Articles

PENGETAHUAN SIKAP DAN TINDAKAN PETANI BAWANG MERAH DALAM PENGGUNAAN PESTISIDA (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Nganjuk Propinsi Jawa Timur) Sulistiyono, Luluk; Tarumingkeng, Rudi C.; Sanim, Bunasor; Dadang, Dadang
AGROLAND Vol 15, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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Abstract

The aim of the research was to probe farmer’s knowledge, attitude and action on the use of pesticide and its impact on the health of the farmers and the population of various organisms.  The research was conducted in the production center of shallot at Nganjuk regency of East Java Province from March to August 2002 and used the survey method.  The number of respondents was 192 farmers selected based on the Stratified Sampling method at six villages from three sub-districts.  The results showed that the SLPHT farmers had a high level of attitude and knowledge on the use of pesticide whereas the non-SLPHT farmers only had low to moderate level of both.  However, the farmer’s attitude and knowledge were not implemented when they applied the pesticide on their crop.  Harmful effects of the pesticide misuse have degraded the farmer health with symptoms such as unconscious, blindness and also acetilcollin enzyme disorder.  The population of local organisms was also reduced.  In conclusion, the farmers had overlooked their own knowledge and attitude when pesticides were applied in the field, consequently the farmers’ health were at risk.
System Development of Environmental-Based Farming Enterprise Supported by Micro Finance Institution Kusmuljono, Bambang S.; ., Eriyatno; Sanim, Bunasor; Sumodiningrat, Gunawan
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 30, No 1 (2007): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Inorganic farming practices could have negative impact on environmental degradation due to excessive usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.  One of many efforts to re-establish land productivity and reduce environmental degradation is by way of practising organic farming.  The objective of this study is to explore and develop organic farming micro enterprise system supported by micro finance institution and its implication on relevant policies.  The methods used in this study include soft system methodology approach utilizing total system intervention (TSI) mechanism that covers the principles of complementarism, social awareness and emancipation, and commitment to human well-being in the context of poverty alleviation.  The techniques being adopted include business feasibility, comparative performance index, strategic asumption surfacing test and analytical hierarchy process.  Case study was conducted in Garut regency, West Java.  The performance of organic farming activity in Garut regency is considered adequate while the most preferable micro finance institution supporting agricultural sector is the saving and loan unit from cooperative organization, but on the other hand the micro banking sector has not been attracted in general to extend credit financing to agricultural sector due mainly to risk factor.  Eventually this study has been able to introduce a concept of empowering micro enterprise in organic farming involving credit guarantee institution, technical assistance and production of organic fertilizers and pesticides. In view of enhancing the financing of organic farming, the concept of credit for microenterprise in organic farming is introduced for further development and implementation.  Furthermore the policy implication of this study is iniciatives for poverty reduction trust fund and coordinating institution for micro financing institutions and the relevant law governing micro credit and micro finance institutions.   Key words: organic farming, fertilizer, pesticide, micro enterprise, micro credit, micro finance institution
Space Restraint Study to Establish Sustainable Bogor Municipality Suryadi, Yadi; Sutjahjo, Surjono H.; Sanim, Bunasor; Rustiadi, Ernan; Soma, Soekmana
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 4 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The change of environmental problem is very complex.  The highest population growth caused supply of land and natural resources to be increased.  If it does not control, it can influence natural resources stock and disturbs environmental balance system land use control is part of Bogor land use planning.  The objectives of this research were (1) to analyze the dynamics of land use and population in the period of 1972-2005 in Bogor Municipality, (2) to develop dynamics model and analyze the relation between the instrument of land use control and the factors related to the sustaina tozbility of Bogor Municipality, and (3) to analyze stakeholders’ roles benefited to space control system in Bogor Municipality.  The methods used for this research were (1) GIS analysis to observe the alteration influence landcover in period 1972-2005, (2) dynamic system analysis for landcover using in Bogor Municipality, and (3) AHP analysis to observe stakeholders’ role controlling use of landcover in Bogor Municipality.  This research indicate that the dynamic of landcover such as forestry, mixed plantation, and open area (1972, 1983 and 1990) before to be extended were larger than after.  For the landcover change such as resettlement, bush, water and wetland showed that were larger than before extended (2000 and 2005).  The population dynamic analysis showed the optimum increasing on 1985-2020 (22,38%) but was not followed by good landcover use planning as indicated by forestry depletion from 25% to 2%, depletion of mixed plantation from 42% to 36%, resettlement need increased from 12% to 43%, and declining open area from 17% to 2%.  These showed that Bogor developments were unsustainable.  The dynamic analysis showed the correlation between the environmental component and land use control.  Land use control to achieve Bogor sustainable development need many aspect such as land area, population number waste number, vehicle number, the length of roads and the role of stakeholder on land use control system in Bogor municipality though license mechanism and control.  The government can influence land use control at level of controlling and level of licensing.  For the government input as the authority that gives the permission of land using need to be consistent on the regulation they made.   Key words: the dynamic, land use model, and controlling
Fiscal Decentralization and Food Security in West Java: Policy Analysis Rindayati, Wiwiek; Sanim, Bunasor; Hutagaol, M. Parulian; Siregar, Hermanto
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 31, No 4 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The implementation of fiscal decentralization in accordance with Law No 32/2004 regarding local government and No. 33/2004 regarding inter-government fiscal relationship was considered as the new era management and local government budget.  The objectives of this study were (1) to identify factors affecting regional fiscal, regional economy, poverty ond food security and (2) to evaluate impact of fiscal decentralization policy on poverty and food security in West Java.  The descriptive analysis and dynamic simultaneous equation models were used in this study, using pooled time series data of 1995-2005 and cross section data of 13 kabupatens estimated using the 2SLS method.  The result of the study showed that the DAU was the source of 68% of regional income.The routine expenditures were the largest regional expenditures (77%).  The policy of increasing agricultural development expenditures and wages affect poverty alleviation and increase food security in West Java.   Key words: fiscal decentralization, economics growth, poverty allevation, food security
Model design for Institutional Development of University and Small Medium Agroindustry Collaboration to Establish Technology Transfer Widayat, Widadi W.; Jamaran, Irawadi; Sanim, Bunasor; ., Marimin; Aman, Amril; Kerami, Djati
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 34, No 2 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

