T.R. Saraswati
Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Diponegoro University, Tembalang Campus, Semarang 50275

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MUSCLE FIBER DIAMETER AND FAT TISSUE SCORE IN QUAIL (Coturnix-coturnix japonica L) MEAT AS AFFECTED BY DIETARY TURMERIC (Curcuma longa) POWDER AND SWANGI FISH (Priacanthus tayenus) MEAL

Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 38, No 4 (2013): (December)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were evaluate the dietary turmeric powder and swangi fish meal onsize of muscle fiber diameter and fat tissue score of major pectorales and semimembranosus of quailmeat. Research was conducted based on 2x3 of factorial completely randomized design, in which thefirst factor was 2 types of diet, i.e. RA : standard diet; RB : 85% standard diet + 15% swangi fish meal,and the second factor was 3 levels of period time of turmeric powder addition, i.e. P0 : without turmericpowder; P1 : turmeric powder 54 mg/quail/day was given since quail age 210 days old; P2 : turmericpowder 54 mg/quail/day was given since quail age 14 days old. Difference of means between treatmentgroups were analyzed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test in 95% significance level. The results showedthat combined treatment of tumeric powder with RA (P0 : 2.33 μm; P1 : 3.06 μm; P2 : 2.98 μm) and RB(P0 : 2.22 μm; P1 : 3.12 μm; P2 : 2.92 μm) increased (P<0.05) muscle fiber diameter on majorpectorales significantly. Muscle fiber diameter on semimembranosus were increased (P<0.05) bycombined treatment of tumeric powder with RA (P0 : 2.83 μm; P1 : 3.50 μm; P2 : 3.24 μm) and RB (P0= 2.85 μm; P1 = 3.28 μm; P2 = 3.33 μm). In conclusion, combined treatment of RA (standard diet) andRB (diet with Swangi fish meal) increased (P<0.05) the size of muscle fiber diameter in majorpectorales and semimembranosus.

THE ROLE OF TURMERIC POWDER IN LIPID METABOLISM AND ITS EFFECT ON QUALITY OF THE FIRST QUAIL’S EGG

Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 38, No 2 (2013): (June)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

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Abstract

This experiment was conducted to determine the role of turmeric powder in lipid metabolism andits influence on the quality of the first quail’s egg. Sixty female quails were assigned into a completelyrandomized design with four treatments (levels of turmeric powder i.e., 0; 13.5; 27; and 54mg/quail/day) and each treatment used 15 quails. The treatment was conducted for 60 days. Parametersmeasured were proximate analysis and the quality of the first layed eggs. At the end of the experiment,serum cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations, abdominal and pectoral fat weights, and feedconsumption were measured. Chemical analysis showed that turmeric powder contained 7.97%curcumin. Supplementation of turmeric powder lowered serum cholesterol and triglycerideconcentrations, egg fat and protein contents, haugh unit and yolk index, but did not affect feed intake,abdominal and pectoral fat weights, egg weight, eggshell weight, eggshell thickness, and egg shellindex. However, quails supplemented with turmeric powder showed a variation in egg laying delayranging from 1 to 16 days. Quails supplemented with 54 mg/d turmeric powder had the highest follicleshierarchy. It was concluded that supplementation of turmeric powder with the level of 54 mg/quail/daydecreased lipid content of the egg and improved the other egg quality parameters.