Oktavinda Safitry
Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jakarta

Published : 4 Documents
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Identifikasi Korban Bencana Massal: Praktik DVI Antara Teori dan Kenyataan -, Henky; Safitry, Oktavinda
Indonesian Journal of Legal and Forensic Sciences (IJLFS) Vol. 2, No.1 Februari 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Legal and Forensic Sciences (IJLFS)

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Abstract

The role of forensic pathologist in mass disaster is to identify the dead victims. Identification procedure refers tothe DVI (Disaster Victim Identification) Interpol guideline. DVI process consists of 5 phases, The Scene, PostMortem Examination, Ante Mortem Information Retrieval, Reconciliation and Debriefing. Post Mortem (PM)and Ante Mortem (AM) data that are collected include finger prints, dental records and DNA as PrimaryIdentifiers and also medical records and property as a Secondary Identifiers. AM data populated into the yellowform and PM data into a pink form. In the reconciliation phase, someone stated identified, by comparing theAM and PM data. At least there is a match between one Primary Identifiers or two Secondary Identifiers.Theoretically, the five phase of DVI should be done according to DVI standard in every case ofdisaster. In fact, many obstacles and constraints are met in the field to implement the DVI guidelines. A lot ofcorpses, limited number of storages, pathologist and time, family authority, as well as lack of coordination, risemany problems in implementing DVI procedures consistently. This article will discuss the various constraintsand problems that encounters when carrying out DVI guidelines in the case of RIMBA III ship sinking, Herculesplane crash at Magetan and Earthquakes at Padang.
Analysis of Reliability and Validity of Basic Principles of Bioethics Afandi, Dedi; Budiningsih, Yuli; Safitry, Oktavinda; Purwadianto, Agus; Widjaja, Ivan Riyanto; Merlina, Desti
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 58 No. 6 June 2008
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Basic principle of bioethics is one of medical ethics teaching material with cognitive approach in medical faculty. It is a relevant method to develop student’s reasoning analysis of medical ethics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate item analysis, reliability and validity of Basic Principles of Bioethics/Kaidah Dasar Bioetika Test (KDB Test) designed to measure level of cognitive of principle based of bioethics among medical student. This an evaluative descriptive study. The participant comprised of 99 medical students of Faculty of Medicine University of Riau academic year 2007. KDB Test was developed based on literature review and consultation with ethical expert. Item analysis of instrument was determined discrimination index and difficulty index. The validity of instrument was determined by measuring the face validity and content validity. Internal consistency reliability was examined using Kuder Richardson-20 (KR 20). The final version KDB Test showed r (coeffisien correlation to total) ranged between from 0.338 to 0.807 with level significant p<0.05 and internal consistency reliability (KR 20 = 0.701). The conclusion, KDB Test was reliable and valid instrument to measure level of cognitive among medical student.Keywords: Basic principle of bioethics, KDB Test, level of cognitive
Autopsy Finding in Systemic Silicone Embolism Afandi, Dedi; Djuanda, Iwan; Hertian, Swasti; Atmadja, Djaja Surya; Safitry, Oktavinda; Widjaja, Ivan Riyanto
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 58 No. 7 July 2008
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Liquid silicone is an inert material utilized for tissue augmentation by physician as well as illegally by nonmedical personnel. We present a case report, 52 years old man who died after illegal silicone injection. From autopsy examination, we found needle mark at corona of the glans penis, asymetric enlargement of penis, oil substance in artery coronaria’s vessel and depth’s organs were oily. Histopathological examination showed silicone embolism in almost all of the victim’s organs. The cause of dead was infarct myocard acute due to silicone embolism.Keywords: autopsy findings, silicone embolism, augmentation phalloplasty
Effects of an additional small group discussion to cognitive achievement and retention in basic principles of bioethics teaching methods Afandi, Dedi; Budiningsih, Yuli; Safitry, Oktavinda; Purwadianto, Agus; Novitasari, Dwi; Widjaja, Ivan R.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 18, No 1 (2009): January-March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Aim The place of ethics in undergraduate medical curricula is essential but the methods of teaching medical ethics did not show substantial changes. “Basic principles of bioethics” is the best knowledge to develop student’s reasoning analysis in medical ethics In this study, we investigate the effects of an additional small group discussion in basic principles of bioethics conventional lecture methods to cognitive achievement and retention. This study was a randomized controlled trial with parallel design. Cognitive scores of the basic principles of bioethics as a parameter was measured using basic principles of bioethics (Kaidah Dasar Bioetika, KDB) test. Both groups were attending conventional lectures, then the intervention group got an additional small group discussion.Result Conventional lectures with or without small group discussion significantly increased cognitive achievement of basic principles of bioethics (P= 0.001 and P= 0.000, respectively), and there were significant differences in cognitive achievement and retention between the 2 groups (P= 0.000 and P= 0.000, respectively).Conclusion Additional small group discussion method improved cognitive achievement and retention of basic principles of bioethics. (Med J Indones 2009; 18: 48-52)Keywords: lecture, specification checklist, multiple choice questions