Knowledge-based economics can[1] be achieved by using the role of knowledge to commercialize university research result in the agroindustry activities.  Collaboration as a model to realize transfer of technology between university and agroindustry is institutional proven model.  The use of science and technology in the new era of knowledge-based economy is expected to contribute in improvement of nation competitiveness.  Decision making in the complex, dynamic and probabilistic problem as founded in the collaboration model needs analytical tools such as analytical hierarchy process (AHP), fuzzy inference system (FIS) and artificial neural network (ANN) as well as the combination of both techniques which is one of the best method for designing Model of University and Small, Medium Agroindustry collaboration in transferring technology as a reliable model in the future.  Takagi-Sugeno-Kang Inference System is used to have input-output mapping using fuzzy logic, and artificial neural network with back propagation mechanism is used to get optimal membership parameters.  Knowledge acquisition of the experts are needed together with ANFIS (adaptive network fuzzy inference system).  After having simulation using Matlab program by combining ANFIS for Fuzzy membership function and certainty factor for non fuzzy membership function, recommendation is made on networking as collaboration pattern on transferring of innovation technology is the best choice, and fishery agroindustry using incubator technology as institution model is the best evidence of certainty factor achieved.   Key words: collaboration model, technology transfer, AHP, neuro-fuzzy and takagi sugeno inference 6) Fakultas Matematika dan IPA, Universitas Indonesia
Analisis Struktur dan Kinerja Perdagangan Internasional Indonesia Khususnya Produk Primer dan Non Primer Pertanian Wahyudi, Agus; Sanim, Bunasor; Kuntjoro, .; Kemala, Safril; Erwidodo, .
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 20, No 1 (1997): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari ciri-ciri ekspor (khususnya produk pertanian) dan impor Indonesia, yang menyertai perubahan struktural dalam ekspor dan impor tersebut serta situasi yang menyebabkan munculnya ciri-ciri yang bersangkutan, mempelajari ciri-ciri dan perilaku sektor-sektor pengeluaran dalam negeri (absorsi dalam negeri); dan mempelajari pengaruh liberalisasi perdagangan internasional terhadap kinerja perdagangan internasional dan perekonomian Indonesia.Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dataderet berkala tahunan dalam kurun PJP 1 (1969-1993). Sumber utama data ekonomi Indonesia berasal dari StatistikEkonomi Dan Keuangan Indonesia (Bank Indonesia), International Financial Statistics (´World Bank), berbagai terbitan dari Biro Pusat Statistik, serta Statistik Perkebunan dariDirektorat Jenderal Perkebunan. Data keuangan dalam model menggunakan tahun dasar 1985 (tahun dasar yang digunakan World Bank).
A MODEL OF FARMERS GROUP SURVIVAL IN VARIOUS REGION WITH VARIOUS COMMODITIES IN JAVA Uchrowi, Zaim; Jahi, Amri; Sanim, Bunasor; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol 2, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : IPB

