Lintang Dian Saraswati
Dosen Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia

Published : 72 Documents
Articles

Beberapa Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian HIV/AIDS pada Wanita (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Kendal) Musyarofah, Siti; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Laksono, Budi; Sofro, Muchlis Achsan Udji; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 2, No 1: Februari 2017
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jekk.v2i1.3968

Abstract

Background: HIV/AIDS are major problem that threatens Indonesia and many countries around the world. In 2011 there were 17.3 million adults living with AIDS were women. The purpose of studies proved that host and environmental factors were associated the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women. Method: The research using case-control study, was supported by indepth interview. The target population were women in Kendal with a sample of 76 women consisted of 38 women with HIV/AIDS and 38 women negative HIV. Samples case with consecutive sampling technique, control with cluster sampling. Bivariate analysis using chi-square test and multivariate analysis used logistic regression. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that host factors significantly associated with the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women were the number of sexual partners more than 1 (p = 0,003), level of education was low ≤ 9 years (p = 0,049) and the first married age < 20 years (p = 0,03); environment factors significantly associated was history of HIV/AIDS on her husband (p=0,001). Host factors were not significantly associated with the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women were history of receiving blood donors,  history of sexually transmitted diseases, the status of drug users, the habit of drinking alcohol, violence, type of job, and socioeconomic. Conclusion: Host factors significantly associated with the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women were the number of sexual partners more than 1, level of education was low ≤ 9 years, and the first married age <20 years; environment factors significantly associated was history of HIV/AIDS on her husband. Background:HIV/AIDSaremajorproblemthatthreatensIndonesiaandmanycountriesaround theworld.In2011therewere17.3millionadultslivingwithAIDSwerewomen.Thepurposeof studiesprovedthathostandenvironmentalfactorswereassociatedtheoccurenceofHIV/AIDS inwomen.Method:Theresearchusingcase-controlstudy,wassupportedbyindepthinterview.Thetarget population were women in Kendal with a sample of 76 women consisted of 38 women with HIV/AIDSand 38 women negative HIV. Samples case with consecutive sampling technique, controlwithclustersampling.Bivariateanalysisusingchi-squaretestandmultivariateanalysis usedlogisticregression.Results:    Multivariateanalysisshowedthathostfactorssignificantlyassociatedwiththe occurenceofHIV/AIDSinwomenwerethenumberofsexualpartnersmorethan1(p=0,003), levelofeducationwaslow≤9years(p=0,049)andthefirstmarriedage<20years(p=0,03); environmentfactorssignificantlyassociatedwashistoryofHIV/AIDSonherhusband(p=0,001).HostfactorswerenotsignificantlyassociatedwiththeoccurenceofHIV/AIDSinwomen were history of receiving blood donors,  history of sexually transmitted diseases, the status of drugusers,thehabitofdrinkingalcohol,violence,typeofjob,andsocioeconomic.Conclusion: Host factors significantly associated with the occurence of HIV/AIDS in women werethenumberofsexualpartnersmorethan1,levelofeducationwaslow≤9years,andthefirst marriedage<20years;environmentfactorssignificantlyassociatedwashistoryofHIV/AIDSon herhusband.
PREVALENS DIABETES MELLITUS DAN TUBERKULOSIS PARU Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Abstract

Tuberkulosis paru adalah penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Insidens kumulatif di Indonesia tahun 2012 adalah 189 kasus per 100.000 populasi dan angka kematiannya sebesar 27/100.000. Faktor risiko penyakit tuberkulosis paru antara lain adalah riwayat diabetes mellitus yang dapat mengakibatkan meningkatnya kerentanan terhadap bakteri tuberkulosis atau memperpanjang waktu pengobatan tuberkulosis. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menggambarkan karakteristik responden, riwayat penyakit penyerta (Diabetes Mellitus) dan status merokok di antara pasien tuberkulosis paru di Semarang Utara. Penelitian ini adalah studi observasional dengan desain potong lintang. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Semarang Utara dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 60 responden. Analisis data menggunakan chi-square test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan antara riwayat Diabetes Mellitus dengan tuberkulosis paru  (26,7%), p value = 0,038, OR=5,092; 95%CI= 0,981- 26,430. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa prevalens tuberkulosis paru dan Diabetes Mellitus sebesar 16,7% dan Diabetes mellitus berhubungan dengan insidens tuberkulosis paru. Pulmonary TB is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The incidence of pulmonary TB in Indonesia 2012 was 189 cases in 100,000 populations and the mortality rate was 27/100,000. There are several risk factors of pulmonary TB, e.g. history of diabetes mellitus that causes an increased susceptibility to pulmonary TB germs and smoke. The purposes of this study were to describe the characteristics of respondent, history of co-morbid disease (Diabetes Mellitus) and status of smoking among adult patient of Pulmonary TB in North Semarang Sub District.  The type of this study is observational analysis with cross sectional design. The study was conducted in North Semarang with 60 samples. The data analysis was performed by distribution of frequency and chi-square test.  The results showed was a relationship between history of Diabetes Mellitus and pulmonary TB (26.7%), p value = 0.038, OR=5.092; 95%CI= 0.981- 26.430. It can be conclude that the prevalence of Tuberculosis and Diabetes Mellitus was 16.7% and Diabetes mellitus have a relationship with the incidence of pulmonary TB.
