Meisji L. Sari
Laboratorium Jurusan Peternakan Universitas Bengkulu

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Study on the Biological Characteristics of Pegagan Duck Sari, Meisji L.; Noor, R.R.; Hardjosworo, Peni S.; Nisa, Chairun
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Sari et al. 2012. Study on the Biological Characteristics of Pegagan Duck. JLSO 1(2):170-176. Pegagan duck is one of the local genetic  and biodiversity resources in South Sumatera which needs to be conserved and developed. So far, scientific data of Pegagan duck as a biodiversity resource were relatively limited compared to other local ducks. The aim of this experiment was to investigate and identify egg variability of Pegagan duck. This experiment started by collecting 500 Pegagan’s egg from three districts, namely Tanjung Raja, Inderalaya and Pemulutan, Ogan Ilir Regency, Sumatera Selatan. Collected eggs were cleaned with lysol 2.5% prior to putting into the hatching machine. During hatching process, the eggs were rolled up and down from the 3th d until the 25th d. Egg candling was done three times: day 5, day 13 and day 25. The results showed that initial weight of parent (G0) male and female Pegagan duck was 36.87 g and 36.73 g, respectively. Meanwhile,  F1 generation was 36.90 g for male and 37.09 g for female. The growth pattern between male and female duck was relatively the same. Growth curve which showed the relationship between body weight and age of duck formed a sigmoid curve. The growth differences between male and female duck occured at the 5th week. Body weight of male duck was  higher than female duck. The highest body weight found at the  inflexion point for both male and female duck for parent (G0) was at the 4th week and for F1 was at the 5th week.  At the first laying, the body weight of Pegagan duck for parent (G0) reached 1541.17±132.19 g, whereas for F1 reached 1605.34±167.19 g. Parent (G0) and F1 of Pegagan duck layed at the average age of 153 and 154 d, wherein 30% layed at the age of < 151 d and 60% at the age of 151-170 d.These results were expectedly become database and guidance for the conservation and sustainable development of pegagan duck.
Keragaan Telur Tetas Itik Pegagan Sari, Meisji L.; Noor, Ronny R.; Hardjosworo, Peni S.; Nisa, Chairun
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

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ABSTRAKItik Pegagan sebagai itik lokal Sumatera Selatan merupakan salah satu sumber genetik ternak atau kekayaan hayati lokal Indonesia, yang perlu dilestarikan dan dikembangkan. Sejauh ini data ilmiah mengenai itik Pegagan sebagai sumber plasma nutfah relatif masih sedikit dibandingkan ternak itik lokal lainnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari dan mengidentifikasi keragaan telur tetas itik Pegagan. Penelitian inidiawali dengan mengumpulkan telur tetas itik Pegagan sebanyak 500 butir yang didapat dari tiga kecamatan yaitu kecamatan Tanjung Raja, Inderalaya dan Pemulutan Kabupaten Ogan Ilir Sumatera Selatan. Telur itik yang dikumpulkan kemudian ditimbang dengan timbangan telur untuk mengetahui bobot telur (g), kemudian diukur panjang (mm) dan lebar telur (mm) untuk mengetahui indeks telur. Selanjutnya telur ditetaskan dengan mesin tetas yang sebelumnya dibersihkan dengan lisol 2.5%. Selama proses penetasan dilakukan pemutaran telur mulai hari ketiga sampai hari ke-25. Pemeriksaan telur (candling) dilakukan tiga kali yaitu pada hari kelima, ke-13 dan ke-25. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rataan bobot telur tetas yang digunakan 65 g, warna kerabang telur itik Pegagan adalah hijau kebiruan, rataan indeks telur itik Pegagan 75±0,03%. Fertilitas telur itik Pegagan yang dikumpulkan dari peternak itik rendah yaitu sebesar  60%, dengan daya tetas 53% dan bobot tetas sebesar 36,37 ± 3,39 g.Kata Kunci: telur tetas, penetasan, Itik Pegagan, fertilitas