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Abstract

The Green Revolutions failure caused many farmer groups to cease their activities, even though they had to fulfill many needs. This situation created a need to develop a model for group survival. With those afore mentioned background, this research was conducted. Data was collected in September and October 2005 involving rice, soybean, corn and vegetables farmer groups in the east, central and west Java. The research findings pointed out that there was a relationship between the group survival and their adaptation, goal attainment, integration and latency functions. The group survival rates were higher in central and east Java than in west Java. Additionally, the vegetable and rice farmer group survival rates were higher than the soybean and corn farmer groups. The adaptation, the goal attainment and the integration functions were more strategic for farmer groups in the west and east Java and also for vegetable farmer groups such as soybean and corn group wereas the strategic function were adaptation and integration.
PERAN ANGGOTA KELUARGA DALAM PEMILIHAN RESTORAN DI KAWASAN PUNCAK, KABUPATEN BOGOR Ingkadijaya, Rahmat; Sanim, Bunasor; Maulana, Agus
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2007
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17358/jma.4.2.57-66

Abstract

The purpose of this research are (1) to analyze the roles of familiy members in choosing restaurant, (2) to analyze restaurant attributes perceived as the most important one by each family members, and (3) to make managerial recommendation for marketing restaurants in Puncak area, Bogor Regency. This research used descriptive method and involved 141 respondents. The respondents were members of family who were eating in restaurants along street in Puncak area were result showed that children is roles were as initiator, gatekeeper, dan influencer. The roles of mother  were more flexible because she had roles as initiator, gatekeeper, influencer and decider. Father had only one role but very important that was as decider. Restaurant attributes that became priority were taste of food and beverage, food hygien and sanitation, and the cleanliness of restaurant. Perception of father, mother, and children about those attributes were the same.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KOMPENSASI EKSEKUTIF DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN KINERJA PERUSAHAAN: KASUS BUMN PERKEBUNAN Vidyatmoko, Dyan; Sanim, Bunasor; Siregar, Hermanto; Didu, M. Said
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 6, No 2 (2009): Vol. 6 No. 2 Oktober 2009
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objectives of this research are (1) to analyse determinants  and the magnitude of the influencing factors of the Indonesian Estate State-owned enterprises’ executive compensations; and  (2) to analyse the relationship between those influencing factors with firm  performances,  statistical methods used for analysing these objectives are Structural Equation Model (SEM), contingency analysis, regresion analysis and qualitative analysis. The study found out  that from all identified variables,  executive decision mechanism, job complexity, firm size, firm ability to pay compensation, and product diversification and market expansion  have positive correlation and significant influenced to executive compensation.  Human capital, business risk, executive employment market  have significant correlations to executive compensation.  