Dendi Sandiono
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung,

Published : 7 Documents
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Gonorrhoea Infection Prevalence in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Positive Patients Based on Polymerase Chain Reaction Examination

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 2, NO 1, July (2014)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of gonorrhoea infection in male and female HIV positive patients based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR)  examination at the Teratai Clinic, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung.Methods: This study was conducted in July, 2012 at the Teratai Clinic, while the PCR examination was performed at the Molecular Biology Laboratory of Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung. This was a cross-sectional observational study. The subjects were 81 HIV positive patients who were taken in consecutive admission. They underwent history taking and physical examination. Samples were taken from urethral swab in males and cervical swab in females for PCR examination.Results: The PCR examination result was positive for gonorrhea in 36% subjects. From all male subjects participating in the study, 37% were positive while 33% of the female subjects were also positive for gonorrhea. Conclusions: The prevalence of gonorrhoea infection in male and female HIV positive patients at the Teratai Clinic, Dr. Hasan  Sadikin  General Hospital  Bandung is quite high, i.e 37% and 33%, respectively.Keywords: Gonorrhoea, human immunodeficiency virus, polymerase chain reaction, prevalence DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v2n1.270

Incidence of Herpes Zoster in relationship with Climate Factors from 2009 to 2011

Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Herpes zoster, or shingles, is a skin or mucous infection caused by the reactivation of varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Seasonal pattern of herpes zoster incidence was reported in some countries, indicating that emergence of this disease was caused by the reactivation of latent Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV) rather than new exposures to VZV. On the other hand, the VZV primary infection difference between tropical and temperate zones may have implications for virus reactivation as herpes zoster. The aim of this study was  to identify the incidence of herpes zoster in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, West Java related to the change of rainfall, air temperature and humidity from 2009 to 2011.Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was carried out to 341 medical records of herpes zoster patients from Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung periode 2009 to 2011. Data on climate factors, i.e. rainfall, air temperature, and relative humidity, were obtained from the Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency. The collected data were presented using tables and figures.Result: The highest number of herpes zoster cases occured during the period when the highest annually total rainfall and annually mean relative humidity occurred.Conclusions: The finding of this study shows that herpes zoster cases have the same pattern with the rainfall and relative humidity. These findings can inform better prevention of herpes zoster. However, further research is needed to get more comprehensive understanding on this relationship. DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n3.591

Clinical and Histopathological Characteristics of Psoriasis in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung from 2009 to 2013

Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by alterations in epidermal growth and differentiation. Its primary cause remains unknown, and its clinical and histopathological characteristics sometimes change from time to time. The study aimed to reveal the clinical and histopathological characteristics among psoriasis patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung.Methods: This study involved 162 medical records of psoriasis patients who visited the Department of Dermato-Venereology and 40 medical records of psoriasis patients who visited the Department of Pathological Anatomy of Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital, from 2009 to 2013. Medical record data were collected to describe the patient’s clinical and histopathological characteristics of psoriasis. The collected data were analyzed by frequency distribution.Results: From the clinical medical records, the characteristics found among the psoriasis patients were: 14 (8.6%) having familial history, 160 (98.8%) having reddish plaque, 155 (95.7%) having silvery scale, 40 (24.7%) having pustules, 6 (3.7%) having positive Auspitz sign, 48 (29.6%) having nail involvement, and 20 (12.4%) having tongue involvement. In addition, from the histopathological medical records, the characteristics of epidermis among the psoriasis patients found were: 36 (90%) having hyperkeratosis with parakeratosis, 39 (98%) having rete ridge elongation and/or acanthosis, 35 (88%) having Munro’s microabcess and/or micropustules of Kogoj, 15 (38%) having thin stratum granulosum, and 30 (75%) having blood vessels dilatation.Conclusions: In psoriasis, the most common clinical characteristics are reddish plaque while the most common histopathological characteristics are elongation of the rete ridges and/or acanthosis. [AMJ.2016;3(4):556–61] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n4.938

Metabolic Syndrome In Psoriasis Vulgaris Patient

Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin Vol 28, No 3 (2016): DESEMBER
Publisher : Faculty Of Medicine Airlangga University

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Abstract

Background: The management of metabolic syndrome in psoriasis vulgaris is rather complicated, including lifestyle modification, diet intake intervention, increasing daily activities, and managing the comorbidity factors. Purpose: Management of metabolic syndrome in psoriasis vulgaris requires holistic approach. Case: A case of metabolic syndrome with psoriasis vulgaris in a-56-year-old woman was reported with chief complaint generalized erythematous plaques, papules, scales, and hyperpigmented macules. Blood pressure was 160/90 mmHg with central obesity and waist circumference was 98 centimeters. The patient manifested with onychodystrophy and subungual hyperkeratosis digiti I pedis bilateral. Fasting blood glucose was 119 mg/dL, and triglyceride was 185 mg/dL. Management: Patient management included methotrexate, bisoprolol, captopril, simvastatin, lifestyle modification, and diabetic diet (1300 kkal and protein 0.8 mg/kg/body weight/day). Conclusion: Holistic management revealed a good response in this case. The initial psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score before therapy was 24.8, became 9.0 after therapy on day 155th of observation.

