Mammed Sagi
Lab. Embriologi dan Histologi Fakultas Biologi UGM Yogyakarta

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Korelasi antara Beberapa Karakter Reproduksi dengan Panjang Total Ikan Brek [Puntius orphoides (Valenciennes 1842)] di Sungai Klawing Purbalingga Suryaningsih, Suhestri; Sagi, Mammed; Nitimulyo, Kamiso Handoyo; Hadisusanto, Suwarno
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 28, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

The red chick barb [Puntius orphoides (Valenciennes 1842)] is a member of Cyprinidae with high economic value. However, this species is still uncultured. The high market demand is fulfilled by direct collection  from their natural habitat.  In order to avoid overexploitation, domestication effort is needed.  The success of this effort needs some biological information e.g. reproductive characters.  This research aims to know some reproductive characters of red cheek barb collected at Klawing River Purbalingga Central Java.  A survey method was used with performing simple random sampling technique. The measured parameters were gonad maturity, fecundity, and gonad somatic indices (GSI) related to total length. The fish were collected monthly from June until November 2009. Data analysis includes length distribution, and correlation among gonad maturity, fecundity, and gonad somatic indices with body length. The result showed that red cheek barb from Klawing River has variable body length, most of the female individuals (34.37%) had body length ranges from 14.3-16.2 cm, whereas the majority of the male individuals (44.95%) had length distribution from 12.1-14.6 cm. The variation on  gonad maturity was observed during the research both on female and male individuals. However, most of the populations were on the highest level of gonad maturity (level IV) only in September and October. A positive correlation between gonad maturity and body length was observed on the male individuals (r=0.0424) as well as on the female individuals (r=0.4339). The fecundity was ranges from 4.097 up to 32.794 eggs. A positive correlation was also observed between fecundity and body length (r=0.6403). A monthly GSI variation was found both on the female and the male individuals with the highest peak of GSI was observed in September and October. A positive correlation between GSI and body length was found on female individuals (r=7.07 x 10-3) as well as on male individuals (r=0.376).
Beberapa aspek pemijahan ikan brek Puntius orphoides (Valenciennes, 1842) di Sungai Klawing Purbalingga, Jawa Tengah [Spawning aspects of javaen barb Puntius orphoides (Valenciennes, 1842) in Klawing River, Purbalingga, Central Java] Suryaningsih, Suhestri; Sagi, Mammed; Nitimulyo, Kamiso Handoyo; Hadisusanto, Suwarno
Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2012): Juni 2012
Publisher : Masyarakat Iktiologi Indonesia (MII )

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyze the spawning pattern and fecundity of the javaen barb (Puntius orphoides). Samples were collected during one year, from June 2009 until May 2010. Fish caught by gillnet with long-stemmed and fish trap in Klawing River, Purbalingga, Central Java. Analysis was done to estimate gonado somatic indices, gonad maturity, fecundity, and frequency of oocyte diameter distribution. The javaen barb caught were 431 fishes, consisted of 200 male and 231 female, with varied total length in the range of 95-294 mm, and weight 12.0-276.4 grams. First maturity gonad of male fish was 109 mm TL, while female fish was 118 mm TL. According to analysis of gonado somatic indices and gonad maturity stages, fish was estimated to spawn in the long time with its peak in September-October. Fecundity was 7,379-39,794 oocytes, and oocyte diameter was 25-900 ^m. Based on the development of oocyte stages, the javaen barb have an asynchronous spawning pattern, and based on the distribution of oocyte diameter suggested that this species could be grouped as partial spawner. AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis beberapa aspek pemijahan dan fekunditas ikan brek (Puntius orphoides). Peng-ambilan contoh dilakukan selama satu tahun, dari Juni 2009 sampai Mei 2010. Ikan ditangkap menggunakan seser ber-tangkai panjang dan bubu, di Sungai Klawing, Purbalingga, Jawa Tengah. Analisis dilakukan terhadap indeks gonado somatik, tingkat kematangan gonad, fekunditas, dan sebaran diameter oosit. Ikan brek yang diperoleh selama penelitian berjumlah 431 ekor, terdiri atas 200 ikan jantan dan 231 ikan betina, dengan kisaran panjang total 95-294 mm, dan bo-bot 12,0-276,4 gram. Pada ikan brek betina, gonad mulai berkembang pada panjang total 118 mm, dan ikan jantan 109 mm. Atas dasar analisis nilai indeks gonado somatik dan fase perkembangan oosit pada tingkat kematangan gonad, di-duga musim pemijahan ikan brek berlangsung lama tetapi puncak reproduksi terjadi pada bulan September-Oktober. Fekunditas ikan brek berkisar 7.379-39.794 butir dan diameter oosit 25-900 ^m. Atas dasar analisis fase perkembangan oosit pada tingkat kematangan gonad ikan brek memiliki pola pemijahan asynchronous spawner dan atas dasar sebaran diameter oosit memberikan gambaran bahwa spesies ini termasuk tipe pemijah bertahap.