Perbedaan praktik PSN 3M Plus di kelurahan percontohan dan non percontohan program pemantauan jentik rutin kota Semarang Nomitasari, Dessy; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 9, No 1 (2012): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (360.456 KB) | DOI: 10.5994/jei.9.1.32

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In 2010 the pilot project of PJR program (routine larvae monitoring) was firstly implemented in Pedurungan village. The program was expected to increase community practice in mosquito eradication program (PSN-plus). The study was aimed to describe the difference of PSN-plus practice in pilot- and nonpilot- PJR villages. This was a comparative survey with cross sectional design. The study subject was household in pilot- and nonpilot-PJR villages which, consisted of 90 respondents each. The selection of study subject used proportional random sampling technique. To measure the of PSN-plus practice, questionnaire and observation sheet were used. Statistical analysis was performed with Chi-Square test. The result showed that PSN-plus practice in pilot village was better than nonpilot one. The statistical test proved the difference of bathtub drain (p value=0.006), closed water containers (p value=0.002), demolished used stuffs (p value=0.001), and hanging clothes habit (p value=0.0001).
Uji Efikasi Ekstrak Batang Tembakau (Nicotiana spp.) untuk Pengendalian Rayap Tanah (Coptotermes spp.) Arbaiatusholeha, Rizki; Yuliawati, Sri; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Coptotermes spp. is one of the most harmful termites, because it can damage the wood and building. One of the controlling efforts is by using a tobacco stalk extract, due to the nicotine and other bioactive compounds and are toxic to the termite. This study aims to know the effectiveness of the tobacco stalk extract for termite control. This research is experimental study. The study is conducting for 21 days. Sample for each treatment is 150 termites, where each treatment is 0% (control), 1.3%; 2%; 3.4%; 6.8%; 9.7% with 5 repetitions. It is obtaining from pre-test. Termite mortality data, weight modification of feed paper, and termite consumption are analyzing with ANOVA and followed by Tukey test at 1% significant results. Lethal Concentration (LC) 50 and 90 are analyzing with Probit regression. The results show that the value of termites mortality on test Tukey is p&lt;0,01. And the values of weight modification of paper and termite consumption on test Tukey are p&lt;0,01. So there is significant difference on termite mortality. For weight modification of paper and termite consumption, there are significant differences. Unless the concentration of 1%; 2%; 3.4%; 6.8% and 9.7% are not significant. The values of Lethal Concentration (LC) 50 and 90 are 1,715% and 6.945%. The hope is the community can do termite control easily by utilizing the tobacco stalk.
SURVEI MULTI RESIDU ORGANOKLORIN DALAM BERAS DENGAN METODE GAS CHROMATOGRAHY ELECTRON CAPTURE DETECTOR (STUDI DI DISTRIBUTOR BERAS “X”SENTRA PENJUALAN BERAS DARGO KOTA SEMARANG) Aritonang, Firman Apul; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Rice (Oryza sativa) is the world’s most important food crop and a primary source of food for most Indonesian people. Application of organochlorine pesticides in  rice and other factor cause pesticide residue contaminating rice. One of the most harmful pesticide residues that may contaminating rice is organochlorine pesticides. But in Indonesia, there is less information regarding the analysis of organochlorine pesticides residue in rice. The aims of this study were to analyse and  find organchlorine pesticides residue in rice. The research was conducted in Saraswanti Indo Genetech (SIG) pesticide residue laboratory. This observational analytic study using  gas chromatography electron capture detector (GC-ECD) method. The results show that organochlorine pesticide residue were not detected in rice. This study indicates the rice is safe for consumption according to Indonesian Goverment Legislation, SNI 7313:2008, and codex alimentarius pesticides residue in food.
