Nelson Saksono
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Published : 9 Documents
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Dipole Magnetization Effect to Kerosene Characteristics Chalid, Mochamad; Saksono, Nelson; Adiwar, Adiwar; Darsono, Nono
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 9, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/mst.v9i1.90

Abstract

Investigation of kerosene characteristics has been done by ex-situ dipole magnetization. The results  show that magnetization technique can be able to influence kerosene characteristics. Polarity and viscosity of the kerosene are observed by measuring refractive index and viscosity. An hour of 4330 Gauss flux magnetic will increase refractive index from 1.447 to 1.449 and decrease the viscosity from 1.278 to 1.256. Those changing support de-clustering occurrence and polarity increment of kerosene molecule. Gas chromatography and infrared result show that those changing do not alter kerosene structure and composition.
Magnetic Field Effects on CaCO3 Precipitation Process in Hard Water Saksono, Nelson; Bismo, Setijo; Krisanti, Elsa; Manaf, Azwar; Widaningrum, Roekmijati
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 10, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/mst.v10i2.118

Abstract

Magnetic treatment is applied as physical water treatment for scale prevention especially CaCO3, from hard water in piping equipment by reducing its hardness.Na2CO3 and CaCl2 solution sample was used in to investigate the magnetic fields influence on the formation of particle of CaCO3. By changing the strength of magnetic fields, exposure time and concentration of samples solution, this study presents quantitative results of total scale deposit, total precipitated CaCO3 and morphology of the deposit. This research was run by comparing magnetically and non-magnetically treated  samples. The results showed an increase of deposits formation rate and total number of precipitated CaCO3 of magnetically treated samples. The increase of concentration solution sample will also raised the deposit under magnetic  field. Microscope images showed a greater number but smaller size of CaCO3 deposits form in magnetically treated samples, and aggregation during the processes. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that magnetically samples were dominated by calcite. But, there was a significant decrease of calcite’s peak intensities from magnetized  samples that indicated the decrease of the amount of calcite and an increase of total amorphous of deposits. This result  showed that magnetization of hard water leaded to the decreasing of ion Ca2+ due to the increasing of total CaCO3 precipitation process.
The Plasma Electrolysis Phenomenon in a Two-Compartment Reactor for Chlor-Alkali Production Saksono, Nelson; Abqari, Fakhrian; Bismo, Setijo
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 17, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/mst.v17i2.263

Abstract

Chlor-alkali is one of the most important processes in the chemical industry. It produces chlorine and caustic soda, which become the main feedstock of daily products. The aim of this study is to report the phenomenon of plasma electrolysis and how it can be used in chlor-alkali production for more efficient energy consumption. When the plasma is formed, the current fluctuates and gradually declines. Plasma electrolysis begins with the process of electrolysis itself. Due to Joule heating, gas bubbles are formed and a sheath is made on both electrodes, resulting in the plasma field. Plasma electrolysis can be identified by its radical production. The higher the voltage and concentration, the greater the production of radicals. In 10 minutes or less, the number of OH radicals produced can reach 4 ppm at 400 V and 0.1 M. This amount is relatively small and is caused by other reactions consuming OH radicals to form other radicals such as chlorine. The energy consumption of plasma electrolysis in this study can reach 16 kJ/mmol Cl2 at 0.5 M NaCl solution.
Iodat Analysis Content in Cooking Ingredients Using Iodometry and X-ray Fluorescence Methods. Saksono, Nelson
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 6, No 3 (2002)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/mst.v6i3.55

Abstract

Iodat Analysis Content in Cooking Ingredients Using Iodometry and X-ray Fluorescence Methods. Salt iodization program using iodine fortification into salt method is the best method that is effective and economical to overcome the problems caused by iodine deficiency. However in, its development there are some issues clamed that the use of iodized salt is ineffective since iodine content reduces, even disappear when the salt mix with other cooking ingredients. In order to investigated the existence of iodine in cooking ingredients, a research applying iodometry and X-ray fluorescence methods was carry out. The result obtained by iodometry method showed decreases in iodine content in each ingredient, as chili was 75,5 %, ketumbar was 51,43 %, and pepper was 20.99 %. On the other hand, the X-ray Fluorescence measurement showed the iodat deficiency in chili was 12.84 %, ketumbar was 6.42 %, and pepper was 1.14 %. The difference in the result of iodat deficiency can be caused by difference in principle and possessed by them. Iodometry only can analyze iodine in iodat form, while in cooking ingredients iodat may exist in various compound. X-ray Fluorescence can analyze iodat in some compounds so that the complicated matrix ingredient with not interfere the measurement.                                                                          
Effects of Ph on Calcium Carbonate Precipitation Under Magnetic Field Saksono, Nelson; Yuliusman, Yuliusman; Bismo, Setijo; Soemantojo, Roekmijati; Manaf, Azwar
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 13, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/mst.v13i2.165

