Aris Santjaka
Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Purwokerto Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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BEBERAPA DETERMINAN YANG MEMPENGARUHI KADAR TIMAH HITAM (Pb) DALAM DARAH PEKERJA INDUSTRI PELEBURAN AKI DI PERKAMPUNGAN INDUSTRI KECIL (PIK) DESA KEBASEN KECAMATAN TALANG KABUPATEN TEGAL TAHUN 2016 Istikomah, Nurika Siti; Santjaka, Aris
Buletin Keslingmas Vol 36, No 4 (2017): Bulletin Keslingmas Vol 36 No 4 Tahun 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (708.635 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/keslingmas.v36i4.3125

Abstract

Industri peleburan aki bekas merupakan salah satu industri yang sangat potensial mencemari lingkunganterutama pencemaran udara. Salah satu bahaya kesehatan yang ditimbulkan pada saat proses peleburanberlangsung adanya persebaran partikel debu yang berupa logam Pb dan gas SO2, paparan debu tersebut dapatmenyebabkan meningkatnya kadar Pb dalam darah. Pb merupakan racun yang mempengaruhi kesehatan manusiadan bersifat akumulatif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui beberapa determinan yang mempengaruhi kadarPb dalam darah pekerja peleburan aki. Jenis penelitian ini digunakan observasional dengan pendekatan crosssectional.Responden penelitian sebanyak 11 orang pekerja peleburan aki. Pengumpulan data dilakukan denganpengukuran kadar Pb di udara, pemeriksaan kadar Pb dalam darah, wawancara, dan observasi responden. Analisisdata dengan uji regresi ganda, untuk mengetahui pengaruh masing-masing variabel dengan mengendalikanvariabel lainya digunakan uji korelasi parsial. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan ada hubungan bermakna antara usia,dan masa kerja dengan kadar Pb dalam darah dengan koefisien korelasi sebesar 0,788 dengan ρ=0,021. Hasil ujiregresi membuktikan bahwa kadar Pb di udara, kebiasaan merokok, usia, dan masa kerja secara bersama-samamempengaruhi kadar Pb dalam darah pekerja. Saran peneliti berikutnya perlu dikembangkan lebih lanjut denganjumlah sampel lebih banyak dan dikembangkan dengan metode kohort untuk menemukan sebab yang sebenarnyasehingga upaya pengendalian dapat lebih terarah. Kesehatan pekerja diharapkan lebih diperhatikan denganmelakukan medical check up secara periodik.
PENGARUH FREKUENSI KONTRASEPSI SUNTIK DMPA TERHADAP KENAIKAN BERAT BADAN PADA AKSEPTOR KONTRASEPSI SUNTIK DMPA Haryani, Dewi Dwi; Santjaka, Aris; ., Sumarni
Jurnal Bidan Prada Vol 1, No 01 (2010): Jurnal Bidan Prada Edisi Desember 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Bidan Prada

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Family Planning in one of the based and prominent healthy preventive service for women. Mostly Injection contraception device is used by mothers. Beside has benefits contraception device also has many side effects especially for DMPA injection Family planning device, it can raise body weight. Progesterone hormone is one of the causes that increase body weight.To find out the influence of DMPA injection contraception frequency toward the raising of body weight to DMPA injection contraception acceptor in BPS Dian Yuni Purwani Desa Klahang Kecamatan Sokaraja Kabupaten Banyumas. This research belongs to analytical research with cross sectional design and technique of collecting data based on inklusi criteria. The number of the sample is 76 respondents. The data is collected by using observation technique. The analysis used univariat analysis and bivariat analysis. The statistical test with linear regression result the value of thitung = 3,773, R= 0,042 including weak influence category, the influence of DMPA injection contraception frequency toward the rising of body weight in DMPA injection contraception acceptor is 16,1 %. It means that the more DMPA injection is given then the body weight will raise. There is influenceof DMPA injection contraception frequency toward the raising of body weight to DMPA injection contraception acceptor in BPS Dian Yuni Purwani Desa Klahang Kecamatan Sokaraja Kabupaten Banyumas. Midwife should gives information to DMPA injection contraception acceptor for trying to use the other contraception device which does no contains hormone such as IUD or tubektomi at acceptor who is > 35 years old with high parity.   Key words : injection frequency, raise of body weight, injection contraception DMPA
HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN IBU DENGAN KECEMASAN REMAJA DALAM MENGHADAPI MENARCHE DI SD NEGERI LOMANIS 01 KECAMATAN CILACAP TENGAH KABUPATEN CILACAP Nilawati, Ida; ., Sumarni; Santjaka, Aris
Jurnal Bidan Prada Vol 4, No 02 (2013): Jurnal Bidan Prada Edisi Desember 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Bidan Prada

