Muhammad Salim Saleh
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Pertumbuhan Kecambah Aren (Arenga pinnata (Wurmb.) Merr) dari Pohon Induk Berbeda Ketinggian dengan Pemberian Pupuk Organik Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Fathurrahman, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The aim of this research  was to study the growth of sugar palm seedling from different altitudes of mother plant, growing in different organic media.  The experiment was conducted at Seed Technology Laboratory and Academic Garden of Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tadulako University, from February to July 2008. The experimental design was factorial randomized  block design with two factors.  The first factor was seed from different altitudes of mother plant sources, i.e, :  from Parigi  (1,000 m asl).  The second factor was types of organic fertilizers added on soil taken from sugar palm land. The organic fertilizer treatments were without fertilizer, manure, compost of rice husk, and sugar palm residue. Each experimental unit was comprised of 25 seeds with three replications. The results showed that seeds from Parigi grown in media with compost of rice husk gave a better growth than other treatments. Germination percentage at this treatment was 88.01% and dry weight of seedlings was 0.41 g in average, eligible to be transferred to main nursery.    Keywords: altitude, mother plant, organic media, seedling, sugar palm
Pengaruh Skarifikasi dan Media Tumbuh Terhadap Viabilitas Benih dan Vigor Kecambah Aren Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Adelina, Enny; Murniati, Endang; Budiarti, Tati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The research aims to find out the effect of seed scarification and germination substrat to seed viability and seedling vigor of aren. The Experiment applied a group random design (RAK) with factorial style consiting of two factors. The first factor are scarification treatment:S0=without scarification, S1=scarification+trcatment 40 oC, S2=scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+tempcrature 40oC, the second factor arc germination substrat: M0=sand, M1=rice coal, M2=cocopith, M3=soil from palm tree+organic materil (1:1), M4=M3+fertilizer NPK (1 g per kg media). The highest seed germination was found in the scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+ temperature 40 oC which growing on media of palm oil soil+organic fertilizer (1:1)+fertilizer NPK (1g per kg media) that 83.33-86.67% and germinating speed 0.85-1.04% ctmal. There treatment also effected on seedling vigor normal vigours germination indicated by dry content weight and hypotctic vigor index. Keywords: aren, scarification, germination substrat
PARAMETER GENETIK TANAMAN AREN (Arenga pinnata L.) Samudin, Sakka; Saleh, Muhammad Salim
AGROLAND Vol 16, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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Abstract

The aims of the experiment were to determine the coefficient of genetic diversity, heritability and correlation between these characters. The experiment was conducted in Palolo District of Donggala and Lore Regency of Poso, Central Sulawesi from May to August 2006.  The experiment used a Randomized Block Design with five replicates.  The treatment was six different villages: Baku-bakulu, Wuasa, Sigimpu, Bobo, Batumaeta and Winoanga, therefore, there were 30 experimental units used.  The results of the experiment indicated that 11 characters showed a large diversity coefficient while the other six characters had a small coefficient.  Plant height and leaf midrib length had a small heritability value while 15 other characters had a moderate value.  Such characters as plant height, leaf midrib length, first formed female spadix length, length of female spadix, twist of female spadix stalk, number of fruit, length of first formed male spadix, length of male spadix, length of male spadix stalk and twist of male spadix stalk could be used as indicators for indirect selection to enhance palm sap yield.
PENGARUH SKARIFIKASI DAN MEDIA TUMBUH TERHADAP VIABILITAS BENIH DAN VIGOR KECAMBAH AREN Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Adelina, Enny; Murniati, Endang; Budiarti, Tati
AGROLAND Vol 15, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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Abstract

The research aim was to find out the effect of seed scarification and germination substrate upon seed viability and seedling vigor of aren.  The research applied a randomized block design with factorial pattern consisting of two factors.  The first factor was scarification treatment: without scarification, scarification at 400C, scarification at 400C and soaked in 0.5% KNO3 solution for 36 hours.  The second factor was germination substrate:  sand, rice hull coal, cocopith, mixture of soil taken from natural palm growth area and organic material at a ratio 1:1, and mixture of 1 g NPK fertilizer with 1 kg soil taken from palm tree forest area and organic material media.  The greatest seed germination of 83.33–86.67% with germinating speed of 0.85-1.04 %etmal was found in the scarification at 400C soaking in 0.5% KNO3 solution for 36 hours and soil organic and matter treatment. This treatment also resulted in normal vigorous seed indicated by higher dry content weight and hypothetic vigor index than any other treatments.
KARAKTERISTIK PATI DARI BATANG POHON AREN PADA BERBAGAI FASE PERTUMBUHAN Nur Alam, Nur Alam; Saleh, Muhammad Salim
AGROLAND Vol 16, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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Abstract

The aims of this experiment were to determine the most suitable phase of palm sugar tree for producing starch and the characteristics of starch (functional, physical and chemical compositions) which were appropriate for starch noodle. Three growth phases of palm sugar tree were observed, namely: before flowering, productive growth and post growth productive phases.  Starch characteristics analyzed included water content, reduced sugar, starch, amylase, lipid, protein, fiber, ash, acid degree, form and size of granular, and starch amilography. Starch of green bean was used as a comparison.  Results of this experiment indicated that the highest starch content on the palm sugar tree was found at the productive growth phase. The characteristics of starch on the palm sugar at the post growth productive phase were similar to the starch of green bean. Therefore, starch obtained from post growth productive phase is the best for starch noodle.
VIGOR KEKUATAN TUMBUH BIBIT AREN TERHADAP KEKERINGAN PADA MEDIA TUMBUH CAMPURAN TANAH DAN BAHAN ORGANIK Fathurrahman, Fathurrahman; Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Somba, Bunga Elim
AGROLAND Vol 17, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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Abstract

