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Journal : MAHKAMAH: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam

PESANTREN DAN PEMBENTUKAN BUDAYA HUKUM ISLAM INDONESIA: PEMBARUAN LITERATUR FIKIH DI PESANTREN samsudin, Samsudin
Mahkamah : Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (284.686 KB) | DOI: 10.24235/mahkamah.v2i2.2039

Abstract

Abastrak   Pesantren merupakan lembaga pendidikan Islam tertua di Indonesia yang telah berusia ratusan tahun. Hal ini merupakan kekayaan besar bagi bangsa Indonesia, karena tidak sedikit karya dan manfaat yang diberikan oleh institusi ini, Dalam konteks khazanah pemikiran fikih, pesantren juga sangat berperan dalam membangunan kultur hukum Islam di Indonesia. Tidak hanya bagi para santrinya, pesantren telah mampu mentransfer bidang keilmuan Islam ini kepada masyarakat yang ada di sekitarnya atau masyarakat Indonesia secara umum, sistem pembelarajan pesantren, terutama pesantren tradisional atau salaf, selama ini masih bersifat Syafi’i oriented, sehingga pemahaman hukum Islam yang seharusnya dapat lebih luas terlalu disimplifikasikan kepada satu pendapat saja. Perubahan kurikulum pembelajaran fikih ini dapat dimulai dari santri-santri senior yang telah memiliki cukup banyak amunisi untuk memahami fikih secara komprehensif. Selain telah memiliki dasar dalam menjalankan aktifitas keagamaan sehari-hari dari suatu mazhab tertentu, Dengan demikian, penting kiranya untuk membuka kotak pandora yang selama ini belum tersentuh,Kata Kunci : Pesantren, Kitab Kuning, Hukum Islam Pesantren is the oldest Islamic educational institution in Indonesia that has hundreds of years old. This is a great wealth for the Indonesian nation, because not a few works and benefits provided by this institution, In the context of the treasury of jurisprudence, pesantren is also very instrumental in developing the culture of Islamic law in Indonesia. Not only for the santri, pesantren has been able to transfer this field of Islamic scholarship to the surrounding community or Indonesian society in general, pesantren system pemarajan, especially traditional pesantren or salaf, so far still Syafii oriented, so that the understanding of Islamic law should be more broadly undermined to one opinion only. Changes in the jurisprudence curriculum can be started from senior santri students who already have enough ammunition to comprehensively comprehend fiqh. In addition to having a basis in running the daily religious activities of a particular school, Thus, it is important to open a box that has not been untouched pandora,Keywords: : Pesantren, Kitab Kuning, Islamic Law  
PENGGUNAAN NAVIGASI BINTANG DI ALAM BEBAS PADA MALAM HARI DALAM PENENTUAN ARAH KIBLAT samsudin, Samsudin; Ubaidillah, Ubaidillah; Masriah, Masriah
Mahkamah : Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (528.064 KB) | DOI: 10.24235/mahkamah.v4i1.4541

Abstract

AbstractIn conditions in the wild we often have difficulty in determining the direction, especially if we do not carry a pointing device such as a compass, therefore the position of heavenly bodies can be relied upon. The existence of celestial objects can be a navigation instrument that becomes a reference in determining the direction of the Qibla by observing the position of the star, this study was conducted to prove whether the position of a star can be used as a natural tool other than the sun in determining the Qibla direction.This study aims to answer the questions that formulate the problem: "How to use star navigation in determining the direction of Qibla in the wild and includes the results of the accuracy of the calculations and observations". This study uses qualitative research, data collected by means of interviews (interviews), observation, documentation and then analyzed by descriptive analysis method.The results of this study: the method of determining the direction of the Qibla by looking at the direction of the star in a particular month and time can be a reference to facing the Qibla direction accurately. To get these results, you can use regulus stars in the Leo constellation in April to May with calculations using the formula:WK = (X / 15) + (21˚ 32 '59.24 ") - (0˚ 03' 56.55" x date)) + KWD (for April).WK = (X / 15) + (19˚ 34 '42.56 ") - (0˚ 03' 56.55" x date)) + KWD (for May).In addition to using the above formula, getting accurate results is used as well as trial observations using a special compass tool to determine the Qibla direction. In this case, from April to May the location of the wild becomes a strategic place to determine the direction of the Qibla using regulus stars at a certain time. So wherever there is no reason for prayer not facing the Qibla direction.
Co-Authors Abdullah Abdullah Akbar, M. Fahrizal Alim Sukrisno ANDRA, YUSDI Asmuni Asmuni Aswitha Budiarso, Aswitha AUNU RAUF Cysca M. Lembong, Cysca M. Darwin Karyadi Dhoni Kristanto Eva Wijayanti, Imas Faried Bakry Fatma Amilia, Fatma Febriasari, Arifina Firman Firman Funny Soesanthy Furkan, Furkan Gusti Indriati Hamdi Hamdi Haris, Muhamad Hartantyo, Sugeng Dwi Hasfarinah, Amy Hasnah Soetedjo Hasnah Sutedjo Humaid, Hidayat Husaini Husaini I.G.N. Wila Wirya Ichsan, Ahmad Shofiyuddin Ig. Djokosusanto Ig. Joko Susanto Ignatius Djokosusanto Indah Langitasari, Indah Indriani, Ratih Irhamni Irhamni Jajah Husaini Jajah K. Husaini Khaeroni, Khaeroni Kusumah, Yayi Munara Loneli Costaner, Loneli Lukman Riyadi, Lukman M. Saidin masriah masriah, masriah Mila Triana Sari, Mila Triana Muazza Muazza MUHAMMAD ALI Muhammad Nurtanto, Muhammad Muslimin Muslimin Nina Herlina Lubis NINGSIH, NINGSIH Nurhayati Nurhayati Nurmala Mukhtar Primi Artiningrum, Primi PUTRA, IHSAN MAULANA Rachmad Rachmad Rahman, Hari Amirullah Rahman, K.A Ramadhan, Chairul Umam Rodani, Rodani Rubiyo Rubiyo S. Hasnah Soetedjo Soepardi Soedibjo Sudarso Sudarso Suharjono Suharjono Suharyan, Haris Sukati S. Sunoto Sunoto Supardi Sudibyo Supardi Supardi Suryati K. Sutedjo Sutedjo Teguh Santoso Ubaidillah Ubaidillah Ulung Pribadi, Ulung Usman Usman Uswatun Khasanah, Anis Wahyu Susihono Widiastuti Widiastuti WIJAYANTI, ARIE Wila Wirya Wiradihardja, Sudradjat Yayah Husaini Yogi Hernata, Yogi Yuanita, Tanty Yulita Yulita, Yulita Z. Sulaiman, Z. Zakaria, Mumuh Muhsin Zamzami, Muh. Rodhi Zusiana Elly Triantini