GAMBARAN KARAKTERISTIK DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 PADA WANITA (Studi di RSUD Kardinah Kota Tegal) Fadilah, Nurul Aini; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Type 2 is a metabolic disorder characterized by the increase in blood sugar due to a decrease in insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells and or decreased insulin function (insulin resistance). In Tegal, the largest case proportion of Type 2 diabetes (37.4%) were from Kardinah Hospital patients. Amounted to 60.58% in 2012, 61.56% in 2013, and 63.39% in 2014 of all cases of Type 2 diabetes in Kardinah Hospital were women. The purposes of this study were to describe the characteristics and factors related to the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in women. Type of this study was observational descriptive with cross sectional design. The subjects of research were new women patients with Type 2 diabetes amounted to 100 people. The sampling technique used was consecutive sampling. The study concluded that 49% of respondents had family history of diabetes, 68% of respondents were obese, 54% of respondents with hypertension, 45% of respondents were less physical activity, 16% of respondents had age of menarche at ≤11 years old, 78% of respondents had parity ≥3, 48% of respondents had high levels of stress, 16.3% of respondents had a history of gestational diabetes mellitus, and 56% of respondents had sleep disorder. It also known that 70% of respondents had &gt;3 factors related to the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in women, 40% of respondents had parity ≥5, and 73.5% of respondents had one family member with history of DM. Advices that were given to patients are to lose weight, maintain blood pressure, and sleep regularly. Suggestion for hospital organizer is to conduct a routine inspection of body weight at each visit, and for other researchers is to conduct further research on parity, obesity, sleep disorders with Type 2 diabetes in women.
Status Resistensi Larva Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) terhadap Temephos (Studi di Kelurahan Jatiasih Kecamatan Jatiasih Kota Bekasi Provinsi Jawa Barat) Sinaga, Lasrika S.; Martini, Martini; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Larvacides temephos has long been used in vector control of DHF Ae. aegypti. The use of insecticides for a long time and continuously can increase the incidence of insecticide resistance. The aim of this research is to determine the resistance status of Ae. aegypti in Jatiasih Village to temephos. This research includes the study of pure experimentation (True Experiment) to posttest design with control group (Only posttest control group design) with a sample of Ae.aegyptiinstar III and instar IV larval rearing the results of the first generation of larvae survey results. The results showed the percentage of larval mortality Ae. aegypti of Village Jatiasih to temephos by using a concentration of 0.0025 mg/l; 0.005 mg/l; 0.01 mg/l; 0.02 mg/l; 0.04 mg/l and 0.08 mg/l. According to WHO’s recommended concentration category of 0,02 mg/l showed that village Jatiasih is still susceptible to temephos with the death of Ae. aegypti by 98%. The analysis of the data was tested by using Kruskal Wallis test and Mann Whitney Test to determine the differences in each concentration. Kruskal Wallis test was obtained on the value of 0.001 (p
UJI EFIKASI JAMUR ENTOMOPATOGEN Beauveria bassiana TERHADAP TINGKAT MORTALITAS LARVA NYAMUK Culex quinquefasciatus Anggraini, Fitri Dewi Puspita; Hestiningsih, Retno; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Culex quinquefasciatus is a vector of filariasis bancrofti. One of preventive action that might be work is breaking the chain of transmission using biolarvicide fungus to kill the mosquito’s larvae. This study was aim to determine the efficacy of entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana with the mortality level of Culex quinquefasciatus larvae. This study used experiment method with a Randomized Control Trial design. The samples were the third instar larvae susceptible of Culex quinquefasciatus with a total samples of 1.475 tails from laboratorium. Powder of Beauveria bassiana was from Coffee and Cocoa Research Center Jember. Analysis with ANOVA 95% significance results showed the differences in the number of dead larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus at each concentration and time series observations used in the experiment that proved the existence of significant different mortality of Culex quinquefasciatus larvae at various levels of concentration of Beauveria bassiana and various time series observations. LC50 value at 48 hours observations was 1.932 ppm and LC90 was 16.322 ppm with 95% significance. LT50 value was 36,520 hours and LT90 was 47,682 hours with 95% significance. Increasing the concentration is directly proportional to the increase in density conidiospore. Based on this research, it is known that Beauveria bassiana as biolarvicide effective in biological control against filariasis. Suggestions to other research is can be to determine the efficacy using fungal isolates from endemic areas. 
