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Journal : Jurnal Muadalah

Hadis-Hadis “Misoginis” Dalam Persepsi Ulama Perempuan Kota Banjarmasin Saifuddin, Saifuddin
Jurnal Muadalah Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Jurnal Muadalah

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Abstract

Perkembangan terakhir, di Kalimantan Selatan misalnya, sosok ulama dari kalangan perempuan mulai muncul dalam berbagai majelis taklim. Peran mereka sebagai pendakwah agama untuk umat tidak dapat dinafikan. Hal ini kemudian direpresentasikan dalam bentuk pemahaman mereka terhadap sumber agama, yaitu al-Qur‟an dan hadis. Dalam konteks hadis inilah, maka pemahaman mereka terhadap riwayat yang terkesan merendahkan perempuan menjadi penting untuk dikaji, dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif dan pendekatan fiqh al-hadits, melalui teknik wawancara dan dokumentasi, diperoleh temuan bahwa persepsi para ulama perempuan terhadap sejumlah hadis misoginis ini memiliki kesamaan, yaitu tidak memandang hadis-hadis tersebut berkonotasi misoginis. Dari tujuh sampel ulama perempuan yang diteliti, hanya ditemukan satu ulama yang menangkap kesan “keras” dan “diktator” dari hadis tersebut. Meski demikian, ulama tersebut hanya berani mengatakan “kesan”, bukan kenyataan hadis yang sebenarnya. Karena hanya kesan, maka ulama tersebut berusaha mencari makna lain agar kesan tersebut hilang. Penerimaan seluruh responden terhadap hadis-hadis ini dipengaruhi oleh perspektif mereka yang masih kuat memegang nilai-nilai “tradisi”. Nilai-nilai tradisional biasanya memandang hubungan antara laki-laki dan perempuan secara hirarkis, yaitu menempatkan yang satu lebih tinggi atas yang lain.Kata kunci: misoginis, persepsi, Ulama perempuan.The current trends in South Kalimantan has indicated that women moeslem scholars start to emerge from many religious gathering. Their roles as preacher cannot be neglected. This fact, furthermore, is representated in the form of their comprehension to their religion main guidance—Qur‟an and Hadith. From the context of Hadith, the comprehension of women moeslem scholars on the notion that tends to degrade women becomes significant to be investigated through interview and documentation technique, the writer utilizes descriptive method and fiqh al-hadist approach. It is found that the perceptions of women moeslem scholars to the misogynistic Hadith have a similarity that is, not looking these Hadiths as having misogynistic connotations. Among 7 sampels of the scholars being investigated, only one scholar has the impression of “hars” and dictator” from the Hadith. However, the scholar only dares to say “impression”, not the actual fact from the Hadith. Since it is only an impression, the scholar tries to seek for another meaning to delete the impression. The assumption of the respondents from the hadith is much influenced by their perspectives that strongly hold “traditional” values. The traditional values usually look the relationships between men and women hierarchically, that is placing one higher that the other.Keywords: misogynistic, perceptions, women Islamic scholars.
Pergeseran Wacana Relasi Gender Dalam Kajian Tafsir Di Indonesia: (Perbandingan Penafsiran ‘Abd Al-Rauf Singkel Dan M. Quraish Shihab) Saifuddin, Saifuddin
Muadalah Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Perempuan dan Kitab Suci
Publisher : IAIN Antasari Banjarmasin

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Abstract

This study tries to picture the shift in gender relations discourses in the interpretation paradigm in Indonesia by comparing the interpretation (tafsir) of ‘Abd al Rauf Singkel and M. Quraish Shihab. The result of study shows that there are some similarities and differentiations in the pattern of the compared interpretation of the two Indonesian Malay scholars on gender versus. ‘Abd al Rauf Singkel’s interpretation generally follows the traditional interpretation paradigm, yet the creativity elements still can be found. As the main source, The interpretation of Al-Mustafid which refers to al-Jalalain interpretation may describe the mindset of ‘Abd al Rauf Singkel whose his is in the traditional interpretation mainstream and which is gender bias. It is reflected in some of his interpretations. However, His views are more moderate and tolerant as shown in his interpretation on the issues of women creation and leadership. The shift of gender relation discourse is more visible in the interpretation of Quraish Shihab. He seems to have his own interpretation which does not fully follow the view of both traditional and contemporary interpretation. He, for example, interprets ‘nafswahidah’ as ‘Adam’ whose couple is Eve. However, he does not agree that Eve was created from Adam himself, but from Adam’s type. Thus, he is in a position between the traditional and the contemporary. A similar tendency can also be seen from other themes. These interpretations are a step further than the previous Indonesian commentators (mufasir), not least ‘Abd al Rauf Singkel.
Persepsi Ulama Kota Banjarmasin terhadap Hak-Hak Reproduksi Perempuan Saifuddin, Saifuddin
Muadalah Vol 3, No 2 (2015): Perempuan Banjar
Publisher : IAIN Antasari Banjarmasin

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Abstract

Many Islamic studies, recently, have emerged along with the rise of gender discourse and women issues in many Islamic and public colleges in the country, including in Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan. One issue arising is that the women’s reproductive rights in religious perspective seems to be underestimated. This view is of course influenced by the role of Muslimscholars as Muslims role models and mentors. Thus, it becomes significant to investigate the perception of Muslim scholars on the women’s reproductive rights in order to find out their insight and appreciation on women’s rights. The conducted field study employs descriptive method and normative-sociological approach and it is found that the Muslim scholars have relatively the same level of appreciation. According to them, the women’s reproduction rightswhich includes in the period of menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, and raising children, is a matter that must be considered and met by the men in the family. Some factors that have influenced the Muslim scholars’ perception are devided in two dimensions—frame of reference which includes education, reading sources, and results of study, and frame of experience which includes self-experience, and the surrounded cultural, political, and social environment