The research has shown that firm size  has positive correlation and significant influenced towards customers performance,   internal business process performance, and growth and learning performance.  Firm ability to pay  has positive correlation and significant influenced towards financial performance, customer performance and growth and learning performance.  Product diversity and market expansion has positive correlation and significant influence to customer performance  and internal business process performance.
PERAN ANGGOTA KELUARGA DALAM PEMILIHAN RESTORAN DI KAWASAN PUNCAK, KABUPATEN BOGOR Ingkadijaya, Rahmat; Sanim, Bunasor; Maulana, Agus
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 4, No 2 (2007): Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2007
Publisher : Graduate Program of Management and Business Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The purpose of this research are (1) to analyze the roles of familiy members in choosing restaurant, (2) to analyze restaurant attributes perceived as the most important one by each family members, and (3) to make managerial recommendation for marketing restaurants in Puncak area, Bogor Regency. This research used descriptive method and involved 141 respondents. The respondents were members of family who were eating in restaurants along street in Puncak area were result showed that children is roles were as initiator, gatekeeper, dan influencer. The roles of mother  were more flexible because she had roles as initiator, gatekeeper, influencer and decider. Father had only one role but very important that was as decider. Restaurant attributes that became priority were taste of food and beverage, food hygien and sanitation, and the cleanliness of restaurant. Perception of father, mother, and children about those attributes were the same.
Co-Authors . Erwidodo . Kuntjoro ., Muryani Aang Munawar Abdul Kohar Mudzakir Adil Tobing Adityawarman, Yudha Adler Hayman Manurung Agus Maulana Agus Wahyudi Amri Jahi Amril Aman Amru, M Kadafi Amzul Rifin Ardianto, Luky Arief Daryanto Asep Saefuddin Bagindo, Mawardi Ps Bambang S. Kusmuljono Bambang Widyantoro Bonar M Sinaga, Bonar M BONAR M. SINAGA Budi Suharjo D.S. Priyarsono DADANG DADANG Dedi Budiman Hakim Dewayany Sutrisno, Dewayany Djati Kerami Djoni Hartono Dudi S. Hendrawan Dwi Rachmina Dyan Vidyatmoko Eddi Wahyudi, Eddi Eriyatno . Ernan Rustiadi Etty Riani Fahrudin, Muhammad Gendut Suprayitno Gunawan Sumodiningrat Hariadi, Slamet Harianto Harianto Haryo, Mercky Hendra Wijaya Heny K Daryanto Heny K. Daryanto HERMANTO SIREGAR Hidayat, Asep Kurnia hidayati, iik yani Irawadi Jamaran Jaka Suyana Jasuni, Ana Yuliana Joko Sutrisno Kukuh Murtilaksono Kurniawan, Deden La Baco S Latifa Hanum Luluk Sulistiyono M Parulian Hutagaol M Yanuar J Purwanto M. Parulian Hutagaol M. Said Didu M.Yanuar J Purwanto Marimin . Marimin Marimin Mawardi, Muhammad Ikhwanuddin Muhammad Firdaus Mulyono S. Baskoro Naik Sinukaban Noer Azam Achsani Nunung Nuryartono Rahmat Ingkadijaya Rina Oktaviani Rita Nurmalina Rudi C. Tarumingkeng Safril Kemala Santun R.P. Sitorus Saptono, Teguh Setiadi Djohar Shally Alpriany Aisyah Slamet Budi Yuwono Soekmana Soma Soepanto Soemokaryo Soesilo Hadimartono, Soesilo Sri Haryati Sugeng H. Wisudo Sumardjo Sumardjo Suria Darma Tarigan Surjono H. Sutjahjo Sutopo, Muhammad Fauzi Sutrisno Ali Ujang Sumarwan Widadi W. Widayat Wiwiek Rindayati Yadi Suryadi Yandra Arkeman Yanuar J Purwanto Yusman Saukat, Yusman Yusman Syaukat Yuwono, Minto Zaim Uchrowi