Muhammad Ade Salim
Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Khairun

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Evaluasi Tingkah Laku Sexual Kambing Kacang Jantan di Unit Pemukiman Transmigrasi (UPT) Desa Bina Gara Kabupaten Halmahera Timur Salim, Muhammad Ade
Jurnal Agripet Vol 17, No 1 (2017): Volume 17, No. 1, April 2017
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (527.293 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v17i1.6571

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Keberhasilan IB kambing dipengaruhi salah satunya kualitas pejantan yang ditandai kemampuan menghasilkan semen dengan kualitas makroskopis dan mikroskopis tinggi. Kemampuan ini dipengaruhi oleh sexual behaviornya. Sebagai daerah transmigrasi yang berpotensi untuk pegembangan peternakan kambing, sekaligus banyak populasi kambing kacang di Halmahera Timur, sehingga desa Bina Gara menjadi lokasi sampel penelitian ini. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengevaluasi sexual behavior sebagai gambaran kinerja reproduksi kambing Kacang jantan. Materi yang digunakan yaitu 9 pejantan dan 5 betina yang dibagi dalam 3 kelompok umur masing-masing P1 (1,5 tahun), P2 (2,5 tahun) P3 (4 tahun). Metode yang digunakan yaitu survey dengan pemilihan sampel secara purposive sampling dengan variabel yaitu waktu reaksi, jumlah fals mounting, daya jepit, daya dorong dan kualitas ereksi. Data dianalisis deskriptif menggunakan software genstat 14.2. Hasil yang diperoleh yaitu waktu reaksi P2 terbaik = 1,07±0,13, fals mounting rata-rata 2x di semua kelompok umur, daya jepit dan daya dorong 3+ di semua kelompok umur dan skor kualitas ereksi 3+ pada semua kelompok umur. Kesimpulan penelitian ini yaitu tingkah laku sexual kambing kacang jantan di Unit Pemukiman Transmigrasi (UPT) Desa Bina Gara Kabupaten Halmahera Timur secara umum memiliki performans terbaik pada semua kelompok umur, ditandai score false mounting 2 kali, daya jepit +3 dan kualitas ereksi +3, sedangkan untuk waktu reaksi skor tertinggi yaitu pada kelompok umur 2,5 tahun. (The evaluation of sexual behavior on kacang buck (capra hircus) in transmigration settlement unit (TSU) Bina Gara Village East Halmahera District) ABSTRACT. The success of Artificial Insemination goat is related to quality service quality with high macroscopic and microscopic qualities. This ability is subject to sexual behavior. As a transmigration area that shifts for the development of goat farms, as well as many Kacang Buck populations in East Halmahera, so the village of Bina Gara became the sample location of this study. This study was conducted with the aim to raise sexual behavior as a description of the performance of Kacang Buck. The material used is 9 males and 5 females divided into 3 age groups of each P1 (1.5 years), P2 (2.5 years) P3 (4 years). The method used is survey with sample selection by purposive sampling with reaction time variabel, the amount of fals mounting, clamp power, thrust and erection quality. The data were analyzed descriptively using software genstat 14.2. The result is the best reaction time P2 = 1.07 ± 0.13, False mounting averages 2x in all age groups; 3-clamp force and thrust in all age groups and 3+ erectile quality score in all age groups. This research is sexual behavior of goat beans in Transmigration Resettlement Unit (TRU) of Bina Gara Village of East Halmahera Regency has the best performance in all age group, cleanliness 2 times, power +3 clamp and erection quality +3, while for time The highest score reactions are in the 2.5 year age group.
Pengaruh Metode Thawing terhadap Kualitas Semen Beku Sapi Bali, Sapi Madura dan Sapi PO Salim, Muhammad Ade; Susilawati, Trinil; Wahyuningsih, Sri
Jurnal Agripet Vol 12, No 2 (2012): Volume 12, No. 2, Oktober 2012
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.849 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v12i2.197

