Articles

PENGUATAN KELEMBAGAAN PETANI PADI DALAM PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN ADOPSI TEKNOLOGI IPB PRIMA Khairunnisa, Khairunnisa; Saleh, Amiruddin; Anwas, Oos M
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 15 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (289.151 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v15i1.23460

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Farmer institutional strengthening is an effort to improve farmers' adoption decisions on an innovation. Farmers who are members of farmer groups will find it easier to manage to know, want, and be able to implement innovation. This study aims to analyze the influence of farmer institutional strengthening on IPB Prima Technology adoption decisions by rice farmers. This study uses a quantitative and quantitative approach with survey methods and questionnaires as a data collection tool. Respondents in this study were all members of the farmer group who participated in IPB 3S variety rice cultivation activities, as many as 50 people. Data was collected in July 2018. Data were analyzed using Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) version 23 for descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The results showed that farmers agreed that farmer institutions functioned as strengthening the institutional structure of farmers, increasing the capacity of members in the development of agribusiness and improving the institutional capacity of farmers in carrying out their functions. In the decision of farmers to adopt Prima IPB Technology, farmers have reused straw on agricultural land and have cultivated rice plants in accordance with IPB Best-Practice, but farmers have never decomposed straw using decomposers and are still rare in the application of agricultural mechanization. Improving the institutional capacity of farmers in carrying out their functions significantly influences the application of IPB Bio and the implementation of IPB Best-Practice. Furthermore, increasing the ability of members in the development of agribusiness, especially the efficiency of time, has a significant negative effect on reuse of straw, by burning straw on agricultural land.
POLA KOMUNIKASI KELUARGA, FUNGSI SOSIALISASI DAN BENTUK KOMUNIKASI YANG TERJADI DALAM KELUARGA DI PERMUKIMAN DAN PERKAMPUNGAN KOTA BEKASI Sari, Afrina; Hubeis, Aida Vitayala; Saleh, Amiruddin
Jurnal FKSB : MAKNA Vol 1, No 02 (2010): MAKNA
Publisher : Jurnal FKSB : MAKNA

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Abstract

This research explains that family communications pattern, function of socialization, form of communication happened in family who live in setlement and family who live in countrified. Method which in using in this research is descriptive survey method and data in analysis applies Chi square (X²) statistical with program SPSS version 1600. Result of research indicates that family who live in setlement and family who live in more countrified tends to mengunakan family communications pattern Laissez-faire which in combination with family communications pattern pluralistik, pattern pluralistik in combination with pattern konsensual. Function of socialization at family who live in setlement is more usingly is active socialization and family who live in countrified more usingly is passive socialization. Form of communication verbal is more in using in countrified while family who live in setlement is more usingly is form of communication verbal and nonverbal.
THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS RESEARCH WERE TO IDENTIFY GENDER RELATION, COMMUNICATION CHANNELS AND THE USE OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION, TO ANALYZE THE CORRELATION BETWEEN GENDER RELATION AND COMMUNICATION CHANNELS, THE CORRELATION BETWEEN COMMUNICATION CHANNELS AND THE USE OF AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION. THE RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED IN THE SUB-DISTRICT OF PACET, DISTRICT OF CIANJUR AND SUB-DISTRICT OF MEGAMENDUNG, DISTRICT OF BOGOR IN THE WEST JAVA PROVINCE.  THE RESEARCH USED A METHOD OF SURVEY TAKING 13 Matindas, Krishnarini; Hubeis, Aida V.S.; Saleh, Amiruddin; Suwardi, Harsono
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 34 No. 1 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to identify gender relation, communication channels and the use of agricultural information, to analyze the correlation between gender relation and communication channels, the correlation between communication channels and the use of agricultural information. The research was conducted in the Sub-District of Pacet, District of Cianjur and Sub-District of Megamendung, District of Bogor in the West Java Province.  The research used a method of survey taking 134 samples of organic vegetable farmers consisting of 67 men and 67 women.  The quantitative data was obtained from the questionnaires given to the farmers and supported by qualitative data collected by in-depth interviews.  The research results indicate that men often used personal communication, but women seldom choose the personal channel.  Both men and women seldom used the mass media channel.  Both men and women often use agricultural information for themselves for practice and comparison but seldom for discussion with others.  Men and women were both active in information seeking and discussing the received information, but in the control of agricultural information men were more dominant than women.  Among women, the group had a significant relationship with information control, whereas among men the mass media had a significant correlation with information control.  The agricultural information from a personal channel was used by men for themselves for the purpose of practice, comparison, discussion, or diffusion.  However, among women, the agricultural information was used for comparison, discussion, and diffusion. The group channel omong men was used to diffuse agricultural information whereas among woman it was for comparison, discussion and diffusion.  The agricultural information from the mass media was used by men for their own knowledge, comparison and diffusion.  Women liked to discuss agricultural information with husbands and families.     Key words: communication channels, access, control of agricultural information, gender
GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN DAN PERILAKU KOMUNIKASI GPPT DENGAN KAPASITAS KELEMBAGAAN SEKOLAH PETERNAKAN RAKYAT DI KABUPATEN MUARA ENIM Zakiah, Zakiah; Saleh, Amiruddin; Matindas, Krishnarini
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 13 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (475.685 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.14977

