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Journal : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

PENCEGAHAN PENYAKIT KEKURANGAN VITAMIN A DENGAN PEMBERIAN "ORAL MASSIVE DOSE VITAMIN A EMULSION", DUA KALI SETAHUN Karyadi, Darwin; Djokosusanto, Ignatius; Soetedjo, S. Hasnah; Husaini, Jajah K.; Samsudin, Samsudin; Supardi, Supardi; Rachmad, Rachmad
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan JILID 2 (1972)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/pgm/article/view/2016

Abstract

Penelitian dilakukan terhadap pemberian 200.000 Kesatuan Internasional (KI) vitamin A dicampur dengan 40 KI vitamin E dalam emulsi melalui mulut (oral) dua kali setahun kepada anak-anak pra sekolah, dengan tujuan mencegah xerophthalmia.Hasil penelitian terhadap anak-anak yang diikuti selama satu tahun, menunjukkan penyembuhan dan pengaruh pencegahan. Tanda dan gejala xerophthalmia pada mata menyembuh dan kadar serum vitamin A meninggi. Dosis yang lebih tinggi disarankan untuk dapat memenuhi kebutuhan tambahan pada xerophthalmia yang juga menderita tuberkulosa.
PENELITIAN PROGRAM PEMBERIAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN DI DALAM USAHA PERBAIKAN GIZI ANAK PRA-SEKOLAH YANG DISELENGGARAKAN DI TAMAN GIZI DESA CIJENGKOL KABUPATEN SUKABUMI Djokosusanto, Ig.; Samsudin, Samsudin; Asmuni, Asmuni; Husaini, Jajah K.; Soetedjo, S. Hasnah; Supardi, Supardi; Karyadi, Darwin
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan JILID 3 (1973)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/pgm/article/view/1927

Abstract

Telah diteliti pengaruh pemberian makanan tambahan di Taman Gizi di desa Cijengkol, kabupaten Sukabumi terhadap 26 anak pra-sekolah yang berasal dari keluarga-keluarga golongan sosial-ekonomi rendah.Keadaan gizi anak-anak eksperimen dibandingkan dengan anak-anak kontrol menunjukkan perbaikan yaitu dengan menurunnya jumlah penderita kurang protein-kalori pada akhir program.Dinilai dari segi antropometri gizi ternyata pengaruh makanan tambahan selama tiga bulan tidak memberikan hasil yang nyata. Ada beberapa faktor yang diduga telah menyebabkan keadaan tersebut, yaitu jangka waktu pemberian makanan tambahan terlalu singkat, kurangnya nafsu makan pada anak-anak tersebut, serta adanya penyakit infeksi kronik tuberkulosis. Penyakit saluran pernafasan, baik yang akut maupun yang menahun (tuberkulosis) diduga merupakan sebab penting sebagai penghambat perbaikan gizi anak-anak tersebut.Usaha penyuluhan gizi praktis hanya sampai pada tingkat tambahan pengetahuan. Ibu-ibu yang dididik/diberi penyuluhan belum dapat merubah sikap dan menerapkan pengetahuan yang diperolehnya itu di rumah mereka masing-masing. Keadaan sosial-ekonomi yang rendah serta terbatasnya sumber-sumber yang ada di keluarga merupakan faktor-faktor yang sangat erat hubungannya dengan tidak mampunya ibu-ibu tersebut di dalam menyediakan makanan yang baik bagi anggota-anggota keluarga.
EFEKTIVITAS PEMBERIAN KAPSUL IODIUM DOSIS TINGGI TERHADAP STATUS IODIUM WANITA USIA SUBUR (WUS) YANG MENGKONSUMSI BAHAN MAKANAN SUMBER SIANIDA TINGGI Saidin, M.; S., Sukati; K., Suryati; Kristanto, Dhoni; Samsudin, Samsudin
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 27, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/pgm/article/view/1407