Abstract

Effect of thawing technique to quality frozen semen spermatozoa in bali, madura and PO cattleABSTRACT. The experiment was conducted from November 2011 to January 2012 in BBIB Singosari. The study aims was to determine the effect of thawing techniques on the quality frozen bovine sperm Bali, Madura and PO cattle. This material used 90 frozen straw of three cattle from the three breed. The method is an experiment with three treatments and 10 replications for frozen to thawing in temperature water is 5 0C of duration 60 seconds, 15 0C duration 30 seconds and 37 0C duration 15 seconds. Variables observed in this study were sperm quality are motility, viability and abnormality. Data in percentage transformed in to arcus sinus were analyzed using Completely Randomized Block Design (CRBD) with replication as blocks of 10x. The results showed the thawing at 37 0C duration 15 seconds to highly significant effect (P<0,01) viability and motility and significant effect (P<0.05). The abnormalities, no significant effect (P>0,05). Breed cattle not significant effect to quality. It can be concluded that thawing techniques impact the motility and viability in frozen bovine semen spermatozoa Bali, Madura and PO cattle. Thawing using 37 0C temperature water with duration of 15 seconds is the best method to obtain the quality of spermatozoa post thawing frozen sperm.
PENGARUH PERBEDAAN KEMATANGAN AIR KELAPA HIJAU SEBAGAI BAHAN PENGENCER YANG DITAMBAH 10% KUNING TELUR TERHADAP KUALITAS SEMEN CAIR KAMBING BOER Audia, Rara Putri; Salim, Muhammad Ade; Isnaini, Nurul; Susilawati, Trinil
TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 18, No 1 (2017): TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production (JTAPRO)
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.364 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jtapro.2017.018.01.8

Abstract

This study is conducted on December 2016until January 2017 in Sumber Sekar Field Laboratory, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Brawijaya University. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of different maturity levels of green coconut water dilution with 10% of egg yolk to the sperm quality of Boer goat during storage. Materials used in the study were male Boer kept in Sumber Sekar Field Laboratory. The semen was collected routinely once in 2 days using artificial vagina with fresh semen quality requirement individual motility ≥70%. The method used in this study is Randomnized Block Design which consists of three treatments, there are P0 as control (CEP-2 + 10% Egg Yolk); P1 (Young Green Coconut Water + 10% Egg Yolk) and P2 (Mature Green Coconut Water + 10% Egg Yolk). If the difference between the treatments showed real influence, then the Duncan’s Multiple Range Test will be done. The grouping is sorted by the semen observation time. The observed variables macroscopically include volume, smell, consistency, color and acidity, and microscopically which include individual motility, mass motility, viability and abnormality.The study result for the mean and standard deviation (SD) of motility in storage until the 4th day. The motility of P0 (36.67 ± 32.96)%, then P1 (20.0 ± 13.78)%, and the last P3 (18.33 ± 19.15). Dilution with the best viabillity average in the 4th day in P0 (58.02 ± 19.93)%, in P1 (26.10 ± 18.47)% and the last is P2 (25,87 ± 20,60)%.the average value of abnormality on the 4th day shows that the lowest average abnormality found in P0 (1.49 ± 0.73)%, then P1 (1.89 ± 1.68)% and the highest average value of abnormality is in P2 (2,87 ± 1.41).Keywords : liquid semen, boer goat, green coconut water, CEP-2, cold storage
PENGARUH AIR KELAPA MERAH YANG MUDA DAN TUA SEBAGAI PENGENCER TERHADAP KUALITAS SEMEN KAMBING BOER SELAMA PENYIMPANAN DINGIN Mugiyati, Mugiyati; Isnaini, Nurul; Salim, Muhammad Ade; Susilawati, Trinil
TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 18, No 1 (2017): TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production (JTAPRO)
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.829 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jtapro.2017.018.01.4

