M. Saeri
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Jawa Timur Jln. Raya Karangploso Km 4, Kotak Pos 188, Malang 65101, Indonesia Telp. (0341) 494052, 485056

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Karakteristik dan Permasalahan Selat Malaka Saeri, M.
Jurnal Transnasional Vol 4, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Transnasional

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Malacca Strait become discours matter which discussed by many parties today, infact is not a new issue, becouse some big power have interrest in this area.Hundreds centuries ago, eventhough before west colonealisme flooded South EastAsia, Malacca Strait has became an important area for development of world’spolitics, economics, and culture. Malacca Strait has became a part of long growthand development history of the big political power such as Sriwijaya (8thcentury), Perlak Kingdom (9th century-until 13th century), Samudera PasaiKingdom(13th century- until 16th century), Malacca Kingdom(14th century- until17th century) and Aceh Kingdom (16th century - until 20th century). This area isalso an important part of acculturation history of various cultural such as Budhis,Hindu, Islam and West (Christian), and also the interesting one is Malacca Sraithas become one of center for interest of world economic, it is not only in aspect ofthe strait as a trade connecting line, but also in aspect of economic growth itself.This condition is going on until today, with the different of economical andpolitical actors but the same focus of interest.
KAMAN EFEKTIVITAS PUPUK NPK (15-15-6-4) PADA PADI DI LAHAN SAWAH IRIGASI KABUPATEN MALANG M. Saeri, Suwono dan Amik Krismawati Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Jawa Timur JL Raya Karangploso Km 4 Malang, Jawa Timur Saeri, M.; , Suwono; Krismawati, Amik
Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 11, No 3 (2008): November 2008
Publisher : Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

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The Effective Assessment of NPK Fertilizer for Irrigated rice in Malang District. The suboptimal rice production on irrigated rice in Malang was due to the low fertilization efficiency. The objective of the single fertilizer and compound fertilizer application study on irrigated rice was to understand the fertilization efficiencies on irrigated rice. The on-farm experiment was conducted at Sekarpuro Village, Pakis District, Malang Regency in the first dry season (April — July 2007) and the types of soil was Regosol with sand loam texture. The design of the experiment was a Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD), with 13 treatments and 3 replications. Treatments to be tested were : T1 = without fertilizer, T2 = 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T3 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T4 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T5 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T6 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T7 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T8 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg SP-36/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha; T9 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T10 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T11 = 300 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 SP-36/ha + 75 kg KC1/ha, T12 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK Phonska/ha. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and BNT. The results of combining macro inorganic fertilizers and alternative fertilizers showed that treatment (a) where 200 kg Urea combined with 100 kg ZA and 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4) provided Cibogo dried grains yield with 6.28 t/ha with RC 3.17, thus increasing farmers income to Rp.14,130,000, giving a profit of Rp.9,677,050, with treatment (b) where 200 kg of Urea combined with 100 kg ZA and 200 kg NPK Phonska provided Cibogo dried grains yield with as much as 6,05 t/ha with R/C 3.22 thus increasing farmers income to Rp.13,612,500, giving a profit of Rp.9,380,700. From economical point of view by combining fertilizers gave the economic advantage with higher revenue cost ratio and profit compared to single fertilization system Key words alternative fettilizer, macro anorganic fertilizer, rice, rainfed rice Belum optimalnya produktivitas padi di lahan sawah, antara lain disebabkan oleh rendahnya efisiensi pemupukan. Kajian pemupukan alternatif pada padi sawah dilaksanakan di Desa Sekarpuro, Kecamatan Pakis, Kabupaten Malang di Musim Kemarau I (April - Juli) tahun 2007, termasuk jenis tanah Regosol dengan tekstur tanah lempung berpasir. Rancangan percobaan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan 12 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Perlakuan yang dikaji adalah (1). Tanpa pemupukan, T1 = tanpa pupuk, T2 = 300 kg NPK(15-15-6-4)/ha, T3 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T4 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T5 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T6 = 100 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T7 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha, T8 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg SP-36/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha; T9 = 200 kg Urea.ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T10 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, T11 = 300 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 100 SP-36/ha + 75 kg KC1/ha, T12 = 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK Phonska/ha. Analisis data menggunakan ANOVA dilanjutkan dengan uji BNT.Hasil pengkajian penggunaan pupuk makro anorganik yang dikombinasikan dengan pupuk alternatif menunjukkan bahwa (a). 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 300 kg NPK (15-15-6-4)/ha, memberikan hasil gabah kering giling (GKG) varietas Cibogo sebesar 6,28 t/ha dengan R/C 3,17 dan memberikan penerimaan usahatani sebesar Rp.14.130.000,- keuntungan sebesar Rp.9.677.050,- dan (b). 200 kg Urea/ha + 100 kg ZA/ha + 200 kg NPK Phonska/ha memberikan hasil gabah kering giling (GKG) varietas Cibogo sebesar 6,05 t/ha dengan R/C 3,22 dan memberikan penerimaan sebesar Rp.13.612.500,- serta keuntungan sebesar Rp. 9.380.700,-. Kata kunci : pupuk altematif, pupuk makro anorganik, padi, lahan sawah irigasi
DUKUNGAN ARAB SAUDI TERHADAP KUDETA MESIR TAHUN 2013 ", Kaza; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 1, No 2 (2014): WISUDA OKTOBER 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This research describes Saudi Arabia’s support against Egypt military coup upon, the first Egyptian Moslem President elected by democracy. This support is convinced by King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz by various media, Saudi Arabian Government pledges fresh money six day after Morsi’s coup.This study applies qualitative research method with library research. The data sources are from books, journals, and the Internet. This study uses security theory and nation-state level of analysis.This Research explain that Saudi Arabia under King Abdullah is the first leader supporting morsi’s coup. The Support is emerged by the fact that Muslim Brotherhood dominated in Egyptian political, it would be ideological treat to Saudi Arabia governance.Keywords: Coup, Mohammad Morsi, Muslim Brotherhood, Ideological treat, Support
DIPLOMATIC DILEMMA DAN STANDAR GANDA POLITIK AMERIKA SERIKAT TERHADAP KONFLIK SIPIL-MILITER MESIR TAHUN 2013 Setiawan, Azhari; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2015): WISUDA FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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United States of America as the main actor—in many cases—of world politics constellation has done a number of double standard politics for preserving its certain national interest. For a century, Middle East has been one of the most focussed object for United States foreign policies. This research is aimed to explain United States diplomatic dilemma and double standard politics toward Egypt civil-military conflict and Morsi coup in 2013, which tries to answer why United States used double standard politics on Egypt case. United States has a strong policy on democratization, human rights and anti-coup, which made a controversial policy on Egypt cases. United States never calls Egypt case as a coup and still continuing its foreign aid to Egypt’s new governement (military government).This research theoretically has built with rasionalism perspectives on International Relations and supported by National Security theories, and also the concept of Diplomatic Dilemma and Double Standard Politics. Formulation of all arguments, facts, and theoretical framework on this research is guided by qualitative explanation methods. Scope of this research is United States policy toward Egypt coup which is considered by viewing international and United States’s middle east allies responses on the same case.Researcher has formulated an answered-hypothesis which reveals the facts that United States double standard is caused by United States diplomatic dilemma. These diplomatic dilemmas also influenced by United States pragmatism on its Arab Spring foreign policy. This research has added one more explanation about United States double standard politics history in Middle East cases for this decade.Keywords : Diplomatic Dilemma, Double Standard Politics, Coup, United States of America, Arab Spring, Middle East.