Incidence of Herpes Zoster in relationship with Climate Factors from 2009 to 2011

Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Herpes zoster, or shingles, is a skin or mucous infection caused by the reactivation of varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Seasonal pattern of herpes zoster incidence was reported in some countries, indicating that emergence of this disease was caused by the reactivation of latent Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV) rather than new exposures to VZV. On the other hand, the VZV primary infection difference between tropical and temperate zones may have implications for virus reactivation as herpes zoster. The aim of this study was  to identify the incidence of herpes zoster in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, West Java related to the change of rainfall, air temperature and humidity from 2009 to 2011.Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was carried out to 341 medical records of herpes zoster patients from Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung periode 2009 to 2011. Data on climate factors, i.e. rainfall, air temperature, and relative humidity, were obtained from the Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency. The collected data were presented using tables and figures.Result: The highest number of herpes zoster cases occured during the period when the highest annually total rainfall and annually mean relative humidity occurred.Conclusions: The finding of this study shows that herpes zoster cases have the same pattern with the rainfall and relative humidity. These findings can inform better prevention of herpes zoster. However, further research is needed to get more comprehensive understanding on this relationship. DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n3.591

Gonorrhoea Infection Prevalence in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Positive Patients Based on Polymerase Chain Reaction Examination

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of gonorrhoea infection in male and female HIV positive patients based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR)  examination at the Teratai Clinic, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung.Methods: This study was conducted in July, 2012 at the Teratai Clinic, while the PCR examination was performed at the Molecular Biology Laboratory of Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung. This was a cross-sectional observational study. The subjects were 81 HIV positive patients who were taken in consecutive admission. They underwent history taking and physical examination. Samples were taken from urethral swab in males and cervical swab in females for PCR examination.Results: The PCR examination result was positive for gonorrhea in 36% subjects. From all male subjects participating in the study, 37% were positive while 33% of the female subjects were also positive for gonorrhea. Conclusions: The prevalence of gonorrhoea infection in male and female HIV positive patients at the Teratai Clinic, Dr. Hasan  Sadikin  General Hospital  Bandung is quite high, i.e 37% and 33%, respectively.Keywords: Gonorrhoea, human immunodeficiency virus, polymerase chain reaction, prevalence DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v2n1.270

Clinical and Histopathological Characteristics of Psoriasis in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung from 2009 to 2013

Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by alterations in epidermal growth and differentiation. Its primary cause remains unknown, and its clinical and histopathological characteristics sometimes change from time to time. The study aimed to reveal the clinical and histopathological characteristics among psoriasis patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung.Methods: This study involved 162 medical records of psoriasis patients who visited the Department of Dermato-Venereology and 40 medical records of psoriasis patients who visited the Department of Pathological Anatomy of Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital, from 2009 to 2013. Medical record data were collected to describe the patient’s clinical and histopathological characteristics of psoriasis. The collected data were analyzed by frequency distribution.Results: From the clinical medical records, the characteristics found among the psoriasis patients were: 14 (8.6%) having familial history, 160 (98.8%) having reddish plaque, 155 (95.7%) having silvery scale, 40 (24.7%) having pustules, 6 (3.7%) having positive Auspitz sign, 48 (29.6%) having nail involvement, and 20 (12.4%) having tongue involvement. In addition, from the histopathological medical records, the characteristics of epidermis among the psoriasis patients found were: 36 (90%) having hyperkeratosis with parakeratosis, 39 (98%) having rete ridge elongation and/or acanthosis, 35 (88%) having Munro’s microabcess and/or micropustules of Kogoj, 15 (38%) having thin stratum granulosum, and 30 (75%) having blood vessels dilatation.Conclusions: In psoriasis, the most common clinical characteristics are reddish plaque while the most common histopathological characteristics are elongation of the rete ridges and/or acanthosis. [AMJ.2016;3(4):556–61] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n4.938