descriptive of examination BMI and levels of haemoglobin in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis at the General Hospital Sultan Sulaiman Serdang Bedagai North Sumatra Province is to create the relationship between baseline BMI and BMI end after the OAT, as well as haemoglobin beginning and haemoglobin end after the OAT. The results showed that there was a weak correlation between baseline BMI of the initial haemoglobin levels with a value of r = 0.20. While the relationship between BMI end of the final haemoglobin levels after administration of OAT for 2 months there was a strong relationship r = 0.83.

Menggali Kearifan Lokal Nusantara: Sebuah Kajian Filsafati

Jurnal Filsafat "WISDOM" Vol 14, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Fakultas Filsafat, Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Local genius is local ideas that is characterized such as: wise, full of wisdom, good values, that planted and followed by society. Local genius is also a local wisdom. It stands from the outer culture, that accommodate and intergrate the outer culture into inside and give them the right way. Local genius emerge into: value norm, faith custom, etc. They have special meaning and function. It must be changed because of cross culture and globalization. It gives a challenge to explore and criticize it in scientific ways.