Articles

Found 17 Documents
Search

Kunci Identifikasi Ordo Thysanoptera pada Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura Sartiami, Dewi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Thysanoptera is a minute insect. It acts as pest, plant virus vector and predator. In this research, the thrips on crop and horticulture have been collected at Bogor and its surrounding. The result of this research was found 16 specieses which is consist of two suborders, that are Tubulifera and Terebrantia. On this two subordos, there are three families, Phalaeothripide, Aeolothripidae and Thripidae. This research also present an identification key of Thysanoptera which is built from these 16 specieses. The images of thrips characters were captured with digital camera to complete the explanation of identification key.Keywords: horticulture, identification, plant crop, thysanoptera
Trips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) yang berasosiasi dengan tanaman hortikultura di Jawa Barat dan kunci identifikasi jenis Subagyo, Vani Nur Oktaviany; Hidayat, Purnama; Rauf, Aunu; Sartiami, Dewi
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2015): July
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.12.2.59

Abstract

Most of thrips from Thripidae family are pests on horticultural crops. To date, there are no records in the species richness of thrips in horticultural crops. The aim of the research is to conduct inventory on thrips spp diversity that are associated with horticultural crops in West Java. Sampling were done in several horticultural crops areas in Bogor, Cianjur, and Lembang (West Bandung). The identification process began with sample slide preparations along with the documentation of the character from each species. The identification was done mainly by using the identification program Oztrips and some other published identification keys. Identification key was built based on diagnosis characters of each species. The results found there were 15 species, that are Ceratothripoides brunneus, C. revelatus, Frankliniella intonsa, Megalurothrips typicus, M. usitatus, Scirtothrips dorsalis, Thrips aspinus, T. coloratus, T. hawaiiensis, T. javanicus, T. malloti, T. palmi, T. parvispinus, T. sumatrensis, and T. unispinus. T. aspinus and C. revelatus were new record for Indonesia.
Catatan baru hama penting, Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) pada tanaman stroberi di Desa Alamendah, Kecamatan Rancabali Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Barat Yusup, Ciptadi Achmad; Sartiami, Dewi
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2015): March
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.12.1.1

Abstract

Strawberry is a new crop in Indonesia, and it has been developed because of its high demands. Thrips is one of the strawberry pest that can reduce quality and quantity strawberry productions. The research was conducted in Alamendah-Rancabali Village, Bandung District from March to August 2012. Thrips species that attack strawberry in Alamendah Village dominated by Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom). Other thrips that were found on plants surround strawberry field is Thrips palmi and Microcephalothrips abdominalis. Both of these thrips are found on tomatoes, potatoes, leek, blackberries, weeds (Amaranthus sp. and Ageratum haustonianum). The complete stadia of F. intonsa were found on strawberry flowers. Population densities in the field were found to be between 1.8 to 2.3 individual/flower. Around 68.4%-82.2% of the fields are are infested with F. intonsa. Based on test of F. intonsa attack ability on strawberry plant, the result shows 43% of fruit that harvested is malformed on tips of fruits. Therefore, F. intonsa is potential to become a important pest of strawberry plant.
Biologi Selenothrips rubrocinctus Giard (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) pada Tanaman Jarak Pagar Soesanthy, Funny; Maryana, Nina; Sartiami, Dewi; Karmawati, Elna
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 3, No 3 (2012): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah Dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Trips pita merah, Selenothrips rubrocinctus Giard (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), merupakan salah satu hama pada tanaman jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.). Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis biologi dan morfologi S. rubrocinctus pada tanaman jarak pagar. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Aromatik dan Laboratorium Departemen Proteksi Tanaman Institut Pertanian Bogor, pada bulan April 2008 sampai Mei 2009. Penelitian meliputi identifikasi Thysanoptera yang ditemukan di lapang, untuk meyakinkan bahwa trips yang ditemukan adalah S. rubrocinctus. Pengamatan biologi meliputi siklus hidup, waktu telur menetas, nisbah kelamin, dan uji partenogenetik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tipe perkembangan S. rubrocinctus merupakan peralihan antara paurometabolous dan holometabolous. Siklus hidup meliputi telur, nimfa (2 fase), pupa (prapupa dan pupa), dan imago. S. rubrocinctus hidup pada tanaman terutama pada daun. Lama perkembangan stadia pradewasa sekitar 18-25 hari, umur imago mencapai 14-15 hari.  Biology of Selenothrips Rubrocinctus Giard (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on JatrophaABSTRACT Red-banded thrips, Selenothrips rubrocinctus Giard (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), is one of the pests on the plant of physics nut (Jatropha curcas L.). The study aims to analyze the biology and morphology S. rubrocinctus on jatropha plant. Research conducted in Indonesian Medicinal and Aromatics Plants Research Institute and Pest and Disease Laboratory, Bogor Agricultural Institut, on April 2008 until Mei 2009. The research include identification of Thysanoptera were found in the field, to make sure that thrips was found are S. rubrocinctus. Biological research include life cycles, time egg hatching, sex ratio, and parthenogenetics characteristics. Developmental type of S. rubrocinctus is transition between paurometabolous and holometabolous. Their life cycle consist of egg, nymph (2 phases), pupae (prapupae and pupae), and adult.  They spent the whole life on the plant, especially on the leaves.  Developmental time of immature stages were about 18-25 days, ages of adults reached 14-15 days.
EFISIENSI PENULARAN VIRUS MOSAIK BENGKUANG DENGAN Aphis craccivora Koch. DAN A. gossypii Glover. Damayanti, Tri Asmira; Muliarti, Endah; Sartiami, Dewi
Agrovigor Vol 3, No 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Agrovigor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Yambean mosaic virus is the most important virus infecting yam bean in Indonesia. The virus were transmitted either mechanically or via aphid.  This study to test the transmission efficiency of the virus via A. craccivora and A. gossypii by using different number of aphid such 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 for each treatment. To determine the transmission efficiency, incubation period, type of symptom and incidence were used as parameter. Transmission of virus by A. craccivora showed incidence range 90 to 100%, significant differences in incubation time of 1 aphid compared to other treatments and showed severe leaf mosaic, vein-banding and severe leaf malformation such as string. However, the incidence of transmission of virus by A. gossypii was range 70 to 100%, with longer incubation period in compare with A. craccivora. There was no significant differences of incubation period among treatments by A. gossypii. The infected plants showed leaf malformation, vein-banding, wrinkle and blotch on the leaves. Based on these, both aphids species could transmitted virus efficiently, and among them A. craccivora considerate has higher ability as efficient insect vector to transmit the virus in compare with A. gossypii.
KUTU TANAMAN DAN TRIPS BERASOSIASI DENGAN TANAMAN DAUN UNGU DAN TINGKAT KERUSAKAN TANAMAN Mardiningsih, Tri Lestari; Sartiami, Dewi; Khumaida, Nurul; Kristina, Natalini Nova; Sukmana, Cucu
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat Vol 23, No 1 (2012): BULETIN PENELITIAN TANAMAN REMPAH DAN OBAT
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/bullittro.v23n1.2012.%p