The research aimed to investigate seedling vigor of sugar palm from three different locations of mother plant grown in media of soil-organic matter (OM) mixture under drought condition in pre-nursery.  The experiment was conducted at the Analytical and Seed Technology Laboratories, and the Academic Garden of Agriculture Faculty, Tadulako University from June to October 2008. A Split Split Plot Design was used with three factors:  mother plant place of origin consisted of three locations, i.e Parigi, Palolo and Napu.  Media composition, consisted of two levels i.e Soil : OM (1:1) and soil : OM (2:1).  Water status consisted of two levels i.e optimum (100% field capacity) and sub-optimum (50% field capacity).  The treatments were replicated three times, thus there were 36 experimental units.  The seedlings of the hole locations have the same vigor and hypothetic vigor index when growing in mixture of soil : OM (2:1), although under sub-optimum water status (50% field capacity).
KARAKTERISTIK BUAH KAKAO YANG DIPANEN PADA BERBAGAI KETINGGIAN TEMPAT TUMBUH DAN KELAS KEMATANGAN Nur Alam, Nur Alam; Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Hutomo, Gatot Siswo
AGROLAND Vol 17, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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Abstract

The aim of the research was to determine the effect of altitude and cacao maturity class on cacao fruit characteristics and seed quality. Cacao fruits were harvested from three different altitudes  (first factor): 1-<400, >400-800 and >800 m above sea level (asl); and three different maturity classes (second): maturity class B (yellow on the fruit skin groove), maturity class A (yellow on the whole fruit skin surface) and maturity class A+ (dark yellow on the whole fruit skin surface).  Physical fruit characteristics were analysed on weight, fruit skin content, placenta, dental pulp, wet and dry seed yield, seed number/100 g, unfermented seed, and pulp content and its chemical components (sugar and total acid content).  The combination of the two factors resulted in  27 experimental units. The research resuts showed that cocoa fruit harvested from the plants growing at >400-900 m asl produced highest fruit weight (494.76 g), dry seed yield (8.43% dry weight) and seed size (90 seeds/100g).  Whereas at 1 - <400 m asl, the cacao fruit produced highest pulp sugar content (8.83%), lowest seed size (116 seeds/100 g) and unfermented seed (3.16%). Cacao fruit harvested from plant growing at >400 - <800 m asl with maturity class A produced seed which meet most the quality standard set by the SNI trade 01-2323-2002. The altitude as a growth factor is more dominant in influencing the cacao fruit characteristics than either the fruit maturity class or its combination with the altitude factor.
PERKECAMBAHAN BENIH PINANG PADA BERBAGAI CARA PENANGANAN BENIH DAN CAHAYA Mustika, Sri; Fathurrahman, Fathurrahman; Mahfudz, Mahfudz; Saleh, Muhammad Salim
AGROLAND Vol 17, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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Abstract

The experiment was conducted to assess the influence of various seed handlings in light and without light.  Positive contribution in science and technology development is to increase effectiveness and efficiency of areca seed germination.  The experiment used a split plot design, with the main plot was light (with and without light) and seed handling as patch (seeds soaked in water for 2, 4, 6 days and seed wetted for 4, 6, 8 days).  Each treatment was replicated three times.  Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and 5% honestly significant difference. Dark condition accelerated areca seed germination (39.44% growth potential, 93.33% germination rate reached 90 days after planting and 63.33 days to germinate) and increased the number of root and shoot dry weight.
Viabilitas dan Vigor Kecambah Aren Pada Berbagai Lama Penyimpanan dan Bahan Pengemasan Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Wardah, Wardah; Yusran, Yusran
Biocelebes Vol 5, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Biocelebes

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Abstract

Research in experimental design was carried out to determine the proper storage period and packing material for maintaining the viability and vigour of sugar palm seedlings. This experiment used Split Plot in Completely Randomized Design. There were two factors were tested. The first factor was storage periods as the main plot, consisted of 7, 14 and 21 days. The second factor was packing materials as subplot, consisted of plastic bag, rice paper and rice paper+plastic bag. Each treatment used three replications. Data was analysed by using Analyses of Variance and differences between treatments were determined by HSD 5% test. Storage periods at 7, 14 and 21 days had an insignificant difference on the viability and vigour of sugar palm seedlings. Packing material from rice paper+plastic bag had a better water content, length of roots, germination rate and dry weight if compared to other packing materials. Packing material from plastic bag is more suitable for 7 days storage, rice paper for 7 and 14 days storage, and rice paper+plastic bag for 7, 14 and 21 days storage on the length of plumula. Key words: Palm, viability, vigour, storage, and packing material.
Pertumbuhan Kecambah Aren (Arenga pinnata (Wurmb.) Merr) dari Pohon Induk Berbeda Ketinggian dengan Pemberian Pupuk Organik Saleh, Muhammad Salim; nFathurrahman, ,
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 39, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to study the growth of sugar palm seedling from different altitudes of mother plant, growing in different organic media. The experiment was conducted at Seed Technology Laboratory and Academic Garden of Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Tadulako University, from February to July 2008. The experimental design was factorial randomized block design with two factors. The first factor was seed from different altitudes of mother plant sources, i.e, : from Parigi (<500 m asl), from Palolo (500-1,000 m asl), and from Napu (>1,000 m asl). The second factor was types of organic fertilizers added on soil taken from sugar palm land. The organic fertilizer treatments were without fertilizer, manure, compost of rice husk, and sugar palm residue. Each experimental unit was comprised of 25 seeds with three replications. The results showed that seeds from Parigi grown in media with compost of rice husk gave a better growth than other treatments. Germination percentage at this treatment was 88.01% and dry weight of seedlings was 0.41 g in average, eligible to be transferred to main nursery.