STRATEGI ARAB SAUDI TERHADAP STABILITAS PEMERINTAHANNYA TAHUN 2011-2013 Wicaksana, Arif; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2015): WISUDA FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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Middle east revolution or Arab Spring has destroyed most of middle east nations and government. The revolution carry two main factor which causing revolution. First factor is democratization issue, and Sunni-Shi’a conflict as a second factor. Saudi Arabia as a part of middle east region can’t avoid impact by revolution. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia has two main factor which causing revolution either. This research is focused to explain reasons why Saudi Arabia government could survive during the revolution and still standing as a stable government in the region.This research has built by using realist perspective of international relations and supported by security theories. This research also using nation-state as the level of analyze which aimed on strategies by Saudi Arabia on it own government stability. Formulation of facts, data, arguments, theoretical framework in this research using qualitative explanation methods. Focus on this research is Saudi Arabia’s strategies in order to defending it own government stability during Arab Spring and explain stability of Saudi Arabia government.This research has formulated answer-hypothesis which revealed the fact of ability of Saudi Arabia government to remains stable is by it’s strategies to minimalyze factor of revolution and policy to maintain social stabilization. According to the strategy, Arab Saudi remains as a stable nation and government with no change in the nation nor the government. This fact can be proved by ability of Arab Saudi to supported other middle east countries by security support and economical supportKeywords : Strategies, policies, government, security, stability, Saudi Arabia, Arab Spring, Middle East
KEPENTINGAN INGGRIS KELUAR DARI KEANGGOTAAN UNI EROPA TAHUN 2016 Pammasena, Endy Anatta; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 4, No 2: WISUDA OKTOBER 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This journal aims to determine the interest of United Kingdom for leaving European Union in 2016. The problems were started when United Kingdom’s Prime Minister, David Cameron, explained the situation of United Kingdom position within European Union that United Kingdom wanted European Union to be reformed and if it’s necessary, United Kingdom could leave the European Union. This was staggering because the United Kingdom and European Union relationship was really well since the European Single Market was established. In order to explain the problems, author uses the national interest theory. In this research there are four independent variables which is explained in chapter three, and three dependent variables which is explained in chapter four. From the research, author founds that United Kingdom left the European Union because there were policies made by European Union which could bring harm to the sovereignty of United Kingdom.Keywords: National Interest, United Kingdom Referendum
KEPENTINGAN AMERIKA SERIKAT MENANDATANGANI MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (MOU) TENTANG PEMBERIAN BANTUAN KEAMANAN TERHADAP ISRAEL TAHUN 2016 Yanto, Fajri Juni; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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On 14 September 2016 the US and Israeli governments through their representatives signed a new MOU on the provision of security assistance to Israel. This MOU is the largest security funding deal in the history of the United States. Not less than $ 38 billion will be awarded to the Israel by United States in the form of Foreign Millitary Funding (FMF) as much $33 billion and a missile defense cooperation fund as much $5 billion. The research will explain what caused the United States to approve the signing of the MOU.This research theoretically has built with Kenneth Waltz Neorealism perspective and theory, as the only flow of thought in this research. Formulation of all arguments, data, facts, and theoritical framework in this research is adopting the qualitative explanation methodology. It takes international system as the level of analyzing, the focus on this research is explaining the causes of United States signed MOU on providing security assistance against israel.Reseacrher has formulated answer-hypothesis which revealed the fact that The development of security threats on israel in the middle east area has caused United States signed MOU on providing security assistance against Israel. As strategic asset of the United States in the Middle East region, with rising security threats coming from Hezbollah, Hamas and rising political threats from Iran and Syrian, US has to protect its staregic asset by providing security assistance to improve Israel's Qualitative Military Edge (QME) to defend itself by it self.Keywords: United States, Israel, MOU, Security Assistance, FMF, QME, Strategic Asset