Abstract

Magnetic field effect on CaCO3 precipitation is the key parameter in evaluating the effectiveness of Anti-scale Magnetic Treatment (AMT). The purpose of this study was to investigate magnetic fields influence on CaCO3 precipitation in high and low super-saturated CaCO3 solution by varied pH CaCO3 solution using circulation flow fluid system. The observation results in the high super saturated solution (pH 8.5) showed the increase of precipited CaCO3 in magnetized solutions compared to those in non-magnetic solution during circulation process. In the low super-saturated CaCO3 solution (pH 6.4) it was found that magnetic treatment increased CaCO3 precipitation after circulation process. In high super-saturated solution, magnetic field strengthens ion interactions, which reduce precipitation during circulation process. However, in low super-saturated CaCO3 solution, magnetic field weakens hydrate ion interaction which indicated by decreasing of the conductivity of solution. It increases the precipitation of CaCO3 after the circulation of magnetization process has completed.
Formation of CaCO3 Particle and Conductivity of Na2CO3 and CaCl2 Solution Under Magnetic Field on Dynamic Fluid System Saksono, Nelson; Bismo, Setijo; Widaningroem, Roekmijati; Manaf, Azwar
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 15, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/mst.v15i1.207

Abstract

Hard  water  causes  the  CaCO3  scale  formation  on  the  pipe  walls and  heat  exchanger  equipments  in  industrial  or domestic  water  processes.  A  great  number  of  experimental  researches  on  the  prevention  of the  CaCO3  precipitation process  by  magnetic  field  have  been  carried  out.  In  this  research,  Na2CO3  and  CaCl2  solutions  was  magnetized  in  the circulated  flow  condition  (dynamic  fluid  system).  The  velocity  of  fluid  and  the  circulation  time  was  modified  to examine  its influences  to  the  magnetization  process.  CaCO3  content  was measured  by  titration  method  of  EDTA complexometry.  Conductivity  test  was  conducted  to  find  out  hydrate  ion  bonding.  The  results  showed  that magnetization increased the CaCO3 formation and the optimum process reaches for 10 minutes circulation on 0.554 m/s of flow rate. Magnetic field decreases the conductivities of Na2CO3 and CaCl2  solution, hence reduced the ion hydrate bonding. These results showed that magnetization on Na2CO3 and CaCl2 ionic solution was effective in controlling the CaCO3 formation by increasing CaCO3 precipitation.
Study Effect of Salt Washing Process on Content and Iodium Stability of Salt Saksono, Nelson
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 6, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/mst.v6i1.37

Abstract

Effect of Salt Washing Process on Content and Iodium Stability of Salt. Salt washing process should increase the saltquality. It should clean the salt from sludge or clay and also reduce the impurity compound such as Mg, Ca and the reductor content. The objective of these reseach is to assess the effect of washing process on the content og hygroscopic impurities compound (Ca and Mg), and reductor content of salt. The research also investigate the water absorbing, pH, KIO3 content as function of time to obtain effect of washing process on KIO3 stability in salt. The experiment result shows that the lowest content of Mg and reductor compound 0.016 % wt and 2.65 ppm respectively which is reached at the fi ne salt washing process using 27 % wt brine. The analysis of water content indicates an increase the Ca and Mg content, causing an water absorbtion in salt , However the effect on pH the is not clear.
Pengaruh Kedalaman Anoda pada Metode Contact Glow Discharge Electrolysis (CGDE) dalam Degradasi Pewarna Tekstil Remazol Red Suminar, Dian Ratna; Saksono, Nelson
Jurnal Teknik Kimia dan Lingkungan Vol 2, No 2 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (892.228 KB)