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Abstract: Menarche is the event when a young woman experiencing menstruation or monthly bleeding the first time, this causes anxiety in some young women. Mother is the closest figure for young women between the families so that communication on sensitive matters will be more open to relativism, the position of a mothers role is to support young women face menarche is needed in order to reduce anxiety.Knowing the relationship between maternal support in dealing with teen angst at menarcheLomanis Elementary School District 01 Middle Cilacap Cilacap regency in 2013. This study is a survey research with cross sectional analytic. The samples in this study were young women class IV, V and VI in Lomanis Elementary School District 01 Middle Cilacap Cilacap as many as 37 people. Methods of data analysis using the Spearman rank test and frequency distribution. The majority of support for teenage mothers in the face of menarche in the support category (62,2%). The majority of teenage angst in the face of menarche in the medium category (56,8%). There is a relationship between maternal support in dealing with teen angst at menarche Lomanis Elementary School District 01 Middle Cilacap, Cilacap regency in 2013 in the medium category (p = 0,005 ;  = -0,456). There is a relationship between maternal support with teenage angst in the face of menarche. Young women should look for information, could the older adults, the mass media, the internet and asking teachers in the school regarding reproductive health, especially related to menarche. Therefore, when faced later menarcheyoung women are not prone to anxiety and fear to the changes or the arrival of the experienced menarche.Keywords :Adolescents, menarche, maternal support, anxiety
STUDI EFEKTIFITAS BUKU SAKU TERHADAP SKOR PENGETAHUAN PENYAKIT MENULAR SEKSUAL PADA SISWA SMA NEGERI BANYUMAS Vitria Sari, Noor Linda; Suryandari, Artathi Eka; Santjaka, Aris
Jurnal Bidan Prada Vol 1, No 01 (2010): Jurnal Bidan Prada Edisi Desember 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Bidan Prada

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Abstract

Teenagers are one of high infectious sexual disease (ISD) risk cluster. It needs an effort to prevent Infectious sexual disease case in teenagers by promoting good health media such a pocket-book. The aim of the research is to prove the influence of ISD pocket-book and the students’ knowledge of infectious sexual disease scoring development in SMA Negeri Banyumas.This research belongs to pre-experimental research that uses the one group pretest and post test design. The population of the research is the 10th year students of SMA Negeri Banyumas which takes 72 students as the sample. The frequency distribution and Anova One Way are used in analyzing the data.The research result showed that average score of respondents’ ISD knowledge before pocket-book publication (pretest) is 67,54. It increases 20,2% from the pretest to 81,18 in seventh day after the publication (post test 1). After 14 days of book publication, respondents’ score increases 31,2% from pretest to 88,63%, or it increase 9,2% from post test 1. 3) There is signification showed by statistic result wherein p < α = 0,000<0,05. Advanced test shows significantly different scores among pre test score, post test 1 and post test 2. As the conclusion, pocket-book effectively increases students’ knowledge of infectious sexual disease scoring. As the recommendation, pocket-book can be used  to improve teenagers’ knowledge of  infectious sexual disease. Key Words : Students’ knowledge score pocket-book publication
The combination of alkaline water provision and asthma-induced gymnastics towards peak expiratory flow rate of asthma patients at Surakarta Lung Clinic, Indonesia Permadani, Agista Delima; Mardiyono, Mardiyono; Santjaka, Aris
Global Health Management Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Yayasan Aliansi Cendekiawan Indonesia Thailand (Indonesian Scholars' Alliance)