Abstract

Daun ungu (Graptophyllum pictum) atau dalam bahasa Sunda : handeuleum merupakan salah satu tanaman yang berkhasiat untuk mengobati penyakit wasir, melancarkan buang air seni, melancarkan haid dan lain-lain. Salah satu kendala dalam budidaya tanaman ialah serangan ulat pemakan daun. Ulat ini sangat rakus sehingga tanaman yang diserang dapat menjadi gundul. Ulat pemakan daun yang menyerang tanaman daun ungu di Jawa Barat ialah Doles-challia bisaltide, sedang di Maluku dan Papua masing-masing Doleschallia nacar dan Doleschallia hexophtalmos. Selain serangga tersebut juga terdapat kutu tanaman dan trips yang berasosiasi dengan tanaman daun ungu. Untuk mengetahui kutu tanaman dan trips tersebut maka dilakukan identifikasi se-rangga-serangga tersebut yang beraso-siasi dengan tanaman daun ungu dari Jawa Barat, Maluku, dan Papua sejak April sampai Juni 2010. Kutu tanaman dan trips, dikoleksi dengan memasukkan masing-masing ke dalam botol gelas yang berisi alkohol 70%, dibuat preparat mikroskop di laboratorium, kemudian diidentifikasi dengan menggunakan buku kunci identifikasi. Selain itu, juga dilaku-kan pengamatan serangan kutu tanaman utama yang menyerang daun ungu. Hasil identifikasi menunjukkan bahwa kutu tanaman dan trips yang berasosiasi dengan tanaman daun ungu ialah Rastro-coccus viridarii Williams (Hemiptera : Pseudococcidae), kututempurung Sais-setia neglecta De Lotto (Hemiptera : Coccidae), Insignorthezia insignis Browne (Hemiptera : Ortheziidae), kutudaun Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera : Aphididae), dan Astrothrips tumiceps Karny (Thysanoptera : Thripidae). Serangan kututempurung S. neglecta di rumah kaca pada tanaman muda dapat menyebabkan kematian tanaman daun ungu.
Identifikasi kutukebul (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) dari beberapa tanaman inang dan perkembangan populasinya Hidayat, Purnama; Yuliani, Yuliani; Sartiami, Dewi
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2006): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.3.1.41