Abstract

Limbah pewarna tekstil yang mempunyai  komponen utamanya zat pewarna sintesis berbahaya bagi lingkungan sekitar. Pengolahan limbah pewarna tekstil secara fisika dan biologi kurang efektif. Elektrolisis plasma dengan menggunakan metode Contact Glow Discharge Electrolysis (CGDE) merupakan bagian dari pengolahan secara kimiawi, yang efektif dalam mengolah limbah pewarna batik. Parameter kedalaman anoda sangat mempengaruhi dalam proses elektrolisis plasma metode CGDE. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh kedalaman anoda terhadap produksi •OH, energi yang digunakan proses degradasi, persen dekolorisasi Remazol Red RB 133, serta mengetahui penurunan konsentrasi COD limbah pewarna batik Remazol Red RB 133. Kedalaman anoda dalam penelitian ini adalah 1,5 cm dimana produksi •OH sebesar 11,63 mmol dan energi proses selama 30 menit adalah 806,4 KJ. Persen dekolorisasi Remazol Red RB 133 pada konsentrasi 250 ppm, terbesar selama 30 menit mencapai 99,66 %, pada kedalaman 4,5 cm dengan energi 1075,212 KJ. Nilai COD limbah pewarna batik Remazol Red RB 133 menurun dari 169 mg/L menjadi 3,6 mg/L setelah proses CGDE selama 180 menit (sesuai dengan baku mutu limbah).Textile dye waste having the main component of synthetic dye is hazardous to the surrounding environment. Textile dye waste treatment is physically and biologically less effective. Electrolysis plasma that used Contact Glow Discharge Electrolysis (CGDE) method is part of chemical treatment. The anode depth parameters greatly affect the electrolysis CGDE method. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of anode depth on • OH production, the energy used in the degradation process, percent decolorization of Remazol Red RB 133, as well as knowing the decrease in COD concentration of Remazol Red batik dye RB 133. The anode depth in this study is 1.5 cm where the production of OH • 11.63 mmol and the processing energy for 30 minutes is 806.4 KJ. The largest Percentage degradation of Remazol Red RB 133 at concentration 250 ppm is 99,66%, that’s  reach at depth 4.5 cm for 30 minutes  with energy 1075,212 KJ. COD value has decreased from 169 mg/L to 3,6 mg/L after 180 minutes CGDE process (conform to waste quality standards).
EFEK MEDAN MAGNET PADA PENURUNAN KESADAHAN DAN PENCEGAHAN PEMBENTUKAN KERAK CaCO3 Saksono, Nelson; S., Elisabeth A.; Bismo, Setijo; W., Roekmijati; Manaf, Azwar
Jurnal Sains Materi Indonesia Edisi Khusus Oktober 2007
Publisher : Center for Science & Technology of Advanced Material - National Nuclear Energy Agency of

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.795 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/jusami.2007.0.0.5142

Abstract

EFEK MEDAN MAGNET PADA PENURUNAN KESADAHAN DAN PENCEGAHAN PEMBENTUKAN KERAK CaCO3.Metode MWT (Magnetic Water Treatment) merupakan alternatif potensial yang dapat digunakan untuk mengurangi terbentuknya deposit kerak CaCO3, namun hingga saat ini aplikasi metode ini masih mengundang kontroversi karena pengaruhnya yang belum jelas. Di sisi lain, masih terdapat pro dan kontra di kalangan para penelitimengenai pengaruh dan efektivitas proses magnetisasi itu sendiri. Oleh karena itu, dibutuhkan penelitian lebih lanjut dan komprehensif yang dapat menjelaskan efektivitas metode ini secara lebih ilmiah. Penelitian ini dilakukan untukmenguji pengaruhmedan magnet terhadap presipitasi CaCO3 saat magnetisasi dan tendensi presipitasi setelah magnetisasi filtrasi dari sampel air sadah yang disirkulasi melewati medan magnet.Medan magnet dihasilkan dari beberapa pasang magnet permanen berbasis Nd-Fe-B dengan kuat medan 5200 Gauss. Jumlah CaCO3 yang terbentuk diukur dengan metode titrasi kompleksometri EDTA (Ethylene Diamine Tetra-acetic Acid). Variabel kondisi operasi meliputi laju alir dan waktu sirkulasi. Magnetisasi menyebabkan kenaikkan presipitasi relatif sebesar 13,1 % saat magnetisasi dan penurunan presipitasi relatif sebesar 60,5 % sesudah magnetisasi filtrasi untuk laju alir 1,33 L/min dan waktu sirkulasi 30 menit. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa magnetisasi air sadah dapat meningkatkan presipitasi CaCO3 saat magnetisasi dan mengurangi tendensi presipitasi CaCO3 setelah magnetisasi filtrasi.