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Abstract

Background: Asthma is an abnormality in the form of chronic airway inflammation which can be reduced by providing asthma-induced gymnastics and healthy lifestyle such as consuming alkaline water.Aims: The objective of this study is to examine a combination of alkaline water provision and asthma-induced gymnastics towards peak expiratory flow rate of asthma patients at Surakarta Lung Clinic, IndonesiaMethods: This research was a quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test design with control group. The number of respondents in this study was 30 respondents, divided equally into intervention group and control group. The control group was given asthma-induced gymnastics twice a week for 14 days with duration of 60 minutes, while the intervention group was provided with a combination of alkaline water pH9+ for 14 days as much as 1,200 ml/day and asthma-induced gymnastics 4 times a week for 14 days with a duration of 60 minutes.Results: There was a significant difference in the value of peak expiratory flow for 14 days in the intervention group and the control group (p < 0.001). There was an improvement in the average of peak expiratory flow rate values for each measurement in both groups, however, this study orchestrates that the intervention group has a higher improvement than the control group. The combination of alkaline water and asthma-induced gymnastics effectively and significantly improves the peak expiratory flow rate values at the Day 8 (p = 0.039) and the Day 14  (p = 0.012).Conclusion: The combination of alkaline water and asthma-induced gymnastics can be applied in nursing care management in patients with intermittent and persistent asthma.  Keywords: Alkaline Water, Asthma Gymnastics, Peak Expiratory Flow Rate, Asthma.
The design of radiology viewing box using light emitting diode and potentiometer Diartama, Anak Agung Aris; Suswaty, Susy; Priantoro, Win; Sugiyanto, Sugiyanto; Sudiyono, Sudiyono; Anwar, M. Choiroel; Latifah, Leny; Santjaka, Aris; Amri, Faisal; Mulyantoro, Donny Kristanto
Global Health Management Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Yayasan Aliansi Cendekiawan Indonesia Thailand (Indonesian Scholars' Alliance)

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Abstract

Background: In the process of work to gain the maximum results, a radiologist needs a viewing box tool to read radiographs. Therefore, the authors want to develop a viewing box tool, which in general the work if this tool resembles the factory manufactured tool. The viewing tool box made can adjust the intensity of the light produced.Objective: to create a viewing box tool by using a potentiometer system.Methods: This study used applied research method by creating and using the design of viewing box tool by using a potentiometer system and testing the viewing box tool created by using a Lux meter and 15 respondents consisting of five radiologists and 10 radiographers who should fulfill the questionnaire form.Results: The mean of viewing box illumination reached 220 lux. The results of the questionnaire showed that 100% radiologist gave an A (excellent) and expressed that the viewing box tool created could be used properly and 90% radiographers provided an A (excellent) and expressed that the viewing box tool created could be used properly, while 10% radiographer gave a value of B (moderate).Conclusion: viewing box tool created could be used properly and obtained optimal results as a tool in reading radiographs. Potentiometer system contained in the viewing box was very helpful in reading radiographs because it allowed to adjust the light intensity according to user needs.Keywords       :  Viewing box, Potentiometer Bibliography   : 1980-2011
KOHORT DENSITAS NYAMUK PADA FOGGING FOCUS DI DESA KEDUNGRANDU KECAMATAN PATIKRAJA KABUPATEN BANYUMAS TAHUN 2015 Indiyani, Elsa; Santjaka, Aris
Buletin Keslingmas Vol 35, No 4 (2016): Bulletin Keslingmas Volume 35 Nomor 4 Tahun 2016
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.12 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/keslingmas.v35i4.3100

Abstract

Kepadatan nyamuk merupakan jumlah nyamuk yang berhasil ditemukan atau ditangkap dengan menggunakan aspirator, setiap luas wilayah dan waktu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui densitas nyamuk sebelum pelaksanaan fogging focus dan setelah pelaksanaa fogging focus .Jenis penelitian ini observasional, Pengumpulan data secara cohort untuk mengikuti perkembangan densitas nyamuk sebelum dan sesudah pelaksanaan fogging focus di Desa Kedungrandu Kecamatan Patikraja. Populasi yaitu total populasi dengan sampel yang akan di ambil rumah dengan radius 200 meter dari titik pengukuran (rumah penderita DBD). Pengukuran dilakukan 4 kali yaitu 2 hari sebelum fogging ke-1, 3 hari setelah fogging ke-1, 3 hari setelah fogging ke-2, dan 6 hari setelah fogging ke-2. Variable pengukuran meliputi suhu, kelembaban, pencahayaan dan kecepatan angin. Analisis menggunakan uji Anova One Way dengan SPSS 20.0. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa densitas nyamuk 2 hari sebelum fogging ke-1 71 ekor dan 6 hari setelah fogging ke-2 24 ekor. Persentase penurunan sebesar 66,1 %. Hasil analisis statistik menunjukan P value = .056 &gt; α 0,05 maka Ho diterima yang berarti tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara densitas nyamuk sebelum pelaksaan fogging dan sesudah pelaksanaan fogging. Hasil pengukuran suhu udara 25,25°C-28,75°C, kelembaban 52%-76% dan pencahayaan 21,25 lux-586 lux. Kesimpulan efek Fogging focus hanya efektif selama 3 hari setelah fogging focus ke-2. Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk (PSN) secara rutin, dan fogging focus dapat di bandingkan efektifitasnya untuk menekan kepadatan nyamuk..
KOHORT EV ALUASI CONTAINER INDEX (CI) SETELAH PELAKSANAAN FOGGING FOKUS DI DESA SIDAMULIH KECAMATAN RAWALO KABUPATEN BANYUMAS TAHUN 2016 Atrikni, Windy Diyah; Santjaka, Aris
Buletin Keslingmas Vol 36, No 3 (2017): Bulletin Keslingmas Vol 36 No 3 Tahun 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.435 KB) | DOI: 10.31983/keslingmas.v36i3.3110