Abstract

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ORAL HIGH DOSE IODINE SUPPLEMENTATION TO IODINE STATUS OF CHILDBEARING AGE WOMEN CONSUMING OF FOOD HIGH IN CYANIDE CONTENT.Background: It was reported by Iodine Deficiency Disorder Research Institute of Ministry of Health that prevalence of childbearing age women (CBAW) with abnormal of serum Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) value in Magelang district was around 23%, while Urine Iodine Excretion (UIE) considered normal (112 πg/L). The average of cyanide content of daily food consumed was 29.4 mg/day. These findings indicated that there was a relationship between cyanide consumed and Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD). As one of goitrogenic agents, cyanide inhibited Iodide (I) entering into thyroid cells, further more disturbed process of thyroid hormone (T4 and TSH) synthesis. Objectives: To investigate the effect of the supplementation of high dose Iodine by oral (capsules) to iodine status of childbearing age women consuming foods high cyanide in IDD endemic area. Methods: The  study design was "intervention with quasi experiment trial". The study sites covered two sub-district, namely Srumbung and Salam sub-district of Magelang district of Central Java. A total of 80 CBAW (19-45 years old) consuming high intake of cyanide were randomly taken as treatment group and another 80 CBAW with low intake of cyanide as control group. Data collection was conducted before and after supplementation of iodine capsules (200 mg). Each subject received two capsules and was evaluated 6 months later. Data collected were cyanide content of daily food consumed, serum TSH, urine thiocyanate and urine iodine excretion as well. Results: The baseline data showed that no significant difference In the UIE between group I (CBAW high intake of cyanide) (99 ng/L) and group II, those of consuming low intake of cyanide (103.5 ng/L). After one month intervention the UIE of both groups increased significantly, group I = 311 ng/L and group II = 339 ng/L. After 6 months intervention the UIE of both groups still considered high, group I= 291 ng/L and group II = 315 ng/L. The proportion of CBAW with low status of iodine (based on TSH value > 5 nJ/L) for group I decreased to 6.3%, while for group II no changes. The effectiveness of high dose iodine supplementation to iodine status of CBAW with high intake of cyanide was slightly lower than those with low intake of cyanide (70 vs 100). Conclusions: Neither difference effect of high dose iodine supplementation to iodine status of childbearing age women with high intake of cyanide nor to those with low intake of cyanide. Keywords: effectiveness, high dose, supplementation, iodine status, childbearing age women, cyanide, Urine Iodine Excretion, thyroid hormone. 
Co-Authors Abdullah Abdullah Akbar, M. Fahrizal Alim Sukrisno ANDRA, YUSDI Asmuni Asmuni Aswitha Budiarso, Aswitha AUNU RAUF Cysca M. Lembong, Cysca M. Darwin Karyadi Dhoni Kristanto Eva Wijayanti, Imas Faried Bakry Fatma Amilia, Fatma Febriasari, Arifina Firman Firman Funny Soesanthy Furkan, Furkan Gusti Indriati Hamdi Hamdi Haris, Muhamad Hartantyo, Sugeng Dwi Hasfarinah, Amy Hasnah Soetedjo Hasnah Sutedjo Humaid, Hidayat Husaini Husaini I.G.N. Wila Wirya Ichsan, Ahmad Shofiyuddin Ig. Djokosusanto Ig. Joko Susanto Ignatius Djokosusanto Indah Langitasari, Indah Indriani, Ratih Irhamni Irhamni Jajah Husaini Jajah K. Husaini Khaeroni, Khaeroni Kusumah, Yayi Munara Loneli Costaner, Loneli Lukman Riyadi, Lukman M. Saidin masriah masriah, masriah Mila Triana Sari, Mila Triana Muazza Muazza MUHAMMAD ALI Muhammad Nurtanto, Muhammad Muslimin Muslimin Nina Herlina Lubis NINGSIH, NINGSIH Nurhayati Nurhayati Nurmala Mukhtar Primi Artiningrum, Primi PUTRA, IHSAN MAULANA Rachmad Rachmad Rahman, Hari Amirullah Rahman, K.A Ramadhan, Chairul Umam Rodani, Rodani Rubiyo Rubiyo S. Hasnah Soetedjo Soepardi Soedibjo Sudarso Sudarso Suharjono Suharjono Suharyan, Haris Sukati S. Sunoto Sunoto Supardi Sudibyo Supardi Supardi Suryati K. Sutedjo Sutedjo Teguh Santoso Ubaidillah Ubaidillah Ulung Pribadi, Ulung Usman Usman Uswatun Khasanah, Anis Wahyu Susihono Widiastuti Widiastuti WIJAYANTI, ARIE Wila Wirya Wiradihardja, Sudradjat Yayah Husaini Yogi Hernata, Yogi Yuanita, Tanty Yulita Yulita, Yulita Z. Sulaiman, Z. Zakaria, Mumuh Muhsin Zamzami, Muh. Rodhi Zusiana Elly Triantini