Abstract

Perkembangan peternakan di Indonesia secara umum masih memprihatinkan. Sebagian besar produksi daging sapi di Indonesia hampir seluruhnya diperoleh dari peternakan rakyat (78%), sisanya dari impor. Pola pemeliharaan ternak di Indonesia didominasi oleh usaha peternakan berskala kecil, dengan rata-rata kepemilikan ternak rendah, ternak dijadikan sebagai tabungan hidup, ternak dipelihara dalam pemukiman padat penduduk, usaha ternak dilakukan secara turun temurun. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah 1) Mendeskripsikan karakteristik, gaya kepemimpinan, perilaku komunikasi, dan kapasitas kelembagaan GPPT. 2) Menganalisis hubungan antara gaya kepemimpinan dengan kapasitas kelembagaan SPR. 3) Menganalisis hubungan antara perilaku komunikasi dengan kapasitas kelembagaan SPR. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif. Data dianalisis menggunakan rank Spearman. Penelitian ini memperoleh beberapa hasil seperti: terdapat hubungan negatif antara gaya kepemimpinan autokrasi dengan kapasitas kelembagaan, terdapat hubungan yang negatif antara media massa dengan kapasitas kelembagaan. Kata Kunci: Perilaku komunikasi, Kapasitas kelembagaan, Gaya kepemimpinan
PERSEPSI PETERNAK TENTANG PENERAPAN INSEMINASI BUATAN DI TIGA SENTRA SAPI POTONG DI INDONESIA Ma?sum, Mursyid; Hubeis, Aida Vitayala S; Saleh, Amiruddin; Saharjo, Budi
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2012): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (423.783 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9894

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The general objective of the research is to describe and analyze implementation of adopted artificial insemination (AI) innovation on slaughter cattle?s farmers. Specifically, is to describe and analyze the perception of slaughter cattle?s farmers on AI in the three locations of research. Locations of the research are Kecamatan Geger Kabupaten Bangkalan and Kecamatan Mantup Kabupaten Lamongan in East Java Province and Kecamatan Penebel Kabupaten Tabanan in Bali Province. This research was designed as a correlation descriptive survey by both quantitative and qualitative approach. The number of sample is 240 respondents -who is the acceptors of AI- and by approach of stratified random sampling method. Data collection was completed with questionnaires, interview and field observation. Kruskal-Wallis Test and U Mann-Whitney Test were applied to analyze the data sample. The result of the research showed that the perception of the farmers on most of AI?s aspects are significantly different among locations of the research, with the exception of the phenotipe (physical appearance) of breed cattle and the artificial insemination services by inseminators. To be suggested that socialization or extension on AI should be conducted by different approaches to fit the characteristic of internal and external and AI?s perception of the farmers.Keywords: Perception, artificial insemination
KINERJA PENYULUH PERTANIAN DAN DAMPAKNYA PADA KOMPETENSI PETANI KAKAO DI EMPAT WILAYAH SULAWESI SELATAN Sapar, Sapar; Jahi, Amri; Saleh, Amiruddin; Purnaba, I.G Putu
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2012): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.262 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9892

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The agricultural extension worker?s performance is the work outputs achieved by agricultural extension workers in conducting their jobs. The aim of this research is to know the factors which influence to the agricultural extension worker?s performance and the connection between the factors. Also, to know that factors influences the cacao farmers competence. The population of this research is all the agricultural extension workers in four district, South Sulawesi province (447 person). The sample of this research referred to Slovin method from among 106 (one hundred six) agricultural extension workers, 106 (one hundred six) group farmers leaders and 212 (two hundred twelve) cacao farmers . The design of this research was conducted by surveying and interviewing. LISREL program with ?SEM? was used in analyzing data. The Result of this research show that the agricultural extension worker?s performance was influenced significantly by characteristic, competence, motivation and self reliance. The total influence of them were 10 percent and 90 percent were represent other influences outside this study. The suggestion was that their performance must be improved by providing special training to improve their capability in agricultural extension planning, monitoring and evaluation, agricultural extension development and technology disemination.Key words: Performance, competencies, motivation
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN PERAN PENYULUH PERTANIAN LAPANG DI PROVINSI BANTEN Narso, Narso; Saleh, Amiruddin; Asngari, Pang S; Muljono, Pudji
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 8 No. 2 (2012): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.842 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9889