Identifikasi Pupa Jantan dan Pupa Betina dengan Metode Pemisahan Berdasarkan Ukuran Tubuh Pupa Aedes aegypti Ristyanti, Ratih; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Hestiningsih, Retno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is one of controlling dengue fever by releasing sterile male mosquitoes into the field, the stadium is best for irradiation is the pupa stage. Therefore, it takes technique separation of male and female pupa accurate. The purpose of this research is to calculate the accuracy of separation techniques based on body size pupae. The type of research is descriptive research with survey method. The sample in this research is the number of pupae were identified from the colonies maintained. After being separated for calculating the level of accuracy is maintained until the pupa turns into adult mosquitoes seen contamination in cage. The results is 600 males pupae and 600 females pupae were identified. Based on the calculation of the accuracy of each colony male and female pupa is 99.83% with a 0.17% contamination. Concluded that the level of accuracy of separation based on body size pupa pupa is quite high at 99.83%. Advice given to the researcher that can be checked again to pupa which have been separated so that no contamination in the colony pupae
FACTORS RELATED TO PREEKLAMPISA CASE ON PREGNANT MOTHER IN PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER MADIUN CITY Puryani, Dwi; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, M. Sakundarno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Preclampsia is blood pressure increasing of at least 140/90, proteinuria, and edema. The incidence of preeclampsia continues increasing in worldwide, and cause the death of around 50,000 per year worldwide. In Indonesia, preeclampsia occurs less over 5%, while in Madiun in 2014 (5%) is less 10% than the previous year.The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with preeclampsia. Type of this research is analytic observational with cross sectional design. Subjects in this study  are 100 respondents of pregnant women trimester II and III. This research will look at the factors of maternal age, age of pregnancy, parity, physical activity, consumption of sodium, fat consumption, economic status, level of knowledge as a risk factor preeclampsia. Univariate analysis shows 57% and 43% of pre-eclampsia no preeclampsia. Bivariate analysis using Chi Square with a significance level of 5%, shows that the parity ( p = 0.032), the level of knowledge (p = 0.000) so that there is a relationship which significantly related with the incidence of preeclampsia. There should be counseling to all midwives and pregnant women to reduce the incidence preeclampsia.
Co-Authors Adi, M Sakundarno Agus Suwandono Antonius Raga Wida Dirgantara, Antonius Raga Wida Anugrah Dian Wardhani, Anugrah Dian Ari Udiyono Budi Laksono Chasanah, Mazroatul Damayanti, Vika Agustin Dela Rosa, Satya Kirana Dewi Agustina Wulandari, Dewi Agustina Dhina Nurlita Niviasari, Dhina Nurlita Diajeng Sri Andriani Permatasari, Diajeng Sri Andriani Dwi Puryani, Dwi Dwi Utari Nugroho, Dwi Utari Firman Apul Aritonang, Firman Apul Fitri Dewi Puspita Anggraini, Fitri Dewi Puspita Fitrianur Laili, Fitrianur Flora Theodora Parapat, Flora Theodora Frima Rifqi Azzahroh, Frima Rifqi Galuh Ajeng Pangestika, Galuh Ajeng Ghea Yanna Aulia, Ghea Yanna Hany Yuliani, Hany Haryuti, Haryuti Helmi, Tri Amelia Rahmitha Hendri Setyawan Henry Setyawan Santoso, Henry Setyawan Henry Setyawan Susanto, Henry Setyawan Henry Setyawan, Henry Ida Mahfiroh, Ida Intania, Shella Isnina Adi Indrarini, Isnina Adi Kairul Kairul, Kairul Keptiyah, Siti Maryatul Kusariana, Nissa Lasrika S. Sinaga, Lasrika S. M. Arie Wuryanto M. Sakundarno Adi Marisa Gita Putri, Marisa Gita Martini Martini Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Mazroatul Khasanah, Mazroatul Milka Noviananda Hardy, Milka Noviananda Moch Ardyan Pratama Putra, Moch Ardyan Pratama Muchlis Achsan Udji Sofro Nashiroh, Insani Ningsih, Sri Wahyu Ningtyas, Angelia Galuh Nomitasari, Dessy Nuraisya, Meza Nurul Aini Fadilah, Nurul Aini Praba Ginandjar Praba Ginanjar Putri Septyarini, Putri Rahayu, Khasanah Budi Rahfiludin, Muhamad Zen Ratih Amanda Puspitasari, Ratih Amanda Ratih Ristyanti, Ratih Ratna Puspita Sari, Ratna Puspita Retno Hestiningsih Ria Chandra Dirgantara, Ria Chandra Ridha Nurhayati, Ridha Rizki Arbaiatusholeha, Rizki Rohmah Kusuma Putri, Rohmah Kusuma Rozzaq Alhanif Islamudin, Rozzaq Alhanif Setyowati, Maknunah Shofi Nazilatul Rizqi, Shofi Nazilatul Silfiya Silfiya, Silfiya Sirait, Merry Putri R. Siti Musyarofah, Siti Siti Rahayu Sri Nuraini, Sri Sri Yuliawati Suharyo Hadisaputro Tunjung Trisna, Ferina Hana Umaya Umaya, Umaya Umi Ardiningsih, Umi Weildsrie Ewildsycraev R., Weildsrie Whawan Bayu Arusyid, Whawan Bayu Wijayanti, Koni Agustyana Yolanda, Anisa Ayu