Abstract

The aim of this research was to know the effect of maturity of red coconut water as a diluent to the sperms quality of Boer goats during chilled preservation. The research was carried out at Laboratory Sumber Sekar Faculty of Animal  Husbandry University of Brawijaya Malang, on 11st December 2016 until 31st January 2017. The method used in this research was laboratory experimental using Randomized Block Design with three treatments, P0 (Tris Aminomethane + 20% Egg Yolk), P1 (Young Red Coconut Water + 20% Egg Yolk) and P2 (Mature Red Coconut Water + 20% Egg Yolk) which each treatment using 10 repetitions. The observed variables include the percentage of motility, percentage of viability and percentage of abnormal spermatozoa during chilled preservation The results showed that on the 3ndday the percentage of motility of spermatozoa during chilled preservation gave a significant effect (P&lt;0.05), while on viability gave a very significant effect (P&lt;0.01), and on abnormality did not give a significant effect (P&gt; 0.05). The highest of total motile spermatozoa was P0 (Tris Aminomethan + 20% Egg Yolk). P2 better than P1 on motility, but not on viability and abnormality. The conclusions was the maturity of red coconut water can improve motility, but can not improve viability and abnormality. The suggested was use Mature Red coconut water + 20% Egg Yolk as a diluent  and do further research on coconut water to be able to maintain spermatozoa longer.Keyword : Sperms, egg yolk, red coconut water, tris aminomethane
PENGARUH PENGHILANGAN RAFINOSA DALAM PENGENCER TRIS AMINOMETHANE KUNING TELUR TERHADAP KUALITAS SEMEN KAMBING BOER SELAMA SIMPAN DINGIN Rochim, Abdul; Salim, Muhammad Ade; Isnaini, Nurul; Susilawati, Trinil
TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 18, No 1 (2017): TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production (JTAPRO)
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.049 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jtapro.2017.018.01.5

Abstract

The objective of this research was to examine the effect of removal raffinose in tris aminomethane egg yolk diluents to semen quality of Boer goat during chilled preservation. This research was carried out at Animal Reproduction Laboratory and Sumber Sekar Laboratory, Animal Husbandry Faculty, Brawijaya University from December 11th 2016 to  January 31th 2017. Semen diluent was divided into two groups, there were P0 (80% Tris Aminomethane + 20% Egg Yolk); and P1 (80% Tris Aminomethane (without raffinose) + 20% Egg Yolk). Parameter of this research was motility percentage, viability percentage, and abnormality percentage. Data of this research was analyzed using paired design t test. The result showed that after five days chilled preservation, was different (P&lt;0,05) on the average motility percentage between P0 (39,50±9,26%) and P1 (43,50±6,26%). There was significantly different (P&lt;0,01) on the average viability percentage between P0 (45,86±15,66%) and P1 (46,38±15,32%). There was significantly different (P&lt;0,01) on the average abnormality percentage between P0 (1,76±0,60%) and P1 (2,31±0,75%). Total motile sperm count after 5 days chilled preservation was different (P&lt;0,05) in P0 treatment and not different (P&gt;0,05) in P1 treatment compared to the expectation value of 40 million sperm/ml. The conclution of this research was the tris aminomethane egg yolk diluent without raffinose could protect of Boer goat semen quality during chilled preservation. Keywords: boer goat semen, tris aminomethane, raffinose, chilled preservation
Pengaruh pengencer air kelapa tua yang berbeda varietas terhadap kualitas semen cair Kambing Boer pada penyimpanan 3-50C Aziz, Achmad Fadhli; Salim, Muhammad Ade; Isnaini, Nurul; Yekti, Aulia Puspita Anugra; Susilawati, Trinil
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan Vol 28, No 2 (2018): Agustus
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.509 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2018.028.02.03