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Latar Belakang di Desa Sidamulih terdapat 2 kasus DBD serta tambahan 12 kasus penderita panasdalam 3 minggu. Maka, Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Banyumas melakukan fogging. Fogging fokusdilakukan dua kali. Tujuan penelitian mengetahui kondisi CI setelah fogging fokus sebagai parametertidak langsung. Jenis penelitian observasional dengan pendekatan kohort. Pengambilan sampelmenggunakan total sampling berjumlah 34 rumah. Hasil penelitian dianalisis menggunakan uji anovaone way, hasil uji lanjut LSD ada beda CI sebelum fogging fokus pertama dengan 3 hari setelah foggingfokus pertama dan kedua, setelah 10 fogging fokus kedua nilai CI secara statistik sama dengan sebelumfogging fokus pertama, dan 17 hari setelah fogging fokus kedua terjadi penurunan CI secara drastiskarena adanya PSN. Disimpulkan fogging fokus hanya efektif untuk menurunkan CI selama 10 hari danPSN lebih efektif untuk menekan CI. Saran pemberantasan sarang nyamuk secara berkala.
Fly Density and Identification Analysis and Control Efforts In Traditional Market Purwokerto Subagyo, Agus; Widyanto, Arif; Santjaka, Aris
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Januari 2014
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the density of flies, fly types, sanitary conditions, and the control efforts in Wage Market and Manis Market Purwokerto. This descriptive research only describes about those 4 points. Data obtained is then analyzed in tabular form by comparing the measurement results with existing standards. The result of the density of flies in Wage Market and Mains Market is 6 tails / grill block. It is categorized as the high density so there should be a protective system against the breeding places of flies. Moreover, there are no efforts to control flies at Wage Market and Manis Market. The conclusions of this study are in the Wage Market and Manis Market there are high densities of flies, so there should be a control for this phenomena. Species found are Musca Domestica, Sarcopaga sp and Phaenicia sp. Some suggestions of fly control efforts are by giving some covers to the common trash bins and waterproof trash bins, and to increase the intensity of transporting trash from TPS to TPA that previously 3 times to 4 times in the Wage Market and 2 times to 3 times in Manis Market.
Analysis of Anopheles spp mosquito density result Cattle Barrier Intervention in Malaria Endemic Villages Banyumas 2012 (Efforts Accelerate Achievement of MDGs 2015 by Termination Chain Transmission) Santjaka, Aris; Ramlan, Djamaluddin; Rimimper, Elsye
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan Vol 2, No 3 (2013): September 2013
Publisher : UPPM Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Semarang

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Malaria eradication program currently with two aspect mainly is one aspect decided chain vector and plasmodium transmission, so not next transmission. In fact a lot mosquitoes out of the house than inside the house, but the sprayingis done event in the house, some research suggests it 97,96% mosquitoes outside the house (Santjaka A, 2010), precipitin test 0,53 to 2,29% anthrophophilic (Bangs, 1989) to An.barbirostris 1,47% (Munif, Sudomo, Soekarno, 2007). Thus, spraying inside the house should be reconsidered.This study to answer the anomalous this fact, by doing long lasting insecticide nets in cattle and also it to map mosquitoes anopheles Spp, density and delatation. The research method used was pre experimental design with pre and post test is by giving mosqitoes was 98,7% were Anminimus and maculatus, and the rest An.kochi and An.vagus. 73,3% of mosquitoes cought in the cage. Conditions delatation36,36% one delatation, nulliporous rest, so it canbe said to include young mosquitoes.