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This research aim was to formulate priority of strategy development the role of agriculture extension agent in Banten. To determine the priority of strategy development the role of agriculture extension agent used SWOT and AHP. Result of research indicated that the priority of development Strategy of role the agriculture extension agent in Banten were: (1) Improving the quality of human resouces of extension agent by diklat from other institution to get the ability, knowledge, and skill; (2) Improving of quality of counselling and cooperation with the relevant institution by the existence of fundamental duty clarity and function; (3) Product marketing competitive agriculture by maximizing role of group of farmer; (4) Optimalization of agriculture development with the guarantee of invitation regulation; and (5) Exploiting technology to support the agriculture extinsion program.Keywords: strategy, role, development, agriculture extension agent
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KARAKTERISTIK INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL PETERNAK SAPI POTONG DAN ADOPSI INOVASI INSEMINASI BUATAN Ma?sum, Mursyid; Hubeis, Aida Vitayala S; Saleh, Amiruddin; Saharjo, Budi
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 9 No. 1 (2013): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9859

Abstract

The objective of the research is to describe and analyze implementation and rate of adopted artificial insemination (AI) innovation on slaughter cattle?s farmers. Specifically, the objectives are to describe (1) the characteristics of internal and external of slaughter cattle?s farmers, (2) the implementation and the rate of AI?s adoption, and (3) the relationship of internal and external characteristics of slaughter cattle?s farmers and adoption of AI. The research is conducted at Kecamatan Geger Kabupaten Bangkalan and Kecamatan Mantup Kabupaten Lamongan in East Java Province and at Kecamatan Penebel Kabupaten Tabanan in Bali Province. This research is designed as a correlational descreptive survey. The number of sample is 240 respondents and using stratified random sampling method. Data collection is completed using questionnaires, interview and field observation. Structural equation modeling is applied to analyze the relationship and the influence pattern among variables. The average of AI implementation aspects by the farmers is 51.1% and the average of the rate of AI adoption is 2.39 years. The internal and external characteristic of slaughter cattle?s farmer simultaneously are directly and positively influence the implementation of AI and the rate of AI adoption.Keywords: cattle breeding policy, perception, artificial insemination
PERAN KELOMPOK NELAYAN DALAM KEGIATAN PARIWISATA TERHADAP PELUANG USAHA DAN KERJA Arfianto, Fadil; Saleh, Amiruddin
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 9 No. 1 (2013): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.717 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9855

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The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of fishermen in the tourism activities of the business and employment opportunities. This study also examines the relationship between the characteristics of the group members and group elements with the role of fishermen, where the research was conducted on a group cruise boat belonging to the Organization of Boat Cruise Pangandaran (OBCP) Pangandaran Village. On testing the characteristics of group members to the role of fishermen, there was a real relationship. In the test group elements with the role of fishermen, there was a real relationship unless the relationship norms/rules of the group with the group supporting service units were not real relationships. Finally, in testing the role of fishermen and businesses and employment opportunities, there was a real relationship, this was evidenced by the presence of several members of the group who has other business other than as a fisherman or a boat cruise as homestays, restaurants and stalls.Keywords: tourism, fishing groups, businesses or work
FACTORS ON COMMUNITY INVESTMENT-BASED SMALL SCALE IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA: CASE OF WEST NUSA TENGGARA Nur Suhaeti, Rita; Saleh, Amiruddin; Abbas, Akmadi
Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol. 6 No. 1 (2018): Sodality
Publisher : Departement of Communication and Community Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.361 KB) | DOI: 10.22500/sodality.v6i1.21202