Abstract

Artificial Insemination using liquid semen is technology reproduction can improve goat productivity without liquid nitrogen. The Purpose of this research was to determine differences of old coconut water varieties of red (Cocos rubescens) and green (Cocos viridis) as diluent Boer goat semen, based on motility, viability and spermabnormalities during storage at 3-50C. The materials used for this research was Boer goat fresh semen as much as 3 heads were collected 2 times a week. Experimental Design. The treatment were devided into three Treatmen, there were: P0 (Tris+ 20% egg yolk); P1 (old coconut water varieties red + 20% egg yolk); P2 (old coconut water varieties green + 20% egg yolk). The data were analyzed by randomized block design, if the result are different or significantly different then continued to be tested with Duncans multiple range test. The result showed that during storage until days 4, P0 has the best result on motility (40,5 + 1,1 %), viability (45,18+ 1,56 %), and abnormality (1,89+ 0,59 %). While on the diluent using old coconut water green variety better then red variety. On day of 2 P1 and P2 have motility (61 + 1,3%) and (51+ 7,5%); Viability (67,14+17,99%) and (55,37+10,66%), abnormality (1,23 + 1,02%) dan (1,70+ 0,99%).
Kualitas Semen Cair Kambing Boer Berbahan Pengencer Air Kelapa Muda Varietas Viridis Setelah Simpan Dingin Salim, Muhammad Ade; Ihsan, Muhammad Nur; Isnaini, Nur; Susilawati, Trinil
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 6, No 1 (2019): JITRO, Januari
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (185.92 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v6i1.5449

Abstract

ABSTRAKAir kelapa muda varietas viridisdapat dijadikan pengencer aletrnatif semen cair bagi program IB di daerah minim sarana semen beku. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji pengaruh penggunaan air kelapa muda viridissebagai bahan pengencer terhadap kualitas semen cair kambing Boer setelah didinginkan. Dilaksanakanselama 3 bulan di Laboratorium Fakultas Peternakan UBUnit SumberSekar,Malang. Metodenya yaitu eksperimen. Semen dari  3 pejantan Boer umur 3-5 tahun, dikoleksi seminggu sekali dengan VB. Air kelapa mudaviridis umur 5-7 bulan serta tris aminomethane sebagai kontrol. Didesain menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan 2 perlakuan yaitu P0 (tris aminomethane + 10% KT) dan  P1 (air kelapa muda viridis + 10% KT) masing-masing diulang 10 kali. Data dianalisis dengan analisis Ragam (Anova) dengan software Genstat 18. Variabelnya yaitu motilitas individu, viabilitas dan abnormalitas. Hasil penelitian yaitu motilitas individu pada P1bertahan sampai 4 hari (40,5± 24,3%), viabilitas terbaik sampai hari ke-5 (42±24,6%), abnormalitas terendah di hari ke-7(1,31± 0,6). Kesimpulannya, Pengencer air kelapa muda viridis dapat mempertahankan kualitas semen cair kambing Boer selama 4 hari untuk motilitas dan 5 hari untuk viabilitas.Kata Kunci:pengencer, air kelapa, varietas viridisABSTRACTYoung viridis coconut water could be used as an alternative to liquid semen diluent for artificial insemination program in the area with limited facility for frozen semen production. This study evaluated the use of young coconut water as a diluent on liquid semen quality of Boer goat after cold storage. This study was carried out for 3 months at Sumber Sekar Laboratory, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, University of Brawijaya, Malang. The semen was collected from 3 Boer bucks aged at 3 to 5 years old. The semen collection was done once a week with the aid of artificial vagina. The diluents used were young Viridis coconut (5 to 7 months old) and tris aminomethane. The method used was an experiment in a randomized block design with 2 treatments and 10 replicates. The treatments used were T0: tris aminomethane + 10% egg yolk (control) and T1:  young Viridis coconut water + 10% egg yolk. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance using Genstat 18 software. The variables measured were sperm individual motility, viability, and abnormality. The results showed that the sperm individual motility in T1 survived up to 4 days (40.5± 24.3%), the best viability at 5 days (42.0±24.6%),  while the lowest abnormality at 7 days (1.31±0.6). It could be concluded that: 1. Tris aminomethane diluent has higher quality with the storage length up to 9 days, 2. Young Viridis coconut water diluent could preserve liquid semen quality of Boer goat up to 4 days for sperm motility and 5 days for sperm viability.Keywords: diluents, coconut water, viridis variety