Abstract

Whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) can cause direct and indirect damages on plants, especially vegetables. There is only limited information regarding taxonomy and population dynamic of whiteflies attacking vegetables in Indonesia. This research is conducted to identify species of whitefly collected from chili pepper, tomato, and soybean, and to study their population dynamic. The information gathered from these studies will be useful to support whitefly management in the field. Based on morphology identification of the puparium collected directly from the host plants, there were four species of whitefly identified from chili pepper, tomato, and soybean in Bogor, Cianjur, and Sukabumi, i.e. Bemisia tabaci, Aleurodicus dispersus, Trialeurodes vaporariorum, and Dialeurodes sp. The presence of B. tabaci on chili pepper and tomato was associated with virus infection that causes yellowing and leaf curl disease. This population of B. tabaci tended to increase along with plant growth and generally reached the highest population when the plant was 60-70 days after planting.
Thrips parvispinus Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) pada Tanaman Cabai: Perbedaan Karakter Morfologi pada Tiga Ketinggian Tempat Sartiami, Dewi; Magdalena, Magdalena; Nurmansyah, Ali
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2011): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.8.2.85-95

Abstract

One of the important pests on chilli plants is Thrips parvispinus Karny (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). The presence of the pest is detected ranging from lowlands to highlands. This study was aimed to find out the morphological diversity of T. parvispinus at three different altitudes which include Cirebon (< 30 m asl), Bogor (300 - 400 m asl), and Cianjur (> 1200 m asl). At each level of altitude, it was collected 60 female adults of the thrips and then they were preserved into microscope preparations using Hoyer medium. The observed morphological characters of T. parvispinus were the length of body, the width of head, the width of thorax, the length of wing, and the color of body. The difference in morphological characters of the thrips in all three levels of altitude were analyzed using analysis of variance and Duncan's multiple range test. The correlation between altitude and body color was analyzed using chi- square test. Results showed that the body length, thoracic width, and wing length of the highland thrips were longer than those of the mid and lowland thrips. The three morphological characters showed significant differences between the mid and lowlands and the highlands, except for the character of head width. Changes in the color of the head, thorax, and abdomen were correlated to the level of the altitude.
Biologi Selenothrips rubrocinctus Giard (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) pada Tanaman Jarak Pagar Soesanthy, Funny; Maryana, Nina; Sartiami, Dewi; Karmawati, Elna
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 3, No 3 (2012): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah Dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Trips pita merah, Selenothrips rubrocinctus Giard (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), merupakan salah satu hama pada tanaman jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.). Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis biologi dan morfologi S. rubrocinctus pada tanaman jarak pagar. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Aromatik dan Laboratorium Departemen Proteksi Tanaman Institut Pertanian Bogor, pada bulan April 2008 sampai Mei 2009. Penelitian meliputi identifikasi Thysanoptera yang ditemukan di lapang, untuk meyakinkan bahwa trips yang ditemukan adalah S. rubrocinctus. Pengamatan biologi meliputi siklus hidup, waktu telur menetas, nisbah kelamin, dan uji partenogenetik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tipe perkembangan S. rubrocinctus merupakan peralihan antara paurometabolous dan holometabolous. Siklus hidup meliputi telur, nimfa (2 fase), pupa (prapupa dan pupa), dan imago. S. rubrocinctus hidup pada tanaman terutama pada daun. Lama perkembangan stadia pradewasa sekitar 18-25 hari, umur imago mencapai 14-15 hari.  Biology of Selenothrips Rubrocinctus Giard (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on JatrophaABSTRACT Red-banded thrips, Selenothrips rubrocinctus Giard (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), is one of the pests on the plant of physics nut (Jatropha curcas L.). The study aims to analyze the biology and morphology S. rubrocinctus on jatropha plant. Research conducted in Indonesian Medicinal and Aromatics Plants Research Institute and Pest and Disease Laboratory, Bogor Agricultural Institut, on April 2008 until Mei 2009. The research include identification of Thysanoptera were found in the field, to make sure that thrips was found are S. rubrocinctus. Biological research include life cycles, time egg hatching, sex ratio, and parthenogenetics characteristics. Developmental type of S. rubrocinctus is transition between paurometabolous and holometabolous. Their life cycle consist of egg, nymph (2 phases), pupae (prapupae and pupae), and adult.  They spent the whole life on the plant, especially on the leaves.  Developmental time of immature stages were about 18-25 days, ages of adults reached 14-15 days.
Kunci Identifikasi Ordo Thysanoptera pada Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura Sartiami, Dewi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Thysanoptera is a minute insect. It acts as pest, plant virus vector and predator. In this research, the thrips on crop and horticulture have been collected at Bogor and its surrounding. The result of this research was found 16 specieses which is consist of two suborders, that are Tubulifera and Terebrantia. On this two subordos, there are three families, Phalaeothripide, Aeolothripidae and Thripidae. This research also present an identification key of Thysanoptera which is built from these 16 specieses. The images of thrips characters were captured with digital camera to complete the explanation of identification key.Keywords: horticulture, identification, plant crop, thysanoptera