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Maxs Urias Ebenhaizar Sanam
Bagian Klinik Hewan, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Udayana, Bali

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KERAGAMAN ENDOPARASIT PADA MACACA FASCICULARIS DAN POTENSI ZOONOTIKNYA DENGAN CUACA BERBEDA DI KOTA KUPANG (ENDOPARASITIC DIVERSITY IN MACACA FASCICULARIS AND ITS ZOONOTIC POTENTIAL ON DIFFERENT WEATHER IN KUPANG CITY) Joesoef, Jayusman Arsiyanti; Sajuthi, Dondin; Wijaya, Agus; Sanam, Maxs Urias Ebenhaizar
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 19 No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2018.19.4.451

Abstract

Long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) belongs to least concern categories of animals, and often found in various regions of Indonesia, including Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. Their habitat are one of the tourist destinations, causing interaction between them and humans. The interaction facilitates the transmission of disease agents, for example endoparasit. This study was conducted to find out the diversity and prevalence of endoparasites in long-tailed macaque, weather effects, and zoonotic potential in Kupang City. Fifty fecal samples were collected and analyzed using formalin ethyl acetate concentration technique (FECT). A total of six endoparasites were recovered including four helmints (hookworm, Strongyloides, Toxocara, and Acantocephala) and two protozoans (Balantidium coli and Entamoeba sp.). The highest prevalence of infection occurred in February (rainfall 302.4 mm) and consisted of hookworm (86%) and B. coli (66%). If rainfall increases, prevalence will also increase. The high prevalence of parasites is not always associated with the appearance of clinical symptoms. An individu diagnosed with parasites if the eggs or cysts have been identified from the faeces. The high prevalence caused by the absence of deworming program. Among the endoparasites that have been found, some of which are potentially zoonotic, such as: Strongyloides sp., Toxocara sp., Acanthocephala, B. coli, and Entamoeba sp. 
KERUGIAN EKONOMI AKIBAT PENYAKIT RABIES DI PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR (ECONOMICAL LOSSES OF RABIES DISEASE IN EAST NUSA TENGGARA PROVINCE) Wera, Ewaldus; Geong, Maria; Sanam, Maxs Urias Ebenhaizar
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 13 No 4 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The objective of this paper was to analyze economic impact of rabies in East Nusa Tenggara Province.Data from Health Department of East Nusa Tenggara Province (Period 1998-2007) were applied to a setof link the economics model. Analysis presented in this paper only costs related with PET, Vaccination andelimination of dogs. The total societal cost (PET in human) incurred by the disease was about Rp 19.9billion. The cost included transport cost to and from rabies-treatment centers, and loss of income whilereceiving treatment. The cost of vaccination was estimate about Rp 50.000 per dog and about 140.000dogs were vaccinated per year in the area. For this analysis, vaccination costs per dog included relatedcomponents on campaign organization, public awareness efforts, transport and biological and materialcosts. The economic losses due to the culling and vaccination program in dogs wes about Rp 5,3 and Rp 7billion per year, respectively. Total cost for vaccination and elimination of dog from 1998 through 2007 wasabout Rp 122,5 billion or Rp 12,3 billion per year. Total economic lost due to rabies in East Nusa TenggaraProvince during 1998-2007 was approximately 14,2 per year. The economic losses may be reduced byoptimalisation of rabies control in animal reservoir of rabies especially in dogs. The elimination of rabiesin dogs through mass vaccination with minimal coverage 70% of dog population is believed contribute tominimise rabies in human.
ANALISIS GENETIK GEN PROTECTIVE ANTIGENIC PADA BACILLUS ANTHRACIS ISOLAT JAWA TENGAH DAN YOGYAKARTA (GENETIC ANALYSIS ON PROTECTIVE ANTIGENIC GENE OF BACILLUS ANTHRACIS ISOLATES OF CENTRAL JAVA AND YOGYAKARTA) Sanam, Maxs Urias Ebenhaizar; Asmara, Widya; Wahyuni, Agnesia Endang Tri Hastuti; Wibowo, Michael Haryadi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine sequence and genotype diversity of protective antigenic gene ofBacillus anthracis isolated from Central Java and Yogyakarta. Pag-A gene which encodes for antigenicprotein is one toxin component and the virulent factor of B. anthracis. As many as five isolates fromSemarang, Sragen, and Boyolali (Central Java) and Sleman (Yogyakarta) were used. The gene wassequenced and amplified used three set of primers PA1857/PA2436, PA8/PA5, and PA-5F/PA-5R. Theresult showed that the nucleotide sequences of gene from five isolates were identical and only had onenucleotide difference as compared to B. anthracis sterne M22589. All isolates were confirmed as genotypebased on pag-A sequence. It was concluded that all B. anthracis from Central Java and Yogyakarta haveidentical pag-A sequence and belong to genotypt-1. Further studies are needed to investigate B. anthracisisolates from other regions of Indonesia.