INDONESIAN DIPLOMACY AT THE ADMM-Plus (ASEAN DEFENSE MINISTERS MEETING) IN THE PHILIPPINE IN COUNTERACTING THE THREAT OF TERRORISM IN 2017 Rosadi, Mirna; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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The purpose of this study is to understand why Indonesia has taken diplomatic action at the ASEAN DEFENSE MINISTERS MEETING-Plus session in the Philippines in 2017. Does Indonesia as a country that also has security disruptions want to cooperate with other ASEAN member countries to counteract regional threats that often happened specifically terrorism. According to the results of the ADMM meeting in the Counter Terrorism Working Group discussion, the Southeast Asian region is in the threat of terrorism such as the latest threat of terrorism in the Philippines and Indonesia and needs repression through a plan of action by the ASEAN Security Community (ASC). This research theoretically uses a realist perspective and uses the diplomatic theory of S.L. Roy. The formulation of all arguments, facts, and theoretical frameworks in this study is guided by the method of qualitative explanation. The technique in this study is through literature. Data obtained and collected from the official website of the ASEAN National Secretariat and the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia (KEMHANRI), journal books, theses and then from the internet are related to the problem.This study found that at the 4th ADMM-plus Meeting in 2017, the Minister of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia exchanged views on terrorism and extremism, maritime security, non-professorial nuclear weapons, cyber security and Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR). So on this basis, the Indonesian Minister of Defense, Ryamizad Ryacudu proposed an intelligence-based cooperation called "Our Eyes Initiative". Indonesia proposed this collaboration in the interest of increasing influence in Southeast Asia as a leader in regional security.Keywords : ASEAN, ADMM, Regional Security, Diplomacy, Terrorist, Our Eyes, Initiative
UPAYA DIPLOMATIK MALAYSIA TERHADAP MYANMAR DALAM MENANGANI PEMBANTAIAN ETNIS MUSLIM ROHINGYA (2015-2017) Yunita, Ranti; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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This research describes the efforts of diplomatic pressure in Malaysia against Myanmar in dealing with the slaughter of Rohingya ethnic Muslims then, explain Malaysia and Myanmar diplomatic relations before the heated conflict of Rohingya Muslim ethnic massacre in Rakhine. The purpose of this study was to analyze and find out the shape and efforts of Malaysia to help the Muslim ethnic Rohingya. The humanitarian crisis that occurred in Myanmar received various criticisms from several countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia and other countries. This is due to the large number of Rohingya refugees who have fled to neighboring countries to get protection. the large number of Rohingya refugees can disrupt security stability in the Southeast Asia region, and cause concern for the country targeted by Rohingya refugees. Malaysia, one of ASEAN members, protested against the actions of the Myanmar government which had violated human rights towards its ethnic groups. Malaysia considers Myanmar's actions out of bounds and must be stopped so that there are no more victims. As for Malaysia's efforts to help Rohingya ethnic groups such as doing diplomacy and inviting ASEAN member countries and to work together to help their spirits. The existence of non-intervention principles that are used asean makes this problem unresolved.    Keywords: Diplomacy, Ethmic Cleansing, Principle of non-intervention 
KEBIJAKAN ARAB SAUDI MEMUTUSKAN HUBUNGAN DIPLOMATIK DENGAN QATAR TAHUN 2017 ", Nurhafiza; Saeri, M.
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol. 6: Edisi I Januari - Juni 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Riau

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5 June 2017 Saudi Arabia announced severed diplomatic relations with Qatar. Arab Saudi also announced a full blockade of Qatar, closed the land border, seaports and airspace with Qatar. All planes traveling to and from Qatar prevented from landing in Saudi Arabia. Qatar’s diplomats were given 48 hours to leave Saudi Arabia while other Qatari nationals were allowed two weeks to leave. Then Saudi Arabia stopping military ties with Qatar on the Yemeni conflict and closed Al Jazeera news agency in the country. The purpose of this research is to find out what is the reason Saudi Arabia severing diplomatic relations with Qatar in 2017. This research theoretically has built with Realism perspectives on International Relations and supported by Non Traditional Security theory Barry Buzan. Formulation of all arguments, facts, and theoretical framework on this research is guided by qualitative explanation methods. Technique in this research is through by library research. Data which is gotten and collected from books, journals, the last thesis and then from internet as related to the problems. The result of this research found that the reason Saudi Arabia severed diplomatic relations with Qatar for several reasons. First, the potential superiority of Qatar towards Saudi Arabia, especially in the economic field which could threaten Saudi Arabian influence in the gulf region. Second, because the Al Jazeera media owned by Qatar continues announced about the Muslim Brotherhood and and other militant groups that have been designated as terrorist groups by Saudi Arabia. Al Jazeera also became a media that helped spread democracy in gulf region especially when Arab Spring. Last because Qatar and Iran affiliations have made Saudi Arabia feel that Qatar is obedient because it has cooperated with a country that is always considered an enemy by Saudi Arabia.Keywords: Severing Diplomatic Relations, Non Traditional Security, Realism