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ABSTRACTCommunity-based investment for small-scale irrigation (CISI) was one of the opportunities to increase food production, mainly rice, to support food security at household and national levels. Social capital played a crucial role in small irrigation management allowing all water distribution with appropriate criteria, amount and time for all farmers within the irrigation network. Therefore it was necessary to investigate various influencing factors on investment development and financial viability in a small irrigation system. The research used survey method with indepth group discussion. Data were analyzed descriptively. Government?s ignorance and less wise for community self-help and social capital has caused a dependency to Government?s aids. Water User?s Association (WUA) institutional for small irrigation was definitely considered important in managing irrigation water.   Social capital was formed and interacted with natural capital and human capital and framed in group social relationships. Leadership providing good exemplary, fair, honest, trustworthy, sincerity and well-being oriented was needed. WUA empowerment was necessary and crucial in order to get more fair irrigation water distribution. The CISI financial feasibility was strongly determined by benefits derived from the irrigation construction such as planted rice acreage increase. The CISI benefits were determined by community?s ability to perform maintenance investment.Keywords: community?s investment-based, small scale irrigation system, social capitalABSTRAKIrigasi skala kecil berbasis investasi masyarakat (IKBIM) merupakan salah satu peluang untuk meningkatkan produksi pangan, terutama beras, untuk mendukung ketahanan pangan di tingkat rumah tangga dan nasional. Modal sosial memainkan peran penting dalam pengelolaan irigasi kecil yang memungkinkan semua distribusi air dengan kriteria, jumlah dan waktu yang tepat untuk semua petani di dalam jaringan irigasi. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui berbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi perkembangan investasi dan kelayakan finansial dalam sistem irigasi kecil. Penelitian menggunakan metode survei dengan diskusi kelompok secara mendalam. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Ketidaktahuan dan kekurangbijaksanaan pemerintah dan untuk swadaya masyarakat dan modal sosial telah menyebabkan ketergantungan petani pada bantuan Pemerintah. Perhimpunan Petani Pemakai Air (P3A) untuk irigasi kecil memang dianggap penting dalam pengelolaan air irigasi. Modal sosial dibentuk dan berinteraksi dengan modal alam dan modal manusia dan dibingkai dalam hubungan sosial kelompok. Kepemimpinan memberikan teladan, adil, jujur, dapat dipercaya, tulus dan berorientasi pada kebutuhan. Pemberdayaan P3A diperlukan dan penting untuk mendapatkan distribusi air irigasi yang lebih adil. Kelayakan finansial IKBIM sangat ditentukan oleh manfaat yang berasal dari konstruksi irigasi seperti kenaikan areal tanam padi. Manfaat IKBIM ditentukan oleh kemampuan masyarakat untuk melakukan investasi pemeliharaan.Kata kunci: modal berbasis masyarakat, modal sosial, sistem irigasi skala kecil
Co-Authors - Hamdi - Riana - Suryahadi . Dahri . Sumardjo . Suryahadi . Warcito, . Abbas, Akmadi Adi Firmansyah Afrina Sari Agung Wijayanto Agung, Sarwiti S Agus Sandra Agus Triyanto Aida V.S. Hubeis Aida Vitayala Hubeis Aida Vitayala S Hubeis Aida Vitayala S Hubeis Aida Vitayala S. Hubeis Alfathan, Ibnu Harits Amri Jahi Anis Fahri Anna Gustina Zainal, Anna Gustina Anuar Rasyid Arif Satria Arifin Derajat Suryana, Arifin Derajat Bambang Widuri Basita Ginting Basita Ginting Sugihen Basita Sugihen Budi Priatna, Wahyu Budi Saharjo, Budi Budi Suharjo C Maydiana Cahya Maydiana Damayanti . Darjatul Ulya, Enden Darwin Kadarisman Dedeh Kurniasih Kusnani Djoko Susanto Djuara Lubis, Djuara Djuara P. Lubis Dorlan Sipahutar Dwi Sadono E. Namaken Sembiring Ema, Ema Endriatmo Soetarto Eni Kardi Wiyati Ernita Arif Ezi Hendri Fadil Arfianto, Fadil Faizal Maad Far Far, Risyart.A Gusmia Arianti, Gusmia Hafied Cangara, Hafied Handhoyo, R.Ng Harsono Suwardi Hartrisari Hardjomidjojo Hasan Subkhie Hendra, Gian Heri Budianto Hubeis, Aida VS I G. Putu Purnaba I. Gede Putu Purnaba I.G Putu Purnaba, I.G Putu Ika Yuliasari Khairunnisa Khairunnisa Krishnarini Matindas Ma?sum, Mursyid Maksymchuk, Tetiana Martha, Layung Paramesti Martha, Layung Paramesti Marwan Albab Meilvis Meilvis E. Tahitu, Meilvis Muhammad Syamsun Munawar Khalil Musa Darmawan, Musa Musa Hubeis Narso Narso Ninuk Purnaningsih Nirwana, Testa Pradia Nugroho, David Rizar Nurhayati Nurhayati Nurheni Sri Palupi Nurul Mukhlishah Oos M Anwas, Oos M Pang S Asngari Pang S. Asngari Parlaungan A. Rangkuti Parlaungan Adil Rangkuti Prabowo Tjitropranoto Pudji Muljono Putra, Robinson Restiawan Permana Retno Sri Hartati Mulyandari, Retno Sri Hartati Richard W.E. Lumintang Rilus Kinseng Rindi Metalisa, Rindi RITA NUR SUHAETI Romadhon, Muhammad Sapar . Sapar Sapar Sapta Raharja Sarma, Ma?mun Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo Setyawati, Dian Sigit Pamungkas Silviyanti, Serly Sri Wahyuni Sumardjo . Sumardjo Sumardjo Suraningsih, Maya Safrina Susy Hartati Sutisna Riyanto Swarnawati, Aminah Tatik Yuniarti Titien Yusnita, Titien Tonni Kusuma Ujang Sehabudin, Ujang Wahyu Budi Priatna Warcito Warcito, Warcito Wetik, Johan David Zakiah Zakiah